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Full Proposal_Measuring the development outcomes of resource extraction in producer countries

English title Full Proposal_Measuring the development outcomes of resource extraction in producer countries
Applicant Brugger Fritz
Number 160897
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Swiss Federal Institute for Technology ETH NADEL Center for Development and Cooperation
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.09.2016 - 31.12.2020
Approved amount 499'808.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Political science
Economics
Sociology
Information Technology

Keywords (15)

Weak sustainability; Resource-dependent economies; Company community conflicts; Social Accountability; Extractive industries; Mobile technology for development; Resource curse; Resource governance; Transparency; Mozambique; Burkina Faso; Capital approach; Resource Impact Dashboard (RID); ICT4D; Resource curse

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Manche rohstoffreichen Länder bekunden Mühe, Bergbau-Einnahmen in eine nachhaltige Entwicklung zu investieren. Konflikte zwischen der lokalen Bevölkerung, Unternehmen und Behörden über Umweltbelastung, soziale Auswirkungen und Zugang zu wirtschaftlichen Opportunitäten sind regelmässig zu beobachten.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojektes

Das Fehlen von umfassenden und unabhängigen Daten über die positiven und negativen Auswirkungen von Bergbauprojekten erschwert evidenzbasierte Verhandlungen und das Einfordern von wirkungsvollen Gouvernanz- und Verantwortlichkeitsmechanismen.

Basierend auf der ressourcenökonomischen Theorie der ‚weak sustainability’ entwickelt dieses Forschungsprojekt eine Methodik für das Monitoring von sozialen, ökologischen, ökonomischen und institutionellen Effekten des Rohstoffabbaus.

Die Methodik wird in Burkina Faso und Mosambik getestet und als web-basierte Plattform veröffentlicht. Dieses „Resource Impact Dashboard (RID)“ kann nach Abschluss des Forschungsprojektes für die Beobachtung der entwicklungsrelevanten Auswirkungen von Bergbauprojekten in anderen rohstoffreichen Ländern verwendet werden. 

Gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Das Projekt trägt zu einer evidenzbasierten Debatte über die Rohstoff-Gouvernanz bei: Auf der Ebene der Abbaugebiete unterstützt das RID Verhandlungen zwischen der lokalen Bevölkerung, Regierung und Firmen über die Minimierung der negativen Auswirkungen und das Nutzen der Entwicklungschancen. Zudem erlaubt der Einsatz des RID einen Vergleich der Performanz verschiedener Bergbauprojekte und –akteure.

Auf der internationalen Ebene kann dieser neue, kontinuierlich wachsende Datensatz die internationale Debatte über die Rohstoff-Regulierung unterstützen, indem es Informationen über die Wirkung von verschiedenen internationalen Politikmassnahmen und freiwilligen Verpflichtungen liefert. 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 28.06.2016

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Kenmare Mozambique (Africa)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Karma Endeavor Mining Burkina Faso (Africa)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Syrah Resources Mozambique (Africa)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Responsible Mining Index Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
David Parker, Canadian International Resources and Development Institute (CIRDI), Vancouver Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
EITI Norway (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Perkoa Mining Burkina Faso (Africa)
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Peter Hochet, – Laboratoire Citoyenneté, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Burkina Faso (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Gilles Carbonnier, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID), Geneva Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Goldhandel - Realität und Verantwortung German-speaking Switzerland 2016

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
192907 Promoting the use of the Resource Impact Dashboard (Pro-RID) 01.03.2020 Transformation Accelerating Grant

Abstract

Many resource dependent developing countries face difficulties in using revenue windfalls to boost sustainable development; communities in extraction areas often suffer from negative social and environmental impacts resulting in company community conflicts. The explanatory variables increasingly focus on the quality of institutions and, in particular, on the lack of effective checks and accountability mechanisms. The social accountability literature finds that transparency and access to information are important (yet not sufficient) means for citizen-led action for demanding accountability in situations where traditional mechanisms of political accountability have largely failed to deliver. To increase transparency on the development impact of resource extraction at the local and national level, the proposed research aims at developing a framework for data collection and analysis that allows monitoring and assessing the economic, social, environmental and institutional impact of resource extraction in a comprehensive manner. The framework will build on the concept of weak sustainability and monitor flow indicators of physical, natural, human, social and institutional capital stocks. We will test the framework in Mozambique and Burkina Faso with our local research partners. This research will also contribute to the literature about the use of ICT for improving governance: the resulting framework will be translated into a mobile and web based platform so that the results are easily accessible for stakeholders and the framework can be used in other resource rich countries.
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