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New rechargeable metal-water and metal-air batteries: fundamental science & feasibility

English title New rechargeable metal-water and metal-air batteries: fundamental science & feasibility
Applicant Fromm Katharina M.
Number 153978
Funding scheme NRP 70 Energy Turnaround
Research institution Département de Chimie Université de Fribourg
Institution of higher education University of Fribourg - FR
Main discipline Inorganic Chemistry
Start/End 01.10.2014 - 30.11.2017
Approved amount 755'557.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Inorganic Chemistry
Material Sciences

Keywords (8)

Prototype; Electrolyte development; Li-water battery; Li-air battery; Membrane development; Li-metal; Battery testing; Carbon nanotubes

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Lithium-Luft und Lithium-Wasser-Batterien gehören zu den Systemen, welche theoretisch eine 10 bis 20fache höhere Energie als die derzeitgen Lithium-Ionen-Batterien aufweisen. Unser Team arbeitet auf neuen Materialien zur Realisation dieser neuen Batterie-Typen.
Lay summary

Lithium-Luft-Batterien können theoretisch eine 10-20fache höhere spezifische Energie von 11.14 kWh/kg als die von klassischen Lithium-Ionen-Systemen erreichen - vorausgesetzt, man kann die chemischen Prozesse, die zu diesem Idealwert führen genau kontrollieren. Unser Team forscht daher auf zwei Komponenten, die zum Erfolg einer solchen Batterie beitragen sollen, nämlich auf der Entwicklung von selektiven Membranen in der Gruppe von Prof. H.-G. Park von der ETHZ, und auf der Herstellung neuer Elektrolyte in der Gruppe von Prof. K. M. Fromm an der Universität Fribourg. Die Membranen sollen die Reaktion von Lithium mit Luft durch geregelten Ionen- und Sauerstofftransport zu einem kontrollierten Ablauf bringen und gleichzeitig für Reversibilität sorgen. Dies ist derzeit eine sehr grosse Herausforderung in der Forschung. Des Weiteren soll die Entwicklung neuer Elektrolyte für eine verbesserte Ionenleitfähigkeit sorgen und gleichzeitig die Reaktionen an den beiden Batteriepolen fördern. In der Tat benötigt man zwei unterschiedliche Elektrolyte, um die chemischen Abläufe an der Kathode, bzw. an der Anode zu unterstützen und reversibel zu gestalten. Mit innovativen Ideen sollen ganz neue Typen von Elektrolyten synthetisiert und getestet werden. Alle von uns hergestellten Materialien werden auch in realen Batteriesystemen auf ihre Eigenschaften hin getestet und mit kommerziellen Produkten verglichen. Im Idealfall können wir dann zur Realisierung eines neuen Batterie-Typs beitragen, der deutlich bessere Energiespeicherqualitäten als herkömmliche Li-Ionen Batterien besitzt. Als Anwendung wären lokale Energiespeicher denkbar, die an Wind- und Sonnenkraftwerke angeschlossen werden können und momentan überschüssige Energie reversibel speichern können.

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.09.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Characteristics and properties of nano-LiCoO2 synthesized by pre-organized single source precursors: Li-ion diffusivity, electrochemistry and biological assessment
Brog J. P. Crochet A. Seydoux J. Clift M. J. D. Baichette B. Maharajan S. Barosova H. Brodard (2017), Characteristics and properties of nano-LiCoO2 synthesized by pre-organized single source precursors: Li-ion diffusivity, electrochemistry and biological assessment, in J Nanobiotechnol., 58.
Multilayer Two-Dimensional Water Structure Confined in MoS2
Kwac Kijeong, Kim In, Pascal Tod A, Goddard William A, Park Hyung Gyu, Jung Yousung (2017), Multilayer Two-Dimensional Water Structure Confined in MoS2, in J. Phys. Chem. C, 16021.
Nanoparticle shapes of LiMnPO4, Li+ diffusion orientation and diffusion coefficients for high volumetric energy Li+ ion cathodes
Kwon Nam Hee Yin Hui Vavrova Tatiana Lim Jonathan H. W. Steiner Ullrich Grobéty Bernard Fromm (2017), Nanoparticle shapes of LiMnPO4, Li+ diffusion orientation and diffusion coefficients for high volumetric energy Li+ ion cathodes, in J. Power Sources, 231.
Stability, molecular sieving, and ion diffusion selectivity of a lamellar membrane from two-dimensional molybdenum disulfide
Deng Mengmeng, Kwac Kijeong, Li Meng, Jung Yousung, Park Hyung Gyu (2017), Stability, molecular sieving, and ion diffusion selectivity of a lamellar membrane from two-dimensional molybdenum disulfide, in Nano Letters, 2342.
Going Nano for batteries and drug delivery
Abram Sarah-Luise, Brog Jean-Pierre, Brunetto Priscilla S., Crochet Aurélien, Gagnon Jacinthe, Kwon Nam Hee, Maharajan Sivarajakumar, Priebe Magdalena, Fromm Katharina M. (2016), Going Nano for batteries and drug delivery, in Chimia, 661.
Ion transport in graphene nanofluidic channels
Xie Quan, Xin Fang, Park Hyung Gyu, Duan Chuanhua (2016), Ion transport in graphene nanofluidic channels, in Nanoscale, 19527.
Layer-by-layer grown scalable redox-active ruthenium-based molecular multilayer thin films for electrochemical applications and beyond
Kaliginedi V. Ozawa H. Kuzume A. Maharajan S. Pobelov I. V. Kwon N. H. Mohos M. Broekmann P. (2015), Layer-by-layer grown scalable redox-active ruthenium-based molecular multilayer thin films for electrochemical applications and beyond, in Nanoscale, 17685.
Nanomaterials Meet Li-ion Batteries
Kwon N. H. Brog J. P. Maharajan S. Crochet A. Fromm K. M. (2015), Nanomaterials Meet Li-ion Batteries, in Chimia, 734.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Corsin Battaglia / EMPA Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Petr Novak & Dr. Claire Vieilleville, PSI Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Dr. Laetitia Philippe Switzerland (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
Axel Fürst / Berner Fachhochschule Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Hyung Gyu Park / ETHZ Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Christophe Copéret / ETHZ Switzerland (Europe)
- Research Infrastructure
Dr. Yee Hwa Sehlleier Germany (Europe)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Prof. Maksym Kovalenko, ETHZ Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
32nd Electrochemistry Symposium “Electrolytes: The Underestimated Player in Electrochemical Processes Poster Ionic liquids based on crown ether as electrolyte for batteries 27.04.2016 PSI, Switzerland YAO Hervé;
Fribourg symposium Poster Post-Li Batteries: Aqueous Catholyte for Rechargeable Li-Air and Li-Water Batteries’ 28.01.2016 Fribourg, Switzerland Kwon-Roth Nam-Hee;
Automotive Batteries Conference (AABC) Poster Post-Li Batteries: Aqueous Catholyte for Rechargeable Li-Air and Li-Water Batteriea 26.01.2016 Mainz, Germany Kwon-Roth Nam-Hee;
Site Visit NRP 70 Talk given at a conference New rechargeable metal-water and metal-air batteries:membrane 18.11.2015 Fribourg, Switzerland Deng Mengmeng;
site visit of NRP 70 Talk given at a conference New rechargeable metal-water and metal-air batteries:catholyte 18.11.2015 Fribourg, Switzerland Kwon-Roth Nam-Hee;
Site visit NRP 70 Talk given at a conference New rechargeable metal-water and metal-air batteries:anolyte 18.11.2015 Fribourg, Switzerland YAO Hervé;
3rd Symposium of storing Renewable energy for future mobility Poster Post-Li Batteries: O2 Solubility in Aqueous Catholyte for Rechargeable Li-O2 and Li-Water Batteries 28.10.2015 PSI, Switzerland Kwon-Roth Nam-Hee;
3rd Symposium of storing Renewable energy for future mobility Poster Ionic liquids based on crown ether as electrolyte for batteries 28.10.2015 PSI, Switzerland YAO Hervé;
SCCER WP1 meeting Talk given at a conference Ionic liquids based on crown ether as electrolyte for batteries 19.10.2015 ETHZ, Switzerland YAO Hervé;
Graduate Student symposium 2015 Talk given at a conference Ionic liques for rechargeable Li-O2 and Li-water batteries 07.09.2015 Bern, Switzerland YAO Hervé;
Swiss Chemical Society Fall meeting Poster Ionic liquids based on crown ether as electrolyte for batteries 04.09.2015 EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland YAO Hervé;
Swiss Chemical Society Fall meeting Talk given at a conference Aqueous catholyte for rechargeable Li-O2 and Li-water batteries 04.09.2015 EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland Kwon-Roth Nam-Hee;
FriMat Poster Ionic liquids based on crown ether as electrolyte for batteries 02.07.2015 Fribourg, Switzerland YAO Hervé;
31st Electrochemistry Symposium Poster New ionic liquids based on crown ether as electrolyte for batteries 05.05.2015 PSI, Switzerland YAO Hervé;
Kick-off Meeting of NRP 70 Energy Turnaround Poster New rechargeable metal-water and metal-air batteries 24.04.2015 Luzern, Switzerland Deng Mengmeng; Fromm Katharina M.; Kwon-Roth Nam-Hee; Park Hyung Gyu; YAO Hervé;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Precursors for and performance of nanoscale battery materials Talk 22.01.2015 Ulm, Germany Fromm Katharina M.;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Hauptsache gut geladen Extrablatt für Hauseigentümerinnen und Hauseigentümer German-speaking Switzerland 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Post-Lithium-ion battery, a new generation of an energy storage system Western Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Wir müssen das Lithium zähmen Schweiz am Sonntag German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: radio, television Stratégie énergétique 2050: l'UNIFR active Radio Fribourg Western Switzerland 2015

Abstract

This joint proposal between the group of Prof. Park, ETHZ and Prof. Fromm, Uni Fribourg, deals with the development of new carbon-nanotube-based membranes as well as electrolytes that will be used in the context of lithium (metal)-water or metal-air batteries. These batteries possess an enormous theoretical energy density of ca. 10'000 Wh/kg, of which only a fraction can be exploited with today's technology. Within the frame of the SCCER Heat and Energy Storage to which we contribute in Work Package 1, we will develop new Li-water and Li-air batteries by developing new membranes and electrolytes which allow the safe use of such systems and excluding unwanted side-reactions.
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