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Economic Assessment of Industrial and Municipal Waste Treatment Options and Waste-to-Energy (WtE) Systems

English title Economic Assessment of Industrial and Municipal Waste Treatment Options and Waste-to-Energy (WtE) Systems
Applicant Hugi Christoph
Number 153795
Funding scheme NRP 70 Energy Turnaround
Research institution Institut für Ecopreneurship Hochschule für Life Sciences Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz
Institution of higher education University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (without UTE) - FHNW
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.10.2014 - 31.03.2018
Approved amount 163'390.00
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Keywords (8)

life cycle costing; energy efficiency; energy from waste; economic assessment; optimisation; resource management; waste management; sustainability analysis

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Dieses Teilprojekt des Verbundvorhabens "Nachhaltiges Abfall- und Ressourcenmanagement zur Unterstützung der Energiewende (wastEturn)" soll finanzielle und wirtschaftliche Kennzahlen für das aktuelle und mögliche zukünftige Schweizer Abfallmanagementsysteme bereitstellen. Dazu werden für drei konkrete Fallbeispiele, die sowohl industrielle als auch kommunale Abfallströme abdecken, der aktuelle Status und mögliche Optionen der Abfallverwertung und die damit verbundenen Energie- und Materialflüsse mittels Lebenszyklusanalyse charakterisiert und die zugehörigen finanziellen und wirtschaftlichen Daten ermittelt. Die Hauptzielgruppen für die erwarteten Ergebnisse der Studie sind die verschiedenen Akteure der Schweizerischen Abfallwirtschaft. Diese werden direkt von der Beurteilung des Schweizer Abfallmanagementsystems profitieren, indem sie detaillierte Informationen zur finanziellen und ökonomischen Machbarkeit verschiedener „waste-to-energy“ - Optionen für die Schweiz erhalten.
Lay summary

Die drei Hauptziele dieses Teilprojektes sind: 

  1. Zum Verständnis der finanziellen und wirtschaftlichen Kosten möglicher Optimierungsstrategien bei Material- oder Energierückgewinnung aus Abfallströmen beizutragen.
  2. Zur Formalisierung aktueller und zukünftiger Abfallwirtschafts- und Ressourcenrückgewinnungs-Strategien aus finanzieller und ökonomischer Sicht beizutragen.
  3. Zum Vorschlag ökoeffizienter Strategien bei Rückgewinnung von Materialien und Energie aus Abfallströmen aus ökonomischer Sicht beizutragen und Erkenntnisse zur Überwindung von identifizierten Hindernissen zu erlangen.

 Um diese Ziele zu erreichen besteht der Forschungsplan des Teilprojektes aus folgenden vier Hauptschritten:

  1. Lebenszyklus-Kostenanalyse (LCC) und relevante Akteure: Es wird eine Lebenszyklus-Kostenanalyse mit entsprechenden finanziellen und ökonomischen Indikatoren für die Abfallmanagementsysteme mit Schwerpunkt Rohstoffrückgewinnung (Energie und Materialien) entwickelt und auf drei Fallstudien angewendet unter Zuordnung zu relevanten Akteuren.
  2. Finanzanalyse für Schweizer Abfallströme: Anhand der Resultate der LCC aller drei Fallstudien werden allgemeine Aussagen zu industriellen und kommunalen Abfallströmen der Schweiz gemacht. Darüber hinaus werden Finanzkennzahlen anhand der LCC Ergebnisse entwickelt, die in den Optimierungsmodellen der anderen Teilprojekte eingesetzt werden.
  3. Kosten und Einkünfte der Akteure: Für die relevanten Akteure werden Kosten und allfällige Einkünfte aus den Resultaten der LCC abgeschätzt und für das Schweizerische Entsorgungssystem hochgerechnet. Für die verschiedenen Optionen werden die Kostenstrukturen für die Akteure sowie wirtschaftlich relevante Treiber und Barrieren ermittelt.
  4. Finanzielle und wirtschaftliche Indikatoren für die Optimierung: Die Bereitstellung dieser Resultate soll eine Optimierung des Abfallmanagements im Hinblick auf eine robuste und nachhaltige Energie- und Materialrückgewinnung aus Abfallströmen für die Schweiz gestatten.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 31.10.2014

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
This subproject of the joint project “Sustainable waste and resource management to support the energy-turnaround (wastEturn)” will provide a financial and economic assessment of the current Swiss waste management system, future scenarios and optimisation options. Waste streams and related energy and material recovery strategies will be characterised and classified financially and economically along their life cycle by applying a Life Cycle Costing (LCC) approach to three concrete cases covering industrial and municipal waste streams. The relevant actors and stakeholders of the waste management system will be the main target audience for expected findings and gain additional knowledge in terms of financial and economic performance of the Swiss waste management system. They will directly benefit from the assessment by receiving detailed information about the financial and economic feasibility of different waste-to-energy options for Switzerland.
Lay summary

The main objectives of this subproject are threefold:

  1. To contribute to the understanding of the potential trade-offs between material recovery objectives and energy optimisation strategies in terms of financial and economic costs.
  2. To contribute to the formalisation and understanding of current and future waste management and resource recovery strategies from a financial and economic point of view.
  3. To contribute to the proposal of eco-efficient strategies to recover materials and energy from waste and gain knowledge how to overcome barriers to implementation for the time horizons 2020, 2035 and 2050 from an economic point of view.

To achieve these objectives the research plan of this subproject consists of the following four main steps:

1. LCC and relevant actors: A life cycle costing framework will be developed by selecting the most relevant financial and economic indicators for waste management systems with a focus on resource recovery (energy and materials) and be applied to three cases studies taking into account the relevant actors.

2. Financial analysis for Swiss waste streams: The results of the LCCs of all three case studies will be aggregated and associated to industrial and municipal waste streams in Switzerland. Furthermore, financial indicators will be developed from the LCC results and aligned to the LCA results of SP1 and fed into the optimisation models of SP1 and SP2.

3. Actors and associated costs and benefits: Relevant actors and stakeholders, defined in step 1, will be associated with related costs and benefits, derived from the LCC results, on the level of the Swiss waste management system. Additionally cost structures and factors as well as economic drivers and barriers will be determined.

4. Financial and economic indicators for optimisation: Finally, by providing these results to the waste management optimisation of SP1 and SP2, robust and sustainable energy and material recovery strategies can be derived for Switzerland.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 31.10.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Institute of Environmental Engineering/Kaunaus University of Technology Lithuania (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
10th Swiss Energy Research Conference Poster wastEturn 14.04.2016 Lucerne, Switzerland Baumgartner Corinna Jasmin;
LCM 2015 Poster Haupt M., Vadenbo C., Capón-Garcia E., Baumgartner C., Duygan M., Hellweg S., Hungerbuhler K. 2015. Optimizing Swiss waste management to support the energy-turnaround. 30.08.2015 Bordeaux, France Baumgartner Corinna Jasmin;
LCM 2015 Poster Haupt M., Vadenbo C., Baumgartner C., Hellweg S. 2015. Separating apples from pears: Recycling, downcycling and export in recycling rates. 30.08.2015 Bordeaux, France Baumgartner Corinna Jasmin;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Municipal Solid Waste Advisory Board Meeting Talk 25.01.2018 ETH Höngerberg Zürich, Switzerland Hugi Christoph; Ferrara Paolo;
PET packaging flow analysis and management toward circular economy Talk 27.05.2016 Vilnius, Lithuania Baumgartner Corinna Jasmin;
Municipal Solid Waste and Industrial Waste Advisory Board Meeting Talk 20.11.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Baumgartner Corinna Jasmin;
Municipal Solid Waste Advisory Board Meeting Talk 21.04.2015 Zürich, Switzerland Hugi Christoph; Baumgartner Corinna Jasmin;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Industrial Waste Advisory Board Meeting 14.04.2016 Olten, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Kreislaufwirtschaft und Remanufacturing German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Was kostet unser Abfall? International 2018

Abstract

The present proposal refers to subproject 3 of the joint project “Sustainable waste and resource management to support the energy-turnaround (wastEturn)”The politically fostered and growing recovery of valuable materials from waste has relevant di-rect and indirect energy implications, e.g. the Swiss Masterplan Cleantech requests further regulation to increase recycling of resources relevant products. Additionally Waste-to-Energy (WtE) still holds a large untapped potential to further increase energy recovery, e.g. through operational, technological and structural optimisation. It will therefore be crucial to predict the implications in terms of energy balances and costs of current and prospective strategies for energy and material recovery from waste streams, and to better understand the involved trade-offs, potential synergies and implications for the Energy Strategy 2050. This subproject aims to provide an economic assessment for the current Swiss waste manage-ment and future scenarios as well as for expected costs for involved stakeholders. Furthermore it will provide input to the development of different strategic options developed in collaboration with the other subprojects (SP1/SP2/SP4) of the joint project.The main objectives of this project are therefore threefold:1.To contribute to the understanding of the potential trade-offs between material recovery objectives and energy optimisation strategies in terms of financial and economic costs.2.To contribute to the formalisation and understanding of current and future waste man-agement and resource recovery strategies from a financial and economic point of view. 3.To contribute to the proposal of eco-efficient strategies to recover materials and energy from waste and knowledge how to overcome barriers to implementation for the time hori-zons 2020, 2035 and 2050 from an economic point of view.Direct and indirect energy savings and WtE options for municipal and industrial waste, ana-lysed and developed in collaboration with other subprojects (SP1/SP2), are considered for the economic assessment of strategies for an optimised waste and resource management in Swit-zerland. The economic assessments will generate data, specifically financial and economic indi-cators for a multi-objective environmental-economic optimisation in related subprojects (SP1/SP2). Furthermore, the method of life cycle costing (LCC) will be applied along the value chain and to the entire life cycle of the current and proposed resource recovery and waste management systems and networks including municipal and industrial waste streams. For an overall perspective the results of the LCC and economic assessment for Swiss waste management systems will be projected on the time horizons 2020, 2035 and 2050 and com-pared for sensitivity to projected future energy price developments and scenarios, e.g. for fossil fuels.
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