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Typology of Vowel and Consonant Quantity in Southern German varieties: acoustic, perception, and articulatory analyses of adult and child speakers

Applicant Schmid Stephan
Number 164377
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Phonetisches Laboratorium Institut für Computerlinguistik Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline German and English languages and literature
Start/End 01.09.2016 - 31.10.2019
Approved amount 228'011.00
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Keywords (7)

Southern varieties of standard German; Upper German dialects; Vowel and consonant quantity; Sound change; Language acquisition; Phonological typology; Experimental phonetics

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die Sprachvarietäten des süddeutschen Sprachraums unterscheiden sich in den Dauern von Vokalen und Konsonanten sowie den relativen Quantitätsverhältnissen. Ein trinationales Forschungsteam in München, Wien und Zürich erstellt mittels instrumenteller Methoden eine Typologie der Vokal- und Konsonantenquantität in diesen Sprachvarietäten und untersucht allfällige Differenzen zwischen Erwachsenen und Kindern im Hinblick auf einen allfälligen Sprachwandel.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Sprachen verändern sich im Verlauf der Zeit aufgrund einer zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt schon vorhandenen Variabilität, wie sie z.B. im Spracherwerb bei Kindern auftritt. Dieses Forschungsprojekt untersucht mögliche Faktoren des Lautwandels am Beispiel der Dauern von kurzen und langen Vokalen und Konsonanten. Konkret verfolgen wir vier Ziele: 1) Erstellung einer Typologie der lautlichen Dauerverhältnisse (Vokal- und Konsonantenquantität) in der deutschen Standardsprache, so wie sie in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz gesprochen wird, sowie in den jeweiligen oberdeutschen Dialekten; 2) Beschreibung des Sprachwandels und seiner möglichen Gründe; 3) Untersuchung von inner- und aussersprachlichen Faktoren des Lautwandels, z.B. von Sprechgeschwindigkeit und Spracheinstellungen; 4) Untersuchung der Ent­wicklung der Quantitätsverhältnisse im Spracherwerb und ihrer möglichen Beziehung zum Lautwandel.

Zur Behandlung dieser Forschungsfragen kommen eine Vielzahl von komplementären Methoden zum Einsatz, anhand welcher die Artikulationsbewegungen, die akustischen Merkmale und die Wahrnehmung der Dauerunterschiede von Vokalen und Konsonanten experimentell gemessen und statistisch ausgewertet werden.

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext des Forschungsprojekts

Das Projekt betreibt Grundlagenforschung zu aktuellen Fragen der modernen Sprach­wissen­schaft, insbesondere zum Verhältnis von Sprachwandel, Sprachvariation und Sprach­erwerb. Es leistet gleichzeitig einen Beitrag zur vertieften Kenntnis der in Süd­deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz gesprochenen Varietäten des Deutschen und seiner Dialekte.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 18.07.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Areale Variation von /r/-Realisierungen in schweizerdeutschen Dialekten. Eine quantitative Untersuchung anhand von Crowdsourcing-Daten
SchmidStephan (2019), Areale Variation von /r/-Realisierungen in schweizerdeutschen Dialekten. Eine quantitative Untersuchung anhand von Crowdsourcing-Daten, in Linguistik online, 98(5), 11-30.
Temporal organization of vowel plus stop sequences in production and perception: evidence from the three major varieties of German
KlinglerNicola, KleberFelicitas, JochimMarkus, PucherMichael, SchmidStephan, ZihlmannUrban (2019), Temporal organization of vowel plus stop sequences in production and perception: evidence from the three major varieties of German, in Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, MelbourneAustralasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc., Canberra.
Zur Validität automatisch segmentierter Daten: Eine akustische Analyse der mittelbairischen Lenisierung im Deutsch Heute-Korpus
KislerThomas, KleberFelicitas (2019), Zur Validität automatisch segmentierter Daten: Eine akustische Analyse der mittelbairischen Lenisierung im Deutsch Heute-Korpus, in Kürschner Sebastian, Habermann Mechthild, Müller Peter (ed.), Olms, Hildesheim, 279-311.
Obstruent voicing effects on F0, but without voicing: Phonetic correlates of Swiss German lenis, fortis, and aspirated stops
Ladd D. Robert, Schmid Stephan (2018), Obstruent voicing effects on F0, but without voicing: Phonetic correlates of Swiss German lenis, fortis, and aspirated stops, in Journal of Phonetics, 71, 229-248.
/l/-vocalisation in Lucerne Swiss German dialects: a sociophonetic analysis using big data
Zihlmann Urban, Leemann Adrian (2018), /l/-vocalisation in Lucerne Swiss German dialects: a sociophonetic analysis using big data, in Proceedings of the Conference on Phonetics & Phonology in German-speaking countries (P&P 13), BerllinHumboldt-Universität, Berlin.
Palatal and postalveolar obstruents in six Italo- and Rhaeto-Romance varieties: phonemic merger or retention?
SchmidStephan (2018), Palatal and postalveolar obstruents in six Italo- and Rhaeto-Romance varieties: phonemic merger or retention?, in Sánchez Miret Fernando, Recasens Daniel (ed.), LINCOM, München, 91-110.
VOT or quantity: what matters more for the voicing contrast
KleberFelicitas (2018), VOT or quantity: what matters more for the voicing contrast, in Journal of Phonetics, 71, 468-486.
Zur Wirksamkeit von explizitem Aussprachetraining im Fremdsprachenunterricht: eine empirische Studie zu deutschen Plosiven bei italienischsprachigen Lernenden
SchmidStephan, PedrazziniGiulia (2018), Zur Wirksamkeit von explizitem Aussprachetraining im Fremdsprachenunterricht: eine empirische Studie zu deutschen Plosiven bei italienischsprachigen Lernenden, in Proceedings of the Conference on Phonetics & Phonology in German-speaking countries (P&P 13), BerlinHumboldt-Universität Berlin, Berlin.
Complementary length in vowel-consonant sequences: acoustic and perceptual evidence for a sound change in progress in Bavarian German
KleberFelicitas (2017), Complementary length in vowel-consonant sequences: acoustic and perceptual evidence for a sound change in progress in Bavarian German, in Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 1-22.
Extending the EMU Speech Database Manangement System: Cloud Hosting, Team Collaboration, Automatic Revision Control
JochimMarkus (2017), Extending the EMU Speech Database Manangement System: Cloud Hosting, Team Collaboration, Automatic Revision Control, in Proceedings Interspeech 2017, StockholmISCA, Baixas (France).
La quantità vocalica in due dialetti della Liguria
GarassinoDavide, LoporcaroMichele, SchmidStephan (2017), La quantità vocalica in due dialetti della Liguria, in Fattori sociali e biologici nella variazione biologica/Social and biological factors in phonetic var, PisaOfficina Ventuno, Milano.
On the Role of Temporal Variability in the Acquisition of the German Vowel Length Contrast
KleberFelicitas (2017), On the Role of Temporal Variability in the Acquisition of the German Vowel Length Contrast, in Interspeech 2017, StockholmISCA, Baixas (France).
The effects of real and placebo alcohol on deaffrication
ZihlmannUrban (2017), The effects of real and placebo alcohol on deaffrication, in Proceedings of Interspeech , StockholmISCA, Baixas (France).
What do Finnish and Central Bavarian have in common? Towards an acoustically based quantity typology
JochimMarkus, KleberFelicitas (2017), What do Finnish and Central Bavarian have in common? Towards an acoustically based quantity typology, in Interspeech 2017, StockholmISCA, Baixas (France).
‘Chend’ met – ‘Kind’ mit : Using Big Data to explore phoneme-to-grapheme mapping in Lucerne Swiss German
ZihlmannUrban, LeemannAdrian (2016), ‘Chend’ met – ‘Kind’ mit : Using Big Data to explore phoneme-to-grapheme mapping in Lucerne Swiss German, in Tagungsband der 12. Tagung Phonetik und Phonologie im deutschsprachigen Raum, MünchenLudwig-Maximilians-Universität, München.
Wie Deutschschweizer Lernende die stimmhaften Obstruenten des Italienischen aussprechen
SchmidStephan (2016), Wie Deutschschweizer Lernende die stimmhaften Obstruenten des Italienischen aussprechen, in Tagungsband der 12. Tagung Phonetik und Phonologie im deutschsprachigen Raum, MünchenLudwig-Maximilians-Universität, München.
Vowel and consonant length in four Alemannic dialects and their influence on the respective varieties of Swiss Standard German
ZihlmannUrban, Vowel and consonant length in four Alemannic dialects and their influence on the respective varieties of Swiss Standard German, in Wiener Linguistische Gazette, 1-49.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Phonetics and Phonology in Europe Talk given at a conference Vowel and consonant quantity in southern German varieties: typology, variation, and change 17.06.2019 Lecce, Italy Schmid Stephan; Kleber Felicitas; Zihlmann Urban;
6. Kongress der Internationalen Gesellschaft für Dialektologie des Deutschen (IGDD) Talk given at a conference Phonologische Quantität im Wandel: Untersuchungen zur phonetisch-phonologischen Dynamik süddeutscher Varietäten 13.10.2018 Marburg, Germany Zihlmann Urban; Kleber Felicitas; Moosmüller Sylvia; Schmid Stephan;
14. Tagung Phonetik und Phonologie im deutschsprachigen Raum Talk given at a conference Measuring the Role of Hypoarticulation in a Sound Change in Progress in Southern German 05.09.2018 Wien, Austria Kleber Felicitas; Schmid Stephan; Zihlmann Urban;
13. Tagung Phonetik und Phonologie im deutschsprachigen Raum Poster Zur Wirksamkeit von explizitem Aussprache-training im Fremdsprachenunterricht: eine empirische Studie über deutsche Plosive bei italienischsprachigen Lernenden 11.12.2017 Berlin, Germany Schmid Stephan;
Interspeech 2017 Poster The Effects of Real and Placebo Alcohol on Deaffrication 20.08.2017 Stockholm, Sweden Zihlmann Urban;
Interspeech 2017 Poster On the Role of Temporal Variability in the Acquisition of the German Vowel Length Contrast 20.08.2017 Stockholm, Sweden Kleber Felicitas;
Interspeech 2017 Poster What do Finnish and Central Bavarian Have in Common? Towards an Acoustically Based Quantity Typology 20.08.2017 Stockholm, Sweden Kleber Felicitas;
12. Tagung Phonetik & Phonologie im deutschsprachigen Raum“ Poster Wie Deutschschweizer Lernende die stimmhaften Obstruenten des Italienischen aussprechen 13.10.2016 München, Germany Schmid Stephan;


Abstract

Previous studies have shown a relation between diachronic change on the one hand and synchronic variation, language acquisition, and system-internal as well as external factors on the other. In this proposal we explore these issues in an investigation of the (in)stability of phonetic quantity relationships in vowel plus consonant (VC) sequences in Southern German standard varieties and dialects using a wide range of diverse methods. The VC sequences differ with respect to phonemic vowel length and the fortis/lenis (or singleton/geminate, respectively) contrast. While the Swiss German quantity relations have been relatively stable through time (maintaining both a vowel and a consonant length contrast in present-day varieties), the Old High German consonant length contrast has been lost in present-day Standard German, and in Central Bavarian varieties again, vowel and consonant length entered into a complementary distribution. The Bavarian VC timing patterns, however, appear to be changing in Bavaria and Austria under the increasing influence of the standard language. The present proposal therefor takes up the opportunity to examine this prosodic change in progress and to compare the instable timing patterns to more stable patterns found in related varieties by a large-scale apparent-time study. The more general aim is to model the forces under which timing patterns change diachronically. Four specific aims form part of the proposal: (1) to develop a typology of quantities in Southern German varieties that takes into account dialects as well as the three national standards; (2) to further investigate the prosodic change in progress and model the circumstances, why some varieties undergo prosodic changes while other do not; (3) to examine the influence of internal (e.g. variation due to hypo- vs. hyper-articulated speech) and external factors (e.g. language attitudes) on diachronic changes in quantity relationships; (4) to study L1-acquisition of complex timing patterns and whether some of the variation observed in children can be attributed to sound changes in progress.To develop this typology, we will investigate quantity relations from three different angles: the combined contribution of internal and external factors on synchronic variation in the production-perception relation in adults, the development of timing patterns during language acquisition until adult-like mastery, and the diachronic change of timing patterns. The innovation of the proposal is to study articulatorily, acoustically, and auditorily both in adult speakers of a large range of varieties and child speakers combining social and phonetic factors. In general terms the proposal seeks to make a contribution to a better understanding of prosodic changes in the languages of the world.The proposed project links acoustic and sociophonetic analyses of East Bavarian and Austrian German timing patterns established at the ARI, Vienna with those analyses on West Bavarian and Standard German timing patterns based on acoustic, perceptual and physiological methods established at the IPS and the typological based analyses of timing patterns in Swiss varieties established at the Phonetics Laboratory in Zurich. This collaboration will form part of a long-term aim to develop a model at the phonology-phonetics interface that integrates the findings from internal and external factors on quantity stability, acquisition and linguistic change that are to be investigated in the proposal.
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