Project

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The Principle of Comity in Private International Law

English title The Principle of Comity in Private International Law
Applicant Schultz Thomas
Number 144903
Funding scheme SNSF Professorships
Research institution Institut de Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développement
Institution of higher education Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies - IHEID
Main discipline Legal sciences
Start/End 01.09.2014 - 31.08.2018
Approved amount 1'114'805.00
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Keywords (10)

private international law; conflicts of law; comity; jurisdiction; review of practice; functions of private international law; coordination of legal orders; extraterritoriality; theoretical approach; historical approach

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Ce projet examine certains fondements d’une branche du droit particulièrement pertinente dans un monde où les relations privées s’internationalisent inexorablement: le droit international privé, qui concerne la question de savoir quel système juridique doit régir une relation juridique privée. Le projet se concentre plus spécifiquement sur le concept de la “comity” dans cette branche du droit. L’intérêt de la “comity” est qu’elle se situe au coeur des relations entre les Etats concernant la régulation des relations privées internationales. Le concept a toutefois largement été oublié dans le mouvement de focalisation croissante de la discipline sur les questions techniques de droit positif. Ce projet vise à le redécouvrir, car il recèle des qualités insoupçonnées, tant sur le plan de son pouvoir explicatif analytique pour comprendre la branche que sur celui des raisons argumentatives et décisionnelles qu’il fournit pour résoudre des problèmes concrets.
Lay summary

 

 

Quand le système inter-étatique moderne se cristallisa au cours du 17ème siècle, les Etats eurent besoin d’un outil conceptuel de nature juridico-politique pour aménager les rapports entre, d’un côté, leur souveraineté récemment acquise et, de l’autre, le besoin d’appliquer de manière occasionnelle du droit étranger sur leur territoire. Le principe de “comitas gentium” ou “comity” fut cet outil conceptuel: il permet d’accorder le primauté à un système juridique étranger tout en tant déclinant toute existence d’une réelle obligation juridique de ce faire. A l’heure d’un chevauchement de plus en plus importants des systèmes juridiques nationaux et du développement de normativités extra-étatiques, en particulier dans le domaine des affaires internationales, ce concept permet de repenser certaines des questions les plus sensibles de la discipline.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 31.03.2014

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Comity in US Courts
Schultz Thomas, Ridi Niccolò (2018), Comity in US Courts, in Northeastern University Law Review, (2), 281-366.
Rediscovering the Principle of Comity in English Private International Law
SchultzThomas, MitchensonJason (2018), Rediscovering the Principle of Comity in English Private International Law, in European Review of Private Law, 311-340.
Comity: The American Development of a Transnational Concept
Schultz Thomas, Ridi Niccolò (2017), Comity: The American Development of a Transnational Concept, in Yearbook of Private International Law, 18, 211-244.
Comity and International Courts and Tribunals
Schultz Thomas, Ridi Niccolò (2017), Comity and International Courts and Tribunals, in Cornell International Law Journal, 578-610.
Navigating Sovereignty and Transnational Commercial Law: The Use of Comity by Australian Courts
Schultz Thomas, Mitchenson Jason (2016), Navigating Sovereignty and Transnational Commercial Law: The Use of Comity by Australian Courts, in Journal of Private International Law, 12, 344.
How Comity Makes Transnationalism Work
Schultz Thomas, Ridi Niccolò, How Comity Makes Transnationalism Work, in Zumbansen Peer (ed.), Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1.
The Principle of Comity in Private and Public International Law
Schultz Thomas, Mitchenson Jason, Ridi Niccolò, The Principle of Comity in Private and Public International Law, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
University of Melbourne Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Edinburgh Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
University of Frankfurt, Exzellenzcluster Normative Ordnungen Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Bond University Australia (Oceania)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Unilateral Jurisdiction and Global Values Talk given at a conference Comity 30.09.2018 Utrecht, Netherlands Ridi Niccolò;
MIDS 10th Anniversary Conference Talk given at a conference Politicization of dispute settlement institutions 28.09.2018 Geneve, Switzerland Schultz Thomas;
Entangled Legalities Workshop Talk given at a conference Interlegality 24.05.2018 Genève, Switzerland Schultz Thomas;
International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA) Annual Congress Talk given at a conference Law-Making in International Arbitration: Actors, Instruments and Legitimacy in a Transnational Justice System 16.04.2018 Sydney, Australia Schultz Thomas;
Journée en l’honneur de François Ost Talk given at a conference Le droit sert-il à faire penser? 24.05.2017 Geneva, Switzerland Schultz Thomas;
Individual talk Individual talk Good, bad or ugly? An Empirical Study of the Resort to Investment Arbitration 13.04.2017 Geneva, Switzerland Schultz Thomas;
Authority in International Dispute Settlement Talk given at a conference Approaches to External Precedent in the settlement of Trade and Investment Disputes 20.03.2017 Cambridge, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Ridi Niccolò;
Cambridge International and European Law Conference 2017 Talk given at a conference Dispute Settlement in International Economic Law: The Role of Extra-Systemic Authorities 08.03.2017 Cambridge, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Ridi Niccolò;
Individual talk Individual talk The Politics of Finality at the International Court of Justice 28.02.2017 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Ridi Niccolò;
Annual Conference on the Political Economy of International Organizations Talk given at a conference Good, bad or ugly? An Empirical Study of the Resort to Investment Arbitration 12.01.2017 Bern, Switzerland Schultz Thomas;
PluriCourts conference on trade and investment disputes Talk given at a conference Adjudicating International Trade and Investment Disputes 25.08.2016 Oslo, Norway Ridi Niccolò;
Transnational Law Summer Institute 2016 Talk given at a conference Dezalay & Garth: Dealing in Virtue – Anatomy of a book 22.07.2016 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Schultz Thomas;
Transnational Law Institute Signature Conference - Jessup's Bold Proposal Talk given at a conference Comity and Transnational Law 01.07.2016 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Schultz Thomas; Ridi Niccolò;
Time and International Law, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva Talk given at a conference Time and the Creation of Norms in International Law 12.06.2015 Geneva, Switzerland Schultz Thomas;
Transnational Trademark Coexistence on the Internet, University of Frankfurt Talk given at a conference The Role of Comity for Trademark Law on the Internet 10.06.2015 Frankfurt, Germany Schultz Thomas;
30th Anniversary, School of International Arbitration, Queen Mary University of London Talk given at a conference International Arbitration as an Academic Field - How Legal Concepts Emerge and Spread 20.04.2015 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Schultz Thomas;
Workshop on Empirical Research and Legal Methodology, Strategic Alliance of Research Faculties of Law Talk given at a conference Empirical Studies in Law 13.02.2015 Ovronnaz, Switzerland Schultz Thomas;
Standalone lecture, King's College London Individual talk Law without the State: Whence the Resistance? 14.01.2015 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Schultz Thomas;
Inaugural Colloquium, Center for Transnational Legal Studies Individual talk Why do we call it law? 02.09.2014 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Schultz Thomas;


Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
132636 The Ethics of Transnational Business Law 01.01.2011 Ambizione

Abstract

The basic aim of the project is to provide a better understanding of the role of the concept of comity (respect and non-interference among sovereigns) in the field of private international law. The project focuses mainly, but not exclusively, on commercial aspects of the field. The concept of comity is examined with regard to its current plain and hidden roles, and the potential roles that could be granted to it in the future. The project moves in five main parts: We first start with an historical investigation of the reasons and modalities of the use of comity in the past. In a second step, we examine how it is currently used in the practice of national and international courts, and what place it has in current private international law scholarship. Third, we seek to bring out the core meaning of the concept by drawing on its basic functions. In a fourth step, we use that understanding to assess and advance the existing theories on the functions of private international law itself. In the last phase of the project, we will bring these different strands of research together to elaborate a theory of comity as an interpretive principle for rules of private international law.
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