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Influence of different pest management systems in potato production on PEsticide REsidues in CUban SOils (PERECUSO)

English title Influence of different pest management systems in potato production on PEsticide REsidues in CUban SOils (PERECUSO)
Applicant Bucheli Thomas Daniel
Number 177481
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon ART
Institution of higher education Research Institutes Agroscope - AGS
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.10.2018 - 30.09.2022
Approved amount 599'720.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Agricultural and Forestry Sciences

Keywords (6)

environmental safety; biocontrol; pesticide residues; potato cultivation; pest management; food safety

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die Kartoffel ist in Kuba heiss begehrt, aber das tropische Klima lässt das Knollengewächs nicht optimal gedeihen und macht es krankheitsanfällig. Deshalb werden zahlreiche Pflanzenschutzmittel (PSM) in zum Teil beträchtlichen Mengen angewendet. In diesem Projekt sollen deren Einsatz und die damit einhergehenden Kosten und Risiken für Mensch und Umwelt minimiert werden.
Lay summary

Ziele des Forschungsprojektes zu Beginn:

Übergeordnetes Ziel ist Handlungsempfehlungen für einen nachhaltigen Pflanzenschutz für den Kartoffelanbau in Kuba zu erarbeiten. Hierzu wird die gesamte Wertschöpfungskette betrachtet: die Bilanzierung von PSM Aufwandmengen während des Anbaus und der Ernteerträge, die Analyse von PSM Rückständen in Böden und Ernteprodukten, sowie die Ableitung geeigneter Indikatoren für Umweltqualität und Ökosystem-Dienstleistungen. Zudem werden Kosten und Nutzen unterschiedlich intensiver Anbausysteme analysiert.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext:

Das Projekt trägt bei zur Etablierung von Umweltqualitätsstandards für die Handhabung von Umweltrisiken verursacht durch PSM Rückstände in Böden und zur Etablierung oder Verbesserung von regulatorischen Richtwerten für die Gewährleistung der Nahrungsmittelsicherheit in Kuba wie auch in Europa. Der Einbezug von analogen Daten der Schweizerischen nationalen Bodenbeobachtung (NABO) ermöglicht einerseits die methodische Qualitätssicherung und andererseits den Vergleich von tropischen und gemässigten Klimazonen. Damit werden bestehende Wissensdefizite über Schicksal und Verhalten von PSM in den Tropen verringert. Die Einsichten aus diesem Projekt helfen die Kosten im Kartoffelanbau für PSM und die mit deren Anwendung verbundenen Risiken für Mensch und Umwelt zu minimieren. Dies sind wichtige Beiträge zur Agenda 2030 für nachhaltige Entwicklung der Vereinten Nationen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 03.07.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Regional Institute for Toxic Substance Research (IRET-UNA) Costa Rica (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Red de Acción en Plaguicidas y sus Alternativas en México (RAPAM, A.C.) Mexico (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (CITMA, Cuba) Cuba (South America)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Credits and Services Cooperative"Niceto Pérez" (CCS-NP) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Basic Unit of Cooperative Production “13 de Marzo” (UBPC-13M) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Credits and Services Cooperative "Deris García" (CCS-DG) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Entrepreneurial Group of Agriculture and Forest (GEAF) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
National Association of Small Farmers (ANAP) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Basic Unit of Cooperative Production “Juan Vitalio Acuña” (UBPC -JVA) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Empresa Agropecuaria Batabano (EAB) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Center for Reproduction of Entomophages and Entomopathogens (CREE) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (CITMA, Mayabeque) Cuba (South America)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Provincial Directorate of Agriculture of Mayabeque (PDA) Cuba (South America)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Agricultural Production Cooperative „September 28“ (CPA) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Territorial Station for Plant Protection (ETPP) Cuba (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
International Conference on Chemistry and the Environment Individual talk Assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil, grass, and milk in cattle farms of Havana and Mayabeque provinces 16.06.2019 Thessaloniki, Greece Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo; Bucheli Thomas Daniel;
International Conference on Chemistry and the Environment Individual talk Influence of different pest management systems in potato production on pesticide residues in cuban soils (PERECUSO) 16.06.2019 Thessaloniki, Greece Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo; Bucheli Thomas Daniel;
International Conference on Chemistry and the Environment Poster GLYPHOSATE: CENTER OF A SCIENTIFIC DEBATE 16.06.2019 Thessaloniki, Greece Bucheli Thomas Daniel; Escobar Medina Arturo Camilo;


Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
PERECUSO Kickoff Workshop 27.02.2019 Havana, Cuba, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Erfolgreiche Zusammenarbeit mit Kuba Agroscope Newsroom 2019 Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Kickoff-Workshop über Pestizid-Rückstände in Kubanischen Böden Agroscope Newsroom 2019 Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland International 2019
Media relations: radio, television Realizan Censa Tercer Taller Residualidad de los plaguicidas en el suelo y la papa Tele Mayabeque International 2019

Awards

Title Year
Recognition for collaboration by CENSA to Eva Reinhard (Director Agroscope) and Thomas Bucheli (Head of research group Environmental Analytics). 2019

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
177346 Re-cycling of biomass nutrients and carbon for advanced organic fertilization in an eco-smart and climate positive agriculture on Cuba (Bio-C) 01.09.2018 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
147314 Establishing a soil monitoring network to assess the environmental exposure to PAHs and PCBs in the province of Mayabeque, Cuba (Soil-Q) 01.10.2013 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)

Abstract

The fate and behavior of pesticides in tropical environment is understudied in comparison to temperate regions, with corresponding deficits in environmental and human risk assessment. These are particularly eminent for their primary recipient matrix soil, and in case of potato cultivation because of the large variety and quantities of pesticides applied.With PERECUSO, we propose to systematically investigate the influence of different pest management systems in Cuban potato production on environmental and human exposure, by quantifying pesticide residues in soils and potato tubers, together with a number of agro-environmental parameters of productivity, soil fertility and ecosystem services, over several cultivation periods. Three different systems will be studied at full scale, representing agro-ecological, private, and state farms, with none, moderate and high pesticide use, respectively.Residual concentrations in soils and potato tubers will be compared with predicted concentrations, and interpreted in light of observed environmental effects, suitable pesticide risk indicators and legislation where applicable. An economic cost-benefit analysis of these production methods will complement the environmental and human risk assessment.The dynamic range covered by the three different agricultural systems in Cuba will be further expanded by inclusion of equivalent data obtained as part of the pesticide survey program of the Swiss Soil Monitoring Network (NABO). Results will be of relevance for the greater Caribbean, as well as other tropical regions.Overall, results of PERECUSO will help to minimize pesticide application rates and economic costs of crop production, and corresponding environmental and human risks. With this, PERECUSO contributes to several of the Agenda 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
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