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THRIVE Umbrella Project: Thermally driven adsorption heat pumps for substitution of electricity and fossil fuels

English title THRIVE Umbrella Project: Thermally driven adsorption heat pumps for substitution of electricity and fossil fuels
Applicant Michel Bruno
Number 153989
Funding scheme NRP 70 Energy Turnaround
Research institution IBM Research GmBH Cognitive Computing and Industry Solutions
Institution of higher education Companies/ Private Industry - FP
Main discipline Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Start/End 01.12.2014 - 31.10.2018
Approved amount 202'463.00
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Keywords (11)

Adsorption; Heat pump; Energy economics; Waste heat; Sustainable; Mass transfer; Heat transfer; Renewable energy; Porous materials; Life cycle assessment; Life cycle costing

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Das Heizen und Kühlen von Gebäuden verursacht einen beträchtlichen Stromverbrauch und grosse CO2-Emissionen. Vom jährlichen Gesamtenergieverbrauch der Schweiz entfällt die Hälfte auf Wärmeanwendungen wie Gebäudeheizung, Warmwasser und Prozesswärme. Der Energiebedarf dieser Anwendungen wird überwiegend durch fossile Energieträger gedeckt. Weiterhin werden für Heizen und Kühlen etwa 40% des Gesamtstromverbrauchs der Schweiz aufgewendet. Im Rahmen der „Energiestrategie 2050“ sollen sowohl CO2-Emissionen reduziert sowie ein Ausstieg aus der Kernkraft ermöglicht werden. Für diese Zielsetzung müssen zwingend vorhandene Energieressourcen besser genutzt und der Stromverbrauch gedrosselt werden.
Lay summary

 

Inhalt uns Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Im Verbundprojekt „THRIVE“ werden thermisch getriebene Wärmepumpen entwickelt, deren Ziel die Nutzung von Abwärme und erneuerbaren Energien zum Heizen und Kühlen von Gebäuden ist. Dafür werden zunächst in Zusammenarbeit mit Energieversorgern die technischen Randbedingungen und mögliche Nutzung von Abwärme untersucht sowie die Wärme- und Kältenachfrage in der Schweiz etabliert. Für die Anwendungsgebiete werden massgeschneiderte Adsorptionsmaterialien entwickelt und in eine thermische Wärmepumpe integriert, um hohe elektrische Wirkungsgrade und Leistungsdichten zu erreichen. Schliesslich wird die neue Wärmepumpe vermessen und mit konkurrierenden Technologien verglichen. Begleitend wird eine Nachhaltigkeitsbewertung und Kostenrechnung durchgeführt. An dem Forschungsvorhaben sind neben den Forschungsinstituten auch industrielle Partner in den Bereichen Energieversorgung, Materialien und Wärmesysteme beteiligt. Die technische Realisierung des Projekts wird durch fünf Teilprojekte abgedeckt: (1) Massgeschneiderte Materialien (Nr. 154008), (2) Optimierte Adsorptionswärmetauscher (Nr. 153940), (3) Kompakte Adsorptionswärmepumpe (Nr. 153975), (4) Anwendungen und Technologiebewertung (Nr. 153949), (5) Ökobilanz und Nachhaltigkeitsbewertung (Nr. 1153937).

 

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext des Forschungsprojekts

Die Abwärmenutzung durch thermisch getriebene Adsorptionswärmepumpen in der Schweiz eröffnet neue Möglichkeiten in den Bereichen Nahwärme und Kältebereitstellung, da sowohl industrielle Abwärme sowie Wärme aus erneuerbaren Energien effizient genutzt werden kann. Die Technologie kann gleichzeitig dazu beitragen, die Effizienz von Öl- und Gasheizungen zu erhöhen und deren CO2-Emissionen zu reduzieren. Insgesamt können der Stromverbrauch für Heizung und Kühlung in der Schweiz um 70% und der Verbrauch von fossiler Heizenergie um knapp 20% gesenkt werden.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 20.10.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
InfraWatt/Planair, Mr. Martin Kernen Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
ewz Energiedienstleistungen, Ms. Carmen Ziegler Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
ETS Energie-Technik Systeme AG, Mr. Hanspeter Signer Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Hochschule für Technik Rapperswil, Prof. Matthias Rommel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Zeochem AG, Dr. Matteo Caravati Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
MOF Technologies Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
ETH Zurich, Prof. André Studart Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
VAT Vakuumventile AG Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Empa, Dr. Matthias Koebel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
HEIG-VD, Prof. Stéphane Citherlet Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Danfoss District Energy, Mr. Oddgeir Gudmundsson Denmark (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Paul Scherrer Institut, Dr. Peter Burgherr Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Workshop "Advanced Sorption Materials" Talk given at a conference Adsorption heat pumps for datacenter cooling and study of transport rate limitations in adsorbers 08.05.2018 Dübendorf, Switzerland Michel Bruno; Ruch Patrick;
SPF Industrietag Talk given at a conference Effizientere thermische Prozesse mit Adsorptionswärmepumpen - THRIVE 27.02.2018 Rapperswil, Switzerland Ruch Patrick; Gantenbein Paul;
Workshop “Advanced porous materials for Industry: Metal Organic Frameworks, porous Polymers and beyond” following EuroMOF 2017 Talk given at a conference Adsorbents, heat exchangers and applications for adsorption heat pumps 02.11.2017 Delft, Netherlands Ruch Patrick;
IEA Heat Pump Conference Talk given at a conference Sustainable data centers and energy conversion technologies 17.07.2017 Rotterdam, Netherlands Ruch Patrick; Michel Bruno;
22. Wärmepumpentagung des Forschungsprogramms Wärmepumpen und Kälte des BFE Talk given at a conference Thermisch betriebene Adsorptionswärmepumpen zur Reduktion von Stromverbrauch und CO2-Emissionen 22.06.2016 Burgdorf, Switzerland Ruch Patrick; Michel Bruno;
12th International Conference on the Fundamentals of Adsorption Talk given at a conference Materials and system design for adsorption heat pumps to efficiently utilize waste heat and renewable energy 29.05.2016 Friedrichshafen, Germany Michel Bruno; Ruch Patrick;
10. Energieforschungskonferenz Talk given at a conference THRIVE: Thermally driven adsorption heat pumps for substitution of electricity and fossil fuels 14.04.2016 Luzern, Switzerland Michel Bruno; Frank Elimar; Ruch Patrick; Rommel Matthias;
Design Thinking Workshop Making the Zero Carbon Society Possible Talk given at a conference Contribution to overall topic and design thinking process 19.02.2016 Vienna, Austria Michel Bruno;
Schweizer Stromkongress Talk given at a conference Energieeffizienz und Big Data geht das zusammen? 12.01.2016 Bern, Switzerland Michel Bruno;
Annual Meeting of SCCER Efficiency of Industrial Processes Talk given at a conference Energy Efficiency as Main Driver in ICT: Path breaking Solutions in the Design of Supercomputers and Datacenters 18.09.2015 Zurich, Switzerland Ruch Patrick; Michel Bruno;
Energy Science and Technology Conference Talk given at a conference Energy and Efficiency Breakthrough Innovations 20.05.2015 Freiburg, Germany Ruch Patrick; Michel Bruno;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Advanced sorption technologies and their applications 18.05.2015 Dübendorf, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Swissmem Technology Meeting, Forschen für die Energiezukunft Workshop 08.03.2018 Zurich, Switzerland
Dialogue "chercheurs <-> acteurs de l'économie et l'innovation" Workshop 17.11.2017 Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland
Swissmem Innovationskommision Workshop 02.11.2017 Zurich, Switzerland
Stakeholder-Dialog "Transformation des Energiesystems - Energieversorgung" Workshop 12.05.2017 Bern, Switzerland
Workshop "Technology & Innovation" Workshop 27.10.2016 Neuchâtel, Switzerland


Self-organised

Title Date Place
THRIVE Stakeholder Meeting (Final Project Meeting) 08.11.2018 Rapperswil, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Addressing Climate Change at a Major Source: Buildings IBM Research blog International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Đánh thức nguồn năng lượng từ nhiệt thải thiennhien.net International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Datacenters zuiniger dankzij zwarte kool De Tijd International 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Energy Day @ ETH German-speaking Switzerland International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media How to stop data centres from gobbling up the world’s electricity Nature International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Waste Heat: Innovators Turn to an Overlooked Renewable Resource Yale e360 International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Aus warm mach kalt Electrosuisse Bulletin German-speaking Switzerland 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Converting heat from data centers into air conditioning for cooling data centres BBC Click International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Projekt THRIVE: Mit Abwärme heizen und kühlen Energieia+, Blog des Bundesamts für Energie BFE Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland International Italian-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Abwärme statt Strom zum Heizen und Kühlen Zürichsee-Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Abwärme zum Heizen und Kühlen Thurgauer Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Adsorptionswärme soll Industrie kühlen VDI Nachrichten International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Bientôt des pompes à chaleur thermiques Habitation International Western Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Cool Technology IBM Systems Magazine International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Das grosse Potenzial der Abwärme TagesAnzeiger German-speaking Switzerland 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) IBM wants to cool data centers with their own waste heat Engadget International 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Internationaler Pressetag IBM Research Zürich International Italian-speaking Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Medienbesuch ICT Switzerland International German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Mit Abwärme betriebene Wärmepumpe bald Wirklichkeit? InfraWatt Newsletter Western Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Mit dem Rechenzentrum heizen Swiss Engineering German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Neuartige Wärmepumpe nutzt Abwärme effizienter Zürcher Umweltpraxis German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Nutzen statt verschwenden Haustech German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Nutzen statt wegwerfen - Neues Forschungsprojekt nimmt Abwärme ins Visier Umwelttechnik Schweiz German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Video/Film Project THRIVE: Heat utilisation with solid sorption technology Western Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland International Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) THRIVE Projekt Flickr International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Wenn das Rechenzentrum Gebäude heizt und kühlt Industrieanzeiger International 2015

Awards

Title Year
Elected International Member of US National Academy of Engineering "For sustainable technologies to improve data centers and improved efficiencies of energy conversion systems" https://www.nae.edu/149912.aspx 2016

Abstract

The joint project “Thermally driven adsorption heat pumps for substitution of electricity and fossil fuels” aims to substitute electricity and fossil fuels used for heating and cooling in Switzerland with low-grade thermal energy from industrial processes, cogeneration or renewables. The overall effort comprises five sub-projects which span a technological value chain involving (i) development of new adsorbent materials tailored according to the application, (ii) low-cost assembly and integration of these materials into high-performance adsorber heat exchanger units, (iii) design, construction and control of a compact adsorption heat pump which incorporates these novel adsorber units, (iv) simulation and validation of heat utilization scenarios taking into account both supply and demand aspects in Switzerland, and (v) assessment of the overall impact of the technology on the environment and Swiss energy landscape. Importantly, the project will identify key application scenarios in Switzerland for the thermally driven heat pump technology to maximize usage of waste heat and minimize electricity and fossil fuel consumption for heating and cooling of buildings. The demonstrator unit will be developed to meet the demand of the specific application scenarios identified in this study. In addition, key industrial and socio-economic experts have been identified and affiliated with the project to ensure alignment of supply and enable not only an innovative, but also practical solution to support the "Energy Strategy 2050".
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