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English in paradise?: emergent varieties in Micronesia.

Applicant Britain David
Number 156849
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut für englische Sprachen und Literaturen Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline German and English languages and literature
Start/End 01.01.2015 - 31.10.2018
Approved amount 658'959.00
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Keywords (5)

Dynamic Model; Micronesia; World Englishes; nativisation; new dialect formation

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Dieses Forschungsprojekt untersucht drei bisher unbeschriebene Englischvarietäten auf den mikronesischen Inseln Saipan, Kosrae und Kiribati, wovon jede durch eine andere koloniale Vergangenheit und verschiedene einheimische Sprachen geprägt ist. Diese Varietäten sind erst kürzlich und unter unterschiedlichen historischen und soziolinguistischen Umständen entstanden. Eines der Projektziele ist es, die soziolinguistischen Hintergründe und linguistischen Strukturen dieser Varietäten zu erfassen. In der theoretischen Literatur über „World Englishes“ herrscht eine Debatte über die Entstehung solcher neuen Varietäten, den sogenannten Nativisationsprozess. Da in Mikronesien Englisch erst kürzlich von der Bevölkerung gesprochen wird und dort deshalb dieser Nativisationsprozess im Gange ist, erlaubt dies, eben diesen Prozess zu untersuchen. Schliesslich können die Resultate dieser Untersuchungen mit Palau Englisch, einer anderen, schon untersuchten mikronesischen Varietät, verglichen werden.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Die Forschenden führen dialektologische Feldarbeit auf den drei Inseln durch und sammeln Sprachaufnahmen von einheimischen Englischsprechenden. Zusammen mit einem schon bestehenden Korpus von Palau Englisch wird ein grosser Korpus mikronesischer Daten erhoben. Angestrebt werden eine fundierte Analyse und ein Vergleich der Varietäten, sowie ein genereller Vergleich zu anderen postkolonialen Englischvarietäten. Eine zentrale Fragestellung dabei ist: Inwiefern sind Saipan, Kosrae und Kiribati Englisch vergleichbar mit oder unterschiedlich von schon untersuchten Englischvarietäten? Beispielsweise sind Saipan und Kosrae Englisch von amerikanischem Englisch beeinflusst, im Gegensatz zu Kiribati sowie zur überwiegenden Mehrheit anderer Lokalitäten, welche Kolonien Grossbritanniens waren und somit von britischem Englisch geprägt sind. Weiter hatten während der Kolonialzeit weder Saipan, Kosrae noch Kiribati intensiven, sondern vergleichsweise lediglich leichten (Sprach-)Kontakt mit ihren Kolonialmächten. Dieses Forschungsprojekt soll erschliessen, was also die Konsequenzen für die drei postkolonialen englischen Varietäten sind, die von unterschiedlichen und ungleich intensiven Kontakten mit ihren Kolonialmächten hervorgehen.

 

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Abgesehen von Palau Englisch wurde bisher noch keine Forschung zu neu entstehenden mikronesischen Englischvarietäten betrieben und aktuelle Modelle basieren fast ausschliesslich auf Untersuchungen von Varietäten mit einem britischen Kolonialhintergrund. Wie oben erwähnt, fügt sich hier nur Kiribati Englisch ein, nicht aber Saipan und Kosrae Englisch. Dieses Projekt hat zum Ziel, diese Wissenslücken zu füllen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 07.11.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
"Why speak English if you can speak your own language?": Language policy and practice within a water manufacturing company on Saipan.
HessDominique, "Why speak English if you can speak your own language?": Language policy and practice within a water manufacturing company on Saipan., in Language Policy.
Language change in Saipan: Attitudes and visions.
HessDominique, Language change in Saipan: Attitudes and visions., in Burrell & Bunts-Ande A & K (ed.), University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Prof Dr Bernd Kortmann, FRIAS, Universitaet Freiburg Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Laura Mettler, Universitaet Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Christoph Neuenschwander, Universitaet Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof Dr Jeff Siegel Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Eva Kuske, Universitaet Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Kazuko Matsumoto, University of Tokyo Japan (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof Dr Isabelle Buchstaller, Universitaet Essen Duisburg Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
International Workshop: The challenges of linguistic diversity: its social, anthropological and structural aspects. Talk given at a conference Substrate influence versus SLA: the case of -t/d deletion in Palauan English [with Kazuko Matsumoto] 24.09.2019 University of Bern, Switzerland Britain David;
Departmental Research Seminar. MULTILING Individual talk Substrate 1, SLA nil: the case of -t/d deletion in Palauan English [with Kazuko Matsumoto] 04.09.2019 University of Oslo, Norway Britain David;
Language, Dialect and Peripherality Talk given at a conference Changing Centres and Peripheries: Hawaiian English effects on Kosraean English 14.12.2018 University of Bern, Switzerland Lynch Sara;
Language, Dialect and Periphery Conference Talk given at a conference The quotative system in Saipanese English: Contrasting profiles of be like and zero 13.12.2018 University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
Guest lecture: Fieldwork Methods in Sociolinguistic Dialectology Individual talk Conducting sociolinguistic fieldwork in Saipan 28.11.2018 University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
Guest Lecture: Seminar: Grammatical variation in English Individual talk Grammatical variation and change in Saipanese English 24.10.2018 University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
Days of Swiss Linguistics Talk given at a conference The emergence of Saipanese English in Micronesia: A variationist sociolinguistic analysis 12.10.2018 University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 22 Poster “KiriApp: Creating a smartphone dictionary app for Kiribati” 30.06.2018 University of Auckland, New Zealand Leonhardt Tobias;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 22 Talk given at a conference “Changes in progress: Voice onset times (VOT) in Kiribati and Kiribati English” 30.06.2018 University of Auckland, New Zealand Leonhardt Tobias;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 22 Talk given at a conference Japanese on the menu: language contact and food-related borrowings in Palauan [with Kazuko Matsumoto] 27.06.2018 University of Auckland, New Zealand Britain David;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 22 Talk given at a conference Discourse Marker like as Evidence of Static and Mobile Language Contact in Kosraean English 27.06.2018 University of Auckland, New Zealand Lynch Sara;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 22 Talk given at a conference “Ollei I'm picky cherrang with a girl I like cherrang”: Nativisation of a newly emerging postcolonial English variety [with Kazuko Matsumoto] 27.06.2018 University of Auckland, New Zealand Britain David;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 22 Talk given at a conference Localised reactions to the challenges of climate change: Comparing language policy in Kiribati and the Republic of the Marshall Islands [with I Buchstaller and P Autio] 27.06.2018 University of Auckland, New Zealand Leonhardt Tobias;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 22 Talk given at a conference The discursive construction of 'violent societies': colonial stereotypes in the representation of island communities in the Pacific. [with Christoph Neuenschwander] 27.06.2018 University of Auckland, New Zealand Lynch Sara;
Beiratssitzung des Walter Benjamin Kolleg Individual talk The Sociolinguistics of the Micronesian Islands 18.01.2018 University of Bern, Switzerland Lynch Sara; Leonhardt Tobias; Kuske Eva; Hess Dominique;
New Ways of Analyzing Variation 46 (NWAV) Talk given at a conference /h/ insertion in a Pacific English: The developing methods of understanding a non-standard feature in the Federated States of Micronesia 03.11.2017 University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States of America Lynch Sara;
. International conference on Koine, koines and the formation of Standard Modern Greek Talk given at a conference [with Kazuko Matsumoto and Praparat Prompapakorn] Dialect contact, new dialect formation and koineisation: three rural case studies from England, Palau and Thailand. 02.11.2017 Institute of Modern Greek Studies, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece Britain David;
International conference on Koine, koines and the formation of Standard Modern Greek, Talk given at a conference Dialect contact, new dialect formation and koineisation: three rural case studies from England, Palau and Thailand. [with Kazuko Matsumoto and Praparat Prompapakorn 02.11.2017 University of Thessaloniki, Greece Britain David;
New Ways of Analyzing Variation 46 (NWAV), Talk given at a conference /h/ insertion in a Pacific English: The developing methods of understanding a non-standard feature in the Federated States of Micronesia. 02.11.2017 University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States of America Lynch Sara;
Guest lecture - Fieldwork in Dialectology MA Seminar Individual talk Linguists in the Field: Experiences from Kiribati 24.10.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
BE-Ling, Postgraduate research seminar series Individual talk No [b,d,g] in Swiss German or English: Laryngeal specifications versus traditional labels 17.10.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
Workhsop on Statistical standards for scientific discovery in linguistics Talk given at a conference From palm trees and coconuts to inference trees and other tough nuts to crack: Doing statistics with linguistic data from Micronesian islands. 04.10.2017 University of Zurich, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias; Hess Dominique;
Phonology of Contemporary English 2017 Conference (PAC 2017) Talk given at a conference Aspirated versus affricated /t/: Production strategies of I-Kiribati learners of English 28.09.2017 Paris Nanterre University, France Leonhardt Tobias;
47th Poznan Linguistic Meeting (PLM 2017) Talk given at a conference From a one-variant system to a two-variant system: Acoustic properties of alveolar plosives in Kiribati and Kiribati English 18.09.2017 Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland Leonhardt Tobias;
AustraLex 2017 Talk given at a conference ’And to what purpose?’: About language and change in the Gilbert Islands 28.08.2017 University of the South Pacific, Cook Islands Campus, Cook Islands Leonhardt Tobias;
Methods in Dialectology XVI Talk given at a conference The Influence of Static and Mobile Language Contact on an Emerging Pacific English. 07.08.2017 National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics, Tokyo (NINJAL), Japan Lynch Sara;
Methods in Dialectology XVI Poster Challenges in a variationist sociolinguistic analysis of a newly emerging contact variety of English. 07.08.2017 University of Tokyo, Japan Hess Dominique;
Methods in Dialectology XVI Talk given at a conference Kiribati and the outside: About cultural and linguistic contact in a remote and isolated Pacific island nation 07.08.2017 National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics, Tokyo, Japan, Japan Leonhardt Tobias;
11th European Society for Oceanists Conference (EfSO 11) Talk given at a conference Financing Kiribati: An overview of money flows and climate adaptation projects 29.06.2017 Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany Leonhardt Tobias;
International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 9) Talk given at a conference Contact and exposure to the English language in Kiribati across time 06.06.2017 University of Malaga, Spain Leonhardt Tobias;
International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE9 Talk given at a conference Quotatives in Saipanese English: Be like on the move 06.06.2017 University of Malaga, Spain Hess Dominique;
2nd Workshop on Pacific Englishes Talk given at a conference Quotative system in Saipanese English 06.06.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
2nd Pacific Englishes Workshop Talk given at a conference Analysing a numeric DV along dominant extra-linguistic influences 06.06.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE9), Talk given at a conference A varationist linguistic analysis of the emerging English in Kosrae, Micronesia 06.06.2017 University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain Lynch Sara;
Invited guest lecture Individual talk Changing Kosrae: American language and cultural influence on a secret Pacific Island. 16.05.2017 University of Lausanne, Switzerland Lynch Sara;
Forschungstag 2017, Faculty of Humanities, Poster The development of English varieties in Micronesia 15.05.2017 University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias; Lynch Sara; Kuske Eva; Hess Dominique;
Departmental Research Seminar Individual talk About contact in Kiribati: Aspects of colonisation and globalisation 09.05.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
Approaches to Migration, Language and Identity (AMLI) Talk given at a conference Cultural obliteration or making headway?: a sociolinguistic narrative of the effects of mobility in the Pacific 04.05.2017 University of Lausanne, Switzerland Lynch Sara;
Approaches to Migration, Language and Identity Talk given at a conference Relocation of an island nation: Climate change issues in Kiribati 04.05.2017 University of Lausanne, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
Approaches to Migration, Language and Identity Talk given at a conference Migration and language policies leading to the emergence of English as an L1 in Saipan? 04.05.2017 University of Lausanne, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
Swiss Association of University Teachers of English conference: The challenge of change in English language and literature Talk given at a conference A Variationist Analysis of the Development of English in the Pacific 28.04.2017 University of Neuchatel,, Switzerland Lynch Sara;
Departmental Research Seminar Individual talk Sociolinguistic Research in Guam and Saipan. 11.04.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique; Kuske Eva;
IMEAN 5 Talk given at a conference An Ethnographic and Linguistic Analysis on the Impact of Mobility in a North Pacific Speech Community 06.04.2017 UWE Bristol's Exhibition and Conference Centre (ECC), Bristol, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Lynch Sara;
Santiago-Leuven-Edinburgh seminar on Grammatical Variation and Change in English (Workshop), Talk given at a conference Grammatical variation and change in Saipanese English: Future tense patterns. 04.04.2017 KU Leuven , Belgium Hess Dominique;
Linguistic Landscapes 9 Talk given at a conference The scarce linguistic landscape of Kiribati’s outer islands 29.03.2017 University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg Leonhardt Tobias;
Language, Mobility and Belonging (LMB 2017), Talk given at a conference The impact of language policies and global movement in Saipan: English as an L1 on the merge 23.03.2017 University of Oxford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Hess Dominique;
4th Conference on Language Contact in Times of Globalization (LCTG 4), Talk given at a conference The dynamics of language contact in Micronesia 16.03.2017 University of Greifswald, Germany Leonhardt Tobias; Lynch Sara; Hess Dominique;
4th Conference on Language Contact in Times of Globalization (LCTG 4) Talk given at a conference “/t, d/-affrication in Kiribati as a manifestation of on-going cultural and linguistic globalization” 16.03.2017 University of Greifswald, Germany Leonhardt Tobias;
Workshop: Studies of Paradise?: Where language meets culture in the Pacific Talk given at a conference [with Kazuko Matsumoto] “Remote islanders are savage 'cos they eat sashimi without soy sauce": Contact-induced borrowings in the domain of food in Palauan. 09.03.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Britain David;
Studies of Paradise: Where language meets culture in the Pacific, Talk given at a conference “Who am I?”: The post-colonial effects on senses of belonging and language practices in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia 09.03.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Lynch Sara;
Studies of Paradise: Where language meets culture in the Pacific Talk given at a conference English as the new L1 in Saipan? The impact of language policies and globalization 09.03.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
Studies of Paradise: Where language meets culture in the Pacific Talk given at a conference 'Migration with Dignity’ and the role of English in Kiribati 09.03.2017 University of Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
Der Identitätsbegriff in den Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften Talk given at a conference Klimawandeleffekte auf Identitätsfragen in Kiribati 26.11.2016 University of Lucerne, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
45th New Ways of Analyzing Variation Conference Poster Spreading roots?: variation patterns of the future tense in Saipanese English 03.11.2016 Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada Hess Dominique;
45th New Ways of Analyzing Variation Conference Talk given at a conference Substrate effects on –t/d deletion: the case of Palauan English [with Prof Kazuko Matsumoto] 03.11.2016 Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada Britain David;
International Workshop on Language and Place Talk given at a conference Pacific places and people: an analysis of the effects of colonisation and mobility on the social and spatial landscape of Kosrae 03.11.2016 University of Copenhagen, Denmark Lynch Sara;
Input and Language Learning Workshop Talk given at a conference Exposure and Motivation: The history and status of English in Kiribati 14.10.2016 Institute for Multilingualism, University of Fribourg, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
International Workshop on Language and Place Talk given at a conference Kiribati's Linguistic Landscape: Snapshots from North and South Tarawa in 2015 and 2016 14.10.2016 University of Copenhagen, Denmark Leonhardt Tobias;
Society for the History of Linguistics in the Pacific - SHLP5 Talk given at a conference Researching English in Kiribati 05.09.2016 University of Potsdam, Germany Leonhardt Tobias;
Big data, bad data: CUSO Workshop Talk given at a conference Micronesian data mining: searching for sense in the South Seas 03.09.2016 University of Lausanne, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias; Hess Dominique; Lynch Sara;
Research seminar, Phonetics Laboratory Individual talk Sounds of the South Seas: insights into three acoustic variables 31.08.2016 University of Cambridge, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Leonhardt Tobias; Lynch Sara; Hess Dominique;
International Workshop on Pacific Englishes Talk given at a conference Grammatical features of Saipan English 27.06.2016 Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Freiburg, Germany., Germany Hess Dominique;
International Workshop on Pacific Englishes Talk given at a conference Intra- and extra-linguistic explanations for the occurrence of [ts] and [dz] in Kiribati English 27.06.2016 Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Freiburg, Germany., Germany Leonhardt Tobias;
International Workshop on Pacific Englishes Talk given at a conference (d) in Palauan English: variability shaped by the substrate [with Prof Kazuko Matsumoto] 27.06.2016 Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Freiburg, Germany., Germany Britain David;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 21 Talk given at a conference The vernacularity of Palauan Japanese [with Prof Kazuko Matsumoto] 15.06.2016 University of Murcia, Spain Britain David;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 21 Talk given at a conference Kiribati, Kosrae and Saipan: effects of mobility on Micronesian Englishes 15.06.2016 University of Murcia, Spain Hess Dominique; Lynch Sara; Leonhardt Tobias;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 21 Talk given at a conference When substrate and superstrate collide: the case of (d) in Palauan English [with Kazuko Matsumoto] 15.06.2016 University of Murcia, Spain Britain David;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 21 Talk given at a conference Kiribati and English: the bridging of linguistic and cultural obstacles exemplified with alveolar plosives 15.06.2016 University of Murcia, Spain Leonhardt Tobias;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 21 Talk given at a conference A case study of the future tense in Saipan: Ethnicity as a window on the emergence of a new Pacific English variety 15.06.2016 University of Murcia, Spain Hess Dominique;
Sociolinguistics Symposium 21 Talk given at a conference Cases of epenthesis and deletion in the Pacific: the intriguing realization of /h/ in Kosraean English. 15.06.2016 University of Murcia, Spain, Spain Lynch Sara;
Forschungskolloquium Berner Linguistik (BELing) Individual talk Mobility effects on Micronesian Englishes 17.05.2016 University of Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias; Lynch Sara; Hess Dominique;
Discourse-Pragmatic Variation and Change 3 Talk given at a conference Dream goal. If I have the brain ollei, I want to be a lawyer: the nativisation of a newly emerging postcolonial English variety in Palau [with Prof Kazuko Matsumoto] 04.05.2016 University of Ottawa, Canada Britain David;
Departmental Research Seminar, Department of Linguistics Individual talk English in Kosrae 02.05.2016 Monash University, Melbourne, Australia Lynch Sara;
Annual Forum of the Graduate School of the Humanities, University of Bern Poster English in Paradise?: Emergent varieties in Micronesia {also with L Mettler) 26.04.2016 University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique; Kuske Eva; Leonhardt Tobias; Lynch Sara;
New Ways of Analyzing Variation–Asia Pacific 4 Talk given at a conference The interaction of substrate and superstrate variation: the case of (d) in Palauan English. [with Prof K Matsumoto] 22.04.2016 National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan Britain David;
New Ways of Analyzing Variation–Asia Pacific 4 Poster Post-alveolar fricatives and affricates in Kiribati English 22.04.2016 National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi, Taiwan Leonhardt Tobias;
New Ways of Analyzing Variation–Asia Pacific 4, Talk given at a conference The actuation of innovation and obsolescence of the tags desho and daro [with Prof K Matsumoto] 22.04.2016 National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi, Taiwan Britain David;
New Ways of Analyzing Variation–Asia Pacific 4 Poster Don't put your ;and on the hoven: a variationist study of /h/ insertion and /h/ dropping in Kosraean English 22.04.2016 National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi, Taiwan Lynch Sara;
Probabilistic variation across dialects and varieties Talk given at a conference Future tense variation patterns in Saipanese English and L1 varieties 04.04.2016 University of Leuven, Belgium Hess Dominique;
Leiden University Centre for Linguistics Colloquium Individual talk English in Paradise?: Challenges, opportunities and early results from work on new Englishes in Micronesia [also with Prof K Matsumoto & L Mettler]. 01.04.2016 University of Leiden, Netherlands Leonhardt Tobias; Britain David; Hess Dominique; Lynch Sara;
8th Congreso Internacional de Lingüística de Corpus. Talk given at a conference English in las Islas de los Garbanzos: developing a multi-locality corpus of Micronesian Englishes [also with Prof K Matsumoto & L Mettler) 02.03.2016 University of Malaga, Spain Lynch Sara; Britain David; Hess Dominique; Leonhardt Tobias; Kuske Eva;
Peripheral Dialects 2 Talk given at a conference America on the horizon: evidence of the effect of freedom of movement on variety formation in Kosrae 01.03.2016 Department of English, University of Bern, Switzerland Lynch Sara;
Peripheral Dialects 2 Talk given at a conference Effects of social factors on the use of the future tense in Saipanese English 01.03.2016 Department of English, University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
Peripheral Dialects 2 Talk given at a conference Measuring acoustic properties of alveolar plosives 01.03.2016 Department of English, University of Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
Departmental Research Seminar Individual talk Sociolinguistic and variationist work on Kosrae 11.02.2016 University College Dublin, Ireland Lynch Sara;
International Workshop on Language in Contrast Talk given at a conference Post-colonial (American?) English presence on the north-western Pacific island of Kosrae: a cross-linguistic analysis of the overlaps and divergences of Kosraean English compared to standard American English. 04.12.2015 Université de Paris VIII, Paris, France, France Lynch Sara;
International Workshop on "Dialect in the periphery?" Talk given at a conference Double conjunctions in Kiribati English 21.10.2015 University of Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
International Workshop on "Dialect in the Periphery?" Talk given at a conference A sociolinguistic overview of English in Saipan 21.10.2015 University of Bern, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
International Workshop on "Dialect in the Periphery?" Talk given at a conference A descriptive and sociolinguistic study of English in Kosrae 21.10.2015 University of Bern, Switzerland Lynch Sara;
21st Conference of the International Association for World Englishes Talk given at a conference English on Kosrae 08.10.2015 Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey, Turkey Lynch Sara;
21st Conference of the International Association for World Englishes Poster Socio-historical and political influences on the use of English in Saipan 08.10.2015 Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey, Turkey Hess Dominique;
21st Conference of the International Association for World Englishes Talk given at a conference English in Kiribati: its historical development and an initial linguistic description 08.10.2015 Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey, Turkey Leonhardt Tobias;
Invited Research Seminar, College of Micronesia Individual talk The Micronesian Englishes Project 22.07.2015 College of Micronesia, Kosrae, FSM, United States Minor Outlying Islands Lynch Sara;
History Research Workshop Talk given at a conference The Micronesian Englishes Project 29.06.2015 CNMI Archives, Northern Marianas College, Saipan, Northern Marianas Hess Dominique;
34th Annual Pacific Island Bilingual and Bicultural Association Conference Talk given at a conference Global English, linguistics and Kosrae 23.06.2015 Tafunsak School, Kosrae, FSM, Micronesia (Federated States of) Lynch Sara;
Conducting sociolinguistic research on Englishes near and far Talk given at a conference English in Kosrae 27.03.2015 Schloss Münchenwiler, Münchenwiler, Switzerland Lynch Sara;
Conducting sociolinguistic research on Englishes near and far Talk given at a conference English in Kiribati 27.03.2015 Schloss Muenchenwiler, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias;
Conducting sociolinguistic research on Englishes near and far Talk given at a conference English on Guam 27.03.2015 Schloss Muenchenwiler, Switzerland Kuske Eva;
Conducting sociolinguistic research on Englishes near and far Talk given at a conference The history, development and structure of Saipanese English in Micronesia 27.03.2015 Schloss Muenchenwiler, Switzerland Hess Dominique;
BELing - Forschungskolloquium Berner Linguistik Individual talk English in Micronesia 24.03.2015 University of Bern, Switzerland Leonhardt Tobias; Hess Dominique;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Peripheral Dialects 2 01.03.2016 Department of English, University of Bern, Switzerland
International Workshop on "Dialect in the periphery?" 21.10.2015 University of Bern, Switzerland
Conducting sociolinguistic research on Englishes near and far 26.03.2015 Schloss Muenchenwiler, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
English in Kiribati from a variationist sociolinguistics perspective Talk 04.10.2018 Kiribati Education Improvement Programme, Kiribati Ministry of Education, South Tarawa, Kiribati Leonhardt Tobias;
“English in Kiribati from a variationist sociolinguistics perspective” Talk 05.09.2018 Kiribati Education Improvement Programme, Kiribati Ministry of Education, South Tarawa, Kiribati Leonhardt Tobias;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Englisch unter Palmen Horizonte German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media English spoken in Guam, Micronesia being studied Pacific Daily News, Guam International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Swiss linguist is on Guam researching the Chamorro accent Kuam News, Guam International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Switzerland-Based Group Researching How Chamorros Speak English PNC News, Guam International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) English in Micronesia Blog International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Nine complete history research workshop Saipan Tribune International 2015
Media relations: radio, television Public library changes, on Daily news KSPN2, Saipan International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Switzerland Student on Kiribati Kiribati Updates International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media The baring of a disaster Marianas Variety International 2015
Media relations: radio, television Your Humanities Half-Hour Radio Power 99, Saipan International 2015

Abstract

This project aims to investigate three previously undescribed varieties of English that are developing in Micronesia, in the Northern Pacific Ocean - an area of the world that has a complex colonial past (Spain, Germany, Japan, Britain, Australia and the US are all implicated in at least some places), but which now has English as a state/national language and a language of school instruction (alongside local languages in some cases). Of all the colonial rulers, only the Japanese showed interest in settlement. All parts of Micronesia have had Anglophone colonial rulers, but some only since 1945. Colonial Anglophone settlement of the islands has been minimal. Today, some parts are independent, while others are either fully integrated with, or technically independent, but contractually tied to the US. Micronesia is also linguistically diverse, housing a wide number of Austronesian languages, only some of which belong to the Micronesian sub-branch. The three Micronesian Englishes that will be examined are those of Saipan (in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands), Kosrae (in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)) and the Republic of Kiribati. These have been chosen because they have quite distinct colonial histories, they have different intensities of Japanese contact in the first half of the 20th century, they have followed different postcolonial paths, they have different indigenous substrate languages that might shape emergent new Englishes, and they have different experiences of postcolonial demographic change.Why are Micronesian Englishes interesting? In general, few postcolonial Englishes that have resulted from US rather than British colonial rule have been extensively examined dialectologically. The main exception, the Philippines, experienced intensive contact with US English at the beginning of the 20th century, unlike in Micronesia, where contact was later and fleeting. Whilst many studies of postcolonial Englishes have examined varieties largely in isolation from others, a recent model by dialectologist Edgar Schneider has proposed a socially, historically, politically and linguistically developmental trajectory that all postcolonial varieties of English follow, but again only the Philippines represent US-based postcolonial Englishes in this model. The study of these Micronesian Englishes allows us to test this model, analysing communities that experienced American control, but little American settlement or social contact. Three PhD students will carry out dialectological fieldwork in these three islands of Micronesia, collecting recordings of local people speaking English. Together with an existing, recently collected corpus of English from the Republic of Palau, west of the FSM, a large transcribed corpus of spoken Micronesian English will be built, supplemented by appropriate written texts in English from the islands. The corpus will enable:- Close linguistic analysis of the linguistic characteristics of these Micronesian Englishes;- An analysis of the main sociological and cultural factors that influence the emergent Englishes;- Analyses of the role of the local languages in shaping how these Englishes are nativising. This is likely to be particularly important, given how little contact there has been with Anglophone colonial settlers;- An assessment of how far through Schneider’s developmental trajectory these varieties have travelled;- Comparative analyses of the same features across the four Micronesian Englishes in the corpus, enabling an estimation of similarities and differences within the Englishes of Micronesia, and facilitating comparisons with other postcolonial Englishes more generally.Project outputs will include three PhDs, a jointly authored book and articles on Micronesian Englishes, and numerous presentations at local and international conferences.
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