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The Swiss Confederation: A Natural Laboratory for Research on Fiscal and Political Decentralization

Titel Englisch The Swiss Confederation: A Natural Laboratory for Research on Fiscal and Political Decentralization
Gesuchsteller/in Brülhart Marius
Nummer 147668
Förderungsinstrument Sinergia
Forschungseinrichtung Dépt d'économétrie et économie politique Faculté des Hautes Etudes Commerciales (HEC) Université de Lausanne
Hochschule Université de Lausanne - LA
Hauptdisziplin Volkswirtschaftslehre
Beginn/Ende 01.01.2014 - 31.12.2016
Bewilligter Betrag 1'000'000.00
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Keywords (5)

direct democracy, fiscal federalism, tax competition, panel data, political economics

Lay Summary (Deutsch)

Lead
Der schweizerische Bundesstaat ist ein weltweit einmaliges Labor für die empirische Erforschung von dezentralen politischen Entscheidungsmechanismen. Kernziel unseres Projektes ist die Vervollständigung einer umfassenden Panel-Datenbank zur Entwicklung von Steuern, öffentlichen Finanzen und anderen Variablen auf Kantons- und Gemeindeebene. Um dieses gemeinsame Unterfangen gruppieren sich thematische Forschungsprojekte im Bereich Fiskalföderalismus und politische Ökonomie.
Lay summary

Wie entstehen „Steueroasen“? Wie empfindlich ist die Standortwahl von Haushalten und Unternehmen auf Unterschiede in der Steuerbelastung? Welche Auswirkungen hat der Föderalismus auf die Einkommensverteilung? Wie wirkt sich eine dezentrale Leistungserbringung auf das Gesundheits- und Pflegewesen aus? Führt direktdemokratische Mitsprache zu gesünderen Staatsfinanzen?

Solche Fragen sind nicht bloss Dauerbrenner in schweizerischen Polit-Debatten, sie stellen sich auch zunehmend auf der internationalen Ebene, und ganz besonders innerhalb der EU.

Dank ihrer kleinräumigen institutionellen Vielfalt, ihrer dezentralen politischen Organisation und ihrer grossen institutionellen Stabilität eignet sich die Schweiz wie kein anderes Land für die Analyse derartiger Fragen.

Der helvetische Föderalismus ist zum Teil jedoch auch dafür verantwortlich, dass es im Vergleich zu anderen Ländern relativ wenig umfassendes Datenmaterial gibt, um dieses Labor in seiner ganzen Vielfalt und historischen Tiefe für statistische Analysen nutzbar zu machen. Wir trachten deshalb danach, die bislang umfassendste Datenbank zum schweizerischen Fiskalföderalismus zusammenzustellen.

Diese Datenbank, zusammen mit ergänzenden Statistiken aus anderen Quellen, werden wir mittels moderner ökonometrischer Schätzmethoden und gekoppelt an theoretische Analysen dafür nutzbar machen, um den gestellten polit-ökonomischen Fragen auf den Grund zu gehen.

Das Projekt ist unterteilt in 16 thematische Subprojekte und vier eng miteinander kollaborierende Forschungsgruppen (Lausanne, Basel/Barcelona, Lugano/ETHZ und St. Gallen).

Direktlink auf Lay Summary Letzte Aktualisierung: 15.08.2013

Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende

Mitarbeitende

Publikationen

Publikation
Anti-Social Behavior in Profit and Nonprofit Organizations
Auriol Emmanuelle, Brilon Stefanie (2014), Anti-Social Behavior in Profit and Nonprofit Organizations, in Journal of Public Economics, 117, 149-161.
Does Compulsory Voting Increase Support for Leftist Policy?
Bechtel Michael M., Hangartner Dominik, Schmid Lukas (2016), Does Compulsory Voting Increase Support for Leftist Policy?, in American Journal of Political Science, 60(3), 149-161.
Job Assignment with Multivariate Skills and the Peter Principle
Brilon Stefanie (2014), Job Assignment with Multivariate Skills and the Peter Principle, in Labour Economics, 32, 112-121.
Taxes in Cities
Brülhart Marius, Bucovetsky Sam, Schmidheiny Kurt (2015), Taxes in Cities, in Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, 5, 139-148.
Alleged Tax Competition: The Mysterious Death of Bequest Taxes in Switzerland
Brülhart Marius, Parchet Raphael (2014), Alleged Tax Competition: The Mysterious Death of Bequest Taxes in Switzerland, in Journal of Public Economics, 111, 63-78.
Estimating the Rivalness of State-Level Inward FDI
Brülhart Marius, Schmidheiny Kurt (2015), Estimating the Rivalness of State-Level Inward FDI, in Journal of Regional Science, 55(1), 139-148.
Spatial Sorting
Eeckhout Jan, Pinheiro Roberto, Schmidheiny Kurt (2014), Spatial Sorting, in Journal of Political Economy, 122(3), 554-620.
Electoral Competition as a Determinant of Fiscal Decentralization
Jametti Mario, Joanis Marcelin (2016), Electoral Competition as a Determinant of Fiscal Decentralization, in Fiscal Studies, 37(2), 285-300.
Tax Competition and Tax Coordination in the European Union: A Survey
Keuschnigg Christian, Loretz Simon, Winner Hannes (2016), Tax Competition and Tax Coordination in the European Union: A Survey, in Badinger Harald and Nitsch Volker (ed.), Handbook of the Economics of European Integration, Routledge, London, 295-311.
The Effect of Agglomeration Size on Local Taxes
Luthi Eva, Schmidheiny Kurt (2014), The Effect of Agglomeration Size on Local Taxes, in Journal of Economic Geography, 14(2), 265-287.
Incentive Effects of Fiscal Rules on the Finance Minister's Behaviour: Evidence from Revenue Projections in Swiss Cantons
Chatagny Florian (2015), Incentive Effects of Fiscal Rules on the Finance Minister's Behaviour: Evidence from Revenue Projections in Swiss Cantons, in European Journal of Political Economy, 39, 184-200.
Evaluating Rationality of Level and Growth Rate Forecasts of Direct Tax Revenues Under Flexible Loss Function: Evidence from Swiss Cantons
Chatagny Florian, Siliverstovs Boriss (2015), Evaluating Rationality of Level and Growth Rate Forecasts of Direct Tax Revenues Under Flexible Loss Function: Evidence from Swiss Cantons, in Economics Letters, 134, 65-68.
Innovation, Trade and Finance
Egger Peter, Keuschnigg Christian (2015), Innovation, Trade and Finance, in American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 7(2), 1-37.
How Accurate are Surveyed Preferences for Public Policies? Evidence from a Unique Institutional Setup
Funk Patricia (2016), How Accurate are Surveyed Preferences for Public Policies? Evidence from a Unique Institutional Setup, in Review of Economics and Statistics, 98(3), 442-454.
On the Determinants of Happiness: A Classification and Regression Tree (CART) Approach
Galletta Sergio (2016), On the Determinants of Happiness: A Classification and Regression Tree (CART) Approach, in Applied Economics Letters, 23(2), 121-125.
How to Tame Two Leviathans? Revisiting the Effect of Direct Democracy on Local Public Expenditure
Galletta Sergio, Jametti Mario (2015), How to Tame Two Leviathans? Revisiting the Effect of Direct Democracy on Local Public Expenditure, in European Journal of Political Economy, 39, 82-93.
Highway to Economic Growth? Competition in Public Works Tenders in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Galletta Sergio, Jametti Mario, Redonda Agustin (2015), Highway to Economic Growth? Competition in Public Works Tenders in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in South African Journal of Economics, 83(2), 240-255.
The Pan-European Population Distribution Acrosss Consistently Defined Functional Urban Areas
Schmidheiny Kurt, Suedekum Jens (2015), The Pan-European Population Distribution Acrosss Consistently Defined Functional Urban Areas, in Economics Letters, 133, 10-13.
Do Nasty and Pleasant Surprises Regarding Tax Revenue Explain Spending Drifts? The Case of Swiss Cantons
Soguel Nils, Ecabert Christine (2015), Do Nasty and Pleasant Surprises Regarding Tax Revenue Explain Spending Drifts? The Case of Swiss Cantons, in International Journal of Public Administration, 38(4), 282-296.
Insights from Switzerland's Pension System
Bütler Monika (2016), Insights from Switzerland's Pension System, in Mitchell Olivia S. (ed.), Reimagining Pensions: The Next 40 Years, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 247-273.
Gender Gaps in Policy Making: Evidence from Direct Democracy
Funk Patricia, Gathmann Christina (2015), Gender Gaps in Policy Making: Evidence from Direct Democracy, in Economic Policy, 30(81), 141-181.
Financial Work Incentives for Disability Benefit Recipients: Lessons from a Randomized Field Experiment
Bütler Monika, Lechner Michael, Deuchert Eva, Staubli Stefan, Thiemann Petra (2015), Financial Work Incentives for Disability Benefit Recipients: Lessons from a Randomized Field Experiment, in IZA Journal of Labor Policy, 4(1), 1-18.
Introduction to the Special Issue on Redesigning the Welfare State for Aging Societies
Bütler Monika, Schneider Kerstin (2015), Introduction to the Special Issue on Redesigning the Welfare State for Aging Societies, in International Tax and Public Finance, 22(4), 531-533.
Is Higher Nursing Home Quality More Costly?
Di Giorgio Laura, Filippini Massimo, Masiero Giuliano (2016), Is Higher Nursing Home Quality More Costly?, in European Journal of Health Economics, 17(8), 1011-1026.
Effects of Uncertainty and Opportunistic Renegotiations on Bidding Behaviour: Evidence from Toll Road Concessions
Athias Laure, Nunez Antonio (2015), Effects of Uncertainty and Opportunistic Renegotiations on Bidding Behaviour: Evidence from Toll Road Concessions, in Picot A. (ed.), The Economics of Infrastructure Provisioning, MIT Press, Boston, 285-314.
Structural and Managerial Cost Differences in Nonprofit Nursing Homes
Di Giorgio Laura, Filippini Massimo, Masiero Giuliano (2015), Structural and Managerial Cost Differences in Nonprofit Nursing Homes, in Economic Modelling, 51, 289-298.
Does Personal Background Influence a Finance Minister to Cook the Books? An Investigation of Creative Accounting in Swiss Cantons
Clémenceau Maxime, Soguel Nils (2016), Does Personal Background Influence a Finance Minister to Cook the Books? An Investigation of Creative Accounting in Swiss Cantons, in Applied Economics, 49(10), 941-953.
Hosting Multinationals: Economic and Fiscal Implications
Egger Peter, Köthenbürger Marko (2016), Hosting Multinationals: Economic and Fiscal Implications, in Aussenwirtschaft - Swiss Review of International Economic Relations, 67, 45-66.
Taxing Multinationals in the Presence of Internal Capital Markets
Köthenbürger Marko, Stimmelmayr Michael (2016), Taxing Multinationals in the Presence of Internal Capital Markets, in Journal of Public Economics, 138, 58-71.
Inheritance Flows in Switzerland, 1911-2011
Brülhart Marius, Dupertuis Didier, Moreau Elodie (accepted), Inheritance Flows in Switzerland, 1911-2011, in Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics.
Corporate Flat Tax Reforms and Businesses’ Investment Decisions. Evidence from Switzerland
Galletta Sergio, Redonda Agustin (accepted), Corporate Flat Tax Reforms and Businesses’ Investment Decisions. Evidence from Switzerland, in International Tax and Public Finance.
Emerging Lessons from Half a Century of Fiscal Federalism in Switzerland
Schmidheiny Kurt (accepted), Emerging Lessons from Half a Century of Fiscal Federalism in Switzerland, in Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics.
Volatile Top Income Shares in Switzerland? Reassessing the Evolution Between 1981 and 2010
Foellmi Reto, Martinez Isabel (accepted), Volatile Top Income Shares in Switzerland? Reassessing the Evolution Between 1981 and 2010, in Review of Economics and Statistics.
Partisan Campaigning and Initiative Petition Signing in Direct Democracies
Hofer Katharina (accepted), Partisan Campaigning and Initiative Petition Signing in Direct Democracies, in Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics.
How Does Depreciations Management Affect Subsequent Fiscal Performance? The Case of the Swiss Cantons
Clémenceau Maxime, Soguel Nils (accepted), How Does Depreciations Management Affect Subsequent Fiscal Performance? The Case of the Swiss Cantons, in Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics.
Ready to Reform: How Popular Initiatives Can Be Successful
Bütler Monika, Hofer Katharina E., Marti Christian (accepted), Ready to Reform: How Popular Initiatives Can Be Successful, in European Journal of Political Economy.
How Much Do Means-Tested Benefits Reduce the Demand for Annuities?
Bütler Monika, Peijnenburg Kim, Staubli Stefan (accepted), How Much Do Means-Tested Benefits Reduce the Demand for Annuities?, in Journal of Pension Economics and Finance.
Introducing an IP-Licence Box in Switzerland: Quantifying the Effects
Chatagny Florian, Köthenbürger Marko, Stimmelmayr Michael (accepted), Introducing an IP-Licence Box in Switzerland: Quantifying the Effects, in International Tax and Public Finance.

Zusammenarbeit

Gruppe / Person Land
Felder der Zusammenarbeit
Patricia Funk, Pompeu Fabra University (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Nils Soguel, IDHEAP Lausanne (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Peter Egger, ETH Zürich (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Anindya Sen, University of Waterloo (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Massimo Filippini, University of Lugano (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Florian Chatagny, ETH Zürich (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Jonathan Gruber, MIT (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Marcelin Joanis, University of Sherbrooke (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Laure Athias, IDHEAP Lausanne (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
David Stadelmann, University of Bayreuth (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Stefan Staubli, RAND Corporation (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Richard Sellner, IHS Vienna (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Christian Keuschnigg, University of St.Gallen (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Florian Misch, ZEW Mannheim (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Luca Crivelli, University of Lugano (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Stephan Litschig, Pompeu Fabra University (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Dominic Rohner, University of Lausanne (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Michael Bechtel, University of St.Gallen (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Sam Bucovetsky, York University Toronto (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Giuliano Masiero, University of Bergamo (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Marko Köthenbürger, ETH Zürich (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Thomas Crossley, Cambridge University (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Reto Föllmi, University of St.Gallen (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
Dominik Hangartner, London School of Economics (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation

Wissenschaftliche Veranstaltungen



Selber organisiert

Titel Datum Ort
Sinergia Workshop 15.09.2016 University of Basel, Schweiz
Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics 09.06.2016 University of Lugano, Schweiz
Sinergia Workshop 23.10.2015 University of Lugano, Schweiz
CEPR Conference on Urban and Regional Economics (CURE) 25.09.2015 University of Basel, Schweiz
Sinergia Workshop 19.09.2014 ETH Zürich, Schweiz
IIPF 70th Annual Congress 20.08.2014 University of Lugano, Schweiz
Conference on Reforming Public Service Delivery 15.05.2014 University of Lausanne, Schweiz

Kommunikation mit der Öffentlichkeit

Kommunikation Titel Medien Ort Jahr
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien diverse Presseartikel diverse Zeitungen und Zeitschriften Italienische Schweiz Westschweiz Deutschschweiz 2014
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) Twitter-Konto "Fiscal Federalism" Twitter International 2014
Medienarbeit: Radio, Fernsehen diverse Medienauftritte SRF, TSR, RSI Westschweiz Deutschschweiz Italienische Schweiz 2014

Verbundene Projekte

Nummer Titel Start Förderungsinstrument
130443 Partial Fiscal Decentralization 01.10.2010 ProDoc (Forschungsmodul, FM)
166618 The Elasticity of Taxable Wealth: Evidence from Switzerland 01.01.2017 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
159348 Fiscal rules, fiscal performance and tax competition among municipalities in Switzerland 01.11.2015 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
130648 The Swiss Confederation: A Natural Laboratory for Research on Fiscal and Political Decentralization 01.10.2010 Sinergia

Abstract

Switzerland represents a unique laboratory for the study of decentralized decision making and financing of public goods. The experience of the Swiss Confederation since 1848 can be seen as a real-world large-scale experiment. While the empirical public finance and political economics literatures have exploited Swiss data with considerable success for some time and produced evidence that has proven to be of interest far beyond the national context, the Swiss laboratory in its long-term historical dimension and its small-scale spatial dimension has as yet remained largely unexploited due to a lack of readily available data. This project therefore pursues three central aims. First, we shall continue our data collection effort aiming to assemble the most comprehensive longitudinal dataset on fiscal and political decentralization in Switzerland to date. In a precursor project, we concentrated our efforts on canton-level and municipality-level data from the early 1970s onward, in order to complement individual-level data on tax bases from federal income tax statistics. In the current project, we aim (a) to extend this database further into the past, and (b) to complement it with some variables that we did not have the resources to collect in the precursor project. Second, we aim to produce a number of high-level scientific papers, building on the longitudinal dataset collected through the precursor and the current Sinergia projects, on complementary data resources also compiled within the project, and on the collective expertise of the project collaborators. In addition to the shared data collection effort and the associated analysis, we foresee 16 subprojects. All of these subprojects are collaborative in nature. The common denominator is to analyze issues in public finance and political economics affecting federations. The majority of projects will use Swiss sub-federal data for empirical analyses and will therefore benefit directly from the centralized data collection effort. Publications in international peer-reviewed publications represent the principal target output for all subprojects, but we also aim to continue to contribute actively to Swiss public debate. Third, we aim to provide research and research-management experience for doctoral students and post-doctoral fellows, as well as for a number of student assistants. The longitudinal dataset and the 16 research subprojects will offer a rich source of interesting material for doctoral and post-doctoral research. Where possible, we shall strive to involve doctoral students in the project research sufficiently deeply for them to deserve coauthorship. We are organized around four research groups based respectively in Lausanne, Basel/Barcelona, Lugano/ETHZ and St.Gallen.