Project

Back to overview

Beyond lake settlements: Studying Neolithic environmental changes and human impact at small lakes in Switzerland, Germany and Austria.

English title Beyond lake settlements: Studying Neolithic environmental changes and human impact at small lakes in Switzerland, Germany and Austria.
Applicant Hafner Albert
Number 152862
Funding scheme Interdisciplinary projects
Research institution Universität Bern Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften Ur- & Frühgesch. & Arch. der Römischen Prov.
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Prehistory
Start/End 01.01.2015 - 31.12.2018
Approved amount 614'594.00
Show all

All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Prehistory
Environmental Research
Ecology
Botany

Keywords (11)

agent based modeling; archaeological survey/fieldwork; early human impact; land use and land cover modeling; prehistory; palaeoecology; Neolithic/Neolithisation; long-term human-environment relationships; palynology; climate; landscape and environmental archaeology

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Mit dem Projekt werden in drei Kleinseeregionen der Schweiz (Burgäschisee, Oberaargau), Deutschlands (Degersee, Allgäu) und Mönichsee/Krottensee (Salzkammergut) archäologische und paläoökologische Untersuchungen zur Besiedlungsgeschichte im Neolithikum durchgeführt.
Lay summary

Die Verbindung von archäologischen und paläoökologischen Methoden ist im Bereich von Kleingewässern mit jahreszeitlich geschichteten Sedimenten besonders erfolgversprechend. Der Gegenüberstellung von Erkenntnissen aus beiden Disziplinen erlaubt es die Besiedlungsgeschichte einer Kleinregion zeitlich besser aufzulösen. Konkret geht es in den drei Kleinregionen in der Schweiz, Deutschland und Österreich darum herauszufinden, wann mit dem Beginn von Ackerbau und Viehhaltung zu rechnen ist. In Mitteleuropa datiert dieser Übergang in die Mitte des 6. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Im Alpenvorland, wo sich die drei Regionen Oberaargau, Allgäu und Salzkammergut befinden, sind erste Anzeichen einer agrarischen Wirtschaftsweise bislang frühestens ab 4300/4000 v. Chr. stetig anzutreffen. Mit den paläoökologischen Untersuchungen der Seesedimente soll konkret herausgefunden werden, wann in den drei Kleinregionen mit dem Beginn von Ackerbau und Viehhaltung zu rechnen ist. In der Folge soll auch geklärt werden, ob es Phasen gibt, in denen eine Besiedlung abbricht und wann eine Wiederbesiedlung einsetzt.

Die archäologischen Untersuchungen zielen einerseits darauf ab bereits bekannte Siedlungsstellen genauer zu datieren, andererseits sollen auch neue, bislang unbekannte Fundstellen durch Prospektion gefunden werden. Dies betrifft nicht nur die ufernahen oder unter Wasser liegenden Siedlungsreste an den Seen ("Pfahlbauten") sondern auch im Hinterland liegende Flächen auf mineralischen Böden.

Mit mathematischen Modellierungen sollen für die Kleinseen, aber auch für die Drei-Seen-Region der Westschweiz Daten zur Bevölkerungsdichte, zur agrarischen Landnutzung und zum Einfluss der menschlichen Siedlungstätigkeit auf die Umwelt gewonnen werden. 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 09.12.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
How many, how far? Quantitative models of Neolithic land use for six wetland sites on the northern Alpine forelands between 4300 and 3700 bc
Baum Tilman, Mainberger Martin, Taylor Timothy, Tinner Willy, Hafner Albert, Ebersbach Renate (2020), How many, how far? Quantitative models of Neolithic land use for six wetland sites on the northern Alpine forelands between 4300 and 3700 bc, in Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.
Radiocarbon wiggle matching on laminated sediments delivers high-precision chronologies
Rey Fabian, Gobet Erika, Szidat Sönke, Lotter André F, Gilli Adrian, Hafner Albert, Tinner Willy (2018), Radiocarbon wiggle matching on laminated sediments delivers high-precision chronologies, in Radiocarbon, 1-21.
Late Glacial and Holocene Sedimentary Infill of Lake Mondsee (Eastern Alps, Austria) and Historical Rockfall Activity revealed by Reflection Seismics and Sediment-Core Analysis
Daxer Christoph, MoernautJasper, TaylorTimothy, HaasJean Nicolas (2018), Late Glacial and Holocene Sedimentary Infill of Lake Mondsee (Eastern Alps, Austria) and Historical Rockfall Activity revealed by Reflection Seismics and Sediment-Core Analysis, in Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 111(1), 111-134.
Vegetational and agricultural dynamics at Burgäschisee (Swiss Plateau) recorded for 18,700 years by multi-proxy evidence from partly varved sediments
Rey Fabian, Gobet Erika, van Leeuwen Jacqueline F. N., Gilli Adrian, van Raden Ulrike J., Hafner Albert, Wey Othmar, Rhiner Julia, Schmocker Daniela, Zünd Jan, Tinner Willy (2017), Vegetational and agricultural dynamics at Burgäschisee (Swiss Plateau) recorded for 18,700 years by multi-proxy evidence from partly varved sediments, in Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 26(6), 571-586.
Archaeology of the Alpine space. Research on the foothills, valley systems and high mountain landscapes of the Alps
Hafner Albert, Brunner Mirco, Laabs Julian (2017), Archaeology of the Alpine space. Research on the foothills, valley systems and high mountain landscapes of the Alps, in Vita Antiqua, 2017(9), 16-37.
Das BELAVI - Projekt erschließt eine neue Feuchtboden-Fundlandschaft des Neolithikums im Westallgäu
EbersbachRenate, KleinmannAngelika, MaierUrsula, MainbergerMartin, MerktJosef, MillionSebastian, NelleOliver, SchlichtherleHelmut, StephanElisabeth, VogtRichard, WickLucia (2017), Das BELAVI - Projekt erschließt eine neue Feuchtboden-Fundlandschaft des Neolithikums im Westallgäu, in Archäologische Ausgrabungen in Baden-Württemberg, 2016, 22-25.
International und interdisziplinär. Archäologie und Umweltwissenschaften heute.
HafnerAlbert, SchlichtherleHelmut, TaylorTimothy, TinnerWilly (2016), International und interdisziplinär. Archäologie und Umweltwissenschaften heute., Archäologisches Landesmuseum, Ostfildern, Stuttgart, 49-50.
Die kupferzeitliche Spornsiedlung von Lenzing-Burgstall/OÖ
Maurer Jakob, TaylorTimothy, HerzogAnna (2016), Die kupferzeitliche Spornsiedlung von Lenzing-Burgstall/OÖ, in Jahresschrift des Netzwerks Geschichte Österreich, 5, 50-54.
Jenseits der Seeufersiedlungen - Zum Auftakt des BELAVI - Projektes im Westallgäu
Martin Mainberger Oliver Nelle Helmut Schlichtherle (2015), Jenseits der Seeufersiedlungen - Zum Auftakt des BELAVI - Projektes im Westallgäu, in Archäologische Ausgrabungen in Baden-Württemberg.
Pfahlbausiedlungen am Degersee. Archäologische und Naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen
Mainberger Martin Merkt Josef Kleinmann Angelika (2015), Pfahlbausiedlungen am Degersee. Archäologische und Naturwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen, Konrad Theiss Verlag, Darmstadt.
Causes and mechanisms of synchronous succession trajectories in primeval Central European mixed Fagus sylvatica forests
Rey Fabian, Gobet Erika, Schwörer Christoph, Wey Othmar, Hafner Albert, Tinner Willy, Causes and mechanisms of synchronous succession trajectories in primeval Central European mixed Fagus sylvatica forests, in Journal of Ecology.
From lakeshore to hilltop. Investigating Copper Age landuse in the Attersee-Mondsee region
KowarikKerstin, KlammerJulia, Seidl da FonsecaHelena, MaurerJakob, TaylorTimothy, From lakeshore to hilltop. Investigating Copper Age landuse in the Attersee-Mondsee region, in Dolbunova Ekaterina, Mazurkevich Andrey, Hafner Albert (ed.), Routledge, London.
Lenzing-Burgstall: Eine kupferzeitliche Spornsiedlung im Hinterland des Attersees in Oberösterreich.
MaurerJakob, Lenzing-Burgstall: Eine kupferzeitliche Spornsiedlung im Hinterland des Attersees in Oberösterreich., Verlag Marie Leidorf, Rahden/Westf..
Zum Abschluss des trinationalen BELAVI - Projekts im Westallgäu
EbersbachRenate, BaumTilman, KleinmannAngelika, MaierUrsula, MainbergerMartin, MerktJosef, MillionSebastian, NelleOliver, SchlichtherleHelmut, StephanElisabeth, VogtRichard, WickLucia, Zum Abschluss des trinationalen BELAVI - Projekts im Westallgäu, in Archäologische Ausgrabungen, 2018.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Kuratorium Pfahlbauten Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
University of Bern Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
LBI Arch. Prosp and Vitual Archaeology Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Archäologischer Dienst des Kantons Bern Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Universität Basel, IPNA Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Past Global Changes PAGES: LandCover6k Working Group Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Hemmenhofen Training Center for Inland Water Archaeology Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
University of Bern Institute of Plant Sciences Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Kantonsarchäologie Solothurn Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
The Formation of Archaeological layers in Stone Age Wetland sites: understanding complex site structures. The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. Talk given at a conference Dehydration, bioturbation and a tree windthrow – the case study of the draining wetland site of Burgäschisee‐Nord (Switzerland) 17.10.2019 Sankt Petersburg, Russia Hafner Albert;
24th EAA Annual Meeting. Reflecting Futures Talk given at a conference From deep lakes to mountain tops: Exploring long and short chronologies with Bayesian statistics 06.09.2018 Barcelona, Spain Hafner Albert;
24th EAA Annual Meeting. Reflecting Future Talk given at a conference Beyond lake villages: investigations at Burgäschisee, Switzerland and new interdisciplinary insights in Neolithic settlement, land use and vegetation dynamics. 05.09.2018 Barcelona, Spain Tinner Willy; Hafner Albert; Laabs Julian;
24th EAA Annual Meeting. Reflecting Futures Talk given at a conference Modelling Neolithic Western Switzerland: Demography and Land Use 05.09.2018 Barcelona, Spain Laabs Julian; Hafner Albert;
Workshop: European Land-Use at 6000 BP. From on-site data to the large-scale view Individual talk Active contribution in creating and populating a european land use database for the time of 6000BP 22.05.2018 Barcelona, Spain Laabs Julian;
Southeast European and Swiss Network in Wetland Archaeology, University of Bern, Switzerland. Talk given at a conference Monumental paintings in late Neolithic lake-dwellings of SW-Germany and their connections to the danubian world. 02.05.2018 Bern, Switzerland Schlichtherle Helmut;
Southeast European and Swiss Network in Wetland Archaeology, University of Bern, Switzerland. Talk given at a conference Joint research in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. International archaeological-palaeoecological collaboration within the Beyond Lakes Villages project 2015-2018. 02.05.2018 Bern, Switzerland Hafner Albert;
Riederalp 2018 Workshop on Exposure, vulnerability and resilience of human societies to climate- and weather-related disasters from the Holocene to the Anthropocene Talk given at a conference Collapse, resilience and mobility in prehistoric agrarian societies. Can we prove relations to weather and climate? 20.03.2018 Riederalp, Switzerland Hafner Albert;
Water as a resource - In Poseidons Realm XXIII Talk given at a conference A Neolithic Waterscape - archaeological discoveries of the “Beyond Lake Villages” project in the Westallgäu region 17.03.2018 Tübingen, Germany Schlichtherle Helmut;
Theoretical Archaeology Group Conference Talk given at a conference Nature vs Culture in Transdisciplinary Lake Village Research: Theoretical challenges. 18.12.2017 Cardiff, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Taylor Timothy;
Int. Conference: Wetland Archaeology and Prehistoric Networks in Europe Talk given at a conference Archaeology in Switzerland: research from under water to high-altitude mountains. 15.09.2017 Kiev, Taras Shevshenko State University, Ukraine Hafner Albert;
PAGES Zaragoza 2017. 5th Open Science Meeting. Global Challenges for our Common Future: a paleoscience perspective Talk given at a conference Reconstructing Late Neolithic and Bronze Age Hinterland and Lake Shore Socio-Environmental Interactions in the Three Lake Region of Western Switzerland 13.05.2017 Zaragoza, Spain Laabs Julian; Hafner Albert;
Hauskolloquium Archäologischer Dienst Bern Individual talk "Wozu Modelle in der Archäologie? Das Beispiel des Schweizer Neolithikums" 23.02.2017 Bern, Switzerland Laabs Julian;
Integrated Microscopy Approaches in Archaeobotany Poster New insight into Neolithic life — analysis of pollen and non pollen palynomorphs from the prehistoric inundated lake dwelling site of Weyregg-II (Lake Attersee, Austria) 05.02.2017 Reading, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Taylor Timothy;
40. Internationale Moorexkursion Talk given at a conference Führung zu den laufenden Grabungen 06.09.2016 Burgäschisee, Switzerland Wey Othmar; Tinner Willy;
European Association of Archaeologists Talk given at a conference TAKING A LANDSCAPE PERSPECTIVE ON AUSTRIA’S PREHISTORICLACUSTRINE SITES 01.09.2016 Vilnius, Lithuania Taylor Timothy;
Climate Risks - Coping with Uncertainty. 15th International Swiss Climate Summer School Grindelwald, Switzerland Poster Changing climate = changing societies? 26.08.2016 Grindelwald, Switzerland Laabs Julian;
Symposium: Cities as Complex Systems – Structure, Scaling and Economics Talk given at a conference Scaling Archaeology? A glimpse on prehistoric settlement research in Neolithic alpine lake shore villages 13.07.2016 Hannover, Germany Laabs Julian;
Wetland Archaeology Research Project 30th Anniversary Meeting Talk given at a conference Beyond lake-villages: taking a landscape perspective on Austria’s prehistoric lacustrine sites. 30.06.2016 Bradford, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Taylor Timothy;
Archaeology at Burgäschisee Individual talk Archaeology at Burgäschisee 27.04.2016 Bern, Switzerland Wey Othmar;
Journée thématique: Wetland settlements during Neolithic and Bronze Age in Europe. Trajéctoires UMR 8215. Université Paris, Nanterre. Individual talk Neolithic wetland settlements of the Alpine foreland (Switzerland, Germany). Evolution, chronology, patterns. 11.12.2015 Paris, Nanterre, France Hafner Albert;
Pfahlbauenquete 2015 "Alles Pfahlbauten!" Talk given at a conference Neue Forschungen im Umfeld der Seeufersiedlungen 27.11.2015 Wien, Austria Taylor Timothy;
LandUse 6k: Putting History to Work on Climate Change, a workshop on global land-use classification from 22-23 October 2015 at the University of Chicago Center in Paris. Individual talk Active contribution in the set-up of the Working Group; Albert Hafner defined as Land Use Coordinator Europe: http://landuse.uchicago.edu/people/ 22.10.2015 Paris, France Laabs Julian; Hafner Albert;
Internationales ÖGUF-Symposium 2015: Kupferzeit Talk given at a conference Neue Forschungen im Umfeld der oberösterreichischen Seeufersiedlungen 16.10.2015 Mistelbach, Austria Taylor Timothy;
Balkan and Central European Lakeside Settlements. Sharing old and new archaeological data. Talk given at a conference Wetland-archaeology in Switzerland. Examples from Lakes in Western Switzerland. 28.02.2015 Amindeon, Florina, Greece Hafner Albert;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
The Formation of Archaeological layers in Stone Age Wetland sites: understanding complex site structures. The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. 17.10.2019 Sankt Petersburg, Russia
Exkursion Arbeitsgruppe Bodenseeufer 17.09.2016 Degersee, Germany
Spatial Data Analysis in BeLaVi 14.04.2016 Bad Schussenried, Germany
Artefakte aus organischen Materialien 22.02.2016 Bern, Switzerland
Von der Scherbe zum vollständigen Gefäss 09.02.2016 Solothurn, Switzerland
Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Baden-Württemberg, Hauskolloquium Hemmenhofen 14.01.2016 Hemmenhofen, Fischersteig 9, Germany

Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Baden-Württemberg, November Field School: Stratigraphical Excavation in submerged sites 09.11.2015 Degersee / Krs. Tettnang, Germany
Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Baden-Württemberg, September Field School: Stratigraphical Excavation in bog stratigraphies 21.09.2015 Degersee /Krs. Tettnang, Germany
Workshop Forschungssynergien Unterwasserforschung Österreich 18.08.2015 Attersee am Attersee, Austria

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Das Westallgäu und die Pfahlbauten International 2018
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Die Archäologie des Schleinsees International 2018
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Eine neue steinzeitliche Fundlandschaft zwischen Bodensee und Iller International 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Ressourcennutzung vor 5000 Jahren. Effizient und nachhaltig? Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Steinzeitliche Bauern in Neukirch International 2018
Talks/events/exhibitions Vortrag Neues Schloss Kißlegg International 2018
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Beyond Lake Villages in the Neolithic of Austria. International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Führung von Mitarbeitern des Naturschutzzentrums Wurzacher Ried International 2017
Media relations: print media, online media Pfahlbauten und mehr Archäologie in Deutschland International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions Vortrag in Bodnegg International 2017
Other activities Vortrag Volkshochschule Lindenberg International 2017
Talks/events/exhibitions 1250 Jahr Leutkirch im Allgäu German-speaking Switzerland 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) A step beyond lake villages: BELAVI Westallgäu www.uwarc.de International 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Abendvortrag Landfrauen Württemberg-Hohenzollern International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Ankündigung Vortrag Kressbronn Schwäbische Zeitung International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Ein Tag im Zeichen der Pfahlbauer Berner Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Franz Hau ist leidenschaftlicher Hobbyarchäologe Schwäbische >Zeitung v. 1.2.2016 International 2016
Other activities Führung für 3./4. Klasse Frau Bakas, Niederönz German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für 3./4. Klasse Frau Huldi, Niederönz German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für Abt. Umwelt, Kanton Solothurn German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für Basler Zirkel für Ur- und Frühgeschichte German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für DACH-Mitarbeiter International 2016
Other activities Führung für Gymnasium Burgdorf, Klasse Herr Streit German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für Mitglieder Steinzeitwerkstatt Boniswil German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für Piwatron, Zürich German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für Sensler Stiftung Kt. FR German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für Spital Langenthal SRO German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für Uni Basel, IPNA German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für Uni Bern IAW, Abt. PA German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung für Vorstand Pro Senectute Solothurn German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Other activities Führung in Bodnegg - Breites Ried International 2016
Other activities Führung Schulklasse in Bodnegg International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Geheimnisvolle Reise in die Vergangenheit Schwäbische Zeitung International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Geschichte, die unter Wasser schlummert Schwäbische Zeitung International 2016
Media relations: radio, television Medienkonferenz zum Abschluss der Geländearbeiten 2016 SWR, DPA, SZ, SchwäZ, BR International 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Pfahlbauten im Degersee Spuren der Steinzeit im Westallgäu International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Pfahlbauten in Bodnegg Mitteilungsblatt Bodnegg International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media So lebten die "Ur"-Aeschianer. Den Pfahlbauern auf der Spur Solothurner Zeitung, Oltener Tagblatt German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Vortrag Kressbronn Milzhof International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Welterbetage am Burgäschisee Oltener Tagblatt German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: radio, television Welterbetage am Burgäschisee-Aeschi SO SRF1 Regionaljournal AG/SO, Radio 32, German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Welterbetage in der Schweiz: Burgäschisee, Aeschi SO Azeiger Solothurn-Wasseramt German-speaking Switzerland 2016
Media relations: radio, television Archäologische Ausgrabungen am Buchberg und in Lenzing-Burgstall BTV International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Berner Zeitung, 24.7.2015: Sie heben Gräben aus, um Lücken zu füllen. Berner Zeitung German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Beyond Lake Villages. Ein internationales Forschungsprojekt International 2015
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Beyond Lake Villages. Ein internationales Forschungsprojekt. International 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Grabungspäsentation Förderverein Steinzeitwerkstatt Boniswil 17.8.2015 German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Grabungspräsentation Amt für Umwelt/Bodenschutz Kanton Solothurn 29.7.2015 German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Grabungspräsentation Grabungsequipe Roggwil BE, 29.10.15 German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Grabungspräsentation Kantonsarchäologie Solothurn, 27.7.15 German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Grabungspräsentation Pro Aeschisee, 17.7.15 German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Grabungspräsentation Seeberger Walkingfrauen, 5.8.2015 German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Grabungspräsentation Studierende IAW/Prähistorische Archäologie, 25.6.15 German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Grabungspräsentation zum Waldgang der Bürgergemeinde Aeschi, 15.8.2015 German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Hier ist die Vergangenheit gut ablesbar Solothurner Zeitung, 17.8.2015 German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Jungsteinzeitliche Siedlungen im Hinterland des Burgäschisees "9-Minuten", Informationsblatt 2/2015 der Bürgergemeinde Aeschi German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Media relations: radio, television Neustart der Pfahlbauforschung in Oberösterreich Pressekonferenz International 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Tag der Offenen Ausgrabung Lenzing und Buchberg International 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Vortrag "Neue archäologische Forschungen am Burgäschisee" JV Burgseeverein German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Vortrag "Neue archäologische Forschungen am Burgäschisee" Pro Aeschisee German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Vortrag GV Förderverein Steinzeitwerkstatt Boniswil 29.5.15: "Neue Grabungen am Burgäschisee" German-speaking Switzerland 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Vortrag in Leutkirch, Krs. Ravensburg International 2015
Talks/events/exhibitions Vortrag Seniorenbrügg Langenthal, 19.8.2015 German-speaking Switzerland 2015

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
149203 Exploring eight millennia of climatic, vegetational and agricultural dynamics on the Swiss Plateau by using annually layered sedimentary time series 01.11.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)
160469 Network in Eastern European Neolithic and Wetland Archaeology for the improvement of field techniques and dating methods. 01.05.2015 SCOPES

Abstract

Beyond lake settlements: Studying Neolithic environmental changes and human impact at small lakes in Switzerland, Germany and Austria.1. Summary The prehistoric lake village sites of Switzerland, Germany and Austria have been known for more than 150 years. Over one hundred of them were accorded UNESCO World Cultural Heritage status in 2011. Mainly dating to the Neolithic (including Copper Age) and Bronze Age, the zone of lacustrine settlement represents an early phase of sedentarization in the northern foothills of the Alps. Despite much significant research on material culture, settlement dynamics, economy and ecology, the focus has hitherto been almost exclusively on the classic sites situated on the larger pre-Alpine lakes. Our proposal focusses on small shallow lakes and their immediate setting, in order to obtain new high-resolution data on natural environment and human impact at a landscape level. Recent palaeoecological investigation suggests that small shallow lakes preserve undisturbed laminated annual sediments with potential for generating ultra-high-resolution diachronic data on vegetation, palaeoclimate and human impact. Three micro regions containing suitable small lakes set within complex archaeological landscapes that themselves are currently understood at varying levels of resolution, provide the foci for the interlinked interdisciplinary research programmes proposed by the project partners. The overall aim is to integrate micro-regional, regional, and macro-regional studies so as to gain a better understanding of large-scale processes of adaptation and anthropogenic impact over time. The main goals of the project are:•Significantly enhance the archaeological database of Holocene human activity in three research areas: Swiss Plateau (Burgäschisee), German Allgäu (Degersee/Schleinsee) and Austrian Salzkammergut (Mönichsee/Krottensee). •to analyse precisely chronologically resolved sedimentary records (e.g. pollen, spores, macrofossils) in annually laminated sediments and cross correlate them with occupation periods as dated by dendrochronology and AMS-radiocarbon chronol-ogy during periods of significant palaeoclimatic oscillations.•to expand research into the ‘hinterland’ of large pre-alpine lakes to examine an extended range of human land-use activities using a combination of archaeological and palaeoecological methods so as to identify and understand the nature of agricul-tural systems, fire management regimes, wildfires, and woodland cycles.•to gauge population mobility and establish patterns demographic change.•to identify agents of economic and cultural processes in relation to physical-geographical conditions and human economic adaptions at a time of significant climatic/environmental change. •Modelling possible scenarios across three similar cultural and natural environments in the northern pre-alpine zone as facilitated by a shared development of archaeological and palaeoecological methodologies between the partner institutions.Through the integration of wetland archaeology and palaeoecology, we expect to generate new data and models relevant to understanding the variability of human impact on landscapes, especially the environmental interactions of Neolithic societies, with relevance to the entire peri-Alpine region.
-