Project

Back to overview

The Differential Roles of Positive Emotions and Emotion Regulation for Socio-Emotional Processes in Developmental Disabilities: Insights for Future Interventions

English title The Differential Roles of Positive Emotions and Emotion Regulation for Socio-Emotional Processes in Developmental Disabilities: Insights for Future Interventions
Applicant Samson Andrea
Number 176722
Funding scheme SNSF Professorships
Research institution Heilpädagogisches Institut Universität Freiburg
Institution of higher education University of Fribourg - FR
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.09.2018 - 31.12.2022
Approved amount 1'589'748.00
Show all

Keywords (10)

intellectual disability; developmental disabilities; Autism; intervention; virtual reality; Williams syndrome; emotion; socio-emotional processes; problem behavior; perspective taking

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Sozio-emotionale Prozesse und ihre Beziehung zu sozialen und nicht-sozialen Ängsten bei Entwicklungsstörungen und geistigen Behinderungen
Lay summary

Angststörungen sind eine der Hauptprobleme bei Entwicklungs- und geistigen Behinderungen. Da Ängste soziale und adaptive Funktionen erheblich beeinträchtigen, ist es dringend notwendig, potenzielle Risiko- und Schutzfaktoren besser zu verstehen. In Anbetracht der entscheidenden Rolle der sozialen Annäherung, der positiven Emotionen und der Emotionsregulation für optimale soziale und adaptive Funktionen, ist das Ziel dieses Projekts, diese drei Phänomene bei Menschen mit Entwicklungsstörungen, wie dem Williams-Beuren Syndrom (WS) und Autismus-Spektrum-Störungen (ASS), zu untersuchen. In gewisser Hinsicht haben WS und ASS entgegengesetzte Profile in der Prävalenz von Ängsten (relativ hohe nicht-soziale Angst bei WS vs. relativ hohe soziale Angst bei ASS). Zudem sind die soziale Annäherung und positive Emotionen bei Personen mit WS erhöht, wohingegen sie bei Personen mit ASS vermindert sind. Während Personen mit ASS Schwierigkeiten mit der Regulation von Emotionen haben, ist dies bei Personen mit WS noch wenig erforscht. Die beinahe gegensätzlichen Profile machen WS und ASS zu einem vielversprechenden Modell, um sozio-emotionale Phänomene als potentielle Risiko- und Schutzfaktoren für soziale und nicht-soziale Ängste zu untersuchen. Mit einem multi-methodischen Ansatz (einschliesslich der virtuellen Realität) möchte dieses Projekts untersuchen, wie diese drei sozio-emotionalen Phänomene miteinander in Beziehung stehen und wie sie mit sozialen und nicht-sozialen Ängsten bei Personen mit WS und ASS, im Vergleich zu einer Gruppe mit unspezifischer geistiger Behinderung, zusammenhängen. Die aus diesem Projekt gewonnenen Erkenntnisse werden letztlich dazu dienen, Interventionen für affektive Störungen bei Entwicklungsstörungen zu entwickeln.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 25.04.2018

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Socio-emotional processes and their relation to social and non-social anxiety in developmental and intellectual disabilities
Lay summary

Anxiety disorders are one of the major concerns in developmental and intellectual disabilities. Since anxieties significantly impact social and adaptive functioning, it is of great urgency to better understand potential risk and protective factors. Given the crucial role of social approach, positive emotions and emotion regulation for optimal social and adaptive functioning, the goal of this project is to study these three phenomena in individuals with developmental disabilities with a particular focus on Williams syndrome (WS) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In certain respects, WS and ASD have opposite profiles in the prevalence of anxieties (relatively high non-social anxiety in WS vs. relatively high social anxiety in ASD), as well as in social approach and positive emotions. Whereas social approach and positive emotions are high in WS, they are generally low in ASD. Moreover, while individuals with ASD have difficulties regulating emotions, little is known about emotion regulation in WS. Taking into account these opposite patterns, WS and ASD make a promising model for the study of socio-emotional phenomena as potential risk and protective factors for social and non-social anxiety. With a multi-method approach (including virtual reality), the goal of this project is to examine how these three socio-emotional phenomena relate to each other and how they are linked to social and non-social anxiety in WS and ASD, compared to a group with non-specific intellectual disability. The insights derived from this project will ultimately serve to inform interventions targeting affective disorders in developmental disabilities.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 25.04.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Positive Aspects of Emotional Competence in Preventing Internalizing Symptoms in Children with and without Developmental Language Disorder: A Longitudinal Approach
Samson Andrea C., van den Bedem Neeltje P., Dukes Daniel, Rieffe Carolien (2020), Positive Aspects of Emotional Competence in Preventing Internalizing Symptoms in Children with and without Developmental Language Disorder: A Longitudinal Approach, in Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 50(4), 1159-1171.
Board Games on Emotional Competences for School-Age Children
Dell-AngelaL, ZahariaA, LobelA, Vico BegaraO, SanderD, SamsonAC (2020), Board Games on Emotional Competences for School-Age Children, in Games for Health Journal: Research, Development, and Clinical Applications, 9(3), 1-10.
COVID19 Crisis Response Survey for families of Individuals with Special Needs
Van HerwegenJ, DukesD, SamsonAC (2020), COVID19 Crisis Response Survey for families of Individuals with Special Needs, OSF, http://osf.io/5nkq9.
A non randomized mentalization intervention for parents of children with autism
EnavY, Erhard-WeissD, KopelmanM, SamsonA.C., MethaS, GrossJ.J. (2019), A non randomized mentalization intervention for parents of children with autism, in Autism Research, 7(12), 1077-1086.
A practical guide for automated facial emotion
StöckliS, Schulte-MecklenbeckM, BorerS, SamsonA. C. (2019), A practical guide for automated facial emotion, in Johnson J. G., Schulte-Mecklenbeck M, Kühberger A (ed.), Taylor & Francis, New York, 196-214.
A practical guide for automated facial emotion
Stöckli S, Schulte-Mecklenbeck M, Borer S, Samson A. C. (2019), A practical guide for automated facial emotion, in Johnson J. G., Kühberger A, Schulte-Mecklenbeck M (ed.), Taylor & Francis, New York, 196-214.
Positive humor in couples as interpersonal emotion regulation: A dyadic study in everyday life on the mediating role of psychological intimacy
HornAB, SamsonAC, DebrotA, PerrezM (2019), Positive humor in couples as interpersonal emotion regulation: A dyadic study in everyday life on the mediating role of psychological intimacy, in Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36(8), 2376-239 6.
What are the functions of positive emotions in fostering school engagement in primary school (and how to deal with it)?
GayP, BressoudN, LucciariniE, GomezJM, RimeJ, SamsonAC (2019), What are the functions of positive emotions in fostering school engagement in primary school (and how to deal with it)?, in Plata A, Ambrosetti A, Castelli L, Marcionetti A (ed.), Hogrefe, Firence, Italy, 253-257.
Change in Emotional and Theory of Mind Processing in Borderline Personality Disorder
Kramer Ueli, Kolly W, Maillaird P, Pascual-Leone A, Samson A.C., Schmitt R., Bernini A, Allenbach G, Charbon P, de Roten Y, Conus Ph, Despland J-N., Draganski B (2018), Change in Emotional and Theory of Mind Processing in Borderline Personality Disorder, in Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 2016(12), 935-943.
Depressive symptoms and emotion regulation strategies in children with and without developmental language disorder: a longitudinal study
Van den BedemN.P., DockrellJ.E., van AlphenP.M., de PooijM, SamsonA.C., HarjunenE, RieffeC (2018), Depressive symptoms and emotion regulation strategies in children with and without developmental language disorder: a longitudinal study, in International Journal of Language and Communication, 53(6), 1110-1123.
Emotion regulation in autism spectrum disorder: Where we are and where we need to go
(2018), Emotion regulation in autism spectrum disorder: Where we are and where we need to go, in Autism Research, 11, 926-978.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof. Koviljka Barishnikov - FPSE UNIGE Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Dr. Elise Wattendorf, Neuroanatomy, UNIFR Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Nicolas Ruffieux - Department of Special Education, UNIFR Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Marie Schaer, Faculte de medecine, UNIGE Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Swiss Center for Affective Sciences (CISA)- Prof. David Sander Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Stanford University - Prof. James Gross & Prof. Antonio Hardan United States of America (North America)
- Publication
Faculté des Lettres, des Sciences Humaines, des Arts et des Sciences de l'Education; Dr. A. Costa Luxembourg (Europe)
- Publication
Prof. Christoph Mueller - Department of Special Education, UNIFR Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Jo van Herwegen Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
MMEF lab - FPSE UNIGE - Prof. David Rudrauf Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Prof. Carla Mazefsky United States of America (North America)
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
SSRE Congress online Talk given at a conference Intervention pédagogique sur les forces personnelles des élèves et effets sur les relations entre pairs en contexte inclusif. Symposium : Les savoirs au carrefour de la recherche, des pratiques et de la formation. 31.08.2020 online, Switzerland Samson Andrea;
The European Conference on Education & The European Conference on Language Learning ECE/ECLL2020 Conference (ECE/ECLL2020, IAFOR Conference) Talk given at a conference Invited talk at a panel discussion on “The impact of COVID-19 on Children and Young People across the Globe”. 17.07.2020 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Samson Andrea;
online Conference of the Society for Affective Sciences (SAS) Poster Testing Social Emotion Regulation in a Virtual-Reality Cyberball Game 23.04.2020 San Francisco, United States of America Stallmann Lina; Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel; Tran Ngoc Michel;
Online Conference of the Society for Affective Sciences (SAS) Poster Board games on emotional competences for school-age children. 23.04.2020 San Francisco, United States of America Samson Andrea;
Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Brugg/Windisch Individual talk Emotionen und deren Regulation bei Personen mit Autismus Spektrum Störungen 03.03.2020 Brugg/Windisch, Switzerland Samson Andrea;
You are cute, but not to everyone: an eye-tracking study in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Talk given at a conference Annual Research Forum in Affective Science (ARF) 04.02.2020 geneva, Switzerland Samson Andrea;
Annual Research Forum in Affective Science (ARF) Talk given at a conference Let me help you: social emotion regulation in Virtual Reality. 04.02.2020 Geneva, Switzerland Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel; Tran Ngoc Michel; Stallmann Lina;
Annual Research Forum in Affective Science (ARF) Poster «Don’t laugh at me!» Risk factors for gelotophobia in neurodevelopmental disorders. 04.02.2020 Geneva, Switzerland Treichel Noemie; Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel;
Research Day Unidistance Talk given at a conference Social emotion regulation and baby schema effects 29.01.2020 Brig, Switzerland Samson Andrea;
18e édition du Congrès de l'Encéphale, RECONSTRUIRE, REFONDER Poster Familles TSA simplex, multiplex : quelle adaptation des fratries ? 22.01.2020 Paris, France Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel;
16th Swiss Psychological Society (SPS) Talk given at a conference Positive Emotion Regulation Program for Individuals with ASD 09.09.2019 Bern, Switzerland Samson Andrea;
16th Swiss Psychological Society (SPS) Talk given at a conference Exploring VR as a means to alleviate emotion regulation difficulties in people with developmental disorders. 09.09.2019 Bern, Switzerland Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel; Stallmann Lina;
16th Swiss Psychological Society (SPS) Talk given at a conference The potential of board games to measure and train emotional competences in children. 09.09.2019 Bern, Switzerland Samson Andrea;
16th Swiss Psychological Society (SPS) Talk given at a conference The influence of cognitive, social and emotional phenotypes on the sense of humor: the case of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Williams syndrome 09.09.2019 Bern, Switzerland Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel; Treichel Noemie;
16th Swiss Psychological Society (SPS) Talk given at a conference Positive Emotion Regulation Program for Individuals with ASD 09.09.2019 Bern, Switzerland Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel;
International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IASSID) congress Poster The impact of cognitive, social and emotional profiles on humor appreciation in individuals with Williams syndrome. 06.08.2019 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Treichel Noemie; Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel;
International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IASSID) congress Talk given at a conference Mixed emotions in Autism Spectrum Disorder 06.08.2019 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel;
IPPA World Congress Talk given at a conference Strength based intervention in inclusive systems at school 18.07.2019 Melbourne, Australia Samson Andrea;
pre-conference on emotion development organized by Daniel Dukes, Andrea Samson, Carolien Rieffe and Eric Walle for the International Society for Research in Emotion Talk given at a conference « Get it? » How much is our sense of humor influenced by others during the course of our development? 10.07.2019 Amsterdam, Netherlands Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel; Treichel Noemie;
International Society for Research on Emotions (ISRE) conference Talk given at a conference How cognitive, social, and emotional profiles impact humor appreciation: Sense of humor in Williams syndrome 10.07.2019 Amsterdam, Netherlands Dukes Daniel; Samson Andrea; Treichel Noemie;
18th International Congress of European Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (ESCAP) Talk given at a conference Baby schema effect: visual exploration of “cute” stimuli in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). 30.06.2019 Vienna, Austria Samson Andrea;
SGBF Talk given at a conference Apport des sciences affectives et de la psychologie positive: “à chacun ses forces de caractère!” 26.06.2019 Basel, Switzerland Samson Andrea;
Arbeitsgruppe für empirische sonderpädagogische Forschung (AESF) Poster Erster Nachweis der Wirksamkeit eines Neuen Trainings zur Positiven Emotionsregulation bei Individuen mit Autismus-Spektrum-Störung 13.06.2019 Fribourg, Switzerland Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel;
Colloque Unité de Psychiatrie du Développement Mental, Belle-Idée Individual talk Troubles du Spectre Autistique: émotions et propositions d’intervention 06.05.2019 Geneva, Switzerland Samson Andrea;
Annual conference of the Society for Affective Sciences Poster First proof of efficacy of a novel training for the regulation of positive emotions in individuals with autism spectrum disorder 21.03.2019 Boston, United States of America Kilicel Deniz; Dukes Daniel; Samson Andrea;
Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft Autismus Spektrum (WGAS) Talk given at a conference Erster Wirksamkeitsnachweis eines neuartigen Trainings zur Regulation positiver Emotionen für Personen mit Autismus-Spektrum-Störung 21.02.2019 Augsburg, Germany Samson Andrea;
2nd Positive Psychology Day, Swiss Positive Psychology Association (SWIPPA) Talk given at a conference Boîte à outils pour la régulation des émotions positives: entraînement et jeux pour des enfants et adolescents d’âge scolaire avec ou sans troubles du développement. 09.02.2019 Lausanne, Switzerland Dukes Daniel; Samson Andrea;
Annual Research Forum in Affective Science (ARF) Poster Virtual Reality Setup for Developmental Disorders and Intellectual Disability 07.02.2019 Geneva, Switzerland Samson Andrea; Tran Ngoc Michel;
Annual Research Forum in Affective Science (ARF) Poster Humor in individuals with Williams syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder 07.02.2019 Geneva, Switzerland Treichel Noemie; Samson Andrea; Dukes Daniel;
Annual Research Forum in Affective Science (ARF) Poster First proof of efficacy of a novel training for the regulation of positive emotions in individuals with autism spectrum disorder 07.02.2019 Geneva, Switzerland Samson Andrea; Kilicel Deniz;
SWIPPA Fachtagung Talk given at a conference Strength based intervention in inclusive systems at school 30.11.2018 Luzern, Switzerland Samson Andrea;
First national congress on autism Talk given at a conference Samson, A. C. & Zaharia, A. Positive emotions and emotion regulation in Autism Spectrum Disorder 09.11.2018 Bern, Switzerland Samson Andrea;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Gérer des émotions. Autisme Fribourg: Group parole Talk 10.02.2020 Fribourg, Switzerland Treichel Noemie; Dukes Daniel; Samson Andrea;
La régulation des émotions et l’humour dans les troubles du développement et les déficiences intellectuelles. Presentation pour les parents, Les Buissonnets Talk 23.01.2020 Fribourg, Switzerland Dukes Daniel; Treichel Noemie; Samson Andrea;
Positive Emotions and Emotion Regulation in Williams Syndrome (in German and French) Workshop 18.11.2018 Fribourg, Switzerland Kilicel Deniz; Treichel Noemie; Samson Andrea;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Emotionen: Familientreffen für die Williams-Beuren Syndrom Assoziation im chEERSLab am Institut für Heilpädagogik an der Universität Fribourg 23.11.2019 Fribourg, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Autism researchers adapt studies for a socially distant world Spectrum - www.spectrumnews.org International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media COVID-19: Familien mit besonderen Bedürfnissen am Anschlag? Alma & Georges International German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: radio, television Einzigartige Forschungswelt Canal 9 German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Talks/events/exhibitions Interview: Humor zu Zeiten der Krise German-speaking Switzerland International 2020
Media relations: print media, online media L'humour ne modifie pas seulement nos émotions sur le moment Le Temps Western Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media L'irrésistible besoin de rire en temps de crise Bilan Western Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Quei dottori che portano il sorriso Cooperazione Italian-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Warum lachen Sie eigentlich? Universitas German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Media relations: print media, online media Zeig mir, wie du spielst Universitas German-speaking Switzerland 2020
Talks/events/exhibitions Familientreffen für die Williams-Beuren Syndrom Assoziation im chEERSLab am Institut für Heilpädagog Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Riez, c’est bon pour la santé ! Magazine de COOP Western Switzerland 2019

Awards

Title Year
Best poster presentation award at the Annual Research Forum in Affective Science (ARF), Geneva (CH), 4-5 February 2020 2020
Award for Best Blitz Talk; 16th Swiss Psychological Society (SPS), Bern, 9-11.9.2019 2019

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
154937 Emotion Dysregulation in Psychopathology: Pathway to an Innovative Neuroconnectivity-Informed Intervention 01.09.2015 Ambizione

Abstract

Social and non-social anxiety disorders are one of the major concerns of individuals with developmental disabilities with and without intellectual disability. Since anxieties significantly impact social and adaptive functioning, it is of great urgency to better understand potential risk and protective factors. Given the crucial role of social approach, positive emotions (PE) and emotion regulation (ER) for optimal social and adaptive functioning, the goal of this project is to study these three phenomena in individuals with developmental disabilities with a particular focus on Williams syndrome (WS) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Interestingly, WS and ASD present, in certain respects, a double dissociation regarding the prevalence of anxieties (relatively high non-social anxiety in WS vs. relatively high social anxiety in ASD), as well as in affective biases related to social approach and PE in social settings. Whereas social approach, i.e. to orient to the social world and to seek and take pleasure in social interactions, is high and linked to PE in WS, social approach and PE are generally low in ASD. Moreover, while individuals with ASD have ER difficulties, which are linked to anxieties, little is known about ER in WS. Taking into account these opposite patterns, WS and ASD make a promising model for the study of socio-emotional phenomena as potential risk and protective factors for social and non-social anxiety. Therefore, the goal of this project is to examine how these three socio-emotional phenomena relate to each other and how they are linked to social and non-social anxiety in WS and ASD. First, I aim to describe profiles of effective PE triggers and ER strategy use and efficacy in WS and mental age-matched ASD, compared to mental age-matched typically developing participants with high and low social approach. In order to discern syndrome-specific effects from intellectual disability, I will also include a group with non-specific intellectual disability. Second, I aim to link these different profiles in social approach, PE, and ER to social and non-social anxiety. I will use a multi-method approach including self- and parent-report, experiential, behavioral, and psychophysiological parameters, and will build on novel technologies, such as virtual reality, to create immersive environments and quantify behavior. These techniques will yield a robust and complementary database of PE and ER profiles across different modalities and emotional domains. Using statistical methods, I will use the collected data to first describe the profiles of social approach, PE, and ER in the different groups. Subsequently, I will model PE and ER’s relation to both social and non-social anxiety, including social approach as a potential moderating variable, in order to determine risk and protective factors. The insights derived from this project will ultimately serve to inform interventions targeting affective disorders in developmental disabilities.
-