Projekt

Zurück zur Übersicht

Appreciating Death. Ethnography of Assisted Suicide in Switzerland

Titel Englisch Appreciating Death. Ethnography of Assisted Suicide in Switzerland
Gesuchsteller/in Berthod Marc-Antoine
Nummer 169367
Förderungsinstrument Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
Forschungseinrichtung Ecole d'études sociales et pédagogiques Haute école de travail social et de la santé HES-SO
Hochschule Fachhochschule Westschweiz - HES-SO
Hauptdisziplin Ethnologie
Beginn/Ende 01.09.2017 - 31.08.2020
Bewilligter Betrag 323'746.00
Alle Daten anzeigen

Alle Disziplinen (2)

Disziplin
Ethnologie
Soziale Arbeit

Keywords (8)

Ethnography; Decision-making; Processes of assisted suicide; Ethical judgments; Switzerland; Professional and lay expertise ; Experiences of suffering; Styles of dying

Lay Summary (Französisch)

Lead
Ce projet de recherche consiste en une ethnographie des pratiques relatives au suicide assisté en Suisse. Son but est d’observer le plus concrètement possible les pratiques sociales mises en œuvre par la pluralité d’individus concernés et sollicités dans l’élaboration d’une demande de suicide assisté jusqu’à son actualisation ; il s’agit aussi de prendre en considération les événements qui suivent immédiatement le décès et de rendre compte de la façon dont chaque suicide assisté observé est mis en récit, sous quelle forme et entre quels acteurs. Cette ethnographie du suicide assisté est réalisée en étroite collaboration avec un ensemble de partenaires de terrains, actifs dans toute la Suisse romande, la région de Bâle et au Tessin.
Lay summary

Le projet documentera environ 10-15 situations en lien avec le suicide assisté. L’accès à chacune de ces situations sera négocié via nos différents partenaires de recherche – tous impliqués dans ou concernés par l’une ou l’autre phase du suicide assisté – ainsi que par voie de presse. Une fois obtenu l’accord de la personne qui entend recourir au suicide assisté et en suivant tous les principes éthiques usuels, les chercheurs s’adapteront à la temporalité des procédures en cours et rencontreront, toujours avec leur accord et dans la mesure du possible à plusieurs reprises, le maximum d’acteurs impliqués dans chaque situation (soit entre 6 et 15 personnes) : médecins, personnel infirmier, travailleurs sociaux; pharmaciens ; équipes des associations d’assistance au suicide ; personne requérant l’assistance au suicide et ses proches ; policiers et employés des pompes funèbres. L’objectif est de combiner observations, échanges informels et entretiens approfondis avec ces différents acteurs pour analyser et mettre en perspective la réalité d’une modalité contemporaine de fin de vie et les appréciations différenciées qui la traversent. L’originalité de ce projet réside entièrement dans ce regard ethnographique qui n’a encore jamais été appliqué à cette modalité spécifique du mourir en Suisse. Ce projet fournira par conséquent une plus-value descriptive et scientifique à un enjeu de société hautement débattu de nos jours dans de nombreux pays, dans la mesure où cet enjeu est trop souvent abordé en termes idéologiques et moraux éloignés des relations effectives qu’entretiennent les acteurs impliqués dans le processus qui conduit à l’assistance au suicide.

Direktlink auf Lay Summary Letzte Aktualisierung: 14.07.2017

Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende

Mitarbeitende

Abstract

This project proposes an ethnographic inquiry into the practices through which assisted suicide in Switzerland is composed. Specifically the project focuses on the different kinds of knowledge and assessment, the varying forms of authority, the modes of valuation and the kinds of signification and meaning that are arranged during the process of assisted suicide and that shape the experience of those who participate in and facilitate it. Consequently, the aim is to observe as concretely as possible the social practices of a plurality of individuals concerned and solicited during the process of the request and realization of assisted suicide. We would also wish to take into consideration the events that immediately follow death, as well as to give an account of how each assisted suicide is narrated by those affected, in which ways and between which persons. This project is to be carried out in close collaboration with our field partners, active throughout Romandy, the Basel region and the Canton of Ticino. The ethnography is to be conducted by anthropologists Prof. Dr. Marc-Antoine Berthod and Dr. Anthony Stavrianakis and social worker and sociologist Prof. Dr. Dolores Angela Castelli Dransart. A research fellow will be employed at 100% for the duration of the project. The project aims to follow, observe and document a series of situations of assistance with suicide; these situations take place in a unique context, to the extent that assisted suicide in Switzerland requires the support of the medical corps, but does not demand the implication of doctors in its implementation. Access to these situations will be negotiated with the assistance of our field partners, in order to obtain the agreement of those who request assistance with suicide. Once such an accord has been reached with the person who requests assistance with suicide, and following our ethical protocol of voluntary participation, confidentiality and anonymity (when desired), the researchers will adapt to the temporality of the procedures in progress. To the extent that it is possible the researchers will engage, on several occasions, the maximum number of actors implicated in each situation: doctors, nurses, social workers, pharmacists, staff of right to die associations, persons who request assistance with suicide and their kin, the police, forensic medical teams, and the undertakers. The objective is to combine observations, informal exchange and in-depth interviews with these different actors to analyze the reality of a contemporary manner of dying and the different appreciations which traverse it. Moreover, it will be proposed that certain actors keep a “log book” - a quotidian chronicle - about their perceptions and their engagement in the process of assisted suicide, in order to enrich the data of the study. The originality of this project is the ethnographic focus on what is really occurring regarding this specific form of dying in Switzerland. It will give a scientifically and descriptively anchored added-value to a highly controversial issue, debated in many countries today, too often embedded in ideological and moral terms remote from the effective interplay of the actors involved in the process of assisted suicide. The ethnographic description will permit the analysis of two central phenomena: how a person’s request is accepted (or rejected) such that they can (or cannot) end their life; how different experiences and evaluations about the realization of an assisted suicide are lived and negotiated, through the entire process, as well as afterwards. Within such a two-part “problem of evaluation”-- (a) discernment of whose requests to be assisted can be accepted (under what conditions), as well as (b) reflection on the practice of such assistance--there is a fundamental question of authority and justification: on what authority, and then with what justification are evaluations and decisions in this practice based? To respond to these questions will facilitate shared reflection, with our field partners, on a series of crucial medical and ethical questions around forms of authority, including medical authority, as well as questions of how to ensure and enact autonomy and the interest of persons suffering from illnesses. By studying the process through which assessments and significations are formed in practices of assisted suicide, our ethnographic endeavor will provide a baseline of knowledge to facilitate a reflexive approach to social, ethical and political questions about assisted suicide.
-