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STALCLIM II - Multi-proxy climatic and environmental reconstructions from stalagmites from Switzerland, Turkey, Arabia and India

English title STALCLIM II - Multi-proxy climatic and environmental reconstructions from stalagmites from Switzerland, Turkey, Arabia and India
Applicant Kipfer Rolf
Number 147674
Funding scheme Sinergia
Research institution Wasserressourcen und Trinkwasser Eawag
Institution of higher education Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology - EAWAG
Main discipline Geochemistry
Start/End 01.01.2014 - 31.03.2015
Approved amount 382'220.00
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All Disciplines (5)

Discipline
Geochemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Geochronology
Other disciplines of Physics
Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy

Keywords (11)

Switzerland; Temperature; Oman; Yemen; Turkey; Precipitation; Environment; India; Late Pleistocene; Holocene; Speleothems

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Mittels neu entwickelter experimenteller Methoden, wird die in Stalagmiten gespeicherte Klimainformation zu lesen, um die Entwicklung der Temperatur und des Niederschlages in verschiedenen Regionen Eurasiens über die letzten 100'000 zu rekonstruieren.
Lay summary

Das Projekt 'STALCLIM 2' nimmt die im vorgängigen Projekt 'STALCLIM 1' begonnenen Forschungsansätze auf, um mittels neu entwickelter experimenteller Methoden, aus Tropfsteinen die Klima- und Umweltgeschichte in der Schweiz, der Türkei, auf der Arabischen Halbinsel und in Indien zu rekonstruieren. Die neu entwickelten Methoden sind erstmals voll operationell und werden jetzt einsetzt, um die Entwicklung von Temperatur und Niederschlag in den angesprochenen Regionen über die letzten 100'000 Jahre zu studieren. Weiter werden diese einzigartigen Klimaaufzeichnungen mit rezenten instrumentell-erhobenen Daten verbunden, um möglichst robuste Aussagen über die vergangenen Umwelt- und Klimaveränderungen zu gewinnen. Damit dürfte es möglich werden, auch aus Stalagmiten hochwertige zeitlich hochaufgelöste Klimainformation abzuleiten, wie dies bis anhin nur aus Eisbohrkernen und Seesedimenten möglich war.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 20.12.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Cave ventilation and rainfall signals in dripwater in a monsoonal setting - a monitoring study from NE India
Breitenbach Sebastian F M, Breitenbach Sebastian F M, Lechleitner Franziska A., Meyer Hanno, Diengdoh Gregory, Mattey David, Marwan Norbert (2015), Cave ventilation and rainfall signals in dripwater in a monsoonal setting - a monitoring study from NE India, in Chemical Geology, 402, 111-124.
Non-linear regime shifts in Holocene Asian monsoon variability: Potential impacts on cultural change and migratory patterns
Donges J. F., Donges J. F., Donner R. V., Donner R. V., Marwan N., Breitenbach S. F M, Breitenbach S. F M, Rehfeld K., Rehfeld K., Kurths J., Kurths J., Kurths J., Viehberg F. (2015), Non-linear regime shifts in Holocene Asian monsoon variability: Potential impacts on cultural change and migratory patterns, in Climate of the Past, 11(5), 709-741.
Northeast Indian stalagmite records El Niño dynamics: implications for moisture transport and drought in India
Myers C.G., Oster J.L., Sharp W.D., Bennartz R., Kelley N.P., Covey A.K., Breitenbach S.F.M. (2015), Northeast Indian stalagmite records El Niño dynamics: implications for moisture transport and drought in India, in Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 1.
Trends and oscillations in the Indian summer monsoon rainfall over the last two millennia.
Sinha Ashish, Kathayat Gayatri, Cheng Hai, Breitenbach Sebastian F M, Berkelhammer Max, Mudelsee Manfred, Biswas Jayant, Edwards R L (2015), Trends and oscillations in the Indian summer monsoon rainfall over the last two millennia., in Nature communications, 6, 6309-6309.
Aerosol forcing of the position of the intertropical convergence zone since ad 1550
Ridley Harriet E., Asmerom Yemane, Baldini James U L, Breitenbach Sebastian F M, Aquino Valorie V., Prufer Keith M., Culleton Brendan J., Polyak Victor, Lechleitner Franziska A., Kennett Douglas J., Zhang Minghua, Marwan Norbert, Macpherson Colin G., Baldini Lisa M., Xiao Tingyin, Peterkin Joanne L., Awe Jaime, Haug Gerald H. (2014), Aerosol forcing of the position of the intertropical convergence zone since ad 1550, in Nature Geoscience, 8(3), 195-200.
Byzantine Anatolia: a 'laboratory' for the study of climate impacts and socio-environmental relations in the past
Haldon J., Roberts N., Izdebski A., Fleitmann D., Ladstaetter Cassis M., Doonan O., Eastwood W., Elton H.S., McCormick M., Manning S., Newhard J., Nichol K., Telelis I., Xoplaki E. (2014), Byzantine Anatolia: a 'laboratory' for the study of climate impacts and socio-environmental relations in the past, in Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 45(2), 113-161.
Comparison of 795 nm and 265 nm femtosecond and 193 nm nanosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the quantitative multi-element analysis of glass materials
Ohata Masaki, Tabersky Daniel, Glaus Reto, Koch Joachim, Hattendorf Bodo, Guenther Detlef (2014), Comparison of 795 nm and 265 nm femtosecond and 193 nm nanosecond laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the quantitative multi-element analysis of glass materials, in JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY, 29(8), 1345-1353.
Development and characterization of custom-engineered and compacted nanoparticles as calibration materials for quantification using LA-ICP-MS
Tabersky Daniel, Luechinger Norman A., Rossier Michael, Reusser Eric, Hametner Kathrin, Aeschlimann Beat, Frick Daniel A., Halim Samuel C., Thompson Jay, Danyushevsky Leonid, Guenther Detlef (2014), Development and characterization of custom-engineered and compacted nanoparticles as calibration materials for quantification using LA-ICP-MS, in JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY, 29(6), 955-962.
Element analysis of small and even smaller objects by ICPMS and LA-ICPMS.
Borovinskaya Olga, Burger Marcel, Flamigni Luca, Gschwind Sabrina, Tabersky Daniel, Wang Hao A O, Hattendorf Bodo, Koch Joachim, Günther Detlef (2014), Element analysis of small and even smaller objects by ICPMS and LA-ICPMS., in Chimia, 68(3), 112-8.
Long-term performance of the Kiel carbonate device with a new correction scheme for clumped isotope measurements.
Meckler A Nele, Ziegler Martin, Millán M Isabel, Breitenbach Sebastian F M, Bernasconi Stefano M (2014), Long-term performance of the Kiel carbonate device with a new correction scheme for clumped isotope measurements., in Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 28(15), 1705-15.
Mineralisation of amethyst-bearing geodes in Ametista do Sul (Brazil) from low-temperature sedimentary brines: evidence from monophase liquid inclusions and stable isotopes
Gilg H. Albert, Krüger Yves, Taubald Heinrich, van den Kerkhof Alfons M., Frenz Martin, Morteani Giulio (2014), Mineralisation of amethyst-bearing geodes in Ametista do Sul (Brazil) from low-temperature sedimentary brines: evidence from monophase liquid inclusions and stable isotopes, in Mineralium Deposita, 49, 861-877.
New online method for water isotope analysis of speleothem fluid inclusions using laser absorption spectroscopy (WS-CRDS)
Affolter S., Affolter S., Fleitmann D., Fleitmann D., Leuenberger M., Leuenberger M. (2014), New online method for water isotope analysis of speleothem fluid inclusions using laser absorption spectroscopy (WS-CRDS), in Climate of the Past, 10(4), 1291-1304.
Novel heating/cooling stage designed for fluid inclusion microthermometry of large stalagmite sections
Krüger Yves, Krüger Yves, Hiltbrunner Beat, Luder Andres, Fleitmann Dominik, Fleitmann Dominik, Fleitmann Dominik, Frenz Martin (2014), Novel heating/cooling stage designed for fluid inclusion microthermometry of large stalagmite sections, in Chemical Geology, 386, 59-65.
Orbital and millennial-scale environmental changes between 64 and 25 ka BP recorded in Black Sea sediments
Schumilovskikh L.S., Fleitmann D., Nowaczyk N.R., Behling H., Marret F., Wegwerth A., Arz H.W. (2014), Orbital and millennial-scale environmental changes between 64 and 25 ka BP recorded in Black Sea sediments, in Climate of the Past, 10, 939-945.
Speleothems as sensitive recorders of volcanic eruptions - the Bronze Age Minoan eruption recorded in a stalagmite from Turkey
Badertscher S., Badertscher S., Borsato A., Frisia S., Cheng H., Cheng H., Edwards R. L., Tüysüz O., Fleitmann D., Fleitmann D., Fleitmann D. (2014), Speleothems as sensitive recorders of volcanic eruptions - the Bronze Age Minoan eruption recorded in a stalagmite from Turkey, in Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 392, 58-66.
Technical Note: How accurate can stalagmite formation temperatures be determined using vapour bubble radius measurements in fluid inclusions?
Spadin F., Marti D., Hidalgo-Staub R., Ricka J., Fleitmann D., Frenz M. (2014), Technical Note: How accurate can stalagmite formation temperatures be determined using vapour bubble radius measurements in fluid inclusions?, in Climate of the Past Discussions, 10, 3689-3713.
The Dark Star of Baisun-tau: a history of exploration in Southern Uzbekistan, 1990-2013
Tsurikhin E., Breitenbach S.F.M., Loginov V., Votinseva A. (2014), The Dark Star of Baisun-tau: a history of exploration in Southern Uzbekistan, 1990-2013, in Cave and Karst Science, 41(1), 36-41.
Indian Ocean source for East Asian Summer Monsoon rainfall
Baker A., Sodemann H., Baldini J.U.L., Breitenbach S.F.M., Johnson K.R., van Hunen J., Zhang P., Indian Ocean source for East Asian Summer Monsoon rainfall, in Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres.
Persistent drying linked to volcanic forcing
Winter A., Miller T., Kushnir Y., Black D., Lohmann G., Burnett A., Haug G., Estrella-Martinez J., Breitenbach S.F.M., Beaufort L., Cheng H., Persistent drying linked to volcanic forcing, in Nature Communications.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Andrew Love, NCGRT, Flinders University Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
159563 Climate and Environmental Physics 01.04.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
155891 Noble gas temperature reconstructions in stalagmites and new paleoclimate archives 01.05.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
154501 4th International Workshop on Clumped Isotopes 01.08.2014 Scientific Conferences
144255 Alpine Jahrringisotopen Zeitreihen im Holozän 01.05.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)
159542 Exploration of the phase diagram of liquid water in the metastable region by means of synthetic fluid inclusions 01.04.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)
132646 STALCLIM - Multi-proxy climatic and environmental reconstructions from stalagmites from Switzerland, Turkey, Arabia and India 01.01.2011 Sinergia
147174 Climate and Environmental Physics 01.04.2013 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

One goal of STALCLIM I was the improvement and/or establishment of new experimental methods to disentangle the climatic and environmental signals preserved in stalagmites from Switzerland, Turkey, Arabia and India. Since the official start of Sinergia STALCLIM in January 2011 significant progress has been made in the paleoclimatic interpretation of stalagmites from Switzerland, Turkey, Arabia and India (STALCLIM groups A, B). The in the same time developed state-off-the-art methods (STALCLIM groups C, D, E and F) to extract novel paleoclimate information from speleothems calcite can be now applied on stalagmites to develop long, continuous and near-instrumental records of precipitation and temperature for the Holocene and late Pleistocene. Such records are currently in high demand for benchmarking climate models that are also used for climate predictions. However, the development of these new and unique methods was intellectually challenging, hence time consuming and caused some unexpected delays. In order to achieve the main research objectives outlined in the original Sinergia proposal we request funding for one additional year. This extension would allow us to construct comprehensive multi-proxy stalagmite-based climate records which match those obtained from ice cores and lake sediments. Furthermore, it would also allow PhD-students to complete their thesis and postdocs to publish additional articles in highly-ranked international journals.
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