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Chiral Domain Wall Injector Driven by Spin-Orbit Torques

Type of publication Peer-reviewed
Publikationsform Original article (peer-reviewed)
Author Dao T. P., Muller M., Luo Z. C., Baumgartner M., Hrabec A., Heyderman L. J., Gambardella P.,
Project Spin-orbitronics in ferromagnets and antiferromagnets
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Original article (peer-reviewed)

Journal Nano Letters
Volume (Issue) 19(9)
Page(s) 5930 - 5937
ISBN 1530-6984
Title of proceedings Nano Letters
DOI 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b01504

Open Access

Type of Open Access Repository (Green Open Access)


Memory and logic devices that encode information in magnetic domains rely on the controlled injection of domain walls to reach their full potential. In this work, we exploit the chiral coupling, which is induced by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, between in-plane and out-of-plane magnetized regions of a Pt/Co/AlOx trilayer in combination with current-driven spin-orbit torques to control the injection of domain walls into magnetic conduits. We demonstrate that the current-induced domain nucleation is strongly inhibited for magnetic configurations stabilized by the chiral coupling and promoted for those that have the opposite chirality. These configurations allow for efficient domain wall injection using current densities of the order of 4 X 10(11) A m(-2), which are lower than those used in other injection schemes. Furthermore, by setting the orientation of the in-plane magnetization using an external field, we demonstrate the use of a chiral domain wall injector to create a controlled sequence of alternating domains in a racetrack structure driven by a steady stream of unipolar current pulses.