literary anthropology; anthropology of the senses; Mead, Margaret; medial alterity; visuality; aisthesis; visual anthropology; primitivism; cultural relativism; aesthetics; 20th c. literary history; Benedict, Ruth Fulton; sound; literariness; poetic alterity; modernism; intermediality; Sapir, Edward; cultural anthropology; visual culture studies; cultural alterity; alterity; 20th c. history of anthropology; literary studies
Chakkalakal Silvy (2017), Aisthetik - Ästhetik - Medialität: Ethnographische Zugänge zu Ordnungen der Sinnlichkeit, mit Friedrich von Bose, Katrin Amelang, in Tschofen Bernhard, Dieterich Claus-Marco, Hengartner Thomas, Braun Karl (ed.), Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg, 334-335.
Schweighauser Philipp (2017), Playing Seriously with Genres: Sapir's 'Nootka' Texts and Mead's Balinese Anthropology, in RANAM: Recherches anglaises et nord-américaines
, 50, 107-121.
Chakkalakal Silvy (2017), 'Sensitive Patterning' – Gesellschaft gestalten. Die frühe US-amerikanische Cultural Anthropology und ihre Kunst des Einfühlens, in Dieterich Claus-Marco, Braun Karl, Tschofen Bernhard, Hengartner Thomas (ed.), Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg, 336-346.
Chakkalakal Silvy (2015), Grenzgänger_innen. Von der kulturellen Maskerade bis zum „Going native“, in Chakkalakal Silvy, Andris Silke, Picard Jacques (ed.), Panama Verlag, Berlin, 43-68.
Rippl Gabriele (2015), Introduction, in Rippl Gabriele (ed.), De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston, 1-31.
Chakkalakal Silvy (2015), Margaret Meads Anthropologie der Sinne: Ethnographie als ästhetische und aisthetische Praxis, in Berliner Blätter
, 67, 14-28.
Chakkalakal Silvy (2015), Sensible Ethnographien – Modernistische Empfindsamkeit als Modus einer ethnographischen Ästhetik, in Göbel Hanna, Prinz Sophia (ed.), transcript, Bielefeld, 341-361.
Reichel A. Elisabeth (2015), Sonophilia / Sonophobia: Sonic Others in the Poetry of Edward Sapir, in Schweighauser Philipp, Askin Ridvan (ed.), Gunter Narr, Tübingen, 215-229.
Reichel A. Elisabeth, Schweighauser Philipp, Folk Communities in Translation: Salvage Primitivism and Edward Sapir’s French-Canadian Folk Songs, in Straub Julia, Etter Lukas (ed.), Gunter Narr, Tübingen, 61-83.
Schweighauser Philipp, Making It New, Differently: Margaret Mead's Poetry, in Anthropologie et poèsie
Schweighauser Philipp, Of Syncretisms, Foils, and Cautionary Examples: Ruth Fulton Benedict’s Ethnographic and Poetic Styles, in Ingwersen Moritz, Tarapata Olga, Sonnenberg Bjoern, Dücker Jasmin, Vaja Elena (ed.), Peter Lang, New York.
Schweighauser Philipp, Text als Paradigma der Kulturwissenschaft, in Simon Ralf (ed.), De Gruyter, Tübingen.
"Of Cultural, Poetic, and Medial Alterity: The Scholarship, Poetry, Photographs, and Films of Edward Sapir, Ruth Fulton Benedict, and Margaret Mead" is a 3-year research project that brings together four literary scholars and two cultural anthropologists to explore convergences between three types of alterity: cultural alterity (the otherness of the cultures anthropologists study), poetic alterity (the use of poetry in anthropological investigation), and medial alterity (the use of then non-conventional media such as photographs and films in anthropological investigation) in the work of three preeminent cultural anthropologists: Sapir, Benedict, and Mead, who conceptualized 'culture' and 'cultural relativism,' two of the most influential concepts in the 20th c. social sciences. Out of the three, it is Mead who has become famous for experimenting with media other than the standard ethnographic text already in the 1930s, particularly photography and film. What is less known is that, together, our three anthropologists wrote over 500 poems, dedicated poems to one another, and published a good number of them in renowned literary magazines such as The Dial and Poetry. This prolific, collaborative poetic output, much of which engages with the objects of the writers' anthropological investigations, makes them a unique group in the history of 20th-century Cultural Anthropology: they were the only anthropologists of the era that left a sizeable (yet sorely understudied) body of poetry. Along with their ethnographic writings and relevant selections from Mead's ethnographic films and photographs, these texts and (audio)visual media form the corpus of our research project. To date, neither our anthropologists' poems nor Mead's photographs and films have been the subjects of a sustained study: previous literary scholarship has analyzed but a fraction of the poems, largely from biographical perspectives that are in danger of reducing the poems to their authors' personal lives, and most of Mead's photographs and films still linger unexamined in the Library of Congress (LoC). The current project proposes to close this gap by asking what difference it makes whether one evokes the cultural Other in standard expository ethnographic prose, in poetic language, or in (what used to be) non-conventional media of ethnographic representation such as celluloid and photographic prints. In tackling this question, we present the first sustained study of Sapir's, Benedict's, and Mead's poetic oeuvres; make an important, canon-revising intervention in the history of US modernism as well as the 20th -century history of anthropology; and propose a reassessment of Mead's role in the development of visual anthropology that takes into account the aesthetic/aisthetic nature of her work.