Project

Back to overview

Digital New Testament studies : Mark 16 as a test case of a new research model

Applicant Clivaz Claire
Number 179755
Funding scheme PRIMA
Research institution Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics
Institution of higher education Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics - SIB
Main discipline Religious studies, Theology
Start/End 01.10.2018 - 30.09.2023
Approved amount 1'564'516.00
Show all

Keywords (6)

History; Gospel of Mark; New Testament; Textual Criticism; Digital Humanities; Variant

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
MARK16 propose un nouveau modèle de recherche en sciences humaines digitalisées, basé sur l’exemple test du dernier chapitre de l’Evangile selon Marc, dans le Nouveau Testament. Pour renouveler la recherche sur ce chapitre, il souhaite créer un environnement virtuel de recherche (VRE), lieu de référence pour la critique textuelle et l’exégèse de Marc 16.
Lay summary

MARK16 est le premier environnement virtuel de recherche (VRE) qui  soit consacré à un sujet d’étude en sciences bibliques, et inaugure un nouveau modèle de recherche pour les sciences humaines digitalisées: https://mark16.sib.swiss. Le sujet choisi est une énigme bien connue de la critique textuelle du Nouveau Testament : certains manuscrits ne comportent pas de récit d’apparition de Jésus ressuscité à la fin de l’Evangile selon Marc. MARK16 souhaite devienir un lieu de référence pour la recherche sur Marc 16, qui permette de représenter « l’histoire des vainqueurs et des vaincus », selon l’expression de l’historien François Hartog. Il sert de base à l'exploration de l'hypothèse du PI : l'Evangile selon Marc avait une autre fin perdue ou détruite, avant celles transmises par les attestations manuscrites du 4ème siècle; la complexité de la tradition manuscrite démontre les tensions historiques à l'oeuvre entre les différents courants du christianisme au 1er siècle de notre ère.

Le VRE MARK16 est divisé en quatre parties. La première, la “Manuscript Room”, accueille une sélection de manuscrits grecs et en d'autres langues qui revêtent une importance particulière pour Mark 16, en collaboration avec la NTVMR (Münster). La seconde partie, “Interpretations”, met en évidence la voix des chercheurs quant à leurs interprétations de Mark 16, via l'usage d'un nouveau modèle de publication multimodal, l'eTalk. La troisième partie, “Material”, fournit les références au matériel de la recherche et ce matériel lui-même en libre accès lorsque c'est possible, des productions imprimées à celles audio-visuelles ou multimodales. La dernière partie, “Data Visualisation”, proposera une représentation géographico-temporelle des manuscrits et données de la recherche, en collaboration avec le project DH Pelagios.

Le projet est accompagné par un comité scientifique international composé de Leif Isaksen, Jennifer Knust, Valérie Nicolet, Laurent Romary, Joseph Verheyden et Peter Williams. L'équipe de MARK16 est composée de Claire Clivaz (PI), Mina Monier, Sara Schulthess et un software developer.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.06.2020

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
MARK16 develops a new research model in digitized biblical sciences, based on a test case found in the New Testament: the last chapter of the Gospel according to Mark. The goal of the project is to produce new research results on Mk 16 and to create a virtual research environment, that will be the outputs website for textual criticism and exegesis of Mark 16.
Lay summary

MARK16 is the first virtual research environment (VRE) focused on a biblical chapter and it inaugurates a new research model for the digitized Humanities: https://mark16.sib.swiss. The chosen topic is a famous enigma in New Testament studies: certain manuscript evidences do not transmit an apparition of the resurrected Jesus at the end of the Gospel according to Mark. This VRE wishes to become a reference place for research on Mark 16, allowing to visualize the «story of the winners and the losers», according to the French historian François Hartog’s expression. It provides the basis to explore the PI hypothesis: the Gospel according to Mark had a previous ending, lost or destroyed, before the endings transmitted from the 4th century by the manuscripts evidences; the complexity of the textual variants shows historically the tensions existing between Christian trends at the 1st century C.E. 

MARK16 VRE is divided in four parts. The first one, the “Manuscript Room”, will welcome a selection of Greek and other languages manuscripts of particular importance or interest for Mark 16, in collaboration with the NTVMR (Münster). The second part, “Interpretations”, gives voice to the scholars about their interpretations of Mark 16, through an innovative multimodal publishing format, the eTalk. The third part, “Material” provides references to the research material, including the open access material itself when available, from printed material to audio-visual and multimodal publications. The last part “Data Visualisation” will propose a geographical-time based representation of the manuscripts and research data, in collaboration with the DH project Pelagios.

The project is supported by an international advisory board: Leif Isaksen, Jennifer Knust, Valérie Nicolet, Laurent Romary, Joseph Verheyden and Peter Williams. The MARK16 team is composed by Claire Clivaz (PI), Mina Monier, Sara Schulthess and a software developer.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 08.06.2020

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Der Markusschluss: Narratologie und Traditiongeschichte, written by Andreas Seifert
Clivaz Claire (2019), Der Markusschluss: Narratologie und Traditiongeschichte, written by Andreas Seifert, in Novum Testamentum, 62(1), 107-108.
GA 304, Theophylact's Commentary and the Ending of Mark
Monier Mina (2019), GA 304, Theophylact's Commentary and the Ending of Mark, in Filología Neotestamentaria, 32, 95-106.
The Impact of Digital Research: Thinking about the MARK16 Project
Clivaz Claire (2019), The Impact of Digital Research: Thinking about the MARK16 Project, in Open Theology, 5(1), 1-12.
Returning to Mark 16,8: What's new?
Clivaz Claire (2019), Returning to Mark 16,8: What's new?, in ETHL, 4(2019), 645-659.
Lire la Bible à l'ère du numérique: entre contraintes et nouveaux horizons
ClivazClaire, Lire la Bible à l'ère du numérique: entre contraintes et nouveaux horizons, in Lumen Vitae, 2020(2).
Looking at Scribal Practices in the Endings of Mark 16
Clivaz Claire, Looking at Scribal Practices in the Endings of Mark 16, in HENOCH.
Theologie und Digital Humanities. Themenrez. Neues Testament (New Testament)
Clivaz Claire, Theologie und Digital Humanities. Themenrez. Neues Testament (New Testament), in Verkündigung und Forschung.

Datasets

eTalk Mark16 and Digital Humanities

Author Clivaz, Claire
Publication date 30.10.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/b1638bb8
Repository Nakala
Abstract
This eTalk presents the main lines of a 5 years Swiss National Foundation PRIMA project, MARK16.Available on mark16.sib.swiss. Further information in the metadata.

eTalk Marc 16 et les humanités numériques

Author Clivaz, Claire
Publication date 20.12.2018
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/ca257a35
Repository Nakala
Abstract
Cet eTalk présente les axes pincipaux d’un projet de recherche subventionné par une bourse PRIMA du Fonds National Suisse, MARK16.Disponible sur mark16.sib.swiss; voir les métadonnées pour les informations complètes.

eTalk: GA 304 and the Ending of the Gospel of Mark

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 25.05.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/e7fa7106
Repository Nakala
Abstract
This eTalk surveys what we know and what we can see in Mark 16 the interesting manuscript GA 304. Available on mark16.sib.swiss; further information in the metadata.

eTalk: Looking at some Mk 16 manuscripts, including Latin codex k

Author Clivaz, Claire
Publication date 20.11.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/54ccbc30
Repository Nakala
Abstract
This eTalk shows that reading Mark 16 manuscripts can still reveal new elements, as in the case of nine items this eTalk surveys, ranging between the fifth and thirteenth centuries. Available on mark16.sib.swiss; further information in the metadata.

eTalk: Mark 16 in the Arabic Diatessaron

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 06.01.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/e3ab505f
Repository Nakala
Abstract
This eTalk sheds light on the presentation of Mark 16 in the Arabic manuscripts of the Diatessaron, in comparison with other surviving translations of the Diatessaron. Available on mark16.sib.swiss; further information in the metadata.

eTalk: Parcourir quelques manuscrits de Marc 16, dont le codex latin k

Author Clivaz, Claire
Publication date 27.01.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/04b78df8
Repository Nakala
Abstract
Cet eTalk passe en revue neuf témoins différents de la fin de l’évangile sélon Marc, et atteste de la perdurance, à travers les siècles, de la diversité des lectures de Marc 16. Disponible sur mark16.sib.swiss; plus d'informations: voir les métadonnées.

Software eTalk-docker2020

Author Dugied, Jean-Bernard; Clivaz, Claire
Publication date 12.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/f14e2504
Repository Nakala
Abstract
Licence GPULv.3. The eTalk, a multimedia editing tool, is the result of collaborative and transdisciplinary work. It is part of a new form of multimodal digital literacy, while respecting the standards of scientific publishing. It is quotable entirely in details through a share button. The first version of the eTalks code has been developed in 2012-2015 by Frédéric Kaplan and Cyril Bornet (EPFL, CH), in collaboration with Claire Clivaz (Unil, CH), and is available on Github: https://github.com/OZWE/etalk This new version of the code has been developed by Martial Sankar and Claire Clivaz, SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, 2016-2019, https://github.com/cclivaz/etalk-docker. A course to build your own eTalk is available in the DARIAH platform #dariahTeach (teach.dariah.eu), in the course on Multimodal Literacies: https://teach.dariah.eu/course/view.php?id=24§ion=3 This version of the software has been integrated to SIB GitHub for the SNSF project MARK16.

GA03 TEI/XML p.1303

Author INTF, Münster
Publication date 30.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/73240506
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML encoding of GA 03 p. 1303 by the INTF, University of Münster

GA304 TEI/XML f.240v

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 09.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/99b4bbc6
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML encoding of GA 304 f. 240v by Mina Monier, SNSF MARK16, SIB, Lausanne

GA304 TEI/XML f.240r

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 09.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/99b4bbc6
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML encoding of GA 304 f. 240r by Mina Monier, SNSF MARK16, SIB, Lausanne

GA304 TEI/XML f.241r

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 09.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/e6225d2b
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML encoding of GA 304 f. 241r by Mina Monier, SNSF MARK16, SIB, Lausanne

GA304 f.240r English HTML

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 01.12.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/19aa610b
Repository Nakala
Abstract
English translation of GA 304 f. 240r by Mina Monier, SNSF MARK16, SIB, Lausanne; HTML

GA304 f.240v English HTML

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 01.12.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/7f1eabca
Repository Nakala
Abstract
English translation of GA 304 f. 240v by Mina Monier, SNSF MARK16, SIB, Lausanne; HTML

GA304 f.241r English HTML

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 01.12.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/7495062e
Repository Nakala
Abstract
English translation of GA 304 f. 241r by Mina Monier, SNSF MARK16, SIB, Lausanne; HTML

GA1 TEI/XML f.220r

Author Monier, Mina; Wasserman, Tommy
Publication date 11.02.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/7826242b
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML encoding of GA 1 f. 220r by Mina Monier, SIB, DH+, in collaboration with Tommy Wasserman (Ansgar Teologiske Høgskole/University College, Sweden), reworked and completed from the INTF (Münster) transcription in CC-BY 4.0

GA1 TEI/XML f.220v

Author Monier, Mina; Wasserman, Tommy
Publication date 11.02.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/3db11a3c
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML encoding of GA 1 f. 220v by Mina Monier, SIB, DH+, in collaboration with Tommy Wasserman (Ansgar Teologiske Høgskole/University College, Sweden), reworked and completed from the INTF (Münster) transcription in CC-BY 4.0

GA1230 TEI/XML f.146v

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 28.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/3a4ea504
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML Greek encoding of GA 1230 f. 146v by Mina Monier, DH+, SIB, SNSF project MARK16

GA1230 TEI/XML f.147v

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 15.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/d08a448d
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML of GA 1230 f. 147v by Mina Monier, DH+, SIB, SNSF project MARK16

GA1230 TEI/XML f.147r

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 28.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/c1653d6e
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML encoding of GA 1230 f. 147r, by Mina Monier, DH+, SIB, SNSF project MARK16

GA1230 TEI/XML f.148r

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 28.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/aa4d5313
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI/XML encoding of GA 1230 f. 148r by Mina Monier, DH+, SIB, SNSF project MARK16

GA1230 f.146v English HTML

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 28.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/e9a6cf97
Repository Nakala
Abstract
GA1230 f.146v English HTML by Mina Monier, DH+, SIB, SNSF project MARK16

GA1230 f.147r English HTML

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 28.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/faf81b64
Repository Nakala
Abstract
English translation HTML of GA 1230 f. 147r by Mina Monier, DH+, SIB, SNSF project MARK16

GA1230 f.147v English HTML

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 28.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/990c8e34
Repository Nakala
Abstract
English translation HTML of GA 1230 f. 147v by Mina Monier, DH+, SIB, SNSF project MARK16

GA1230 f.148r English HTML

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 28.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/a3922676
Repository Nakala
Abstract
English translation HTML of GA 1230 f. 148r by Mina Monier, DH+, SIB, SNSF project MARK16

arb 2 TEI/XML f.74v

Author Schulthess, Sara; Monier, Mina
Publication date 20.05.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/684978f3
Repository Nakala
Abstract
Arabic TEI/XML encoding of Vat. ar. 13 f. 74v (arb 2 INTF Liste, Münster)

arb 2 English HTML f. 74v

Author Schulthess, Sara; Monier, Mina
Publication date 20.05.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/07859848
Repository Nakala
Abstract
English HTML of Vat.ar. 13 f.74v (arb 2 INTF Liste, Münster)

arb 2 French HTML f. 74v

Author Schulthess, Sara; Monier, Mina
Publication date 20.05.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/31a31bc5
Repository Nakala
Abstract
French HTML of Vat.ar. 13 f.74v (arb2 INTF Liste, Münster)

GA 03 HTML page 1303

Author INTF, Münster; Dugied, Jean-Bernard
Publication date 30.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/1d77ee0b
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 03 page 1303 by the INTF (Münster), with code reworked by Jean-Bernard Dugied

GA1 HTML f.220r

Author Monier, Mina; Wasserman, Tommy
Publication date 17.06.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/18c983c2
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 1 f. 220r by Mina Monier, SIB, DH+, in collaboration with Tommy Wasserman (Ansgar Teologiske Høgskole/University College, Sweden), reworked and completed from the INTF (Münster) transcription in CC-BY 4.0

GA1 HTML f.220v

Author Monier, Mina; Wasserman, Tommy
Publication date 17.06.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/e795e203
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 1 f. 220r by Mina Monier, SIB, DH+, in collaboration with Tommy Wasserman (Ansgar Teologiske Høgskole/University College, Sweden), reworked and completed from the INTF (Münster) transcription in CC-BY 4.0

GA 01 HTML f. 227v col. 4 – f. 228r col. 1-2

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 17.06.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/e74d25d2
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 01 of f. 227v col. 4 and f. 228r col. 1-2 (Mk 16) from the INTF CC BY version

GA 01 TEI/XML f. 227v col. 4 – f. 228r col. 1-2

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 17.06.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/10f6a24c
Repository Nakala
Abstract
Dated to the 4th century CE, Codex Sinaiticus is the earliest surviving complete codex of the New Testament. As you can see in Folio 228r, the Gospel of Mark ends in the second column at Mark 16:8, followed by a subscriptio ευαγγελιον κατα μαρκον. This makes it the earliest manuscript witness to the short ending of the Gospel of Mark. Mina Monier, SNSF MARK16 project, SIB Lausanne (CH); © CC-BY 4.0

arb 2 HTML f. 74v

Author Schulthess, Sara; Monier, Mina
Publication date 20.05.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/db77342d
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of Vat.ar. 13 f.74v (arb 2, INTF Liste, Münster)

sa 393var HTML

Author Emmenegger, Gregor; Monier, Mina
Publication date 20.02.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/76f6a40d
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of the Coptic Amulet Ät 2006.8. Transcription by Gregor Emmenegger; html by Mina Monier

sa 393var TEI/XML

Author Emmenegger, Gregor; Monier, Mina
Publication date 19.02.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/6aa1fb50
Repository Nakala
Abstract
TEI-XML encoding of the Coptic Amulet Ät 2006.8. Transcription by Gregor Emmenegger; TEI/XML by Mina Monier

sa 393var French HTML

Author Emmenegger, Gregor; Monier, Mina
Publication date 19.02.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/06ddc64a
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML French encoding of the Coptic Amulet Ät 2006.8. Translation by Gregor Emmenegger; html by Mina Monier.

GA304 HTML f.240v

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 09.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/b053dc6f
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 304 f. 240v

GA304 HTML f.240r

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 09.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/0eb228ed
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 304 f. 240r

GA304 HTML f.241r

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 09.03.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/496df855
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 304 f. 241r

GA1230 HTML f.147r

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 15.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/37af27d9
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 1230 f. 147r

GA1230 HTML f.146v

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 15.05.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/9506e5dc
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 1230 f. 146v

GA1230 HTML f.147v

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 15.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/327dcdb3
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 1230 f. 147v

GA1230 HTML f.148r

Author Monier, Mina
Publication date 15.04.2020
Persistent Identifier (PID) https://hdl.handle.net/11280/3ceb4eb0
Repository Nakala
Abstract
HTML encoding of GA 1230 f. 148r

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Institut de théologie protestante de Paris France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies (KU Leuven) Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Tyndale House, Cambridge Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Department of Religious Studies, Duke University United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Pelagios Commons project, Exeter University Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Huma-Num (Paris) France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
NTVMR (INTF, Münster) Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
SIB DAYS 2020 Poster Open Science and Humanities Research Data Management 10.06.2020 Virtual conference online, Switzerland Clivaz Claire; Monier Mina; Barda Jonathan; Schulthess Sara;
IGNTP online seminar Talk given at a conference Mark 16 and the codex k (Bobiensis): what are the mistakes at stake? 14.05.2020 Online, international conference, Switzerland Clivaz Claire;
Humanités globales, un programme de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure Talk given at a conference Définir les Humanités par la recherche. Les exemples des projets FNS HumaReC et MARK16 16.01.2020 Paris, ENS, France Clivaz Claire;
Rencontre annuelle de l'AELAC à Bex, 10-11 janvier 2020 Talk given at a conference The Arabic Diatessaron and Codex Bezae: The Case of Mark’s Long Ending 10.01.2020 Bex, Switzerland Monier Mina;
Rencontre annuelle de l'AELAC à Bex, 10-11 janvier 2020 Talk given at a conference Du nouveau sur l’énigme de Mc 16. De l’importance de pouvoir consulter les manuscrits du Nouveau Testament en ligne 10.01.2020 Bex, Switzerland Clivaz Claire;
Sharing the Experience: Workflows for the Digital Humanities [DARIAH-CH], 5-6 Dec 2019 Neuchâtel Talk given at a conference Revisiting Classic Textual Problems Using Digital Tools: The Case of Mark 16 05.12.2019 University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland Monier Mina;
Society of Biblical Literature, annual meeting Talk given at a conference Enlightening the Diversity of Scholarly Opinions on Multimodal Material : Mark 16 as Test-case 24.11.2019 San Diego, United States of America Clivaz Claire;
Society of Biblical Literature, international meeting Talk given at a conference The Enigma of Mark 16: The Role of Contemplating Greek Manuscript Evidence Online 04.07.2019 Rome, Italy Clivaz Claire;
SIB seminars Individual talk Digital Humanities +: Towards digitized Humanities 24.01.2019 Lausanne, SIB, Dorigny, Switzerland Sankar Martial; Clivaz Claire;
DARIAH-CH DESIR workshop Poster MARK16 PRIMA SNF project. Digital New Testament Studies 29.11.2018 Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland Sankar Martial; Clivaz Claire;
Textual plurality in the Bible Talk given at a conference Mk 16,8 and the manuscripts evidence : listen to the scribal voices 05.11.2018 Paris, Centre Sèvres, France Clivaz Claire;
Annual meeting of the Swiss Society of Theology Talk given at a conference Digital Humanities: towards religions outside the book(s)? 04.10.2018 Zurich, Switzerland Clivaz Claire;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Découvrir les humanités numériques (cours master) Talk 02.10.2018 Paris, IPT, France Clivaz Claire;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Mark 16 in the Arabic Diatessaron eTalk on institutional website International 2020
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Parcourir quelques manuscrits de Marc 16, dont le codex latin k eTalk on insititutional website International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Sortir du silence : lire l’évangile de Marc en Afrique vers 400 Evangile et Liberté n°339 International 2020
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) GA 304 and the Ending of the Gospel according to Mark eTalk International 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) INTF blog on MARK16 INTF, Münster International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Ist Gott in der grossen Datenwolke zu finden? – Digital-Theologin Claire Clivaz Luzerner Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland 2019
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Looking at some Mark 16 manuscripts, including Latin codex k Institutional SIB website International 2019
Media relations: radio, television Rencontre avec Claire Clivaz une specialiste de la culture digitale et du Nouveau Testament La Première, RTS, CQFD International Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media The digital theologian Horizon magazine German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media L'ère digitale rend toute son oralité à la Bible Journal Réformés Western Switzerland 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Marc 16 et les humanités numériques eTalk on SIB institutional website International 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Mark 16 news Institutional SIB website International 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) MARK16 and Digital Humanities eTalk on SIB instituitonal website International 2018

Abstract

In 2000, the French historian François Hartog explored the possibility of writing history from the point of view of both the losers and the winners. In principle, within a Virtual Research Environment (VRE), Digital Humanities research provides several skills worth discussing from diverse points of view. Paper writing material is more constrained to linear argumentation. However, digital historical VREs are often focused on making resources available and mapping them (Robertson 2016), rather than to allowing historical debates. Is it possible to answer Hartog’s exploration by developing a VRE on a test case?To answer, the project MARK16 is using a test case anchored in New Testament studies, textual criticism (NTTC) and exegesis, a field that belongs to history, theology and literary studies. In 1994, Barth Ehrman described NTTC as the place to visualize the balance of power between winners and losers in Early Christianity. The chosen test case is Mark 16, one of the most famous enigmas in NTTC (Kelhoffer 2000, Black 2008). Depending on the manuscripts, Mark 16 presents a shorter or longer ending for Mark Gospel, with or without the apparitions of the resurrected Jesus. Long puzzled by the case, scholars sometimes advocate for a double canonical form (Focant, 2006).The NT exegesis has in the last twenty years developed diverse readings based on a clear acceptation of the shorter ending, putting aside historical inquiries about Mark 16. Meanwhile, NTTC has experience a diversification of the hypothesis (Black 2008) based on not only the classical defenses of the longer ending (Lunn 2014, Hester 2015) but also the impressive reconsideration of GA 01 and 03 evidence (Elliott 2008). This discrepancy between NT exegesis and NTTC state of the art invites to reconsider Mark 16, in particular from the point of view of the materiality of the manuscripts evidence and beyond the dichotomy imposed by the distinction between canonical/non-canonical texts: this point of view in particularly well illustrated by the Latin codex k in Mk 16. By building a Mark 16 VRE, the Principal Investigator (PI) is using all the digital potential to explore her own hypothesis : the key element to understanding what might have been erased from earlier Markan versions is the analysis of the disciples’ emotional reactions in front of Jesus’ apparitions. These can be expressed by diverse feelings, for example: fear (Mk 16 :8 ; Lk 24 :37 ; GosPe 57), grief (Mk 16 :10 ; GosPe 59), “unbelief of joy” (Lk 24 :41), or the laughing of the resurrected himself (Ap. Jas. 3.35-38). Sarah’s laughing and fear in LXX Gn 18 :15 belongs to Mk 16 cultural background, as well as trouble and sadness in LXX 45:3 (Iverson 2006). Exploring this hypothesis, the VRE MARK16 allows also users to discuss it and to produce their own hypothesis, by the creation of an “interpretation" section (part 2). It intends so to answer Hartog’s concern about the representation of diverse points of view in the historical inquiry. It is produced by the PI, a post-doc NT/DH, and a technical staff person: https://mark16.sib.swiss. Its other parts presents Mk 16 material and manuscripts necessary for its study (parts 1 and 3), as well as data vizualisation (part 4). Several peer-reviewed articles have been already published and two monographs are in preparation. MARK16 should foster decisively the field in development of the New Testament digital studies, supervised by a high-qualified advisory board and with international collaboration, notably with the NTVMR (Münster) and Pelagios (Exeter University).
-