Projekt

Zurück zur Übersicht

Racist voters and minority candidates: a conceptual puzzle and an empirical challenge with a focus on the Swiss case

Gesuchsteller/in Stojanovic Nenad
Nummer 154983
Förderungsinstrument Ambizione
Forschungseinrichtung Politikwissenschaftliches Seminar Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät Universität Luzern
Hochschule Universität Luzern - LU
Hauptdisziplin Politikwissenschaften
Beginn/Ende 01.04.2015 - 30.06.2018
Bewilligter Betrag 477'527.00
Alle Daten anzeigen

Keywords (6)

elections; discrimination; Switzerland; minority groups; democratic theory; racism

Lay Summary (Italienisch)

Lead
A cosa serve dire a un pesciolino: “Sei libero, ed è tuo diritto nuotare in questa piscina, ma guarda che vi troverai tanti pesci cani”? È un po’ come dire a un nero di essere libero, che partecipare come candidato a un’elezione sia un suo diritto democratico, lasciandolo poi presentarsi in una circoscrizione in cui la maggioranza degli elettori è bianca e razzista. Ciò costituisce un problema potenziale sia per la teoria della democrazia sia per l’esercizio dei diritti democratici. In Svizzera, il problema riguarda soprattutto i candidati dai nomi e cognomi con assonanze straniere.
Lay summary

Soggetto e obiettivo

Un principio chiave della democrazia è che ogni cittadino ha il diritto di voto. Ciò gli consente non solo di partecipare a votazioni ed elezioni in quanto elettore, ma anche di candidarsi per cariche elettive. Cosa succede però se questo diritto democratico formale viene di fatto annullato, perché buona parte degli elettori si rifiuta, magari sistematicamente, di votare per candidati aventi certe caratteristiche identitarie, e questo per motivi inammissibili dal punto di vista morale (razzismo, xenofobia, sessismo, ecc.)?

L’obiettivo di questo progetto è duplice. Primo: sul piano teorico, analizzare il concetto di discriminazione nella sfera elettorale, visto che è tutto fuorché evidente che si possa parlare di “discriminazione” in tale ambito. Secondo: sul piano empirico, elaborare un metodo per misurare, nel caso della Svizzera, l’impatto di discriminazioni elettorali sulle probabilità di successo dei candidati delle minoranze. Quest’ultimi sono definiti in base alla loro (reale o supposta) origine straniera, che l’elettore svizzero può indovinare leggendo semplicemente i loro nomi e cognomi. Saranno in particolare esaminate le elezioni federali del 2015.

 

Contesto socio-scientifico

Finora, nella teoria politica contemporanea, il concetto di discriminazione è stato utilizzato in svariati ambiti (mercato del lavoro, accesso agli studi, mercato dell’alloggio, ecc.), ma non nella sfera elettorale. Si tratterà quindi di capire se è possibile utilizzare questa nozione nella teoria della democrazia. Esistono invece – in paesi come la Francia, la Germania, il Regno Unito, o gli Stati Uniti – diversi studi empirici sulle prospettive elettorali di candidati provenienti da gruppi minoritari. Un’analisi del genere non è però ancora stata effettuata in Svizzera.

Direktlink auf Lay Summary Letzte Aktualisierung: 23.03.2015

Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende

Mitarbeitende

Publikationen

Publikation
Political marginalization of “Others” in consociational regimes
Stojanović Nenad (2018), Political marginalization of “Others” in consociational regimes, in Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft, 12(2), 341-364.
Electoral Discrimination Against Immigrant-Origin Candidates
Portmann Lea, Stojanović Nenad (2018), Electoral Discrimination Against Immigrant-Origin Candidates, in Political Behavior, 1-30.
Discrimination and politics
StojanovićNenad (2018), Discrimination and politics, in Lippert-Rasmussen Kasper (ed.), Routledge, London, 348-359.

Zusammenarbeit

Gruppe / Person Land
Formen der Zusammenarbeit
Prof. Georg Lutz et Riccardo Primavesi (FORS & Université de Lausanne) Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation

Wissenschaftliche Veranstaltungen

Aktiver Beitrag

Titel Art des Beitrags Titel des Artikels oder Beitrages Datum Ort Beteiligte Personen
EUI Working Group Einzelvortrag Ballot Cues and Electoral Discrimination: How Voters Assess Information About Candidates 20.02.2018 Firenze, Italien Portmann Lea;
Association suisse de science politique (congrès annuel) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Who receives the negative preference votes? Discrimination against candidates of immigrant origin in the 2015 National Council elections in Switzerland 05.02.2018 Genève, Schweiz Portmann Lea; Stojanovic Nenad;
ECPR General Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung If voters use VAAs to select candidates, do they need to see the names of candidates? The Blind Election device for tackling electoral discrimination 06.09.2017 Oslo, Norwegen Stojanovic Nenad;
ECPR General Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Electoral Discrimination of Immigrant-origin Candidates in the 2015 Swiss National Elections 06.09.2017 Oslo, Norwegen Portmann Lea;
Neuchatel Graduate Conference of Migration and Mobility Studies Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Who gets the negative preference votes? Discrimination of immigrant-origin candidates in the 2015 Swiss national elections 22.06.2017 Neuchâtel, Schweiz Portmann Lea; Stojanovic Nenad;
Midwest Political Science Association (75th Annual Conference) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Horowitz and Lijphart in the Alps. The impact of the electoral system on cross-ethnic voting in two Swiss cantons 06.04.2017 Chicago, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Stojanovic Nenad;
Association suisse de science politique (congrès annuel) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Electoral discrimination and democratic theory: the Blind Election device 11.01.2017 St. Gallen, Schweiz Stojanovic Nenad;
Guest Talk (Université de Neuchâtel) Einzelvortrag Discriminations électorales. Le cas des élections communales 2015 dans le canton de Zurich 29.11.2016 Neuchâtel, Schweiz Stojanovic Nenad; Portmann Lea;
GECOPOL Seminar Einzelvortrag Tackling the Problem of Electoral Discrimination: The Blind Election Device 21.09.2016 Genève, Schweiz Stojanovic Nenad;
MANCEPT Workshops in Political Theory Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Electoral discrimination and the electoral system design: The Blind Election device 07.09.2016 Manchester, Grossbritannien und Nordirland Stojanovic Nenad;
International Political Science Association (World Congress) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Are Candidates from Immigrant-Origin Minorities Discriminated by Voters? 24.07.2016 Poznan, Polen Stojanovic Nenad; Portmann Lea;
ECPR Joint Sessions Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Discrimination of immigrant-origin candidates by voters: Evidence from open-list PR elections in Switzerland 25.04.2016 Pisa, Italien Portmann Lea; Stojanovic Nenad;
Cultural diversity and liberal democracy Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Electoral discrimination and democratic theory 19.04.2016 Toronto, Kanada Stojanovic Nenad;
Midwest Political Science Association (74th Annual Conference) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Discrimination of immigrant-origin candidates by voters. Evidence from open-list PR elections in Switzerland 07.04.2016 Chicago, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Portmann Lea; Stojanovic Nenad;
Midwest Political Science Association (74th Annual Conference) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Racist voters and minority candidates: a problem for liberal democracy? 07.04.2016 Chicago, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Stojanovic Nenad;
Guest Talk, Université d'Ottawa Einzelvortrag Les candidat(e)s des groupes ethniques minoritaires faces aux discriminations électorales: un défi conceptuel et empirique 10.02.2016 Ottawa, Kanada Stojanovic Nenad;
Princeton University (Graduate students lunch seminar) Einzelvortrag Exploring the Concept of Electoral Discrimination 17.12.2015 Princeton, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Stojanovic Nenad;
American Political Science Association (Annual Meeting) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Democrasism 02.09.2015 San Francisco, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Stojanovic Nenad;


Veranstaltungen zum Wissenstransfer

Aktiver Beitrag

Titel Art des Beitrags Titel des Artikels oder Beitrages Datum Ort Beteiligte Personen
Wozu und wie interdisziplinäre Diskriminierungsforschung in der Schweiz ? La recherche interdisciplinaire sur les discriminations en Suisse : pourquoi et comment ? Poster 03.11.2017 Bern, Schweiz


Kommunikation mit der Öffentlichkeit

Kommunikation Titel Medien Ort Jahr
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien Der lange Weg ins Parlament St. Galler Tagblatt Deutschschweiz 2018
Print (Buch, Brochuren, Infoblätter) Discriminazioni elettorali Italienische Schweiz 2018
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) Wahldiskriminierung von Kandidierenden mit Migrationshintergrund DeFacto Deutschschweiz 2018
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien Wenn das «-ic» den Wahlerfolg verhindert Neue Zürcher Zeitung Deutschschweiz 2018
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) “Nicht-Schweizer” Namen im Bundesrat: Die Wahl von Cassis oder Maudet wäre präzedenzlos DeFacto Deutschschweiz 2017
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien Mission: Migranten motivieren Aargauer Zeitung Deutschschweiz 2017
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien Fussball und Demokratie: Spiegel des Volkes Neue Zürcher Zeitung Deutschschweiz 2016
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) Gli italofoni sono discriminati nelle elezioni del Consiglio federale? DeFacto Italienische Schweiz 2015
Medienarbeit: Radio, Fernsehen Politiker mit Migrationshintergrund werden zunehmen SRF 4 News Deutschschweiz 2015
Print (Buch, Brochuren, Infoblätter) When Racist Voters Discriminate Against Minority Candidates International 2015

Abstract

The aim of the present project is threefold. First, it will explore the theoretical aspects of electoral discrimination in order to come up with a normative and conceptual roadmap for tackling this phenomenon. It will postulate that, in principle, candidates have a moral right not to be discriminated against in an election and that voters have a moral duty to avoid morally objectionable stereotypes when voting. Second, the project will look at electoral systems that, at least in theory, are likely to reduce the impact of ED. Finally, I will present an empirical analysis of ED in Switzerland by focusing upon “minority candidates”, defined as candidates whose immigrant background can be deduced from their names. The aim of the empirical part is (a) is to have a general picture on the number of minority candidates who ran for elective office in Swiss elections and their respective electoral success, and (b) to see whether there is sufficient empirical evidence of ED in Switzerland. The last task will be accomplished by conducting an in-depth analysis of electoral ballots cast in selected municipalities/cantons. The originality of the project lies in the fact that (1) the concept of discrimination in the electoral process has not been sufficiently addressed so far in the contemporary political theory literature and (2) contrary to other liberal-democratic countries (e.g., France, Germany, Great Britain, the United States) there are hardly any empirical studies that have explored either minority representation as such, or the extent of ED in Switzerland.
-