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The Impact of Peace Operations on the Extent and Nature of Postwar Violence

Applicant Bara Corinne
Number 168783
Funding scheme Early Postdoc.Mobility
Research institution Uppsala University
Institution of higher education Institution abroad - IACH
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.01.2017 - 30.06.2018
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Keywords (7)

Postwar Violence; Peace; Collective Violence; Public Security; Civil War; Peacekeeping; Peacebuilding

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Der Einsatz von friedenserhaltenden Militärmissionen nach Bürgerkriegen erhöht gemäss der bestehenden Forschung die Chance, dass der neu gewonnene Frieden auch von Dauer ist. In der Realität wird dieser Frieden in der Nachkriegszeit jedoch häufig von neuer Gewalt abseits der ehemaligen Kriegsschauplätze begleitet. Dazu gehören Massaker an Zivilisten, Gewalt gegen rückkehrende Flüchtlinge, Racheakte, ethnische Vertreibung, politisch motivierte Attentate, oder Krawalle zwischen verfeindeten Gruppen. Ob friedenserhaltende Missionen über ihre stabilisierende Rolle hinaus diese neue Gewalt verhindern können, wurde bisher nicht systematisch untersucht.
Lay summary

Ziel dieses Projektes ist es, den Einfluss von friedenserhaltenden Militärmissionen auf das Ausmass und die Formen von Gewalt in der Nachkriegszeit von Bürgerkriegen zu analysieren. Untersucht werden soll auch, ob es als unbeabsichtigte Folge von solchen Missionen gar zu einer Verlagerung der Gewalt weg von militärischen Konfrontationen zwischen den ehemaligen Kriegsparteien hin zu niederschwelligen und weniger sichtbaren Gewaltakten kommt. Auf die unterschiedlichen polizeilichen Kapazitäten verschiedener Missionen wird in dieser Untersuchung besonderes Augenmerk gelegt.

Obwohl der positive Einfluss von Friedensmissionen auf die Dauer des Friedens in der Wissenschaft und Praxis gern betont wird, tendiert die Öffentlichkeit dazu, den Erfolg einer Mission danach zu beurteilen, ob diese die Zivilbevölkerung vor Gewalt und Tod beschützen kann. Dieses Projekt ermöglicht eine Beurteilung nach diesem Massstab speziell für die Zeit nach dem Bürgerkrieg, wenn Medien und Öffentlichkeit Gewalt gegen Zivilisten weniger stark wahrnehmen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 22.12.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Luke Abbs, University of Essex, ESRC Business & Local Government Data Research Centre Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- Publication
Peace research / conflict resolution group, ETH Zurich, Center for Security Studies Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Annekatrin Deglow/Sebastian v. Baalen, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University Sweden (Europe)
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference Talk given at a conference Chasing Shadows: Peacekeeping, Militias, and Violence Displacement 18.06.2018 Verona, Italy Bara Corinne;
Ending Atrocities Workshop Talk given at a conference Chasing Shadows: Peacekeeping, Militias, and Violence Displacement 14.06.2018 Uppsala, Sweden Bara Corinne;
Annual Meeting of the International Peace Science Society Talk given at a conference The Impact of Peace Operations on Collective Violence in the Postwar Period 02.11.2017 Tempe, Arizona, United States of America Bara Corinne;
Workshop on “New perspectives on the micro-dynamics of political violence” Talk given at a conference The Impact of Peace Operations on Collective Violence in the Postwar Period 21.09.2017 Konstanz, Germany Bara Corinne;
The Conflict Research Society Annual Conference Talk given at a conference The Impact of Peace Operations on Collective Violence in the Post-war Period 18.09.2017 Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bara Corinne;
Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference Talk given at a conference The Impact of Peace Operations on Post-Conflict Violence: A Public Security Approach 26.06.2017 Antwerp, Belgium Bara Corinne;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Gothenburg Policy Dialogue Day Talk 30.05.2018 Gothenburg, Sweden


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
180678 Where is the Conflict Zone? The Location of Violence During and After Civil Wars 01.01.2019 Postdoc.Mobility

Abstract

This project makes a contribution to the quantitative scholarship on post-conflict peacekeeping. Existing research has demonstrated the generally positive effects of peacekeeping on post-conflict stability: When peacekeepers are present, peace is more likely to last. However, the absence of war does not necessarily imply the end of violence. Besides some residual violence between the combatants, the violence of war frequently transforms into other forms of collective political violence in the postwar period, such as massacres of civilians, ethnic violence, political assassinations, or riots. These forms of violence often present an equal or greater threat to the security of civilians than the preceding conflict, yet we know almost nothing about the ability of peacekeepers to mitigate or stop them. The aim of this project is to fill this gap. The two questions I seek to answer are: Do peace operations have an impact on the overall extent of collective postwar violence? And do they affect the nature of this violence by shifting the strategic calculus of actors away from battlefield engagements towards forms of violence that are less easily detected and sanctioned by those with a stake in the peace? I argue that the answer to these questions depends on whether peace operations are able to fill the public security vacuum that results from an inability or unwillingness of state actors to ensure security for all. To test this, I collect original data on the extent to which peace operations are mandated and equipped to provide interim security and law enforcement in the short term, and engage in the training and reform of public security institutions in the medium term. For the outcome variable, I generate a dataset on postwar violence by assembling information on deaths from collective violence from existing conflict and event datasets. Throughout this project, I use advanced statistical methods to test my hypotheses.
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