Complex software systems must change in order to keep pace with changing needs and requirements. Curiously, however, modern programming languages and environments provide little support for the fact that the systems being built will inevitably change. In fact, more emphasis is placed on mechanisms to enforce consistency and to limit the effects of change than on enabling change.
This research proposal targets the following questions:
How can we encapsulate change in order to better specify, manipulate and control it?
How can we manage the scope of change, especially in a running system?
How can we assess the impact of change in a complex system?
How can we exploit change to reveal implicit trends and emergent software artifacts?
To answer these questions, we propose to (i) introduce programming language constructs to package incremental modifications to complex software systems, and use these constructs to express both low-level
(syntactic) and high-level (semantic) changes, (ii) develop a scoped approach to behavioural and structural reflection in which the visibility of reflective features, and thus of changes, can be controlled at a fine level of granularity, (iii) explore techniques for tracing the impact of changes back to their source by monitoring the flow of object references in a running system, and (iv) analyze the evolution of the software and related artifacts to identify higher-level semantic entities.