Entrepreneurship; Decent work; Career counseling; Educational guidance; Vocational psychology
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Urbanaviciute Ieva, Bühlmann Felix, Rossier Jérôme (2019), Sustainable careers, vulnerability, and well-being: Towards an integrative approach, in Maree Kobus (ed.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 53-70.
BakouanSaiba, RossierJérôme, MoumoulaIssa A., MedaJudith, Support for entrepreneurship as a means of realizing development and employment potential in French-speaking Africa, in Mbaye Ahmadou Aly, Boudarbat Brahim (ed.), Observatoire de la Francophonie économique, Montréal.
Decent work is crucial for an individual’s life development and well-being. This was defined by the International Labour Conference in 1999 and decent work was made an explicit goal in the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In the field of vocational psychology, the psychology of working theory (Duffy et al., 2016) posits that both contextual and individual factors have an impact on individual career paths and thus on people’s ability to access decent work. This theory also suggests that appropriate educational guidance and career counseling can support access to decent work and sustain well-being. While employment agencies and career counseling services in most developed countries help individuals deal with career and unemployment issues, this has not been the case in low-income countries such as Burkina Faso and Togo, which are characterized by a very young population and a large informal sector. Moreover, in order to support the economic development of these countries, entrepreneurship training should be developed (Liñán & Chen, 2009) in addition to career counseling. This can be relevant both for young adults preparing for a school-to-work transition and for adults managing career transitions.The aim of this project to be conducted in Burkina Faso and Togo is (1) to describe the educational system and evaluate how it takes the needs of the users, the economy, and the labor market into account; (2) to describe existing educational guidance and career counseling resources and assess their adequacy in regards to the needs of the population; (3) to combine the psychology of working theory and the model of entrepreneurial intentions and to adapt them to the West Africa context; (4) to develop adapted educational guidance, career counseling interventions, and entrepreneurship training; and (5) to make policymakers aware of the importance of making educational guidance, career counseling, and entrepreneurship training available to develop to promote access to decent work, and to make these interventions available to all, including those in education or not, and those working in the formal economy or not.Goals 1 and 2 will be achieved through a literature review, interviews with key players, and meetings and discussions with local actors in the field. To reach goal 3, a mixed-method and etic-emic approach will be used. Interviews will be conducted to design a large-scale survey to be administered to about 300 participants per country. Based on the results of goals 1, 2, and 3, adapted interventions and training will be developed and pre-tested on small groups. These interventions will be further tested using a wait-list control group method (goal 4). To have an impact on policymakers, policy briefs will be written and published. The newly developed interventions and trainings will be manualized and made available to local practitioners by including them in an open-access West African handbook of vocational psychology. This handbook will also contribute to the training of future West African career counselors.