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Grounding, Essence, and Identity

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Correia Fabrice, Skiles Alexander,
Project Metaphysics as an Explanatory Discipline: Grounding, Essence, and Identity
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
Volume (Issue) 98(3)
Page(s) 642 - 670
Title of proceedings Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
DOI 10.1111/phpr.2019.98.issue-3

Open Access

Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)


Recent metaphysics has turned its focus to two notions that are—as well as having a common Aristotelian pedigree—widely thought to be intimately related: grounding and essence. Yet how, exactly, the two are related remains opaque. We develop a unified and uniform account of grounding and essence, one which understands them both in terms of a generalized notion of identity examined in recent work by Fabrice Correia, Cian Dorr, Agustín Rayo, and others. We argue that the account comports with antecedently plausible principles governing grounding, essence, and identity taken individually, and illuminates how the three interact. We also argue that the account compares favorably to an alternative unification of grounding and essence recently proposed by Kit Fine.