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AlaReLa Madagascar, the Alaotra Resilience Landscape

Applicant Garcia Claude
Number 146852
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution ITES-Ecosystem Management Groupe de Foresterie pour le développement ETH Zürich, CHN F 75.2
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.11.2013 - 31.08.2017
Approved amount 475'812.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Social geography and ecology
Sociology
Science of management

Keywords (8)

resilience; change; biodiversity; Madagascar; landscape; policy; livelihoods; socio-ecological systems (SES)

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Eine wachsende Herausforderung im Bereich des tropischen Ressourcenmanagements ist die Vereinbarkeit von ökonomischen und ökologischen Interessen; einerseits einem kontinuierlich steigenden Bedarf zu entsprechen, andererseits einer wachsenden Anzahl unterschiedlicher Werte und Interessen wie dem Erhalt biologischer Vielfalt, der Aufrechterhaltung ökologischer Funktionen sowie essentieller Ökosystemleistungen als Lebensgrundlage der Bevölkerung in ländlichen Gegenden.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

„Resilience-Management“ oder die Beurteilung eines sozio-ökologischen Systems wie dem Alaotra-Mangoro im nord-östlichen Madagaskar ist im Grunde Belastbarkeitsforschung: wie hoch ist die Fähigkeit des Systems, Störungen (z.B. extreme Trockenperioden, Preisstürze wichtiger Agrarprodukte) zu absorbieren, um das langfristige Funktionieren des Systems zu gewährleisten. Dieses Projekt wird mit partizipativer Methodik (i) das soziale und ökologische System  in einem konzeptionellen Modell darstellen (ii) eine Diskussions- und Modellierungsplattform kreieren, um das entwickelte Modell mit den Akteuren zu prüfen und mögliche Zukunftsszenarien oder Managementoptionen zu eruieren, (iii)das generierte Wissen in Entscheidungsprozesse einzubetten.

Wissenschaftlich und gesellschaftlicher Kontext

Um die nachhaltige Nutzung natürlicher Ressourcen sowie den zeitgleichen Einbezug des Biodiversitätsschutzes zu gewährleisten ist es von grösster Wichtigkeit, dass politische Entscheidungsträger informiert und in die Prozesse miteinbezogen werden. Dies ist besonders wichtig in Zeiten rascher Veränderungen wie dem Klimawandel oder politischer Instabilität. Nachhaltigkeit in Managementplänen und in der Bewirtschaftung von Grund und Boden kann nur erreicht werden, wenn sich die wichtigsten Akteure (z.B. Reisanbauer) in diesem Regelwerk vertreten sehen, dieses ihren Bedürfnissen entspricht und sie somit auch bereit sind eine Eigenverantwortung zu übernehmen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.10.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Perception of change: narratives and strategies of farmers in Madagascar
Stoudmann Natasha, Waeber Patrick O., Randriamalala Ihoby H., Garcia C. (2017), Perception of change: narratives and strategies of farmers in Madagascar, in Journal of Rural Studies, 56, 76-86.
Play, learn, explore: grasping complexity through gaming and photography
Waeber Patrick O., De Grave A., Wilmé L., Garcia C. (2017), Play, learn, explore: grasping complexity through gaming and photography, in Madagascar Conservation & Development, 12, 1-7.
Contact matters: local community perceptions and conservation of the Alaotra gentle lemur Hapalemur alaotrensis”
Reibelt Lena M., Woolaver Lance, Moser Gabrielle, Randriamalala Ihoby H., Raveloarimalala Lucile M., Ralainasolo Fidy B., Ratsimbazafy Jonah, Waeber Patrick O. (2017), Contact matters: local community perceptions and conservation of the Alaotra gentle lemur Hapalemur alaotrensis”, in International Journal of Primatology, 38(3), 588-608.
Local awareness and perceptions: consequences for conservation of marsh habitat at Lake Alaotra for one of the world’s rarest lemurs
Waeber Patrick O., Reibelt Lena M., Randriamalala Ihoby H., Moser Gabrielle, Raveloarimalala Lucile M., Ralainasolo Fidy B., Ratsimbazafy Jonah, Woolaver Lance (2017), Local awareness and perceptions: consequences for conservation of marsh habitat at Lake Alaotra for one of the world’s rarest lemurs, in Oryx, 1.
A proposal for ethcial research conduct in Madagascar
Wilmé L., Waeber P.O., Moutou F., Gardner C.G., Razafindratsima O., Sparks J., Kull C.A., Ferguson B., Lourenço W.R., Jenkins P.D., Ramamonjisoa L., Burney D.A., Lowry II P.P. (2016), A proposal for ethcial research conduct in Madagascar, in Madagascar Conservation & Development, 11(1), 36-39.
How effective have thirty years of internationally driven conservation and development efforts been in Madagascar?
Waeber P.O., Wilmé L., Mercier J.-R., Camara C., Lowry II. P.P. (2016), How effective have thirty years of internationally driven conservation and development efforts been in Madagascar?, in PLoS ONE, 11(8), e0161115.
Scenarios of biodiversity exploring possible futures for management
Garcia C.A., Dray A., Aubert S., Reibelt L.M., Waeber P.O. (2015), Scenarios of biodiversity exploring possible futures for management, in Akon'ny Ala, 32, 1-14.
The role of lakes in the context of the centers of endemism
Waeber P.O., Wilmé L., Mercier J.-L., Rakotozafy L.M.A., Garcia C., Sorg J.-P. (2015), The role of lakes in the context of the centers of endemism, in Akon'ny Ala, 32, 34-47.
Local awareness and perceptions: consequences for conservation of marsh habitat at Lake Alaotra for one of the world’s rarest lemurs
Waeber P.O., Reibelt L.M., Randriamalala I.H., Moser G., Raveloarimalala L.M., Ralainasolo F.B., Ratsimbazafy J., Woolaver L., Local awareness and perceptions: consequences for conservation of marsh habitat at Lake Alaotra for one of the world’s rarest lemurs, in Oryx.
Two sides to every coin: farmers’ perceptions of mining in the Maningory watershed, Madagascar
Stoudman N., Garcia C., Randriamalala I.H., Rakotomalala A.G.V., Ramamonjisoa B., Two sides to every coin: farmers’ perceptions of mining in the Maningory watershed, Madagascar, in Madagascar Conservation & Development, 11(2), ---.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
GERP, Jonah Ratsimbazafy Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Lisode, Mathieu Dionnet France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Dorcon Film, Julia Dordel Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Madagascar Wildlife Conservation, Fidimalala Ralainasolo Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
CIRAD, Sigrid Aubert Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
World Resource Institute, Laura Vary United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Ecosur, Luis Garcia-Barrios Mexico (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
University of Hildesheim, Jasmin Mantilla Contrera Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, Richard Lewis Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
BOP, Arnaud De Grave France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
ESSA Forêts, Bruno Ramamonjisoa Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
Missouri Botanical Garden, Lucienne Wilmé Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Ecole Nationale Supérieure, University of Antananarivo, Hantanirina Rasamimanana Madagascar (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
CIRAD, Jean-Pierre Mueller France (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Bern University of Applied Sciences, School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences,Juergen Blaser Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Ramsar, Oely Rakotomamonjy Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
IALE conference; People, Places, Patterns: Linking Landscape Heterogeneity and Socio-Environmental Systems Individual talk Understanding land use change and local planning in Madagascar: analyzing landscape resilience and the potential role of reforestation 09.04.2017 Baltimore, MD, United States of America Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon;
Annual Meeting of the Association of Tropical Biology and Conservation ATBC Talk given at a conference Rice or lemurs, or rice and lemurs? A case study from the wetlands of the Alaotra, Madagascar 19.06.2016 Montpellier, France Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon; Waeber Patrick; Garcia Claude; Giger Dray Anne;
Annual Meeting of the Association of Tropical Biology and Conservation ATBC Talk given at a conference Understanding change and stakeholders engagement to improve natural resources management, a case study from Madagascar 19.06.2016 Montpellier, France Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon; Waeber Patrick; Garcia Claude;
Annual Meeting of the Association of Tropical Biology and Conservation ATBC Talk given at a conference Understanding farmers: using role playing games to track landscape trajectories 19.06.2016 Montpellier, France Waeber Patrick; Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon;
Annual Meeting of the Association of Tropical Biology and Conservation ATBC Talk given at a conference Observing changes at watershed scale: tracking spatial organization of land-use in the Alaotra Mangoro, Madagascar 19.06.2016 Montpellier, France Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon; Waeber Patrick;
9th IALE World Congress Talk given at a conference Alaotra Resilience Landscape, Madagascar 05.07.2015 Portland, Oregon, United States of America Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon; Garcia Claude; Waeber Patrick;
9th IALE World Congress Talk given at a conference The landscape gardeners: a typology of farmers in the Maningory watershed, Madagascar 05.07.2015 Portland, Oregon, United States of America Waeber Patrick; Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon;
Annual meeting of the Society for Tropical Ecology (gtö): Resilience of Tropical Ecosystems: Future challenges and opportunities Talk given at a conference Understanding the socio-ecological landscape of the Alaotra-Mangoro, Madagascar 07.04.2015 Zurich, Switzerland Waeber Patrick; Garcia Claude;
Colloque internationale sur "Biodiversité et populations dans le contexte du changement climatique" Talk given at a conference THE ROLE OF LAKES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CENTERS OF ENDEMISM 10.12.2013 Antananarivo, Madagascar Waeber Patrick; Ramamonjisoa Bruno Salomon; Garcia Claude;
Colloque internationale sur "Biodiversité et populations dans le contexte du changement climatique" Talk given at a conference SCENARIOS OF BIODIVERSITY EXPLORING POSSIBLE FUTURES FOR MANAGEMENT 10.12.2013 Antananarivo, Madagascar Waeber Patrick; Garcia Claude;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Swiss - Madagascar Research Network 27.05.2015 Zurich, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Alarela project closing event Workshop 19.06.2017 ETH Zurich, Switzerland Waeber Patrick; Garcia Claude; Giger Dray Anne;
Test jeu de rôles wetlands Alaotra Madagascar Workshop 09.05.2014 Montpellier, Switzerland Waeber Patrick; Giger Dray Anne;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
management of marshes and natural resources, with farmers and fishers 10.10.2017 Andreba, Madagascar
Series of wetland game sessions and management discussion workshops (6), with local conservation officers and fishers 25.08.2017 Lake Alaotra, Madagascar
Alarela Day 4 07.08.2017 Vavatenina, Madagascar
workshop series (10) "the values of natural resources and ecosystems", with farmers 25.07.2017 Lake Alaotra, Madagascar
Alarela Day 3 29.06.2017 Ambatondrazaka, Madagascar
2 workshops on "Environmental Education and its communication", with teachers, school authorities 13.06.2017 Andreba, Madagascar
Alarela Day 2 07.06.2016 Ambatondrazaka, Madagascar
Alarela Day 1 10.06.2015 Ambatondrazaka, Madagascar
Springschool on Companion Modelling 17.05.2015 Wislikofen/ Aargau, Switzerland
ComMod Workshop 05.01.2015 Antananarivo, Madagascar
Springschool on Companion Modelling 24.03.2014 Wislikofen, Aargau, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) What happens after a mining rush? Photographs from Madagascar Mongabay International 2017
Media relations: print media, online media « Alaotra, une vision partagée » - Une exposition d’Arifidy Rafalimanana La Vérité International 2016
Video/Film ALAOTRA - Endangered Treasures of Madagascar International 2016
Talks/events/exhibitions Alaotra, une vision partagée/Photographies de Arnaud De Grave et Arifidy Rafalimanana - Exposition International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Alarela Instagram Online Web Viewer International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Alarela Day : Fotoana nampivondronana ny mpisehatra ara tontolo iainana Sobika International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Conférence internationale à Antananarivo , Madagascar : Gestion des Zones Humides Naturelles de Mada Convention sur la Diversité Biologique International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Dégradation écologique : la situation s’améliore dans l’Alaotra Les Nouvelles International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Expo-photo – « Alaotra, une vision partagée » : photographies d’Arnaud De Grave et Arifidy Rafaliman Midi Madagasikara International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Exposition – La région Alaotra s’expose en photographie Express de Madagascar International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Exposition // Arnaud De Grave et Arifidy Rafalimanana croisent leur regard sur Alaotra - See more at Photo International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Exposition « Alaotra » – La vision de deux photographes en images Madagascar Matin International 2016
Media relations: print media, online media Exposition photos: Une vision partagée de la région d’Alaotra La Gazette de la Grande Ile International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Festival Bandro 2016, Andreba Madagascar SignedEvents International 2016
Video/Film Hetahetan'alaotra (la voix/soif de l'alaotra) International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Madagascar days, mkIII EcoPalimpsesto(Photo)graphies International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) TETIKASA MWC SY NY ALARELA MOMBA NY TONTOLO IAINANA AO ALAOTRA   Orange, Akom-baovaon'i Toamasina International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) TONTOLO IAINANA - ALAOTRA : Nijoro ofisialy ny fikambanana Madagascar Wildlife Conservation Ino Vaovao International 2016
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) A diamond in the marsh: Saving the Lake Alaotra Gentle Lemur Mongabay International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Alaotra – AlaRela : fikarohana ho amin’ny fampandrosoana Midi Madagasikara International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) AlaReLa collaboration mk I - GTOE conference @ Zurich Flickr International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Am-perinasa ny tetik’asa Alarela La Nation International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Bridging Science and Photography in Madagascar BOP photography International 2015
Media relations: print media, online media Tetikasa AlaRela Ireo sampandraharaham-panjakana indray no nanaovana fikarohana Tia Tanindrazana International 2015
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Feedback from the crash test session on the Alaotra Wetland Game (AlaReLa Madagascar project) Participe Montpellier International 2014

Abstract

A growing challenge in tropical terrestrial resource management is the reconciliation of a continuously increasing demand for agricultural products (e.g., rice, coffee) while balancing a growing number of values and interests such as environmental values for conserving biodiversity, maintaining ecological functions and providing critical ecosystem services for supporting rural livelihoods. The socio-ecological landscape of the Alaotra-Mangoro, Madagascar will serve this research to deliver important data and information on drivers and barriers of livelihood opportunities and threats and juxtaposition these factors with biodiversity conservation values to inform policy and decision-makers for the sustainable use and management of the landscape’s natural and agricultural resources. This is especially important in times of rapid changes such as climate or economic change. Therefore, an increased understanding of the linkages and dynamics of livelihood needs and ecosystem services and functions will allow the development of a socially accepted management and policy framework. Sustainability in resource management and planning of a Alaotra-Mangoro socio-ecological landscape can be achieved if the main resource users see an ownership in the framework that reflects their needs. Resilience management or the assessment of a socio-ecological system’s ability to absorb shocks and perturbations (e.g., induced byexternal or internal drivers of change) is important for the long-term and sustainable functioning of a system. The project consists of three portions or working packages: In a first part, the social and ecological system will be explored through participatory approaches, and a conceptual model will be created. In the second part, the model will be transformed into participatory modelling platforms for the stakeholders to validate our understanding of the model and to explore alternative futures of natural resources management. The last component, that will last as long as the project itself, will ensure that the knowledge generated is embedded in the decision making processes, fostering resilience in the Alaotra Social and Ecological System.
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