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Future energy policy: the acceptance of alternative electricity supply

English title Future energy policy: the acceptance of alternative electricity supply
Applicant Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle
Number 153727
Funding scheme NRP 71 Managing Energy Consumption
Research institution Institut für Politikwissenschaft Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.12.2014 - 31.12.2018
Approved amount 526'672.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Political science
Sociology
Economics

Keywords (6)

alternative electricity; experimental survey; acceptance of policy instruments; social network analysis ; energy policy analysis; implementation in the Swiss institutional context

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Mit dem angestrebten Ausstieg aus der Atomenergie und der angezielten Energiewende steht die Schweiz vor der Herausforderung, die Stromversorgung über alternative Energieträger sicherzustellen. Das Projekt stellt die Frage, wie ein wirkungsvoller Politikwandel hin zu alterativer und erneuerbaren Energien erreicht werden kann.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziele des Forschungsprojekts

Ausgangspunkt des Projekts bildet dabei die Annahme, dass effektiver Politikwandel über die Realisierung von konkreten (oft regionalen und lokalen) Projekten gelingen kann. Dabei reicht es nicht, die technischen Lösungen zur Energiewende zu kennen, für eine erfolgreiche Umsetzung bedarf es ausserdem der Akzeptanz dieser Instrumente auf Ebene der politischen Elite und der Bevölkerung. Letzterer kommt gerade in einem partizipativen Kontext wie der Schweiz eine wichtige Rolle zu. In diesem Zusammenhang bildet das Konzept der sozialen und gesellschaftlichen Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energieprojekte den Kernpunkt des Forschungsvorhabens. Das übergeordnete Ziel besteht darin, auf Basis von vergangenen, aktuellen und zukünftigen Politiken zur Förderung erneuerbarer Energien Faktoren zu identifizieren, welche für die Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energieprojekte wichtig sind und deren Berücksichtigung somit eine erfolgreiche Energiewende ermöglichen.

 

Wissenschaftlicher und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Das Projekt setzt auf einen integrativen Ansatz verschiedener Disziplinen und Ansätze, und erklärt den Zusammenhang zwischen Politikgestaltung und Politikakzeptanz. Es betont dabei die Annahme, dass für einen erfolgreichen Politikwandel nicht nur die technischen Voraussetzungen nötig sind, sondern auch die politische und gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz entsprechender Vorhaben geschaffen werden muss.  

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 02.10.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Bad news is bad news: Information effects and citizens’ socio-political acceptance of new technologies of electricity transmission
Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle (2019), Bad news is bad news: Information effects and citizens’ socio-political acceptance of new technologies of electricity transmission, in Land Use Policy, 81, 531-545.
Going beyond technocratic and democratic principles: stakeholder acceptance of instruments in Swiss energy policy
Kammermann Lorenz, Ingold Karin (2018), Going beyond technocratic and democratic principles: stakeholder acceptance of instruments in Swiss energy policy, in Policy Sciences.
The acceptance of instruments in instrument mix situations: Citizens’ perspective on Swiss energy transition
Ingold Karin, Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle, Kammermann Lorenz (2018), The acceptance of instruments in instrument mix situations: Citizens’ perspective on Swiss energy transition, in Research Policy.
How beliefs of the political elite and citizens on climate change influence support for Swiss energy transition policy
Kammermann Lorenz, Dermont Clau (2018), How beliefs of the political elite and citizens on climate change influence support for Swiss energy transition policy, in Energy Research & Social Science, 43, 48-60.
Environmental decision-making: the influence of policy information
Dermont Clau (2018), Environmental decision-making: the influence of policy information, in Environmental Politics, 1-24.
The unpopularity of incentive-based instruments: what improves the cost–benefit ratio?
Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle, Dermont Clau (2018), The unpopularity of incentive-based instruments: what improves the cost–benefit ratio?, in Public Choice, 175(1-2), 37-62.
Factors Driving the Promotion of Hydroelectricity: A Qualitative Comparative AnalysisFactors Driving the Promotion of Hydroelectricity
Kammermann Lorenz (2018), Factors Driving the Promotion of Hydroelectricity: A Qualitative Comparative AnalysisFactors Driving the Promotion of Hydroelectricity, in Review of Policy Research, 35(2), 213-237.
Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energie
Stadelmann-SteffenIsabelle, IngoldKarin, RiederStefan, DermontClau, KammermannLorenz, StrotzChantal (2018), Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energie, Universität Bern, Interface Politikstudien, Forschung & Beratung, EAWAG, Luzern.
HVDC & hybrid HVAC/HVDC overhead line conversion: An acceptance case study
HEDTKESören, PfeifferMartin, FranckChristian M., DermontClau, Stadelmann-SteffenIsabelle, JullierJoshu (2018), HVDC & hybrid HVAC/HVDC overhead line conversion: An acceptance case study, Cigré Session 2018, Paris.
Bringing the policy making perspective in: A political science approach to social acceptance
Dermont Clau, Ingold Karin, Kammermann Lorenz, Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle (2017), Bringing the policy making perspective in: A political science approach to social acceptance, in Energy Policy, 108, 359-368.
Das Ja zum Energiegesetz – Breite Zustimmung zur Energiestrategie oder hart erarbeiteter Erfolg?
Stadelmann-SteffenIsabelle, DermontClau (2017), Das Ja zum Energiegesetz – Breite Zustimmung zur Energiestrategie oder hart erarbeiteter Erfolg?, DeFacto, online.

Datasets

Energie Enquete 2016

Author Stadelmann-Steffen, Isabelle; Dermont, Clau
Publication date 01.02.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) Not yet
Repository FORSbase
Abstract
Erste Erhebung im Rahmen des Projektes mit 8287 befragten Personen zur Energiepolitik. Inklusive Conjoint-Module zu Energiepolitiken und zu lokalen Projekten.

Energie Enquete 2017

Author Stadelmann-Steffen, Isabelle; Dermont, Clau; Zumofen, Guillaume
Publication date 31.12.2019
Persistent Identifier (PID) Not yet
Repository FORSbase
Abstract
Zweite Erhebung im Rahmen des Projektes. Kombination aus Panel-Studie (drei Wellen) sowie zusätzlichen Cross-Sections bei T2 und T3. Inklusive Conjoint-Modul zu Energiepolitiken und weiteren Experimenten zur Meinungsbildung in der Energiepolitik.Erste Welle: Panelstudie W1 inkl. Conjoint-Modul.Zweite Welle: Panelstudie W2 inkl. Informations-Experiment (Bundesbüchlein vs. easyvote); Cross-Section W2 inkl. Conjoint-Modul.Dritte Welle: Panelstudie W3 inkl. VAA-Experiment; Cross-Section W3 inkl. Conjoint-Modul.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
SPRU UBrighton (F. Kern) Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Canton of St.Gallen, Amt für Wasser und Energie, Abteilung Energie Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
ifeu - Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg GmbH Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
ETH, Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Canton of Argovia, Sektion Energiewirtschaft Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Wasser-Agenda 21 Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Suisse Eole Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
AEE Suisse - Dachorganisation der Wirtschaft für erneuerbare Energien und Energieeffizienz Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Suisse Eole / ENCO Energie-Consulting AG Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Simon Fraser University Canada (M. Howlett) Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Christian Franck/ETH Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Canton of Valais Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Département de science politique, UQAM Canada (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Swiss Small Hydro Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Energy Policy ETHZ (T. Schmidt) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
CAS Erneuerbare Energien, HSR Hochschule für Technik Rapperswil Talk given at a conference Energiepolitik der Schweiz: Rückblick, aktueller Stand und Herausforderungen 20.10.2018 Rapperswil, Switzerland Rieder Stefan;
ECPR General Conference Talk given at a conference Conflicts in renewable energy policy mixes: Relating incoherent policies to actors’ beliefs and preferences 03.09.2018 Hamburg, Germany Ingold Karin Mirjam;
ECPR General Conference Talk given at a conference What moderates the attitude-behavior link when voting on renewable energy policies? The roles of problem perception and policy design 22.08.2018 Hamburg, Germany Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle; Thalmann Philippe;
Workshop on Public Policy IWPP Talk given at a conference Conflicts in renewable energy policy mixes: Relating incoherent policies to actors’ beliefs and preferences 08.08.2018 Pittsburgh, United States of America Ingold Karin Mirjam;
REMforum 2018, Workshop 5, How to Sustain Social Acceptance of Wind Energy? Best Practices in Participatory Project Development Talk given at a conference Harmonious and conflict-ridden wind energy projects 01.06.2018 St.Gallen, Switzerland Rieder Stefan;
IPW Research Seminar Talk given at a conference Measuring policy positions: Shall I trust what you say or observe what you do? 21.05.2018 Bern, Switzerland Ingold Karin Mirjam;
ECPR Joint Session – ACF in a comparative perspective Talk given at a conference The Effect of Beliefs on Instrument Choice – The Case of Swiss Renewable Energy Policy. 06.04.2018 Nikosia, Cyprus Ingold Karin Mirjam;
SVPW Annual Meeting Talk given at a conference Conflicts in renewable energy policy mixes: Relating incoherent policies to actors’ beliefs and preferences 31.01.2018 Geneva, Switzerland Ingold Karin Mirjam;
NGB-SCNAT Energiepodiums-Event Individual talk Der Faktor Volk - Die Rolle der sozialen Akzeptanz für die Energiewende und ihre Bestimmungsgründe 12.12.2017 Bern, Switzerland Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle;
SCCER School 2017 Talk given at a conference Social acceptance of energy investments 19.10.2017 Engelberg, Switzerland Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle;
Annual Conference of the Swiss Political Science Association Talk given at a conference Information effects and public acceptance of new technologies in energy policy — the case of hybrid high voltage lines 11.01.2017 St.Gallen, Switzerland Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle;
American Political Science Association (APSA) Annual Meeting & Exhibition Talk given at a conference Enabling change: experimental insights on electricity policy acceptance 01.09.2016 Philadelphia, United States of America Dermont Clau;
Combining Policy Analysis with Political Behavior: The Acceptance of Instrument Mixes in Energy Policy Talk given at a conference World Congress of the International Political Science Association (IPSA) 23.07.2016 Poznan, Poland Dermont Clau;
Annual Conference of the Swiss Political Science Association, Section "Development and Environment" Talk given at a conference Refining the concept of acceptance: Combining policy studies with political behavior 21.01.2016 Basel, Switzerland Ingold Karin Mirjam; Dermont Clau; Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle;
CIRUS Seminar, EAWAG Individual talk Future Energy Policy - the acceptance of alternative electricity supply 11.12.2015 Dübendorf, Switzerland Ingold Karin Mirjam;
EAWAG Symposium Poster Future Energy Policy - the acceptance of alternative electricity supply 18.09.2015 Dübendorf, Switzerland Ingold Karin Mirjam;


Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Kompetenzzentrum Public Management - MPA Talk 21.02.2018 Bern, Switzerland Ingold Karin Mirjam;
Sessionsveranstaltung der Parlamentarischen Gruppe Erneuerbare Energien Talk 14.06.2017 Bern, Switzerland Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle;
Stakeholder-Dialog «Transformation des Energiesystems –Energieversorgung» Talk 12.05.2017 Bern, Switzerland Rieder Stefan;
Schweizerische Energieforschungskonferenz Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 14.04.2016 Luzern, Switzerland Stadelmann-Steffen Isabelle;
Eawag Peer Review Poster 11.01.2016 Dübendorf, Switzerland Ingold Karin Mirjam;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Final Stakeholder-Workshop, NFP 71 «Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energie» 20.06.2018 Luzern, Switzerland
2. Stakeholder-Workshop NFP 71 «Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energie» 28.11.2016 Bern, Switzerland
BA-/MA-Hauptseminar, Politikwissenschaftliches Seminar, Universität Luzern 24.02.2016 Luzern, Switzerland
1st Stakeholder-Workshop NFP 71 "Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energie" 14.09.2015 Bern, Switzerland
BA-/MA-Hauptseminar, Politikwissenschaftliches Seminar, Universität Luzern 25.02.2015 Luzern, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Acceptance of Renewable Energy Project Homepage Western Switzerland International German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energie German-speaking Switzerland 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) easyvote informiert verständlicher als der Bundesrat DeFacto Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Video/Film Short film about our project «Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energie» Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Was taugt das Abstimmungsbüchlein? higgs German-speaking Switzerland 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Wege zur Akzeptanz erneuerbarer Energie Energeiaplus Beitrag Italian-speaking Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland Western Switzerland 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Das Ja zum Energiegesetz – Breite Zustimmung zur Energiestrategie oder hart erarbeiteter Erfolg? DeFacto German-speaking Switzerland 2017

Abstract

The nuclear phasing out and promoted energy turnaround (Energiewende) could constitute a major driver for renewable energy projects. Increasing the share of renewable energy is seen as indispensable to solve the energy supply dilemma. This new orientation faces various challenges not only on a technical, but also on a political level. We argue that the governmental decision as such does not automatically induce energy turnaround. In order to make change happen, renewable energy projects and innovative policy instruments enhancing them have to be accepted and realized at the regional and local level. Economists typically argue that incentive based instruments (e.g., green taxes) linked to regulatory measures are most effective to limit energy use and to promote renewable energies (Thalmann 2004). But this type of proposals is particularly difficult to implement, given that political and institutional aspects (e.g., attitudes of political actors and voters, existing regulations on various levels especially regarding the grid) create “lock-in” situations that hinder the diffusion of renewable energy (Stadelmann-Steffen 2011; Knill & Lenschow 2005). Several regional and local initiatives explicitly promoting renewable energies have failed making for instance the typical dilemma between renewables and environmental protection evident.The overarching question arises as to how effective policy change towards renewable energy can be achieved. In this vein, we start with the idea that effective policy change leading to the realization of regional and local renewable energy projects can be determined by assessing different aspects of “social acceptance” (Wüstenhagen et al. 2007). We argue that - besides technology acceptance by the market - the acceptance of policies and instrument mixes is a crucial pre-condition for project success. So we concentrate on the acceptance of policies and instrument mixes (e.g. regulatory and incentive measures) by (1) the political elite involved in energy policy decision-making (socio-political acceptance) and by (2) citizens as expressed through their vote or other political intervention (community acceptance). Empirically, and via a comparative case study, social network analysis, and experimental survey design, we assess the promotion of alternative electricity from renewable sources (solar, wind, geothermal and small scale hydro power) and ask:1.Where, when and why have renewable electricity projects failed or succeeded in the past? 2. What current policy drivers (e.g. public attention, actors’ networks, pressure from landscape protection) impact the socio-political acceptance of innovative instrument mixes on the regional and local level?3.How to conceive prospective policy designs and instrument mixes that enhance community acceptance and citizen’s preferences in favor of regional and local renewable electricity projects?
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