Project

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The customization of European Union directives: An international comparative inquiry

Applicant Thomann Eva
Number 162077
Funding scheme Early Postdoc.Mobility
Research institution
Institution of higher education Institution abroad - IACH
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.08.2015 - 30.09.2016
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Keywords (8)

Europeanization; Policy implementation; Differentiated integration; Food safety; Multi-level governance; New institutionalism; Agricultural policy; Gold-plating

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Transponierende Länder passen das Recht der Europäischen Union auf unterschiedliche Arten an ihre Bedürfnisse an. Das Projekt untersucht die Ursachen und Auswirkungen der Anpassung von Lebensmittelsicherheitsregulierungen in vier Mitgliedstaaten und der Schweiz.
Lay summary

Hintergrund

Um Integration mit unterschiedlichen nationalen Interessen zu vereinbaren, delegieren die Richtlinien der Europäischen Union (EU) Entscheidungsprozesse an die transponierenden Mitgliedstaaten. Abgesehen von der Frage der (Nicht-)Befolgung ist wenig über die daraus folgende Diversität nationaler Regulierungen, deren Ursachen und Wirkungen bekannt. Dieses Projekt untersucht, wie Staaten, die das EU-Recht befolgen, letzteres dennoch an ihre heimischen Umstände anpassen. Der Begriff „customization“ beschreibt den Grad, zu dem die nationalen Gesetze den EU-Minimalstandard in Bezug auf deren Regulierungsdichte und Restriktivität ergänzen. Dass solche Anpassungen geschehen, bedeutet, dass grenzüberschreitende gemeinsame Probleme, z.B. die Gewährung der Lebensmittelsicherheit, in Europa auf sehr unterschiedliche Arten gelöst werden.

 

Ziele

Das Projekt untersucht zunächst verschiedene Handlungslogiken, nach denen Deutschland, Österreich, Frankreich, Grossbritannien und die Schweiz das EU-Tierarzneimittelrecht anpassen. Zweitens wird die Anpassung durch die Schweiz als funktional stark integriertes Land im Vergleich zu Mitgliedstaaten untersucht. Drittens wird analysiert, wie sich diese Anpassung auf die Umsetzung und Wirkung der nationalen Regulierungen auswirkt. Das Projekt kombiniert quantitative und qualitative vergleichende Methoden.

 

Relevanz

Man weiss kaum, ob und zu welchem Grad EU-Recht überhaupt eine Rolle spielt, um beispielsweise Antibiotikaresistenzen zu vermeiden oder verhindern. Das Projekt beleuchtet, wie sich Mehrebenenimplementation auf die praktische Problemlösung auswirkt. Europäische Integration geht oft mit einem Souveränitätsverlust für Staaten einher. Dieses Projekt hingegen zeichnet ein realistisches und differenziertes Bild davon, wie Integration in der Praxis aussieht. Dies ist für die Schweiz von besonderer Relevanz, da sie stark in den Europäischen Binnenmarkt eingebunden ist und die Exportfähigkeit ihrer Produkte gewährleisten muss.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 06.06.2015

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Jale Tosun Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Asya Zhelyazkova Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Nissim Cohen Israel (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Dreiländertagung Talk given at a conference Die Anpassung von EU-Lebensmittelsicherheitsrichtlinien während der Transponierung: Logik der Angemessenheit oder Logik der Folgerichtigkeit? 29.09.2016 Heidelberg, Germany Thomann Eva;
Europeanization of Policy and Law (EUROPAL) Research Group Lunch Individual talk Mapping the customization of EU directives: Conceptual considerations and empirical challenges 18.02.2016 Nijmegen, Netherlands Thomann Eva;
Annual convention of the Swiss Political Science Association Talk given at a conference Mapping the customization of EU directives: Conceptual considerations and empirical challenges 21.01.2016 Basel, Switzerland Thomann Eva;
Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, brown bag lunch of research department B3 Individual talk Europeanized solutions to common problems? The customization of EU food safety law 23.11.2015 Mannheim, Germany Thomann Eva;
Annual Congress of the European Group for Public Administration Talk given at a conference The best of both worlds? Logics of action and the customization of EU food safety directives 26.08.2015 Toulouse, France Thomann Eva;


Awards

Title Year
Founders' Fellowship of the American Society for Public Administration 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
171479 Policy Implementation in the Regulatory State: Assessing the problem-solving capacity of the European Union 01.02.2017 Advanced Postdoc.Mobility

Abstract

Research on implementation in the EU is characterized by a strong focus on compliance at the legislative stage. Conversely, little is known about the patterns and causes of the diversity of domestic policies implementing EU law beyond compliance, as well as about its effects on the policies’ subsequent implementation and effectiveness. Furthermore, Europeanization research lacks a systematic assessment of the circumstances under which implementation is the result of negotiations among rational actors with conflicting interests, varying resources and institutional opportunities, or of institutionally embedded habits that conform to existing identities, rules, and institutions, or both. Finally, although Switzerland has often been described as a differentially integrated quasi-EU member, a systematic comparison of Switzerland’s Europeanization with EU member states’ Europeanization, and an assessment of the reasons for commonalities and differences, is still missing. To fill these gaps, the proposed project explores the distinct causes and consequences of the “customization” of European Union (EU) veterinary drugs directives during transposition in four EU member states and Switzerland. In an earlier article, the applicant has introduced the customization concept as an under-researched, but widespread phenomenon, which is conceptually and causally distinct from compliance. The project links customization with on research new institutionalism, differentiated integration, and multi-level and frontline policy implementation. The project explores the relationship between different logics of action of implementing state administrations for the customization of EU directives. It aims at detecting and explaining Switzerland’s customization behavior, as compared to EU member states. It then establishes the theoretical and empirical link between the customization of EU veterinary drugs directives and domestic outputs and outcomes. Empirically, the project partly draws from existing data collected by the author. Furthermore, the project will involve the collection of new primary data concerning domestic outputs and outcomes. The focus is on veterinary drugs policies as a particularly illustrative and salient example of border-crossing market-correcting policies aimed at economic integration. The countries selected are comparable in their functional and regulatory requirements. Methodologically, the project will combine quantitative, qualitative and set-theoretic approaches in nested mixed-methods designs. The project involves a six-months visit at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, Germany’s largest university-based social science research institute with a unique profile and an internationally leading position in research on European Integration, Multi-level Governance and Europeanization. A twelve-months stay at the Institute of Political Science at Heidelberg University entails a collaboration with Prof. Dr. Jale Tosun, a leading scholar of policy implementation and enforcement in the European Union with particular expertise concerning the impact of the EU on regulations in third states, measurement of changes in outputs and outcomes, and quantitative methods. The publication-related objectives of the project consist of three to four articles in high-ranking political science journals, as well as a later integration of the accumulated material in a monograph.The project adds to measuring the extent of Swiss differentiated integration and illuminating the underlying dynamics of transposition. It contributes to a better understanding of how multi-level implementation affects the practical solution of common problems in multi-level systems, and linking the usually separate insights from Europeanization, member-state implementation and frontline implementation. As European integration implies a loss of control over national policies, it is linked with high, and increasing, levels of Euroscepticism both in member and non-member states. The analysis of customization beyond compliance and its consequences for frontline problem-solving sheds a new, relativizing light on the extent of this loss of control.
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