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Magnetism and spin transport in rare-earth-rich epitaxial terbium and europium iron garnet films

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Rosenberg E. R., Beran L., Avci C. O., Zeledon C., Song B. Q., Gonzalez-Fuentes C., Mendil J., Gambardella P., Veis M., Garcia C., Beach G. S. D., Ross C. A.,
Project Spin-orbitronics in ferromagnets and antiferromagnets
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Physical Review Materials
Volume (Issue) 2(9)
Page(s) 094405 - 094405
ISBN 2475-9953
Title of proceedings Physical Review Materials
DOI 10.1103/physrevmaterials.2.094405

Open Access

URL https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.094405
Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)

Abstract

Rare-earth iron garnet thin films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) have recently attracted a great deal of attention for spintronic applications. Thulium iron garnet (TmIG) has been successfully grown and TmIG/Pt heterostructures have been characterized. However, TmIG is not the only rare-earth iron garnet that can be grown with PMA. We report the growth, magnetic, and spintronic properties of epitaxial terbium iron garnet (TbIG) and europium iron garnet (EuIG) thin films with PMA. Reciprocal space mapping shows the films are lattice matched to the substrate without strain relaxation, even for films up to 56 nm thick. The lattice strain and magnetostriction coefficient produce PMA in certain cases. TbIG grows on (111) gadolinium gallium garnet (GGG) with PMA due to the in-plane compressive strain, whereas TbIG on (111) substituted GGG (SGGG) is in tension and has an in-plane easy axis. EuIG grows with PMA on (100) and (111) GGG substrates, which facilitates the investigation of spintronic properties as a function of orientation. Both garnets have excess rare earth, which is believed to occupy Fe octahedral sites and in the case of TbIG is associated with an increase in the compensation temperature to 330 K, higher than the bulk value. Anomalous Hall effect (AHE) measurements of Pt/EuIG Hall crosses show that the spin mixing conductance of Pt/ (111) and (100) EuIG is similar. AHE measurements of Pt/TbIG Hall crosses reveal a sign change in the AHE amplitude at the compensation point analogous to all-metallic systems.
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