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History of Swiss colonies in Crimea and Northern Black Sea coast: Linguistic and identity's approach

English title History of Swiss colonies in Crimea and Northern Black Sea coast: Linguistic and identity's approach
Applicant Simonato Elena
Number 164069
Funding scheme Bilateral programmes
Research institution Section des Langues et Civilisations Slaves Faculté des Lettres Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Other languages and literature
Start/End 01.09.2016 - 30.09.2019
Approved amount 218'444.00
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Keywords (14)

Germanophones ; Endangered languages ; Swiss History; Deportation ; Crimea; Italophones ; Assimilation ; northern Black sea coast; Swiss Culture abroad; Swiss dialects ; Language vitality; Linguistic ideologies; Immigration ; Francophones

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
L'histoire de communautés suisses en Crimée et sur la côte Nord de la mer Noire date du 19e siècle et présente un cas particulièrement curieux de communautés isolées évoluant en vase clos. Il s'agit autant de communautés francophones que germanophones, dont les plus connues sont Zürichthal et Chabag.
Lay summary

Le projet vise une étude des aspects linguistiques et identitaires des communautés suisses de Crimée et de la côte Nord de la mer Noire, depuis le 19e siècle jusqu'à nos jours. Il s'agit d'une première tentative d'étudier à partir de plusieurs points de vue la situation complexe que représentent les communautés francophones et germanophones dans un entourage mixte.

La recherche portera sur l'apparition et la disparition des communautés suisses et sur la façon dont elles ont préservé leur identité "suisse". La partie historique de l'étude, réalisée par le groupe de recherche suisse, engobera une recherche diachronique et consistera notamment à 1) examiner la documentation historique sur le sujet et 2) analyser, en recourant à la méthode relevant de l'épistémologie historique, les recherches des linguistes soviétiques des années 1930 et 1960 qui ont porté sur ces "îlots linguistiques". 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 05.04.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Conflits linguistiques invisibles : une communauté romande au bord de la mer Noire
Bichurina Natalia (2019), Conflits linguistiques invisibles : une communauté romande au bord de la mer Noire, in Revue des langues romanes, CXXIII(1), 93-121.
En attendant la fête des vignerons: les lettres de Chabag
BichurinaNatalia (2019), En attendant la fête des vignerons: les lettres de Chabag, in La Route du Tchaï, (3), 26-28.
Italjanskaja diaspora Kryma i Severnogo Prichernomorjy. Sovremennoe sostojanie voprosa (Italian diaspora of Crimea and Northern Black sea coast. Modern times and state of art.
Samarina Marina (2019), Italjanskaja diaspora Kryma i Severnogo Prichernomorjy. Sovremennoe sostojanie voprosa (Italian diaspora of Crimea and Northern Black sea coast. Modern times and state of art., in Sud'by shvejzarskikh kolonii v Severnom Prichernomorje i Krymu v 19-20 vv. , Saint-PétersbourgSvet, Saint-Pétersbourg.
Izuchenie govora kolonii Chabo (Etude du parler de la colonie de Chabo)
Simonato Elena (2019), Izuchenie govora kolonii Chabo (Etude du parler de la colonie de Chabo), in Shvejcarskie kolonii v Severnom Prichernomorje i v Krymu, Saint-PétersbourgSvet, Saint-Pétersbourg, Russie.
Izuchenie italojazychnyx kolonij Juga SSSR V.F. Shishmarevym s Leningradskom universitete (Studyi of Italian-speaking colonies of Crimea by V.F. Shishmarev in Leningrad university)
Kokoshkina Svetlana (2019), Izuchenie italojazychnyx kolonij Juga SSSR V.F. Shishmarevym s Leningradskom universitete (Studyi of Italian-speaking colonies of Crimea by V.F. Shishmarev in Leningrad university), in Sud'by shvejzarskikh kolonii v Severnom Prichernomorje i Krymu v 19-20 vv. , Saint-Petersburg Svet, Saint-Petersburg.
Neudavshiesja popytki èmigracii iz Shweicarii v juzhnye regiony Rossijskoj imperii v pervoj treri 19 veka
KashchenkoSergey, KashchenkoElena, IvanovaIrina (2019), Neudavshiesja popytki èmigracii iz Shweicarii v juzhnye regiony Rossijskoj imperii v pervoj treri 19 veka, in Sud'by shvejcarskix kolonij v Severnom Prichernomorje i v Krymu 19-20 vv , Saint-Petersburg Svet, Saint-Petersburg.
Shvejcarskie dialekty v Krymu i v Severnom Prichernomorje: lingvo-identichnostnyj aspekt (Swiss dialects of Crimea and on the Northern Black sea coast: linguistic and identity's issues)
Miretina Maria, Marousenko Mikhail (2019), Shvejcarskie dialekty v Krymu i v Severnom Prichernomorje: lingvo-identichnostnyj aspekt (Swiss dialects of Crimea and on the Northern Black sea coast: linguistic and identity's issues), in Sud'by shvejcarskikx kolonii v Severnom Prichernomorje i v Krymu v 19-20 vv., Saint-Petersburg Svet, Saint-Petersburg.
Sud'by shvejzarskikh kolonii v Severnom Prichernomorje i Krymu v 19-20 vv.
Simonato Elena, Ivanova Irina (ed.) (2019), Sud'by shvejzarskikh kolonii v Severnom Prichernomorje i Krymu v 19-20 vv., Svet, Saint-Pétersbourg, Russie.
Швейцарские аграрные колонии юга России как пример межкулькурной коммуникации (Swiss agrarian colonies in South Russia as an example of intercultural communication)
Simonato Elena, Kokoshkina Svetlana (2019), Швейцарские аграрные колонии юга России как пример межкулькурной коммуникации (Swiss agrarian colonies in South Russia as an example of intercultural communication), in Herzen’s Readings, Foreign Languages, 2019, Saint-PetersburgHerzen unviersity, Saint-Petersburg.
Noms d’ailleurs : ‘l’albanais’ et le ‘gréco-tatar’ d’Ukraine
BichurinaNatalia (2019), Noms d’ailleurs : ‘l’albanais’ et le ‘gréco-tatar’ d’Ukraine, in Sériot Patrick (ed.), Lambert Lucas, Limoges, 81-98.
Swiss colonies of the Black sea coast in the 1930's and 1940's, based on archival materials (en russe)
SimonatoElena (2018), Swiss colonies of the Black sea coast in the 1930's and 1940's, based on archival materials (en russe), in Mavrodinskie chtenija 2018, Saint-Petersburg Nestor-Istorija, Saint-Petersburg.
Les Suisses de Géorgie: témoignage d’un journaliste lausannois
Simonato Elena (2018), Les Suisses de Géorgie: témoignage d’un journaliste lausannois, UNIL, La Route du Tchaï - magazine, Lausanne-Dorigny.
Iz istorii shvejzarskoj migracii v Severnoe Prichernomorje v nachale 19 veka (dokumenty o gruppe pereselencev majora Kaspara Ejshera..)
Ivanova I Kashchenko S. Kashchenko E. (2018), Iz istorii shvejzarskoj migracii v Severnoe Prichernomorje v nachale 19 veka (dokumenty o gruppe pereselencev majora Kaspara Ejshera..), in Bylye gody, (47/1), 143-152.
The history of Swiss settlers in Crimea (Village Zurichthal): linguistic and identity's approach (in Russian)
Maria Miretina (2018), The history of Swiss settlers in Crimea (Village Zurichthal): linguistic and identity's approach (in Russian), in Drevnaja i Novaja Romania, 18(2), 90-96.
The Italian diaspora of Crimea and Northern Black sea region: the current issue (in Russian)
Marina Samarina (2018), The Italian diaspora of Crimea and Northern Black sea region: the current issue (in Russian), in Drevnaja i Novaja Romania, 18(2), 97-104.
The question of a "language island in foreign language area in V.F. Shishmarev's works (in Russian)
Kokoshkina Svetlana (2018), The question of a "language island in foreign language area in V.F. Shishmarev's works (in Russian), in Drevnaja i novaja Romania, 18(2), 65-72.
Le parler de Chabag
Simonato Elena (2017), Le parler de Chabag, in Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire. Langues et traditions, 51, 191-214.
Les colonies suisses du bord de la mer Noire et de Crimée dans le premier tiers du XIXe siècle: survol des documents dans les Archives historiques russes d’Etat à Saint-Pétersbourg
Ivanova Irina Kashchenko Sergei (2017), Les colonies suisses du bord de la mer Noire et de Crimée dans le premier tiers du XIXe siècle: survol des documents dans les Archives historiques russes d’Etat à Saint-Pétersbourg, in Cahiers de l'ILSL, Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire. Langues et traditions, 51, 45-67.
Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire. Langues et traditions.
Simonato Elena Ivanova Irina Giolitto Marco (2017), Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire. Langues et traditions., in Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire. Langues et traditions., LausanneILSL, Lausanne, Lausanne.
Etudes des dialectes des colonies italiennes en Russie à l'université de Saint-Pétersbourg
Kokoshkina S. (2017), Etudes des dialectes des colonies italiennes en Russie à l'université de Saint-Pétersbourg, in Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire. Langues et traditions, Cahiers de l'ILSL, LausanneUNIL, CLSL, Lausanne.
La diaspora italienne de Crimée et de la côte nord de la mer Noire: état actuel
Samarina Marina (2017), La diaspora italienne de Crimée et de la côte nord de la mer Noire: état actuel, in Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire. Langues et traditions, Cahiers de l'ILSL 51, LausanneUNIL, CLSL, Lausanne.
Les dialectes suisses en Crimée et sur la côte nord de la mer Noire: langues et identités
Marousenko Mikhail Miretina Maria (2017), Les dialectes suisses en Crimée et sur la côte nord de la mer Noire: langues et identités, in Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire. Langues et traditions, Cahiers de l'ILSL, LausanneUNIL, Lausanne.
Un patois romand au bord de la mer Noire: la géographie linguistique soviétique des années 1930-1960
Simonato Elena (2017), Un patois romand au bord de la mer Noire: la géographie linguistique soviétique des années 1930-1960, in Actes de l'Ecole doctorale en Histoire des idées linguistique, LausanneUNIL, Lausanne.
The history of Swiss settlers in Crimea (Village Zürichtal): linguistic and identity's approach
Miretina Maria (2016), The history of Swiss settlers in Crimea (Village Zürichtal): linguistic and identity's approach, in Drevnaja i Novaja Romania, Ancient and Modern Romania, 18/2016, 90-96.
The question of a 'language island in foreign area in V.F. Shishmarev's works
Kokoshkina Svetlana (2016), The question of a 'language island in foreign area in V.F. Shishmarev's works, in Drevnaja i Novaja Romania, 18/2016, 65-72.
History of studying of Crimean Italian settler's dialects (in Russian)
Kokoshkina Svetlana (2016), History of studying of Crimean Italian settler's dialects (in Russian), in Drevnjaja i Novaja Romanija, 17(1), 200-214.
Swiss dialects in Crimea and northern Black sea coast: Linguistic and identity''s approach (in Russian)
Marousenko Mikhail Miretina Maria (2016), Swiss dialects in Crimea and northern Black sea coast: Linguistic and identity''s approach (in Russian), in Drevnjaja i Novaja Romanija, 17(1), 223-238.
Swiss Settlements in Crimea in the context of the linguistic situation of the peninsula of Crimea (in Russian)
Samarina Marina (2016), Swiss Settlements in Crimea in the context of the linguistic situation of the peninsula of Crimea (in Russian), in Drevnjaja i Novaja Romanija, 17(1), 239-249.
"L’aventure des vignerons vaudois de la mer Noire", dans Passé Simple, Mensuel d'Histoire Vaudoise
Simonato Elena, BichurinaNatalia, "L’aventure des vignerons vaudois de la mer Noire", dans Passé Simple, Mensuel d'Histoire Vaudoise, Revue Passé Simple, Lausanne.
L'émergence du francoprovençal Langue minoritaire et communauté autour du Mont-Blanc
Bichurina Natalia, L'émergence du francoprovençal Langue minoritaire et communauté autour du Mont-Blanc, Maison des sciences de l’homme d’Aquitaine, Bordeaux.
Les langues et les vignes
Bichurina Natalia, Les langues et les vignes, Le Passé Simple, Lausanne.
L'exode des Suisses de Chabo
Simonato Elena, L'exode des Suisses de Chabo, Le Passé Simple, revue, Lausanne.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Musée des Suisses dans le monde, Château des Penthes Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Archives of Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint-Petersburg Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Institut Pierre Gardette, Lyon France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
State University of Saint-Petersburg, Faculty of Historical sciences Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Ambassade de Suisse à Tbilissi Georgia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Staatsarchiv Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
Centre d'études francoprovençales Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Universität Zürich, Historisches Seminar Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Giorgi Akhvlediani Society for the History of Linguistic Ideas Georgia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Université de Maryland, Département de Linguistique United States of America (North America)
- Exchange of personnel
RSI, Radiotelevisione svizzera, M. Ruben Rossello Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Sorbonne-Paris IV, UFR d'Etudes slaves France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Ecole Pratique de Hautes Etudes, Paris France (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
Section d'Italien, Université de Lausanne Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Haus der Bessarabiendeutschen, Stuttgart Germany (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
Musée de Chabo Ukraine (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Diplomatische Dokumente der Schweiz Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Das Russlandschweizer-Archiv (RSA), Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Stockholms universitet, Romanska och klassiska institutionen Sweden (Europe)
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Programme doctoral CUSO en sciences du langage, L’histoire des idées linguistiques dans le miroir de l’Histoire Talk given at a conference La vie d’une commune suisse de la mer Noire: essai de reconstruction sociolinguistique historique critique 27.09.2019 Leysin, Switzerland Bichurina Natalia;
Historical Sociolinguistic Approaches to Heritage Language Data: Approaching the Notion of Language and Migration Talk given at a conference Swiss settlements on the Black sea coast, Natalia Bichurina 07.06.2019 Les Diablerets, Switzerland Bichurina Natalia;
Linguistic Forum 2019: Indigenous languages of Russia and beyond Talk given at a conference A Francoprovençal community on the Black sea coast. 04.04.2019 Moscou, Russia Bichurina Natalia;
XLVIII International Philological Conference Talk given at a conference Мы и они: языки и конструирование сообщества в швейцарском поселении Шабо в Бессарабии» (Us and others: languages and community constrution in theSwiss village of Shabo in Béssarabia) 23.03.2019 Saint-Pétersbourg, Russia Bichurina Natalia;
Les communautés suisses de la mer Noire Talk given at a conference Les Italiens de Crimée 08.02.2019 UNIL, Switzerland Samarina Marina;
Les communautés suisses de la mer Noire Talk given at a conference Les processus sociolinguistiques observés dans les colonies suisses de Bessarabie 07.02.2019 UNIL, Switzerland Simonato Elena;
Les communautés suisses de la mer Noire Talk given at a conference Les langues, les vignes et les frontières ethniques à Chabag 07.02.2019 UNIL, Switzerland Bichurina Natalia;
Autour de la table à travers le temps. Manger, boire et communiquer Talk given at a conference Les vignerons suisses de la mer Noire : Études des contacts des cultures à travers le langage viticole 04.12.2018 Lausanne, Switzerland Bichurina Natalia;
Before and after First world war: The Balkans and Caucasus between 1912 and 1923 Talk given at a conference Swiss communities of the Bessarabia region in the Twilight of Empires 08.11.2018 Milan, Italy Simonato Elena;
Mavrodinskie chtenija, International Historical Conference, by Simonato Elena, Kokoshkina Svetlana Talk given at a conference Destiny of Swiss colonies in the South Russia (1930-1940) based on archival materials (in Russian) 30.10.2018 Saint-Pétersbourg, Russia Simonato Elena;
La mer Noire comme espace littéraire et culturel Black Sea Littoral as Literary and Cultural Space Talk given at a conference Swiss communities of the Northern Black Sea Coast: Languages and Identities 26.10.2018 Tbilissi, Georgia Simonato Elena;
International Philologic Conference Talk given at a conference Dialect of Shabo colony: a glance from today 21.03.2018 Université de Saint-Pétersbourg, Russia Simonato Elena;
International Philological Conference Talk given at a conference The Shabo dialect as object of sociolinguistic investigation 21.03.2018 Saint-Petersburg, Russia Simonato Elena;
International conference 'Ideology and Linguistic Ideas' Talk given at a conference Italian-speaking comunities on the Northern Black sea coast: languages and identities across the 20th century 08.10.2017 Tbilisi, Georgia Simonato Elena;
Programme doctoral CUSO en sciences du langage Talk given at a conference Les linguistes et les colons: études des patois romands de la mer Noire dans les années 1930-1960 05.10.2017 Leysin, Switzerland Simonato Elena;
Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire. Langues et traditions Talk given at a conference Le parler de Chabag 08.10.2016 UNIL, Switzerland Simonato Elena;
Programme doctoral CUSO en sciences du langage. 29 septembre - 1 octobre 2016 (Leysin) «La dimension interdisciplinaire dans les sciences du langage à l’épreuve de l’histoire des idées linguistiques» Talk given at a conference Un patois romand au bord de la mer Noire: la géographie linguistique soviétique des années 1930-1960 30.09.2016 Leysin (VD), Switzerland Simonato Elena;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Les communautés suisses de la mer Noire 07.02.2019 UNIL, Switzerland
Les Suisses de Russie: les Chabiens, séminaire de Civilisation et langue russes, Bachelor 3e année 18.05.2017 UNIL, Switzerland
Les communautés suisses de Crimée et de la mer Noire: langues et traditions 07.10.2016 Lausanne, UNIL, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Association vaudoise des amis du patois, Conférence de N. Bichurina "Les vignerons vaudois de la mer Noire: visions du "patois romand" et évolution de la situation linguistique" Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 03.11.2018 Savigny, Switzerland Bichurina Natalia;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
"La situation ethnolinguistique en Russie à l'heure actuelle", par M. Marousenko, Saint-Petersburg State university 07.10.2016 UNIL, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media "En attendant la Fête des Vignerons: les Lettres de Chabag", N. Bichurina Magazine de la Route du Tchaï International 2019
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) 30.06, Présentation du livre à l'Inauguration du monument à Chexbres Western Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Bichurina N. « Un projet économique d’émigration suisse en Russie » (en russe) Dukascopy TV International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Communication sur le projet et la conférence dans la "Lettre des Lettres" de l'UNIL La Lettre des Lettres International 2019
Media relations: radio, television E. Simonato, interview « Les colonies suisses au bord de la mer Noire » (en russe) Dukascopy TV International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Fête des Vignerons and a Swiss winegrowers’ colony on the Black sea Expat International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media In Lausanne, a confrence about Swiss settlements on the Black sea coast (in Russian) Swissinfo International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Parution du volume "Les destinées des communautés suisses de la mer Noire..." LabeLettres Western Switzerland 2019
Video/Film présentation du film et rencontre avec le réalisateur R.Rossello Western Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland 2019
Other activities Présentation du livre à la Table ronde "Crise entre la Russie et l'Occident", 16.05, Coppet International 2019
Talks/events/exhibitions Présentation 'Pourquoi un monument aux premiers colons de Chabag à Chexbres" Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: print media, online media "Les Suisses de Géorgie: témoignage d'un journaliste ...", par E. Simonato Route du Tchaï, magazine, UNIL Western Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media "S celju vernut'sja narodinu...", par M. Nechaeva La Route du Tchaï Western Switzerland 2018
Other activities Présentation de l'ouvrage "Les communautés suisses de Crimée...", Coppet, 26 avril International Western Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Saint-Pétersbourg, à jamais indémodable Générations Magazine N° 93, septembre Western Switzerland 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Vernissage du livre au Musée des Suisses à l'étranger Western Switzerland International German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Festival Chabag Western Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Site web de la faculté des lettres de l'UNIL International 2016

Abstract

Our project aims to study the linguistic and identity aspects of Swiss colonial communities in Crimea and the Northern Black Sea coast, from the 19th century to present time. It will be a first attempt to study from various points of view, the complex situation presented by these French- and German-speaking communities. The aim of the study is to draw up a typology of endangered Swiss dialects of Crimea and Northern Black Sea coast (Italian, French and German), and implement a quantification of the viability of these language communities. The methodology to be used was developed by UNESCO, and will include a definition of language vitality index (index of threat). This corresponds to a certain stage of international classification based on the UNESCO scale and will evaluate the prospects of preserving French-speaking, German-speaking and Italian-speaking Swiss communities. Depending on the outcome it will be possible to determine the validity of their preservation, revival or documentation. The only work on the subject, published in Russian, is the monograph by Acad. V.F. Shishmarev “Roman settlements in the South of Russia” (Leningrad,1975). The impact of processes as a result of geopolitical and social change in the modern world have not been studied from any historical or sociolinguistic perspective. The study will address the preservation or disappearance of language communities, which preserve the memory of their Swiss identity. The typology of Swiss dialect speakers in Crimea have revealed revealed a certain number of the following categories of speakers: 1) Native fluent speakers, that are divided into two categories: the ‘old’ speakers monolingual in their ethnic language, and ‘young’ speakers that are bilingual, but freely speak their own ethnic language, which is their first language. 2) Semi-speakers, whose ethnic language is not dominant, although they are almost fluent in it. 3) Terminal speakers. 4) Rememberers. Determination of language vitality index (‘index of threat’), which corresponds to some steps of the international classification, based on the scale of UNESCO will assess the prospects of preserving linguistic communities, identifying themselves with Switzerland. Depending on this, the study will assess whether their preservation, revival, or documentation is valid.?The historical part of the study will make an analysis through the colonies during the whole epoch of their existence abroad by 1. Examining the history and historical documentation on the subject.2. Using the method of historical epistemology to present linguistic ideas. They will be applied to analyse the existing studies on these «island dialects», which had already been carried out in the 1930’s-1960’s. These results will then be compared to the results of sociolinguistic study realised within this project by Russian partners.The results will be published in a series of articles and a monograph of the Russian and Swiss authors.Collaborations:- Université de Saint-Pétersbourg, Faculté d'histoire- Université de Paris-IV, Sorbonne, UFR d'Etudes slaves- Université de Lausanne, Faculté des lettres, section d'italien- Château des Penthes, Musée des Suisses à l'étranger
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