Project

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Adapting and strengthening educational guidance and career counseling to promote decent work in two West African countries: Burkina Faso and Togo

English title Adapting and strengthening educational guidance and career counseling to promote decent work in two West African countries: Burkina Faso and Togo
Applicant Rossier Jérôme
Number 177295
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Institut de psychologie Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Applied psychology
Start/End 01.11.2018 - 31.10.2022
Approved amount 599'946.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Applied psychology
Education and learning sciences, subject-specific education

Keywords (5)

Entrepreneurship; Decent work; Career counseling; Educational guidance; Vocational psychology

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Adapter l'orientation scolaire et professionnelle et les pratiques d’orientation pour promouvoir le travail décent en Afrique de l'Ouest
Lay summary

Le travail décent est d’une importance cruciale pour le développement et le bien-être des individus. Il a été défini de façon précise par la Conférence internationale du Travail en 1999. Dans le Programme de développement durable des Nations Unies à l'horizon 2030, le travail décent était un objectif explicite. Dans le domaine de la psychologie de l’orientation et du travail, la psychology of working theory (Duffy et al., 2016) postule que les facteurs aussi bien contextuels qu’individuels ont un impact sur les parcours professionnels des individus et donc sur la capacité des personnes à accéder au travail décent. Alors que les agences de promotion de l'emploi et les services d'orientation dans la plupart des pays développés ont été renforcés pour aider les individus à faire face aux problèmes de carrière et au chômage, ces structures sont encore peu développées dans la plupart des pays à faible revenu comme le Burkina Faso et le Togo. En outre, afin de soutenir le développement économique de ces pays, la formation à l'entrepreneuriat devrait également y être développée.
En suivant cette perspective, l'objectif de ce projet au Burkina Faso et au Togo est (1) de décrire le système éducatif et d'évaluer comment il prend en compte les besoins de l'économie et du marché du travail; (2) décrire les ressources existantes en matière d'orientation scolaire et professionnelle et évaluer leur adéquation aux besoins de la population; (3) vérifier si la psychology of working theory et le modèle des intentions entrepreneuriales peuvent être utilisés conjointement en Afrique de l'Ouest et les adapter si nécessaire; (4) développer des interventions d'orientation scolaire et professionnelle et une formation à l'entrepreneuriat adaptées à ces contextes; et 5) sensibiliser les décideurs politiques à l'importance de rendre l'orientation scolaire et professionnelle accessible à tous, et de développer la formation à l'entrepreneuriat afin de promouvoir l'accès au travail décent et enfin, de mettre à disposition les nouvelles interventions adaptées et nouvellement développées.
Les objectifs 1 et 2 seront atteints à travers une revue de la littérature, des entretiens avec des acteurs clés, des réunions et discussions avec divers acteurs locaux de différents domaines. Pour atteindre l'objectif 3, des entretiens seront d'abord menés pour concevoir une enquête à grande échelle avec plusieurs centaines de participants par pays. Sur la base des résultats des objectifs 1, 2 et 3, des interventions et une formation adaptées seront développées. Elles seront ensuite testées en utilisant une méthodologie incluant un groupe-témoin (objectif 4). Pour convaincre les décideurs politiques, des documents d'orientation (policy briefs) seront rédigés et publiés. Les interventions et la formation nouvellement élaborées seront éditées en étant inclues dans un manuel de psychologie de l’orientation qui sera mis à la disposition des praticiens locaux et en accès libre en Afrique de l'Ouest.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 22.05.2018

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Adapting vocational guidance and career counseling to promote decent work in West Africa
Lay summary

Decent work is crucial for an individual’s life development and well-being. This was defined precisely by the International Labour Conference in 1999. In the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations, decent work was made an explicit goal. In the field of vocational psychology, the psychology of working theory (Duffy et al., 2016) states that both contextual and individual factors have an impact on individual career paths and thus on people’s ability to access decent work. This theory also suggests that appropriate educational and vocational guidance can support access to decent work and sustain well-being. While employment agencies and career counseling services in most developed countries have been strengthened to help individuals deal with career and unemployment issues, this has not been the case in low-income countries such as Burkina Faso and Togo. Moreover, in order to support the economic development of these countries, entrepreneurship training should also be developed. This is relevant for both young adults preparing for a school-to-work transition and adults managing career transitions.

For this reason, the aim of this project to be conducted in Burkina Faso and Togo is (1) to describe the educational system and evaluate how it takes into account the needs of the economy and the labor market; (2) to describe existing educational and vocational guidance resources and assess their adequacy in regards to the needs of the population; (3) to verify if the psychology of working theory and the model of entrepreneurial intentions can be used conjointly in West Africa and to adapt it if necessary; (4) to develop adapted vocational guidance and career counseling interventions and entrepreneurship training; and (5) to make policymakers aware of the importance of making vocational guidance and career counseling available for all, and to develop entrepreneurship training in order to promote access to decent work, and to and to make the newly adapted interventions available.

Goal 1 and 2 will be reached through literature review, interviews of key players, and meetings and discussions with various local actors in the fields. To reach goal 3, a mixed-method and etic-emic approach will be used. Interviews will first be conducted to design a large-scale survey with several hundred participants per country. Based on the results of goals 1, 2, and 3, adapted interventions and training will be developed and pre-tested on small groups. If the results are positive, they will be further tested using a wait-list control group method (goal 4). To have an impact on policymakers, policy briefs will be written and published. The newly developed interventions and training will manualized and made available to local practitioners by including them in an open-access West African handbook of vocational psychology. This handbook will also contribute to the training of future West African career counselors. 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 22.05.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
What work should be and bring: Representations of decent work in Togo
Kazimna Pazambadi, Holu Yawo A., Alfa Akila, Tchonda Masamaésso, Pari Paboussoum, Masdonati Jonas (2020), What work should be and bring: Representations of decent work in Togo, in African Journal of Career Development, 2(1), 1-7.
Lifelong learning, counseling and life designing to promote careers for the future
RossierJérôme, AisensonGabriela, ChhabraMeenakshi, Cohen-ScaliValérie, Di FabioAnnamaria, HeslonChristian, MasdonatiJonas, RibeiroMarcelo A., San AntonioDonna M (2020), Lifelong learning, counseling and life designing to promote careers for the future, UNESCO, Paris, France, 189-195.
Sustainable careers, vulnerability, and well-being: Towards an integrative approach
Urbanaviciute Ieva, Bühlmann Felix, Rossier Jérôme (2019), Sustainable careers, vulnerability, and well-being: Towards an integrative approach, in Maree Kobus (ed.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 53-70.
Support for entrepreneurship as a means of realizing development and employment potential in French-speaking Africa
BakouanSaiba, RossierJérôme, MoumoulaIssa A., MedaJudith, Support for entrepreneurship as a means of realizing development and employment potential in French-speaking Africa, in Mbaye Ahmadou Aly, Boudarbat Brahim (ed.), Observatoire de la Francophonie économique, Montréal.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Mark B. Watson South Africa (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Anuradha J. Bakshi India (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Marcelo A. Ribeiro Brazil (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
UNESCO Chair on Lifelong Guidance and Counseling Poland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance Poland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. David Blustein United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Awards

Title Year
UNESCO Chair Award “Prix Sud 2019” 2019

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
108290 Lien entre personnalité et troubles de la personnalité dans trois régions d'Afrique, en France et en Suisse 01.09.2005 Project funding (Div. I-III)
120315 Short- and long-term impacts of career counseling: Investigation of cognitive and relational components 01.09.2008 Project funding (Div. I-III)
201261 Promoting decent work through entrepreneurship in sub-Saharan Africa: Toward a test of innovative psychological-based approaches to counseling in Burkina Faso and Togo 01.04.2021 Transformation Accelerating Grant
156540 Influence of maladaptive personality traits, career adaptability, and self-efficacy on the professional integration of marginalized young adults in the state of Vaud 01.06.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
125770 NCCR LIVES: Overcoming vulnerability - life course perspectives (phase I) 01.01.2011 National Centres of Competence in Research (NCCRs)

Abstract

Decent work is crucial for an individual’s life development and well-being. This was defined by the International Labour Conference in 1999 and decent work was made an explicit goal in the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In the field of vocational psychology, the psychology of working theory (Duffy et al., 2016) posits that both contextual and individual factors have an impact on individual career paths and thus on people’s ability to access decent work. This theory also suggests that appropriate educational guidance and career counseling can support access to decent work and sustain well-being. While employment agencies and career counseling services in most developed countries help individuals deal with career and unemployment issues, this has not been the case in low-income countries such as Burkina Faso and Togo, which are characterized by a very young population and a large informal sector. Moreover, in order to support the economic development of these countries, entrepreneurship training should be developed (Liñán & Chen, 2009) in addition to career counseling. This can be relevant both for young adults preparing for a school-to-work transition and for adults managing career transitions.The aim of this project to be conducted in Burkina Faso and Togo is (1) to describe the educational system and evaluate how it takes the needs of the users, the economy, and the labor market into account; (2) to describe existing educational guidance and career counseling resources and assess their adequacy in regards to the needs of the population; (3) to combine the psychology of working theory and the model of entrepreneurial intentions and to adapt them to the West Africa context; (4) to develop adapted educational guidance, career counseling interventions, and entrepreneurship training; and (5) to make policymakers aware of the importance of making educational guidance, career counseling, and entrepreneurship training available to develop to promote access to decent work, and to make these interventions available to all, including those in education or not, and those working in the formal economy or not.Goals 1 and 2 will be achieved through a literature review, interviews with key players, and meetings and discussions with local actors in the field. To reach goal 3, a mixed-method and etic-emic approach will be used. Interviews will be conducted to design a large-scale survey to be administered to about 300 participants per country. Based on the results of goals 1, 2, and 3, adapted interventions and training will be developed and pre-tested on small groups. These interventions will be further tested using a wait-list control group method (goal 4). To have an impact on policymakers, policy briefs will be written and published. The newly developed interventions and trainings will be manualized and made available to local practitioners by including them in an open-access West African handbook of vocational psychology. This handbook will also contribute to the training of future West African career counselors.
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