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Negotiating identities: Minority groups handling social status improvements

English title Negotiating identities: Minority groups handling social status improvements
Applicant Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio
Number 149197
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Faculté de Psychologie et des Sciences de l'Education Université de Genève
Institution of higher education University of Geneva - GE
Main discipline Psychology
Start/End 01.09.2014 - 28.02.2018
Approved amount 217'179.00
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Keywords (5)

Social identity; Individual mobility; Status hierarchy; Diversity; Minority groups

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Les sociétés contemporaines sont caractérisées par des degrés croissants de fluidité et donc de mobilité sociale. Dans le contexte de l’acquisition d’une meilleure position sociale, les membres de groupes minoritaires, subordonnés, ou stigmatisés peuvent tirer avantage d’une identité plus valorisée. Le présent projet examine les processus qui sont au fondement de la gestion psychologique de l’identité minoritaire et de la nouvelle identité acquise.
Lay summary

Contenu et objectifs du travail de recherche

Les travaux empiriques concernant la gestion psychologique d’identités multiples connaissent un essor considérable depuis une décennie. Les résultats de ces travaux tendent à montrer l’émergence d’opinions et comportements hostiles de la part des membres de minorités en mobilité ascendante envers leur groupe d’appartenance d’origine. Les conséquences d’un tel phénomène sont notamment un retrait de tout projet d’action collective, voire le danger du repli sur soi.

L’objectif du présent projet est de comprendre les mécanismes qui gouvernent l’expression de cette hostilité, à propos desquels il n’y a pas de consensus dans la communauté scientifique. Il s’intéresse en particulier aux enjeux identitaires que connaissent les femmes en ascension professionnelle et les immigrés dans leur effort de s’intégrer dans la société suisse.

Contexte scientifique et social du projet de recherche

Avec son approche multi-méthodologique (méthodologies d’enquête et expérimentales) et multi-groupes (il porte aussi bien sur la question de l’immigration que sur celle du genre) le projet vise à faire apparaître la complexité de la gestion d’identités multiples. Il contribue ainsi tout autant à informer les décideurs en matière de politiques sociales et éducationnelles qu’à faire avancer la réflexion théorique sur les relations entre identités héritées (genre et origine nationale) et identités acquises à travers des efforts personnels (p. ex., le statut professionnel).

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 17.06.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Name Institute

Publications

Publication
Le phénomène de la reine des abeilles.
Faniko K Chipeaux M Lorenzi-Cioldi F (2018), Le phénomène de la reine des abeilles., in Faniko K Bourguignon D Sarrasin O Guimond S (ed.), 129-144.
Multiple Identities Management
Kulich C. de Lemus S. Kosakowska-Berezecka N. Lorenzi-Cioldi F. (ed.) (2018), Multiple Identities Management.
Group status
Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio (2017), Group status, in Nussbaum Jon Brummet Barry (ed.), 1.
“I want, therefore I am” - Anticipated upward mobility reduces ingroup concern
Chipeaux Marion Kulich Clara Iacoviello Vincenzo & Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio (2017), “I want, therefore I am” - Anticipated upward mobility reduces ingroup concern, in Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1451.
Editorial for Research Topic: Multiple identities management: effects on (of) identification, attitudes, behaviour and well-being
Kulich Clara De Lemus Soledad Kosakowska-Berezecka Natasza & Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio (2017), Editorial for Research Topic: Multiple identities management: effects on (of) identification, attitudes, behaviour and well-being, in Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 2258.
Mobilité sociale : Quand la réussite de l’un entrave celle du groupe. [Social mobility: When the success of one hinders that of others]
Chipeaux Marion, Kulich Clara, Iacoviello Vincenzo, Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio (2017), Mobilité sociale : Quand la réussite de l’un entrave celle du groupe. [Social mobility: When the success of one hinders that of others], in Staerklé Christian (ed.), 121-136.
Multiple identities management: Effects on (of) identification, attitudes, behaviour and well-being
Kulich Clara, De Lemus Soledad, Kosakowska-Berezecka Natasza, Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio (ed.) (2017), Multiple identities management: Effects on (of) identification, attitudes, behaviour and well-being.
Resolving paradoxical patterns across race and gender
Paustian-Underdahl S.C. King E. Rogelberg S. Kulich C. & Gentry W. (2017), Resolving paradoxical patterns across race and gender, in Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 90, 436-457.
WHEN MERITOCRACY OPPOSES QUOTA POLICY How education and policy strength impact opinions about affirmative action
Faniko K. Lorenzi-Cioldi F Ghisletta P Øyslebø S Manushi E Shalsi F Chipeaux MS (2016), WHEN MERITOCRACY OPPOSES QUOTA POLICY How education and policy strength impact opinions about affirmative action, in Faniko K Lorenzi-Cioldi F Sarrasin O Mayor E (ed.), 88-103.
Moving across status lines: Lack of concern for the ingroup and group identification.
Kulich Clara, Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio, Iacoviello Vincenzo (2015), Moving across status lines: Lack of concern for the ingroup and group identification., in Journal of Social Issues, 71(3), 453-475.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Vincenzo Iacoviello Netherlands (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Janine Bosak Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Christian Staerklé Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Sam Paustian-Underdahl United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Jose M. Marques Portugal (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Natasza Kosakowska-Berenzecka Poland (Europe)
- Publication
Soledad de Lemus Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
European Association of Social Psychology (EASP) Talk given at a conference Status conflict: Gender and professional status 05.07.2017 Granada, Spain Chipeaux Marion;
Interlabs Meeting [Rencontres interlaboratoires(RILs)] Talk given at a conference Quand la réalisation professionnelle crée un conflit identitaire : Evaluation des groupes et identification. [When professional achievement creates identity conflict: In-groups traits and identification] 08.06.2017 Chambery, France Chipeaux Marion; Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio;
European Association of Work and Organisational Psychology (EAWOP) conference Talk given at a conference Status inconsistency: Gender and professional role 17.05.2017 Dublin, Ireland Chipeaux Marion;
International Society of Political Psychology (ISPP) conference Talk given at a conference “I want, therefore I am” - Anticipated socialization towards a high-status group motivates lack of ingroup concern. 14.07.2016 Warshaw, Poland Kulich Clara; Chipeaux Marion;
Congrès international de Psychologie Sociale en Langue Française (CIPSLF) Talk given at a conference When the anticipation of social mobility influences the attitudes toward the inherited group: The case of French people in border regions of Switzerland 29.06.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Kulich Clara; Chipeaux Marion; Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio;
Congrès international de Psychologie Sociale en Langue Française (CIPSLF) Talk given at a conference L'impact de l'identification affective avec le groupe et des qualifications académiques sur les réactions de Portugais envers les émigrants portugais en Suisse 29.06.2016 Genève, Switzerland Chipeaux Marion;
17th annual convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) Poster Does social mobility make us forget where we are from? Upward mobility and attitudes toward the original group 28.01.2016 San Diego (CA), United-States, United States of America Chipeaux Marion;
Swiss Society of Psychology conference Talk given at a conference When social mobility strengthens the status quo: The role of ingroup identification 08.09.2015 Geneva, Switzerland Chipeaux Marion; Kulich Clara; Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio;
Swiss Society of Psychology conference Talk given at a conference “I want, and therefore I am“: Spanish immigrants’ attitudes who long for the host nationality 08.09.2015 Geneva, Switzerland Chipeaux Marion; Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio; Kulich Clara;
Young Researchers Symposium, ADRIPS Talk given at a conference Does social mobility make us forget where we come from? 23.06.2015 Dijon, France Chipeaux Marion;
European Association of Work and Organisational Psychology (EAWOP) conference Talk given at a conference Moving across status lines: Low concern for the ingroup and group identification 20.05.2015 Oslo, Norway Kulich Clara;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Symposium International Society of Political Psychology (ISPP): “Managing identities: Individual and group response” 14.07.2016 Warsaw, Poland
Symposium Congrès International de Psychologie Sociale en Langue Française (CIPFL): “Upward social mobility: From the inherited group to the new group, through the mobile individual” 29.06.2016 Geneva, Switzerland
Symposium Swiss society of psychology conference: “Complex identity configurations and intergroup relations” 08.09.2015 Geneva, Switzerland
Symposium European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology (EAWOP) conference: “Atypicality in the work context I and II: Challenges, Barriers, and Opportunities” 20.05.2015 Oslo, Norway

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Echange SUSD (State U of San Diego) et Université de Genève, FPSE, Section de psychologie Performances, exhibitions (e.g. for education institutions) 29.05.2017 Genève, Université, Switzerland Kulich Clara; Chipeaux Marion; Lorenzi-Cioldi Fabio;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media La reine des abeilles. Psychoscope Western Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2018

Abstract

In contemporary societies, most individuals possess multiple social identities. Typical examples are when immigrants meet a covetous foreign country, or when individuals from a minority group (based on inherited criteria such as gender, ethnicity, etc.) move up to a higher-status group (based on achieved criteria such as education, professional role, etc.). Past social-psychological research has put emphasis on unidimensional status hierarchies (i.e., a membership group vs. a relevant outgroup), neglecting to address the fact that individuals often have, at any given time, multiple identities at their disposal. How do these mobile persons combine their various identities? A number of studies in the last decade document two main identity management strategies. In most cases, individuals discount the less valued identity for the more valued one. In some other, more intriguing cases, they integrate both identities. The present project endeavors to examine these identity configurations (discount vs. integration of inherited and achieved identities), aiming to propose a comprehensive approach of their antecedents and consequences. Based on current status perspective (see Lorenzi-Cioldi, 2009), our main hypothesis predicts that feelings of discrimination against the inherited ingroup will be conducive to discount strategies rather than to integration strategies. Corollary hypotheses pertain to the behavioral consequences of each one of the identity configurations. We hypothesize that discounting should motivate individuals to dissociate from and show hostility toward the inherited ingroup, along with more positive consideration of the achieved membership. Conversely, integration should lead to similar concerns for both identities.These hypotheses will be tested following two parallel strategies. The first one builds upon our current correlational research that documents the variety of identity configurations in various fields. This research has to be completed and organized. The second strategy builds on experimental procedures to provide a stringent test of our correlational findings in gender, ethnic, and nationality settings. This experimental research will assess and manipulate, in turn: (1) the group members’ feelings of legitimate and illegitimate discrimination against the inherited ingroup, and (2) the contextual salience of the inherited and the achieved identities. To this end, we will use newly developed and pretested measures to tap the two posited identity configurations (discount and integration), as well as measures to assess their behavioral consequences. In sum, the main contribution of this project will be the advancing of our knowledge on how people manage their identities in a society that faces major changes.
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