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Policy Implementation in the Regulatory State: Assessing the problem-solving capacity of the European Union

English title Policy Implementation in the Regulatory State: Assessing the problem-solving capacity of the European Union
Applicant Thomann Eva
Number 171479
Funding scheme Advanced Postdoc.Mobility
Research institution Institut für Politikwissenschaft Universität Heidelberg
Institution of higher education Institution abroad - IACH
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.02.2017 - 31.08.2017
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Keywords (6)

Customization; Regulation; Multi-level implementation; Europeanization; Bottom-up implementation theory; European Union

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Eine Grundidee der Europäischen Union (EU) ist es, grenzüberschreitende Politikprobleme gemeinsam zu lösen. Dazu müssen die Mitgliedstaaten (MS) die von der EU beschlossene Politik in die Praxis umsetzen. Das Projekt untersucht die Folgen der Tatsache, dass die MS EU-Politik an ihre Bedürfnisse anpassen, für die Problemlösungsfähigkeit der EU.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Ziel des Projektes ist es, die Auswirkungen der Anpassung („Customization“) von EU-Politik durch MS zu erforschen. In der Politikumsetzung interpretieren Umsetzungsakteure EU-Vorschriften, verändern sie und nutzen Handlungsspielräume. Drei Teilprojekte analysieren den Zusammenhang zwischen solchen Anpassungen und konkreten Politikresultaten anhand vergleichender Analysen, welche mengentheoretische, quantitative und qualitative Forschungsmethoden kombinieren. Ein erstes Teilprojekt untersucht das komplexe Zusammenspiel zwischen Customization, Eigenschaften der nationalen und subnationalen Umsetzungsstrukturen und politischen Faktoren, um den Erfolg von Lebensmittelsicherheitspolitik in vier MS zu erklären. Ein zweites Teilprojekt vergleicht Umwelt- und Migrationspolitik in 27 MS: wie wirken sich Veränderungen der Regulierungsdichte und Restriktivität unterschiedlicher EU-Vorschriften auf Politikresultate aus? Ein drittes Teilprojekt analysiert, wie 28 MS die Regeln zur Freizügigkeit der Arbeitskräfte zwischen 2002 und 2012 in Reaktion auf sich verändernde politische Umstände angepasst haben.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Es ist wissenschaftlich wenig erforscht, wie MS ihren Handlungsspielraum nutzen, um EU-Politik zu „verbessern“. Dies vertieft unser Verständnis davon, wie in der EU Probleme praktisch gelöst werden.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 12.12.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Publications

Publication
Integration, Functional Differentiation, and Problem‐Solving in Multi‐Level Governance
Trein Philipp, Thomann Eva, Maggetti Martino (2019), Integration, Functional Differentiation, and Problem‐Solving in Multi‐Level Governance, in Public Administration, padm.12595-padm.12595.
Customized Implementation of European Union Food Safety Policy: United in Diversity?
Thomann Eva (2019), Customized Implementation of European Union Food Safety Policy: United in Diversity?, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
Innovative Approaches to EU Multilevel Implementation : Moving beyond legal compliance
Thomann Eva, SagerFritz (2018), Innovative Approaches to EU Multilevel Implementation : Moving beyond legal compliance, Routledge, Bosa Roca, United States.
Moving beyond (non-)compliance: the customization of European Union policies in 27 countries
Thomann Eva, Zhelyazkova Asya (2017), Moving beyond (non-)compliance: the customization of European Union policies in 27 countries, in Journal of European Public Policy, (9), 1269-1288.
Moving beyond legal compliance: Innovative approaches to EU multi-level implementation
Thomann Eva, Sager Fritz (2017), Moving beyond legal compliance: Innovative approaches to EU multi-level implementation, in Journal of European Public Policy, (9), 1253-1268.
The Notions of Regulation and Self-Regulation in Political Science
Thomann Eva (2017), The Notions of Regulation and Self-Regulation in Political Science, in Journal of Self-Regulation and Regulation, (3), 54-75.
Toward a better understanding of implementation performance in the EU multi-level system
Thomann Eva, SagerFritz (2017), Toward a better understanding of implementation performance in the EU multi-level system, in Sager, Fritz, (9), 1385-1407.
Moving beyond legal compliance: Innovative approaches to EU multilevel implementation
Thomann Eva, Sager Fritz (ed.), Moving beyond legal compliance: Innovative approaches to EU multilevel implementation, Taylor & Francis, --.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Center of Competence for Public Management Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands (Europe)
- Publication
Centre for European Governance Exeter Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Die Europäische Kommission als Motor des europäischen Zusammenhalts? Talk given at a conference Europeanized solutions to common problems? The customization, outcomes and impacts of EU food safety directives. 20.07.2017 Speyer, Germany Thomann Eva;
International Conference on Public Policy Talk given at a conference Disproportionate responses to European Union policy? Customized problem-solving in the food safety sector 28.06.2017 Singapore, Singapore Thomann Eva;
Schuman Centre Seminar Series Individual talk The best of both worlds? Logics of action and the customization of EU food safety directives 01.02.2017 Florenz, Italy Thomann Eva;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
“European Union in crisis: (what) can we learn from other cases?” 13.07.2017 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Beyond legal compliance in EU multilevel implementation JEPP online blog International 2017
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Why the implementation of European Union law is more than just a question of legal compliance EU Law Enforcement blog International 2017

Awards

Title Year
Best Book Award of the International Public Policy Association 2019

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
162077 The customization of European Union directives: An international comparative inquiry 01.08.2015 Early Postdoc.Mobility

Abstract

This project assesses how discretionary choices of member states affect policy outcomes in the European Union (EU). Recently, several developments suggest that legal (non-)compliance is not the primary source of diversity in how EU directives are implemented. In addition, little is known about the practical impact of EU policy. The project combines regulation research with theories that emphasize the use of discretion in policy implementation. It scrutinizes the implications of the diversity of national policies for the capacity of the EU multilevel system to address the important problems it is designed to resolve. The envisaged advanced postdoc.mobility (APM) project expands on the research agenda of the applicant’s early postdoc.mobility (EPM) project on the “customization” of EU directives and asks: What are the consequences of the customization of EU policy on domestic policy outcomes in the EU? The APM project provides new and more generalizable insights relative to the EPM project. It enables a comprehensive assessment of the practical impacts of customized regulatory designs both cross-sectionally and over time. Moving beyond the small-N comparative case study design of the previous single-authored pieces, the planned collaborations entail comparative empirical analyses of the implementation of EU regulatory policy in a large number of member states and several sectors including environmental policy, free movement policy, and justice and home affairs. The different studies entail innovative nested research designs that combine either set-theoretic methods or multi-level / time-series regression with targeted case studies. The project goals are:1.Finalization and publication of previous results in a single-authored monograph2.1 single-authored and 2 collaborative journal publications3.Grant proposal for large-scale international collaborative follow-up project led by the applicant.To this end, the project entails a four-months stay at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy as well as a 14-months stay at Heidelberg University, Germany.
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