Metallurgy; Ceramic; Indian Ocean; Madagascar; Iron; Archaeometry; Soapstone; Middle Ages; Archaeology
Serneels Vincent, Morel Mélissa, Nitsche Christoph, Radimilahy Chantal, Rakotoarisoa Jean-Aimé, Rasoarifetra Bako, Schreurs Guido, Velomora Sylvain (2019), Pierre et fer à Madagascar (2) - Les scories d'Amborolana et les carrières de Milanoa, in SLSA Jahresbericht
, 2019, 313-366.
Serneels Vincent, MorelMélissa, NitscheChristoph, RadimilahyChantal, RakotoarisoaJean-Aimé, RasoarifetraBako, SchreursGuido (2018), Pierre et Fer à Madagascar (1) - Vestiges sidérurgiques de Benavony et de la rivière Matavy, in Jahresbericht Schweizerisch-Liechtensteinish Stiftung für archäologische Forschung im Ausland
, 2017, 109-156.
SerneelsVincent, MorelMélissa, NitscheChristoph, RadimilahyChantal, RakotoarisoaJean-Aimé, RasoarifetraBako, SchreursGuido, VelomoraSylvain, Pierre et fer à Madagascar (3) - La carrière de Bobalila, in SLSA Jahresbericht
The civilization of the Rasikajy flourished in the North-Eastern part of Madagascar, between 1000 and 1500 AD approximately. This Islamized population lived on the coast and participated in the great trade of the Indian Ocean, importing manufactured artefacts from China, India and Middle East and exporting the products of the hinterland. The Rasikajy share many common features with the Swahili peoples of the East African coast but show also specific characteristics.The project aims to study three different materials: soapstone, iron and ceramic, to investigate technological transfers and exchange networks. Production sites (quarries and workshops) will be investigated on the field (survey, test pits and archaeological excavations). The raw materials, the production wastes and the finished products will be characterized using petrographical analyses (microscopy, XRF, XRD, SEM). The results will allow 1) the identification of the geographic and cultural origin of the technologies used, 2) the estimate of the scale of the production and 3) the reconstruction of the diffusion patterns of the products. Comparison with the distribution patterns of imported goods like fine Islamic or Chinese ceramics and glass beads will be made.Three campaigns of archaeological field survey are planned in the frame of this SNF project (3 x 4 weeks). In parallel, two large scale archaeological excavations will be organized with the funding of the SLSA (2 x 4 weeks). The petrographical analyses will be performed at the Department of Geosciences in Fribourg and will be about 200 samples of soapstone, 200 metallurgical wastes and 100 ceramics.