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Analyzing TRade-offs in forests between sustainable Economy and Environmental objectives (ATREE)

English title Analyzing TRade-offs in forests between sustainable Economy and Environmental objectives (ATREE)
Applicant Schulz Tobias
Number 172388
Funding scheme NRP 73 Sustainable Economy
Research institution Eidg. Forschungsanstalt für Wald, Schnee und Landschaft WSL
Institution of higher education Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research - WSL
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.03.2018 - 28.02.2021
Approved amount 693'873.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Political science
Economics

Keywords (8)

Forestry; forest economy; land use planning; ecosystem services; agriculture; agglomeration; renewable energies; policy integration

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Verschiedene, auf Nachhaltigkeit ausgerichtete, Wirtschaftssektoren konkurrieren zunehmend um knapper werdendes Land und erhöhen den Druck auf die Wälder. Aus der Perspektive des Waldes beschreiben wir systematisch Zielkonflikte zwischen verschiedenen Sektoren einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft und schlagen Lösungen vor.
Lay summary

Hintergrund
Im Schweizer Mittelland steht die Waldfläche zunehmend auch in Konkurrenz zur Nutzung durch andere Sektoren einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft (z.B. erneuerbare Energien), so dass vermehrt die Umnutzung von Waldflächen in Betracht gezogen wird. Parallel dazu wird in regionalen Wertschöpfungsketten eine stärkere Nutzung von Holz angestrebt. All dies kann jedoch zu einer Beeinträchtigung der Bereitstellung anderer gesellschaftlich erwünschter Ökosystemleistungen des Waldes führen.

Ziel
Mit dem Projekt beabsichtigen wir eine systematische Erhebung und Typologisierung von Zielkonflikten, die durch das Wachstum von nachhaltigen Wirtschaftssektoren entstehen. Wir evaluieren die Ursachen von Waldrodungen und legen dar, unter welchen Umständen oder in welchen Gebieten die zuvor genannten Zielkonflikte am ehesten zu erwarten sind. In Fallstudienregionen zeigen wir letztlich, wie eine Kombination von verschiedenen politischen Instrumenten Zielkonflikte lösen und so zu einer optimalen Lösung beitragen kann.

Bedeutung
Das Projekt weist auf mögliche Zielkonflikte hin, die bei der Förderung einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft zwangsläufig entstehen und systematisiert diese, damit sie von den verantwortlichen Akteuren besser berücksichtigt werden können. Ausserdem wird in Fallstudienregionen die Realisierbarkeit von Lösungsvorschlägen evaluiert. Das Projekt leistet somit auch einen Beitrag zu den Zielen für nachhaltige Entwicklung der Agenda 2030, insbesondere zu den Zielen 15 Leben an Land, 16 Frieden, Gerechtigkeit und starke Institutionen und 17 Partnerschaften zur Erreichung der Ziele.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.03.2018

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Plusieurs secteurs de l’économie axés sur la durabilité se font de plus en plus concurrence pour des terres qui se raréfient, ce qui accroît la pression sur les forêts. Dans ce projet, nous décrivons de façon systématique les conflits d’intérêts entre les différents secteurs d’une économie durable du point de vue de la forêt et proposons des solutions.
Lay summary

Contexte
Dans les agglomérations du Plateau suisse, la surface boisée voit l’exploitation de son sol de plus en plus en concurrence avec l’utilisation qui en est faite par divers secteurs d’une économie de développement durable (p. ex. les énergies renouvelables). Ainsi, on envisage de plus en plus souvent de convertir les surfaces de forêts. Parallèlement, une plus grande utilisation du bois est nécessaire dans les chaînes de valeur régionales. Tout cela peut toutefois entraver la fourniture d’autres prestations écosystémiques issues de la forêt dont les bénéfices sociaux sont souhaités.

Objectifs
Avec ce projet, nous comptons effectuer un relevé et une typologie systématique des conflits d’intérêts provoqués par la croissance de secteurs économiques durables. Nous évaluerons les causes de la déforestation et préciserons les circonstances ou les domaines dans lesquels les conflits d’intérêts susmentionnés sont les plus susceptibles d’apparaître. Enfin, dans les régions étudiées, nous montrerons comment une combinaison de différents instruments politiques peut résoudre les conflits d’intérêts et ainsi apporter une solution optimale.

Importance
Le projet identifie d’éventuels conflits d’intérêts qui surgissent inévitablement avec la promotion d’une économie durable. Il les systématise afin que les acteurs responsables puissent mieux les prendre en compte. De plus, il évalue l’applicabilité de solutions proposées dans les régions étudiées. Ainsi, le projet contribue aux objectifs de développement durable, en particulier aux objectifs numéros 15 (vie terrestre, notamment cible 15.2), 16 (paix, justice et institutions efficaces) et 17 (partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs).

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.03.2018

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Various sustainability oriented economic sectors are competing for scarcer land, which increases the pressure on forests. From the forest perspective we want to systematically describe conflicting objectives between various sectors of a sustainable economy and propose solutions.
Lay summary

Background
In the agglomerations of the Swiss Central Plateau, forest areas are increasingly in competition with other sectors of a sustainable economy (e.g. renewable energies), so that the conversion of forest areas is increasingly being considered. At the same time, greater use of wood is required in regional value chains. All of this can lead to adverse effects on the availability of other socially desirable ecosystem services in forests.

Aims
The aim of this project is to systematically identify and classify conflicts of interest arising from the growth of sustainable economic sectors. We want to evaluate the causes of forest clearing and describe under which circumstances or in which areas the above-mentioned conflicts of interest are most likely to occur. In the case study regions we aim to show how a combination of various political instruments can resolve conflicts of interest and thus contribute towards an optimal solution.

Importance
The project outlines possible conflicts of interest that may inevitably arise when promoting a sustainable economy, and systematises them so that the responsible players can better take them into account. Furthermore, the feasibility of proposals for solutions is evaluated in case study regions. This project therefore contributes towards the “Sustainable Development Goals”, in particular nos. 15 (life on land, especially 15.2), 16 (peace and justice strong institutions) and 17 (partnerships for the goals).

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 19.03.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Project partner

Publications

Publication
Grüne Wirtschaft: Eine Annäherung an mögliche Zielkonflikte und Synergien im Wald
ZabelAstrid, SchulzTobias, LieberherrEva (2018), Grüne Wirtschaft: Eine Annäherung an mögliche Zielkonflikte und Synergien im Wald, in Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen, 169(3), 143-149.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
ETHZ, Inst. f. Raum- u. Landschaftsentwicklung, Prof. Adrienne Grêt-Regamey Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Forest Office of the Canton of Berne, director Roger Schmidt Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Dr. Oliver Thees Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Stefan Gampe Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Forst Office of the Canton of Lucerne, director Bruno Röösli, Switzerland Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Quali Zürich Networking Day Poster Zielkonflike in einer nachhaltigen Wirtschaft im Schweizer Wald (ATREE) 22.11.2018 Zürich, Switzerland Creutzburg Leonard;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
IDANE Wald Talk 03.12.2018 Bern, Switzerland Ohmura Tamaki; Schulz Tobias;
Waldökonomisches Seminar Talk 19.11.2018 Münchenwiler, Switzerland Lieberherr Eva; Schulz Tobias;
Kick-Off Meeting at BAFU Talk 01.05.2018 Bern, Switzerland Creutzburg Leonard; Ohmura Tamaki; Schulz Tobias; David Troxler; Lieberherr Eva; Zabel von Felten Astrid;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Kickoff 18.04.2018 Bern, Switzerland

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
179037 Integrated nature conservation in forests: an international comparison of policy-making at the sub-national level (INCFOP-Sub) 01.06.2018 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

The ATREE project aims at systematically uncovering and proposing solutions for trade-offs between different sustainable economy sectors, proceeding from the perspective of the forest sector. In recent years, forest-land faces growing pressure, particularly in the plateau region of Switzerland and more specifically in agglomerations. The spread of settlement areas increasingly consumes precious agricultural land which intensifies demands to convert forest-land into agricultural or construction land. Renewable energy installations potentially claim surfaces in the woodlands; flood prevention and river restoration might also affect the forest area. Promoting wood as a substitute for other materials and the call for more regional value added chains might result in intensified harvesting and eased timber production. Hence, the potentially growing sectors of a sustainable economy are competing for ever more scarce land and in turn increase the pressure on the forests. This challenge facing a transition toward a sustainable economy is often overlooked in the public debate as well as in the scientific literature. ATREE thus pursues the following research questions: what are the trade-offs between different sectors of a sustainable economy from the perspective of the forest sector, and which policy instruments seem feasible for offsetting these? Which combination of policy instruments (policy mixes) are acceptable to existing actor coalitions in a given region in Switzerland? And what are these policy mixes’ implications for expected land-use patterns?The proposal is organized in four work packages. The first serves to identify the legal framework conditions, detect current sustainable economy trade-offs and already employed solutions as well as to collect data on Swiss agglomerations. Based on this data, case study regions (agglomerations) will be selected for in-depth analyses in the subsequent work packages 2 and 3. Specifically, we will analyse the political feasibility of proposed policy mixes based on the identification of actor coalitions, networks and preferences regarding policy instruments in the selected case study agglomerations (WP 2). Based on this knowledge about the most feasible policy mix and additional knowledge about actor characteristics, we will simulate the land use outcomes applying agent-based modelling techniques. These models will produce maps of land use outcomes for our case study regions (WP 3). In the final work package, the underlying integrative policy mixes (including e.g. market-based instruments as well as planning measures) and the spatially explicit representations of their outcomes will be discussed and reflected on together with stakeholders and decision-makers in multiple workshops in the case study regions as well as in a final workshop including national and international actors. In sum, we aim to show which (simulated) policy mixes increase or decrease which sustainable economy trade-offs compared to the status quo and search for an optimal policy mix that minimizes all trade-offs.ATREE is organized as an inter-disciplinary project run by a team of researchers from WSL, HAFL and ETHZ that cover differing competences, ranging from political science to environmental economics. Moreover, we have identified research partners and collaborators from the public administration and other research institutes in Switzerland, Germany and Austria, in order to gain practice-relevance as well as insight from practices in neighbouring countries. Our target audiences are the scientific community and practitioners at different administrative levels: the Swiss Federal Administration, the administrations of the cantons and the municipalities.
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