Project

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Creation and Adoption of Energy-related Innovations

English title Creation and Adoption of Energy-related Innovations
Applicant Wörter Martin
Number 153901
Funding scheme NRP 71 Managing Energy Consumption
Research institution KOF - Konjunkturforschungsstelle ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Economics
Start/End 01.12.2014 - 31.10.2016
Approved amount 274'352.00
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Keywords (7)

Technology adoption; Survey data; Spillovers; R&D; Policy effects; Environmental friendly innovation

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Basierend auf repräsentativen Firmenumfragen in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz und vertiefenden, ökonometrischen Analysen wird das Adoptions- und Innovationsverhalten von Firmen hinsichtlich energiesparender Technologien untersucht.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Ziel der vorliegenden Studie ist es, ein besseres Verständnis darüber zu entwickeln, unter welchen Umständen Unternehmen in die Entwicklung neuer, energiesparender Technologien investieren und unter welchen Umständen energiesparende Technologien im Unternehmen eingesetzt werden. Im Wesentlichen werden folgende Fragestellungen untersucht:

(a) Was sind die Bestimmungsfaktoren für die Adoption bzw. die Diffusion von energiesparenden Technologien? Welche politischen Massnahmen fördern die Adoption bzw. Diffusion?

(b) Welcher Zusammenhang besteht zwischen der Adoption energiesparender Technologien und der Verbesserung der Umwelt (z.B. Verringerung des CO2-Ausstosses)?

(c) Besteht ein Zusammenhang zwischen der Adoption von Energietechnologien und der Firmenperformance?

(d) Welche Faktoren erhöhen die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass neue, energiesparende Technologien entwickelt werden? Welche politischen Massnahmen fördern die Innovationstätigkeit bei energiesparenden Technologien?

(e) Gibt es einen Zusammenhang zwischen der Entwicklung von energiesparenden Technologien und der Firmenperformance?

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Eines der Hauptziele der bundesrätlichen “Energie Strategie 2050” ist die Ausnützung von existierenden Energieeffizienzpotenzialen, wobei die Grösse dieses Potenzials von der Entwicklung neuer Technologien und deren Verbreitung innerhalb einer Volkswirtschaft abhängt. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen auf Firmenebene sind grösstenteils auf einzelne Länder beschränkt. In der vorliegenden Studie können die Adoptionsmuster und technologischen Aktivitäten bzw. effiziente Politiken von drei Ländern verglichen und analysiert werden.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 29.09.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Competitiveness and ecological impacts of green energy technologies: firm-level evidence for the DACH region
Michael Peneder Spyros Arvanitis Christian Rammer Tobias Stucki Martin Wörter (2016), Competitiveness and ecological impacts of green energy technologies: firm-level evidence for the DACH region, KOF Working Paper, Zürich.
Creation and Adoption of Energy-related Innovations - the Main Facts
Arvanitis Spyros, Peneder Michael, Rammer Christian, Spescha Andrin, Stucki Tobias, Woerter Martin (2016), Creation and Adoption of Energy-related Innovations - the Main Facts, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, Zürich.
Development and Utilization of Energy-related Technologies, Economic Performance and the Role of Policy Instruments
Spyros Arvanitis Michael Peneder Christian Rammer Tobias Stucki and Martin Woerter (2016), Development and Utilization of Energy-related Technologies, Economic Performance and the Role of Policy Instruments, KOF Working Paper, Zürich.
Does Energy Policy Hurt International Competitiveness of Firms? A Comparative Study for Germany, Switzerland and Austria
Christian Rammer Sandra Gottschalk Michael Peneder Martin Wörter Tobias Stucki Spyros Arvanitis (2016), Does Energy Policy Hurt International Competitiveness of Firms? A Comparative Study for Germany, Switzerland and Austria, KOF Working Paper, Zürich.
How Different Policy Instruments Affect the Creation of Green Energy Innovation: A Differentiated Perspective
Tobias Stucki Martin Woerter Spyros Arvanitis Michael Peneder Christian Rammer (2016), How Different Policy Instruments Affect the Creation of Green Energy Innovation: A Differentiated Perspective, KOF Working Paper, Zürich.
The adoption of green energy technologies: the role of policies in an international comparison
Woerter Martin, Stucki Tobias, Arvanitis Spyros, Rammer Christian, Peneder Michael (2016), The adoption of green energy technologies: the role of policies in an international comparison, KOF Working Paper, Zürich.
Umfragebericht: Nutzung und Entwicklung von Energietechnologien
Spyros Arvanitis Andrin Spescha Tobias Stucki Martin Wörter (2016), Umfragebericht: Nutzung und Entwicklung von Energietechnologien, KOF, Zürich.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW ) in Mannheim Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Österreichisches Institute für Wirtschaftsforschung (WIFO) Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
10. Schweizerische Energiekonferenz Poster 14.04.2016 Luzern, Switzerland Wörter Martin; Stucki Tobias;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Kommunikation der Umfrageergebnisse: Nutzung und Entwicklung von Energietechnologien 20.07.2016 Zürich (versand), Switzerland
Mündliche Interviews mit ausgewählten Firmen zum Einsatz von energieeffizienten Technologien 13.07.2016 Bussnang, Baden, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Energieeffiziente Investitionen zahlen sich aus International Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Neue Energietechnologien in Schweizer Unternehmen Swiss Engineering Italian-speaking Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland 2016
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Umfragebericht: Nutzung und Entwicklung von Energietechnologien Italian-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2016

Abstract

One of the main goals of the “Energy Strategy 2050” is the exploitation of the existing energy efficiency potentials, whereas the size of the efficiency potential strongly depends on the development and the adoption of energy-related innovations. Consequently, it is the objective of the project at hand to improve our knowledge about the drivers and potentials of both the adoption and creation of energy-saving and more generally energy-related innovation. Our study will be based on firm-level information. Firms are not only the main source of energy-related innovation, but they are also responsible for a considerable share of the total energy consumption, which is larger than that of households. Accordingly, a better understanding of the adoption and innovation mechanisms within firms is important in order to develop efficient policy measures. More concretely, we will investigate in a first set of econometric models:(a) the main determinants of the adoption/diffusion of energy-related innovations based on technology diffusion theory including motives, obstacles and policy measures;(b) the link between technology adoption and environmental performance (e.g., CO2 reduction) as well as (c) the link between the adoption of energy-related technologies and firm performance. In a second set of models, we will then analyze:(d) the drivers of the generation of energy-related innovation and (e) the relationship between the generation of energy-related innovation and firm performance.The KOF (Swiss Economic Institute) will collaborate with the WIFO (Austrian Institute of Economic Research) in Austria and the ZEW (Center for European Economic Research) in Germany to conduct this study. The study will be based on specific survey data, collected for a representative sample of firms in the three countries Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. In such a way the data will enable comparative analysis among the three countries involved and provide a significantly more elaborated picture of the adoption and innovation process with respect to energy-related technologies than it is usually found in the relevant literature. The country comparison is of particular interest for Switzerland, since the other two countries, Austria and Germany, are often perceived to be more advanced in their environmental policy. Thus, policy lessons may be learnt from relating the differences between the respective policies with our empirical findings from the micro data. Accordingly, our analyses will allow for a better understanding of the consequences of policy measures for the entire adoption process and its performance implications. In such a way, we contribute to the improvement of evidence-based policy making in order to reach the goals of the “energy strategy 2050”. The additional knowledge about the mechanisms of dissemination of existing energy-related technologies as well as the processes of generation of new such technologies including knowledge about the potential effectiveness of policy measures would supply policy-makers with the appropriate information for a better implementation of measures needed to achieve the program goals but also for a better understanding of potential obstacles.
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