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Ethnic Power Relations and Conflict in Fragile States

Applicant Cederman Lars-Erik
Number 147210
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Global Governance CIS ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.01.2014 - 31.12.2016
Approved amount 1'524'673.00
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All Disciplines (5)

Discipline
Political science
Sociology
Ethnology
Economics
General history (without pre-and early history)

Keywords (5)

ethnic mobilization; ethnic conflict; inequality; exclusion; ethnic politics

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
In enger Zusammenarbeit mit Partneruniversitäten in Entwicklungsländern verschiede-ner Weltregionen untersucht dieses Projekt die kausalen Zusammenhänge zwischen Un-gleichheit undKonflikt in strukturell schwachen multi-ethnischen Staaten.
Lay summary
Bürgerkriege und Aufstände fordern weiterhin Tausende von Toten und verursachen Flüchtlingsströme und wirtschaftliche Krisen in zahlreichen Staaten der Welt. Nicht selten entstehen diese Konflikte aus politischen und wirtschaftlichen Ungleichheiten zwischen verschiedenen Gruppen in multi-ethnischen Staaten. In enger Zusammenarbeit mit ausgewählten Partnern in Entwicklungsländern – in Regionen, die selbst von solchen Konflikten betroffen sind – beleuchtet das Projekt die kausalen Zusammenhänge zwischen Ursache (ethnische Ungleichheit) und Wirkung (Konflikt) und versucht dabei auch, politikrelevantes Wissen darüber zu produzieren, wie solche Konflikte verhindert werden können. Zwei Faktoren stehen dabei im Zentrum: einerseits die Mobilisierungsprozesse ethnischer Gruppen, d.h. ihr politisches Handeln durch Organisationen wie politische Parteien und soziale Bewegungen, und andererseits staatliche Lösungsmöglichkeiten wie Machtteilung, Föderalismus etc. Der Transfer dieses Wissens in die Politik der Partnerländer, d.h. die Kommunikation der wissenschaftlichen Resultate sowohl an politische Entscheidungsträger als auch über die Medien an die Gesellschaft im Allgemeinen, stellt ein wichtiger Bestandteil des Projektes dar.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 05.02.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Culturas políticas de las izquierdas revolucionarias
Sáenz de Tejada Ricardo (2016), Culturas políticas de las izquierdas revolucionarias, in Casaús Marta (ed.), Marcial Pons Ediciones de Historia; Prensas de la Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, 361-387.
Mediation and the Transformation of the Lunda-Luvale Conflict
Mukunto Ignatius Kabale (2016), Mediation and the Transformation of the Lunda-Luvale Conflict, in Conflict Studies Quarterly, 14, 61-73.
Social Conflict in the Context of the Development of New Mining Concessions in Zambia
Kapesa Robby, Mwitwa Jacob, Chikumbi D. C. (2016), Social Conflict in the Context of the Development of New Mining Concessions in Zambia, in Southern African Peace and Security Studies, 4(2), 41-62.
Democracia y elecciones en Guatemala 1984-2011
Saenz de Tejada Ricardo (2015), Democracia y elecciones en Guatemala 1984-2011, Editorial Cara Parens, Guatemala City.
Las estructuras elementales de la política: cómo operan las redes político económicas ilícitas en Guatemala
Saenz de Tejada Ricardo (2015), Las estructuras elementales de la política: cómo operan las redes político económicas ilícitas en Guatemala, in Revista Análisis de la Realidad Nacional, 14, 119-136.
Modernización y conflictos, 1944-2000
Saenz de Tejada Ricardo (2015), Modernización y conflictos, 1944-2000, in Arroyo Barbara et al. (ed.), Editorial Cara Parens, Guatemala, 95-226.
Territorial Autonomy in the Shadow of Conflict: Too Little, Too Late?
Cederman Lars-Erik, Hug Simon, Schädel Andreas, Wucherpfennig Julian (2015), Territorial Autonomy in the Shadow of Conflict: Too Little, Too Late?, in American Political Science Review, 109(2), 354-370.
The Disarticulated Movement: Barriers to Maya Mobilization in Post-Conflict Guatemala
Vogt Manuel (2015), The Disarticulated Movement: Barriers to Maya Mobilization in Post-Conflict Guatemala, in Latin American Politics and Society, 57(1), 29-50.
Escaping the Resource Curse: How Power-sharing Prevents Ethnic Conflict over Resource Wealth in Africa
Vogt Manuel, Escaping the Resource Curse: How Power-sharing Prevents Ethnic Conflict over Resource Wealth in Africa, in Falola Toyin (ed.), I.B. Tauris & Co. Publishers, London.
Indigenous Movements and Ethnic Inclusion in Latin America
Vogt Manuel, Indigenous Movements and Ethnic Inclusion in Latin America, in International Studies Quarterly, forthcoming.
Integrating Data on Ethnicity, Geography, and Conflict: The Ethnic Power Relations Dataset Family
Vogt Manuel, Bormann Nils-Christian, Rüegger Seraina, Cederman Lars-Erik, Hunziker Philipp, Girardin Luc, Integrating Data on Ethnicity, Geography, and Conflict: The Ethnic Power Relations Dataset Family, in Journal of Conflict Resolution.
Language, Religion, and Ethnic Civil War
Bormann Nils-Christian, Cederman Lars-Erik, Vogt Manuel, Language, Religion, and Ethnic Civil War, in Journal of Conflict Resolution.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Forum: The Citizen Days 25A Talk given at a conference The Citizen Dazs and the Indigenous People 25.04.2016 Congreso de la República, Guatemala Saenz de Tejada Rojas Ricardo Gustavo Adolfo;
Presentation at the Escuela de Historia, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala Talk given at a conference Las reformas del Estado en Guatemala: rutas jurídicas y políticas 07.04.2016 Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala Saenz de Tejada Rojas Ricardo Gustavo Adolfo;
Annual Conference of the Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA) Talk given at a conference Violent and Non-violent Electoral Contention in Sub-Saharan Africa 07.04.2016 Chicago, United States of America Vogt Manuel;
ISA Annual Convention 2016 Talk given at a conference Ethnic Cleavages, Democratization, and the Survival of Ethnic Dominance 16.03.2016 Atlanta, United States of America Vogt Manuel;
Presentation at the Escuela de Ciencia Política, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala Talk given at a conference La crisis política de 2015: la participación de los pueblos indígenas. 22.02.2016 Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala Saenz de Tejada Rojas Ricardo Gustavo Adolfo;
Invited presentation at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Colloquim Individual talk Ethnic Inequality and Military Spending 21.01.2016 Stockholm, Sweden Hamid Ali;
European Network of Conflict Research (ENCoRe) Meeting 2016 Talk given at a conference Constructing a Global Dataset on Ethno-political Organizations: The EPR-Organizations Data Project 21.01.2016 Geneva, Switzerland Vogt Manuel;
Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association Talk given at a conference Autonomy, Secession and Conflict: A Strategic Model 05.12.2015 San Francisco, United States of America Cederman Lars-Erik; Hug Simon;
Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA) Talk given at a conference Ethnic Electoral Geography and Ethnic Parties in Sub-Saharan Africa 03.09.2015 San Francisco, United States of America Vogt Manuel;
Annual International Conference on Economics and Security Talk given at a conference Ethnic Inequality and Military Spending 25.06.2015 Grenoble, France Hamid Ali;
ISA Annual Convention 2015 Talk given at a conference Ethnic Cleavages and the Effect of Democratization on the Emergence and Survival of Ethnic Dominance 18.02.2015 New Orleans, United States of America Vogt Manuel;
Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association Talk given at a conference Environmental Change, Political Marginalization and Violence 28.08.2014 Washington, DC, United States of America Cottier Fabien;
FLACSO-ISA Joint International Conference Talk given at a conference A New Dawn?: Ethnic Movements and the Political Empowerment of Indigenous and African-Descendant Peoples in Latin America 23.07.2014 Buenos Aires, Argentina Vogt Manuel;
Forschungskolloquium Global Studies Individual talk Ethnic Mobilization, Equality and Conflict in Multi-ethnic States 25.02.2014 University of Bern, Switzerland Vogt Manuel;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Ethnicity and Nation-building in Contemporary Zambia 23.06.2016 Mist Gardens, Kitwe, Zambia
The Pipil Indian: Population, Territory, Ethnicity and Present Culture 04.05.2016 Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala
Scientific Engagement 22.04.2016 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
The Comparative Method: Between Case Studies and Statistical Analyses 12.04.2016 Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala
Scientific Engagement 21.03.2016 University for Development Studies, Ghana, Ghana
The Paradoxes of the Secular State: A Comparative Reflection on State-Secularism and its Problems in India and Turkey 01.03.2016 Tata Institute of Social Sciences, India
Tracing Patterns of Inequalities & Grievances in South Asia 03.02.2016 Tata Institute of Social Sciences , India
Political and Economic Grievances in East Sudan 16.01.2016 American University in Egypt, Egypt
The Urbanization Process in the Solwezi Region, North-western Province, Zambia 07.12.2015 Kananshi Hotel, Solwezi , Zambia
Fourth Global Conference on Public Policy and Administration in the Middle East 05.12.2015 American University in Cairo, Egypt
Annual R4D Site Visit 15.10.2015 American University in Cairo, Egypt
An Exploration of a Forgotten Conflict - South Sudan: Past, Present and Visions for the Future 06.06.2015 American University in Cairo, Egypt
Culture and Interculturality 15.03.2015 University de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala
Power, Indigenous People, and Social Thought: A Critical Approach 25.02.2015 Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala
Environmental Migration, Political Marginalization and Violence 15.10.2014 Copperbelt University, Kitwe, Zambia
Ethnic Exclusion, Mobilization, and Conflict in Africa and the Middle East 24.09.2014 American University in Cairo, Egypt
Ethnic Mobilization, Equality and Conflict in Multi-ethnic States: a Theoretical and Empirical Analysis 30.07.2014 Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala
Ethnic Power Relations and Conflict in Fragile States - Kick-off Meeting 01.05.2014 ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
IV Jornada de Historia Reciente en Guatemala Talk 07.04.2016 Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Guatemala Saenz de Tejada Rojas Ricardo Gustavo Adolfo;
Dialogue of Sudan Marginalized Groups Talk 26.09.2014 Nairobi, Kenya Hamid Ali;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Workshop on civil society engagement in democratic transformation 15.04.2016 American University in Cairo, Egypt
Social Conflict and Racism 08.03.2016 Universidad de Guatemala, Guatemala
Training Workshop for Journalist from Sudan and South Sudan Conflict areas 07.03.2016 American University in Cairo, Egypt
Dissemination activities with stakeholders in Assam region 15.12.2015 Assam (field site), India
Comparative Examination of Ethnic Conflict in the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) Region 17.10.2015 American University in Cairo, Egypt
Indigenous People and Politica Reforms in Guatemala: From Crisis to the Refoundation of the State 23.09.2015 Guatemala City, Guatemala
The Mobilization and Political Participation by Indigenous Groups in Latin America: between the Local and the National 21.09.2015 Guatemala City, Guatemala
Ethnicity and Conflicts: Lessons from around the World 23.07.2015 CDD Ghana, Accra, Ghana
Sudanese Solidarity for Elimination of Racial Discrimination 27.06.2015 American University in Cairo, Egypt
Africa Forum 28.05.2015 American University in Cairo, Egypt
The scourge of hatred and fear of the foreigner: how can Africa heal and build a better life for all? 07.05.2015 Copperbelt University, Kitwe, Zambia
The scourge of hatred and fear of the foreigner: how can Africa heal and build a better life for all?” 07.05.2015 Copperbelt University, Kitwe, Zambia
Meeting with the Commission for Indigenous Peoples of the Guatemalan National Congress 06.08.2014 Guatemala City, Guatemala

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: radio, television Dr. Hamid Eltgani Ali: Sudan wants peacekeepers to leave Darfur Nile TV International International 2016
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Ethnic Power Relations and Conflict: Lessons from Around the World International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media The Upsurge of Genocide in Darfur World Policy Blog International 2016
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) La hora de la propuesta International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Sudan: the African Union and the World must stand up to Bashir Sudan Tribune International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Why is the world blind to the fresh threat of genocide in Darfur? The Guardian International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Why is the world blind to the fresh threat of genocide in Darfur? The Guardian International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Darfur: Betrayed by the UN World Policy Blog International 2014

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
171175 Ethnic Power Relations and Conflict in Fragile States 01.01.2017 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
161780 Environmental Migration, Political Marginalization and Violence 01.09.2015 Doc.Mobility
156339 Causes and Consequences of Irredentism 01.04.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

This project proposes to study the link between group-level inequality and ethnic conflict in fragile states. As illustrated by the Arab spring, numerous civil wars and uprisings, continue to claim thousands of casualties, result in huge refugee flows, and cause economic distress. In most cases the state is either under attack or is so fragile that it can hardly control its territory. While recent scholarship has demonstrated that economic and political inequality between ethnic groups appears to be a major contributing factor to political instability and conflict, the exact mechanisms behind this regularity have so far not been sufficiently probed. Through partnerships with researchers in six carefully selected countries, who will help us improve our data and analysis covering both their own countries and the surrounding region, our project aims to improve the precision of our measures of political and economic inequality, while at the same time extend both data and analysis on mobilization processes involving political organizations that mobilize and represent ethnic groups. More detailed understanding of such processes will, therefore, improve governance such that inequality can be reduced and its adverse consequences, especially with respect to conflict and political instability, can be mitigated.
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