Project

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Transnationalisation of conflicts: youth from ex-Yugoslav and Turkish diasporas in Switzerland and their relation to homeland conflicts

Applicant Müller-Suleymanova Dilyara
Number 174164
Funding scheme Ambizione
Research institution Departement Soziale Arbeit ZHAW
Institution of higher education Zurich University of Applied Sciences - ZHAW
Main discipline Ethnology
Start/End 01.11.2017 - 31.12.2021
Approved amount 690'302.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Ethnology
Sociology
Political science
Social work

Keywords (10)

conflict; diaspora; narrative; transnationalism; youth; anthropology; social work; Switzerland; Balkan; Turkey

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die Eltern von vielen Schweizer Jugendlichen mit Migrationshintergrund stammen aus Gebieten in denen es politische Spannungen und Konflikte gab und gibt. Diese Spannungen sind auch einer der wichtigsten Gründe aus dem Land zu migrieren. Der biographische Bezug zu der Migrationsgeschichte der Eltern und zum elterlichen Heimatland und den dortigen Geschehnissen unter den Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen wurden bisher kaum erforscht.
Lay summary

Inhalte und Ziele des Forschungsprojektes

Zwei bedeutsame Diasporagruppen, die von solchen aktuellen (respektive noch nicht weit zurückliegenden) und zumeist noch unverarbeiteten Konflikten betroffen sind, sind diejenigen aus Ex-Jugoslawien und der Türkei. Am Beispiel dieser zwei Diasporagruppen will das Forschungsprojekt der Frage nachgehen, welchen Bezug Jugendliche und jungen Erwachsenen der sogenannten 2. (teilweise auch 3.) Generation zu den Geschehnissen in ihren Herkunftsländern haben und wie sich diese Erfahrungen auf ihr Leben in der Schweiz auswirken. Im Fokus des Projektes stehen dabei die Konstruktion (construction), Übermittlung (transmission) und Aushandlung von Narrativen über das konfliktbehaftete Heimatland, sowie die Frage, welche Rolle Familie, Migrantenvereine, Freundeskreis, oder transnationale Medien in der Übermittlung und Aktualisierung dieser biographischen Narrative spielen. Wie wirken sich solche Narrative auf die Beziehungen, Zugehörigkeitsgefühle und Positionierungen der jungen Menschen in der hiesigen Gesellschaft aus? Was für einen Einfluss haben die politischen Diskurse im Herkunftsland und in der Schweiz auf die Dynamik der Narrative und werden Konfliktlinien im Diasporakontext anders gezogen?

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext 

Das Forschungsprojekt knüpft an die bestehenden Debatten über die Vermittlung und Weitergabe von traumatischen und konfliktgeladenen Erfahrungen sowie deren Auswirkungen auf die nachfolgenden Generationen an. Dabei wird dem transnationalen Aspekt ein besonderes Gewicht beigemessen, da junge Menschen der 2. Generation verschiedenen transnationalen Einflüssen ausgesetzt sind. Nebst dem akademischen Beitrag leistet dieser Forschungsprojekt auch einen praktischen Input, in dem das Projekt die empirischen Grundlagen für eine Anleitung für Fachpersonen ausarbeitet, um Konfliktnarrative im Rahmen der Schul- und Jugendarbeit zu behandeln.

 
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 27.02.2019

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Engaging with the Country of Origin and Its Past amongst Second-Generation Youth of Bosnian Descent in Switzerland.
Müller-SuleymanovaDilyara (2020), Engaging with the Country of Origin and Its Past amongst Second-Generation Youth of Bosnian Descent in Switzerland., in Gesellschaft – Individuum – Sozialisation (GISo). Zeitschrift für Sozialisationsforschung, 1(2), 1-15.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Center for East European and International Studies Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Institut für Sozialanthropologie und Empirische Kulturwissenschaft, Universität Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Seminar "Musulmans des Balkans en Suisse: quelles spécificités et influences de la société d’origine" Individual talk Youth of Muslim Bosnian background: biographic perspectives on religion, identity and transnational ties 22.04.2021 Schweizerisches Zentrum für Islam und Gesellschaft, Universität Fribourg, Switzerland Müller-Suleymanova Dilyara;
Comparative Studies in Modern Society; Balkans in European and Global Context Talk given at a conference Memories of violence in the diaspora: transnational and intergenerational dimensions 19.03.2021 Prizren (online), Kosovo (Interim. Gov. UNO) Müller-Suleymanova Dilyara;
Kindheit und Adoleszenz in Bewegung - Aufwachsen unter Bedingungen von Fluchtmigration Talk given at a conference "Transgenerationale Flucht*Migrations- und Konflikterfahrungen junger Erwachsener in der Schweiz: Ein biographisch-ethnographische Ansatz“ 17.11.2020 University of Zurich (online), Switzerland Scherer Mareike;
Seminar "Minderheiten zwischen Anerkennung und Diskriminierung" Individual talk "Konfliktnarrative: Zweite Generation und ihr Bezug zu politischen Ereignissen im Herkunftsland" 11.11.2020 Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften, Switzerland Müller-Suleymanova Dilyara;
Vorlesung "Anthropologie der Grenzen" Individual talk "Ethnischen Grenzen hinter der Grenze: Diskurse über ethnischen Konflikt in der Diaspora" 02.11.2020 Universität Fribourg, Switzerland Müller-Suleymanova Dilyara;
40. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Soziologie Talk given at a conference "Im Wandel: Ein transgenerationaler und biographischer Blick auf junge Erwachsene im Spannungsfeld der 2. Diasporageneration" 14.09.2020 Technische Universität Berlin (online), Germany Scherer Mareike;
Memory as a Dialogue? History for Young People, workshop organized by the Centre for East European and International Studies, Berlin (ZOIS) Talk given at a conference ’I am something that no longer exists…’: longing for Yugoslavia among the youth of ex-Yugoslav descent in Switzerland 09.09.2020 Berlin (online), Germany Müller-Suleymanova Dilyara;
Annual Congress of the European Association of Social Anthropologists (EASA) Talk given at a conference The meanings of the difficult past: homeland conflict and second-generation youth in Switzerland 20.07.2020 Lisbon (online), Portugal Müller-Suleymanova Dilyara; Scherer Mareike;
Migration.Erinnern.Praktiken des Erzählens und Erinnerns in der Migrationsgesellschaft Talk given at a conference Engaging with Homeland and Remembering the Past among Second Generation Bosnians in Switzerland 24.10.2019 University of Zurich, Switzerland Müller-Suleymanova Dilyara;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
"Ethnografie im Kontext von Flucht und Migration“ 10.09.2020 University of Zurich, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Generationenübergreifende Flucht- und Konflikterfahrung und deren Folgen am Beispiel von Familien aus der Türkei Talk 19.09.2019 Fachtag im Diakonischen Werk Württemberg, Germany Scherer Mareike;


Abstract

Not only have intra-state, civil wars become the main form of warfare in the modern world, such conflicts are increasingly becoming delocalized as they produce a considerable amount of war refugees and unleash a conflict dynamic on the global scale. They receive a particular dynamic in the context of transnational, cross-border practices and ties of diaspora groups whose homelands were affected by a violent conflict. These global processes spurred a proliferation of research on the ways diasporas are involved in homeland conflicts by providing political or financial support for insurgent movements, by lobbying, and other activities related to the politics in the homeland. However, until recently, little has been done on the ways homeland conflicts are carried across borders into the host country, are recreated in the diaspora, and are passed on to the next generations. The present research project takes the unfolding of the homeland conflict in the context of the diaspora as a starting point to investigate the dynamics and complexities of the engagement of second-generation youth with a problematic past and current conflict in their origin countries.Switzerland is home to various migrant communities who have been affected by the violent civil conflicts, such as in the former Yugoslavia, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Eritrea, Somalia and recently Syria. Even though people aspire to find and create a secure living here, it is not uncommon that political cleavages and conflict lines continue to affect them and their families in the country of migration. Apart from episodic media coverage of several instances of tensions that broke out in Switzerland between conflicting parties, there is a noticeable gap on this issue in the academic scholarship in Switzerland.In order to fill this gap, this research project will focus on youth from two diaspora groups in Switzerland - Turkey and former Yugoslavia - to investigate the ways the conflict not only unfolds, but also how it is being transformed in the diasporic context in Switzerland. This research will study the dynamics of these conflicts in the diasporic context focusing on relation and engagement of second-generation youth in the homeland conflicts. By looking specifically at the perspective of the second generation that usually does not have a direct experience of the conflict, this research project will analyze the ways intergenerational transmission and transnational ties intertwine in the reproduction and transformation of the conflict dynamic. The research will study these phenomena around the following issues. First of all, we are interested in the question of how young people experience the conflict and are exposed to the conflict narratives. Conflict narratives are particular interpretations/“stories” of the conflict that include out-group attitudes, perceptions and images of the “other” and play an important role in the transmission and reproduction of the conflict dynamic. Such conflict narratives are often embedded in the migration histories of individual families and are transmitted as part of migration narratives. At the same time, they can also be circulated and reproduced in the migrant organization, during various events (commemorative events, national holidays) and most importantly in the recent years, where such conflict narratives can be observed in the digital spaces, namely in the social media, where second generation youth are particularly active. Secondly, we would like to explore the repercussions of these conflict narratives for young people’s identities, their out-group attitudes and positioning in the host society? Does this exposure to conflicts/conflict narratives lead to conflicts on the interpersonal level and result in the social distance between the conflicting groups? Did it move them to be politically engaged or engaged in any other ways in the homeland country? As the conflict dynamics in the diaspora are not an exact reflection of the situation in the homeland, these questions will bring our focus to the third aspect, namely on the ways conflict is being transformed in the diasporic context. Are there signs of mitigation or reconciliation in the diaspora and if so, where have they come from? What are the possibly new conflict lines that emerge in the context of the current meta-narratives and political discourses in Switzerland and globally (specifically about Muslims and refugees)? Our primary methods to answer these questions will be biographic-narrative interviews with the second-generation youth (including social network analysis) as well as participant observation in the migrant organizations, during commemorative events and national holidays, interviews with the representatives of migrant organizations, semi-structured interviews with families to reconstruct family histories.
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