Project

Back to overview

PV2050: Sustainability, market deployment and interaction to the grid - the impacts of advanced photovoltaic solutions

English title PV2050: Sustainability, market deployment and interaction to the grid - the impacts of advanced photovoltaic solutions
Applicant Furrer Bettina
Number 153981
Funding scheme NRP 70 Energy Turnaround
Research institution Institut für Nachhaltige Entwicklung Zürcher Hochschule Winterthur ZHAW
Institution of higher education Zurich University of Applied Sciences - ZHAW
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.12.2014 - 31.12.2018
Approved amount 377'995.00
Show all

All Disciplines (5)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Sociology
Science of management
Electrical Engineering

Keywords (6)

Building Integrated Photovoltaics BIPV; Market Deployment ; Multi-Criteria-Decision-Analysis MCDA; Interaction with the Grid; Sustainability Assessment; Life Cycle Assessment LCA

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die grosse Bedeutung von Photovoltaik (PV)-Anlagen bei der Umsetzung der Energiestrategie 2050 wird weitläufig anerkannt. PV-Technologien der 2. und 3. Generation, d.h. Dünnschichtmodule aus Silicium, Cadmiumtellurid, CIGS sowie Mehrfachsolarzellen und andere innovative Technologien, können einen signifikanten Beitrag zur PV-Potenzialausschöpfung leisten. Insbesondere Mehrfachsolarzellen aus kostengünstigen Dünnschichttechnologien stellen für die Schweiz eine attraktive Lösung dar. Entsprechende Komponenten und potenzielle Produktinnovationen werden in diesem Forschungsprojekt auf ihre Nachhaltigkeitsauswirkungen und Wirtschaftlichkeit beurteilt.
Lay summary

Ziele des Forschungsprojekts 

In den letzten Jahren hat sich im PV-Markt viel verändert. Die Preise für Solarmodule und deren Komponenten sind zwar massiv gesunken, dennoch ist für die Ausschöpfung des vollen Potenzials in der Schweiz die Rendite nach wie vor ein Hindernis ohne öffentliche Fördermassnahmen. Aufgrund der begrenzten Landressourcen für Freiflächenanlagen in der Schweiz liegen die Installationsmöglichkeiten für PV-Anlagen insbesondere auf Dach- und Fassadenflächen bzw. über anderweitig genutzten Flächen wie Parkplätze.

Im Verbundprojekt PV2050 sollen neue Ansätze und Innovationen im Bereich der transparenten und semitransparenten PV-Module zur Entwicklung hocheffizienter Mehrfachzelltechnologien führen. Diese sollen in diesem Forschungsprojekt auf Auswirkungen in Bezug auf Nachhaltigkeitskriterien (u.a. CO2-Äquivalente, Energieertrag, Akzeptanz, Beschäftigungsrate, Wirtschaftlichkeit und Netzauswirkungen) beurteilt werden. 

 

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext des Forschungsprojekts

Das Projekt verfolgt einen integrativen und interdisziplinären Ansatz von nachhaltiger Entwicklung und wird Forschungsergebnisse aus bisherigen Studien mit den Resultaten der anlaufenden PV2050-Untersuchungen verknüpfen. Methoden wie jene der Ökobilanzierung und der Multikriterien-Entscheidungsanalyse sind in der Nachhaltigkeits-Forschung bereits fest etabliert, werden aber ebenso für spezifische Technologie-Bewertungen angewandt. 

In dieser Untersuchung werden PV-Systeme und -Technologien evaluiert. Die Resultate dieser Studie werden es Entscheidungsträgern ermöglichen, aus gebäudeintegrierten PV-Technologien diejenigen zu identifizieren, welche aus einer Nachhaltigkeits-Perspektive als am effizientesten und effektivsten abschneiden. Zu den angewandten Bewertungskriterien zählen ökologische, soziale und wirtschaftliche Aspekte. Zusätzlich wird die Kompatibilität bezüglich Netzintegration untersucht, um dadurch das optimalste Szenario ermitteln zu können.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 20.10.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Social Life Cycle Assessment: Specific Approach and Case Study for Switzerland
Lobsiger-Kägi Evelyn, López Luis, Kuehn Tobias, Roth Raoul, Carabias Vicente, Zipper Christian (2018), Social Life Cycle Assessment: Specific Approach and Case Study for Switzerland, in Sustainability, 10(12), 4382-4382.
Performance Analysis of Vertically Mounted Bifacial PV Modules on Green Roof System
BaumannThomas, CarigietFabian, KnechtRaphael, KlenkM., DreisiebnerAndreas, NussbaumerHartmut, BaumgartnerFranz (2018), Performance Analysis of Vertically Mounted Bifacial PV Modules on Green Roof System, in Proceedings of the 35th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, 1504-1509.
Techno-Economic Evaluation of Voltage Dependent Active and Reactive Power Control to Reduce Voltage Violations in Distribution Grids
KnechtRaphael, CarigietFabian, SchwabA., KorbaPetr, BaumgartnerFranz (2018), Techno-Economic Evaluation of Voltage Dependent Active and Reactive Power Control to Reduce Voltage Violations in Distribution Grids, in Proceedings of the 35th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, 1720-1725.
Highly Efficient 3rd Generation Multi-Junction Solar Cells Using Silicon Heterojunction and Perovskite Tandem: Prospective Life Cycle Environmental Impacts
Itten René, Stucki Matthias (2017), Highly Efficient 3rd Generation Multi-Junction Solar Cells Using Silicon Heterojunction and Perovskite Tandem: Prospective Life Cycle Environmental Impacts, in Energies, 10(7), 841-841.
Optimisation of the Load Flow Calculation Method in Order to Perform Techno-Economic Assessments of Low-Voltage Distribution Grids
CarigietFabian, BaumgartnerFranz, KorbaPetr, KnechtRaphael, KollerMichael, NiedristMarkus (2017), Optimisation of the Load Flow Calculation Method in Order to Perform Techno-Economic Assessments of Low-Voltage Distribution Grids, in Proceedings of the 33rd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition , 2181-2187.
CASE STUDY OF A LOW-VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION GRID WITH HIGH PV PENETRATION IN GERMANY AND SIMULATION ANALYSES OF COST-EFFECTIVE MEASURES
Carigiet Fabian, Baumgartner Franz, Niedrist Markus, Scheuermann Christian (2015), CASE STUDY OF A LOW-VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION GRID WITH HIGH PV PENETRATION IN GERMANY AND SIMULATION ANALYSES OF COST-EFFECTIVE MEASURES, in 31 st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (31 st EUPVSEC), Hamburg31 st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (31 st EUPVSEC), Hamburg.
PV INSTALLATIONS BAS ED ON VERTICALLY MOUNTED BIFACIAL MODULE S EVALUATION OF ENERGY YIELD AND SHADING EFFECTS
Nussbaumer Hartmut, Baumgartner Franz, Baumann Thomas, Schär Daniel, Carigiet Fabian, Klenk Markus, Keller Nico (2015), PV INSTALLATIONS BAS ED ON VERTICALLY MOUNTED BIFACIAL MODULE S EVALUATION OF ENERGY YIELD AND SHADING EFFECTS, in Proceedings to the 31th European Solar Energy Conference, HamburgProceedings to the 31th European Solar Energy Conference, Hamburg.
Student Thesis: Relevant Sustainability Aspects of Novel PV Technologies
Perez Marti (2015), Student Thesis: Relevant Sustainability Aspects of Novel PV Technologies, ZHAW, Winterthur.
THE SWISS PV WALL SYSTEM TO MAXIMISE SELF - CONSUMPTION IN A SINGLE BUILDING ELEMENT
Baumgartner Franz, Nussbaumer Hartmut, Baumann Thomas (2015), THE SWISS PV WALL SYSTEM TO MAXIMISE SELF - CONSUMPTION IN A SINGLE BUILDING ELEMENT, in 30 th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition ( 30 th EUPVSEC), Hamburg30 th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition ( 30 th EUPVSEC), Hamburg.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
SCCER5 Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
ZHAW Institute of Sustainable Development (INE) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
ZHAW Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
CSEM, Nauchâtel Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Photovoltaics and Thin Film Electronics Laboratory / EPFL Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
ZHAW Institute of Energy Systems and Fluid-Engineering (IEFE) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Laboratory of Architecture and Sustainable Technologies, EPFL Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Vela Solaris Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
COST Action TU1104 Smart Energy Regions Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
35th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition Talk given at a conference Integration of photovoltaic power plants into the grid: life cycle environmental impacts of infrastructure adaptations for photovoltaic electricity 28.09.2018 Brussels, Belgium Itten René; Stucki Matthias;
Behave 2018 Talk given at a conference Exploring the Social Acceptance of Building Integrated Photovoltaics in Switzerland 06.09.2018 Zürich, Switzerland Carabias Vicente; Kuehn Tobias; Lobsiger-Kägi Evelyn; Spiess Harry; Tomic Uros;
68th Discussion Forum on Life Cycle Assessment— LCA of key technologies for future electricity supply Talk given at a conference Environmental impacts of the integration of phovoltaics into the Swiss electricity grid 16.04.2018 Zurich, Switzerland Stucki Matthias; Itten René;
68th Discussion Forum on Life Cycle Assessment— LCA of key technologies for future electricity supply Talk given at a conference Highly efficient multi-junction solar cells using silicon heterojunction and perovskite tandem: prospective life cycle environmental impacts 16.04.2018 Zurich, Switzerland Itten René; Stucki Matthias;
8th International Conference on Life Cycle Management Poster High Efficient 3rd Generation Multi-Junction Solar Cells using Silicon Heterojunction and Perovskite Technology: Life Cycle Based Environmental Impacts 03.09.2017 Luxembourg, Luxembourg Stucki Matthias; Itten René;
8th International Conference on Life Cycle Management Poster Wooden Mounting Systems: How to Reduce Environmental Impacts of Building Integrated Photovoltaic Power Plants 03.09.2017 Luxembourg, Luxembourg Itten René; Stucki Matthias;
International Seminar Towards Smart Sustainable Cities – Integrated Approaches Talk given at a conference Highly efficient 3rd generation multi-junction solar cells using silicon heterojunction and perovskite tandem: prospective life cycle environmental impacts 16.06.2017 Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakstan Itten René;
8th International Forum on Energy for Sustainable Development Talk given at a conference Life Cycle Assessment of Photovoltaics 14.06.2017 Astana, Kazakstan Itten René;
Human Dimensions of Environmental Risks Talk given at a conference Community and socio-political acceptance of building-integrated photovoltaics 25.05.2017 Ascona, Switzerland Tomic Uros;
Annual Meeting PV2050 Talk given at a conference Sustainability, market deployment and interaction to the grid – the impacts of advanced photovoltaic solutions: Focus on S-LCA 20.05.2016 Neuenburg, Switzerland Lobsiger-Kägi Evelyn;
Advisory Board Meeting PV 2050 Talk given at a conference PV penetration in Switzerland 03.05.2016 Neuenburg, Switzerland Nussbaumer Hartmut;
SNF Site Visit Talk given at a conference PV2050-Project 6:Sustainability, market deployment and interaction to the grid – the impacts of advanced photovoltaic solutions 19.11.2015 Neuenburg, Switzerland Stucki Matthias; Kuehn Tobias; Nussbaumer Hartmut;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Integration Photovoltaik-Strom ins Verteilnetz Talk 24.03.2017 Lausanne, Switzerland Baumgartner Franz;
14. Nationale Photovoltaik-Tagung 2016 Talk 23.02.2016 Bern, Switzerland Nussbaumer Hartmut;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Energiewende mit unregelmässiger Stromproduktion aus Fotovoltaik IUNR Magazin German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Stromzukunft mit mehr oder weniger Solar? VSE Bulletin German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Fotovoltaik auf Holz – ein ökologisches Duo IUNR intern German-speaking Switzerland 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Solarenergie vermindert Stromimporte 20 Minuten German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland 2017

Use-inspired outputs

Software

Name Year
Energy Yield Simulation Tool (Matlab) 2018


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
178679 The Art of Living the Good Life: A Personalized Exhibition Presenting the Impact of Individual Lifestyles on the Environment 01.04.2018 Agora

Abstract

The opportunities for photovoltaic (PV) solar energy conversion to support the requested transition for the realization of the Energy Strategy 2050 are widely recognized. However, if PV is to make a significant contribution to satisfy global energy requirements, issues of sustainability need to be addressed with increased urgency. This project aims at assessing the sustainability impacts of the devices and (potential) products being developed within the PV2050 projects. The sustainability impact assessment will cover not only purely environmental aspects (e.g. CO2 equivalent, energy yield), but also socio-economic impacts (e.g. influence on employment rate, acceptance, demand), as well as pricing and market deployment of solar electricity, and the impact on the grid. We expect that, in case of success in the technology developments, the next generation photovoltaic solutions proposed, will have a significant impact on penetration of PV in the Swiss grid, which will require various measures to guarantee a safe, clean but still affordable electricity supply.
-