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PINOY Tannin (Full)

English title PINOY Tannin
Applicant Pichelin Frédéric
Number 177480
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Berner Fachhochschule Architektur, Holz und Bau
Institution of higher education Berne University of Applied Sciences - BFH
Main discipline Forest Engineering
Start/End 01.06.2018 - 31.05.2022
Approved amount 600'000.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Forest Engineering
Material Sciences
Agricultural Engineering

Keywords (10)

Agroforestry by-products; Condensed tannins; Wood adhesives; Sustainable forestry; Wood based panels; Forestry policies; Wood preservatives; Biomass extraction; Pilot extraction plant; Market entry analysis

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die Valorisation von nicht oder wenig genutzter Biomasse aus der Landwirtschaft oder dem Forst stellt eine günstige Möglichkeit für die Verbesserung der Lebensumstände von Gemeinschaften im philippinischen Hochland dar. Speziell Rinde, Zweige, Wurzeln, Schalen und Hülsen stellen eine geeignete Quelle für natürliche Phenole, speziell kondensierte Tannine, dar. Bis anhin werden diese deponiert oder verbrannt. Tannine haben sich als geeigneter Ersatz von ölbasierten Chemikalien in Formulierungen von Holzklebstoffen als auch als effizienter Holzschutz erwiesen. Importiertes Tannin wird auf den Philippinen bereits zur Herstellung von Sperrholz und Faserplatten auf Basis gemahlener Kokosnussschalen eingesetzt. Bislang sind nur wenige Anstrengungen zur Entwicklung von Tannin Extraktionstechnologien in Südostasien bekannt, obwohl geeignete Tanninreiche Biomasse vorhanden ist.
Lay summary

Das vorliegende Pinoy Tannin Projekt (Pinoy für Philippinen im lokalen Dialekt) zielt auf darauf die wissenschaftlichen, technologischen, sozialen und ökonomischen Grundlagen für eine nachhaltige Tanninextraktion auf den Philippinen zu entwickeln und sie den lokalen Gemeinden, Industrie-Stakeholdern und Entscheidungsträgern bekannt zu machen. Es wird ein ganzheitlicher Ansatz verfolgt, der die Tanninextraktion als einen mehrdimensionalen Prozess betrachtet, der mit dem Management der natürlichen Ressourcen beginnt und mit dem Einsatz in der lokalen Industrie endet. Drei relevante Bereiche werden betrachtet: 1) Produktionstechnologie, 2) Entwicklung der Wertschöpfungskette, 3) politischer Dialog. Dazu werden die für die lokalen Gemeinschaften zugänglichen Tanninquellen identifiziert und ein kostengünstiger, energieeffizienter Produktionsprozess entwickelt. Eine kleine Modellanlage für die Extraktion von Tannin wird in der Visaya Provinz eingerichtet. Sie wird als Demonstrationsanlage verwendet. Die Produktion von Cocoboards (Sperrholz) als auch der Einsatz als Holz- bzw. Bambusschutz auf industrieller Ebene mit den hergestellten Extrakten wird getestet. Parallel dazu wird die aktuelle Landwirtschaftspraxis erweitert, um die identifizierten Tanninquellen in Pilotbezirken zu integrieren und ein Markteintrittsmodell für Tanninbasierte Produkte wird entwickelt. Die Ergebnisse werden mit relevanten Stakeholdern diskutiert, mit dem Ziel sie in die politische Planung zu integrieren.

Die Projektergebnisse sollen zur Schaffung von neuen Einnahmequellen für die lokalen Gemeinschaften führen, die nachhaltige Landnutzung und eine Aufforstung von Wäldern fördern und den Einsatz von bezahlbaren und nachhaltigen Energiequellen steigern.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 14.06.2018

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
The exploitation of underused agroforestry biomasses (e.g. bark, twigs, roots, nut shells and husks) in the Philippines as condensed tannin sources is envisaged to create of new revenue sources for the local rural communities and to support a sustainable land use and the afforestation of the Philippine uplands. The formulation of wood adhesives and preservatives based on the extracted tannins will further support the local wood product value chain. However, the development of a tannin extraction activity faces diverse challenges: e.g. sustainable management of the biomasses, energy demand of the extraction process, suitability and consistency of the chemical characteristics of the extracts.
Lay summary

Project objectives

The Pinoy tannin (from Pinoy = Philippine in the local slang) project aims to provide the needed scientific, technological, social and economic bases for the development of a sustainable tannin extraction activity among the local communities in the Philippines.

A holistic approach covering the full product value chain from the management of the tannin sources to the final application of the extracts will be considered. Three relevant areas will be addressed: 1) production technology, 2) value chain development and 3) policy dialogue.

To avail this, the following specific objectives will be pursued: a) identification of suitable and accessible tannin sources, b) development of sustainable agroforestry practices, c) development of a low-end and environment-friendly extraction technology, d) set-up of a model extraction facility, e) test of the extract efficacy in an industrial environment, f) development of a model for the market entry of tannin-based products, g) development and recommendation of new agroforestry policies.

Scientific and societal context

The proposed development project is a low-tech approach for the sustainable exploitation of unused or underused agroforestry resources with the aim to create new economic perspectives for local communities in the Philippines. It is thus a promising approach for reconciling economic development with the sustainable exploitation of natural resources, decoupling economic growth and destruction of the Environment. 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 14.06.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
BFH Center for Development and Cooperation - Markus Schär Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Department of Agriculture - Ms. Maria Escandor Philippines (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
NTFP-EP - Dr. Femy Pinto Philippines (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
RI-Chem - Dr. Carlos Meneleo Philippines (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
GOSOL Sweden (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
BFH Business School - Dr. Deane Harder Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Swiss Embassy Philippines (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration

Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Workshop: Valorization for agroforestry residuals in the Philippines 10.09.2019 UP Los Baños Campus, Laguna, Philippines

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Video/Film Agroforestry Leftovers as a Source of Income International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Pinoy Tannin – vielseitig, biobasiert, wirtschaftlic SPIRIT (BFH-AHB Magazine) German-speaking Switzerland 2020

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
147330 COCOBOARDS: environmentally sound technology for the manufacturing of affordable building materials based on coconut husk and natural bonding agents 01.01.2014 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
136559 Extraction and characterization of bark tannin from domestic softwood species for bonding applications in wood-based materials 01.04.2012 NRP 66 Resource Wood

Abstract

The valorisation of unused or underused biomass from agroforestry resources with a low-end innovation is an opportunity for the improvement the livelihood of local communities living in the Philippine uplands. In specific, bark, twigs, roots, shells and husks, which are usually dumped or burned, can be a valuable source of natural phenolics, especially condensed tannins. Tannins have been recognised as suitable substitutes of oil-derived molecules in the formulation of wood adhesives, as well as efficient wood preservatives. In the Philippines, tannin imported from oversea is already used in the production of plywood and fibreboards made of milled coconut husk (Cocoboards). Limited efforts in the development of a tannin extraction technology in the Southeast Asia has been documented, although abundant tannin-rich biomasses have been identified. The sustainable management of the tannin source, the energy demand of the extraction process, and the inconsistency of the chemical characteristics of the extracts are the most critical issues to tackled in the tannin extraction.The present Pinoy Tannin project (from Pinoy = Philippine in local slang) aims to develop the needed scientific, technological, social and economic bases for the set-up of a sustainable and environment-friendly tannin extraction in the Philippines, and to promote them among local communities, industrial stakeholders and policy makers. A holistic approach will be applied, considering the tannin extraction as a multidimensional process that starts at the management of natural resources and ends with the use of the extracts in the local industry. Three relevant areas will be addressed: 1) production technology, 2) value chain development and 3) policy dialogue. To avail this, tannin sources accessible to Philippine local communities and suitable for the supply of the local wood industry will be identified and a low-end and energy efficient extraction technology developed. A small-scale model extraction facility will be created among local communities in the Visayas province and used for didactic purposes. The production of Cocoboards, plywood, as well preservation treatments of wood and/or bamboo, will be tested at the industrial scale with the recovered extracts. In parallel, current agroforestry practices will be extended to integrate the identified tannin sources in pilot areas, and a market entry model for tannin-based products will be developed. The achieved results will be discussed with relevant stakeholders all along the project with the aim to translate the research outputs into effective policies.The outcomes of the project are envisaged to contribute to the creation of new revenue sources for local communities, support the sustainable land use and the afforestation of the forestland in the Philippines, and promote the use of affordable, reliable and sustainable energy sources.
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