Project

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Politiques et initiatives mémorielles et pratiques artistiques dans les processus de paix et de reconstruction [PIMPA/PPR]

English title Politics of Memory and Art Practices: The Role of Art in Peace and Reconstruction Processes [PIMPA/PPR]
Applicant Queloz Catherine
Number 143961
Funding scheme Interdisciplinary projects
Research institution Arts visuels Haute école d'art et de design HES-SO
Institution of higher education University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland - HES-SO
Main discipline Arts
Start/End 01.10.2012 - 30.09.2014
Approved amount 294'740.00
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All Disciplines (6)

Discipline
Arts
Political science
Philosophy
General history (without pre-and early history)
Visual arts and Art history
Legal sciences

Keywords (12)

politics of memory; monument; justice; commemoration; reconciliation; representation; public space; history; art; peace studies; massive violence; situated art practices

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The project “Politics of Memory and Art Practices: The Role of Art in Peace and Reconstruction Processes” [PIMPA / PPR] is concerned with the representation of massive violations of human rights in the public space. Since the 1980s, the will to commemorate has been manifested in a proliferation of remembrance initiatives. However, while commemoration has multiplied in public space, the role of artistic practice has yet received little study, despite the fact that remembrance initiatives appear to be an integral part of the politics of reconciliation.

By bringing together the theoretical approaches of political science and humanities, on the one hand, and artistic approaches, on the other, the project seeks to cross-reference the research areas by implementing a critical interdisciplinary methodology. This approach is based on the idea that the space of contemporary art and the mechanisms that form part of a wider public domain require a radical re-reading and a broader conception of the arts.

To contribute to a better understanding of the dynamics and impact of commemoration initiatives in the process of recognition and reconciliation, the research develops from an analysis of a few case studies precisely defined in time and geography to concentrate on three main objectives: to analyse the way gross human rights are represented; to examine the decision-making process of the different shareholders in remembrance initiatives (i.e., artists, governments, political parties, human rights activists, victims' associations); and to study how these commemoration initiatives have influenced societal debates on the representation of the past, collective identity and reconciliation processes.

The expected results shall include academic publications, scientific meetings, public conferences, round-tables and debates, as well as an art exhibition and related publication.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Le rôle de l'art dans les processus de paix et de réconciliation
Pierre Hazan (2014), Le rôle de l'art dans les processus de paix et de réconciliation, in CCC Newsletter , (12), 91-92.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Grupa Spomenik Belgrade Serbien (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Umm el-Fahem Art Gallery, Umm al-Fahm Israel (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
ONU Rapporteuse spéciale pour les droits culturels Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts, Lausanne Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Fonds d'art contemporain (FMAC) Genève Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Séminaire Pré-Doctorat/PhD Programme CCC HEAD Talk given at a conference Memory Politics in Arts 13.10.2014 Programme CCC Haute école d'art et de design Genève, Switzerland Hazan Pierre; Pernet Denis; Schubert Yan; Borès Mélanie;
Memory Wars and Contested Heritage in Southeast Europe: the present’s transnational, national and local pasts. Talk given at a conference Memory Politics and Art Initiatives 12.09.2014 Athens University, Greece Hazan Pierre;
Monuments et transition Talk given at a conference P.Hazan, Le défi mémoriel; Y.Schubert, Traces, mémoires, disparitions 07.02.2014 Haute école d'art et de design, Switzerland Schubert Yan; Borès Mélanie; Hazan Pierre; Ramel Sylvie; Queloz Catherine;
Actualité de la recherche Talk given at a conference La recherche transdisciplinaire en art 21.11.2013 Faculté des Lettres, Université de Genève, Switzerland Pernet Denis; Queloz Catherine; Ramel Sylvie;
Transdisciplinary Research Poster Politics of Memory and Art Practices: The Role of Art in Peace and Reconstruction Processes [PIMPA/PPR] 21.10.2013 Berne, Switzerland Queloz Catherine; Ramel Sylvie;
Human Rights Council United Nations Geneva Talk given at a conference Memorialization Challenges 05.07.2013 United Nations Geneva, Switzerland Borès Mélanie; Hazan Pierre; Ramel Sylvie;
Historical and memorial narratives in divided societies: history textbooks, memorials and museums (2013) Talk given at a conference Memorialization Challenges 01.07.2013 Derry/Londonderry, Ireland Ramel Sylvie; Hazan Pierre; Borès Mélanie;
The right to Artistic Freedom Talk given at a conference Memorialization Processes in Divided Societies 04.12.2012 United Nations Geneva, Switzerland Hazan Pierre;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Beyond the Monument (22-23 January 2015) 01.12.2014 Bâtiment d'art contemporain Genève, Le Commun, Switzerland
Art and Memory after War 07.10.2013 Haute école d'art et de design Genève, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Memory Politics in Arts 13.10.2014 Programme Master de recherche CCC Haute école d'art et de design Genève , Switzerland Queloz Catherine; Hazan Pierre; Schubert Yan; Borès Mélanie; Pernet Denis;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Essai de typologie des monuments commémorant la 2ème guerre mondiale et le génocide juif 01.12.2014 Université de Fribourg, Switzerland
Exposition: Beyond the Monument 01.12.2014 Bâtiment d'art contemporain Genève, Le Commun, Switzerland
A l'échelle des monuments 25.11.2014 CFP Arts Appliqués , Switzerland
Politique de la mémoire, pardon et représentation 22.09.2014 Programme Master de recherche CCC Haute école d'art et de design Genève, Switzerland
La justice pénale internationale et la justice transitionnelle 05.05.2014 Centre d’action humanitaire Institut universitaire de hautes études internationales Genève, Switzerland
Les droits de l’homme 15.02.2014 Master en Journalisme, Académie des Médias, Université de Neuchâtel,, Switzerland
L’histoire en procès et comme spectacle 16.09.2013 Programme Master de recherche CCC Hauteécole d'art et de design Genève, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media Bosnie-Herzegovine: la mémoire à l'abandon La Cité Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Crimes et tribunaux RTS Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Crispations identitaires en Europe: ne les prenons pas à la légère Le Temps Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media De Tito à Bob Marley La Cité Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Ex-Yougoslavie… une mémoire en construction RTS Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Gaza, Tunisie, Sri Lanka: quand le «droit à la vérité» devient une arme de guerre Le Temps Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Interview avec Pierre Hazan Le Courrier Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media L’art aux prises avec l’impossible mémoire ex-yougoslave La Cité Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Les Arabes et la Shoah RTS Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Srebenica, lieu de mémoire et d’oubli La Cité Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Srebrenica, lieu de mémoire et d'oubli La Cité Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Un monument au-delà de toutes les frontières, malgré tout La Cité Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: radio, television Une histoire à transmettre RTS Western Switzerland 2014
Media relations: print media, online media Berlin: la puissance d'aujourd'hui et les fantômes d'hier La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Berlin: Topographie de la mémoire La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Comment comprendre le boom du tourisme sur les lieux de souffrance? La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Déplacements berlinois La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: radio, television Dix ans de cour pénale internationale RTS Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Israël-Palestine, comment les mémoires se construisent La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Israël-Palestine, l'évacuation de la complexité de l'histoire La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media L’antagonisme israélo-palestinien dans la politique architecturale La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media La fabrication de l'histoire Amnesty International International 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Les mots, les choses, et aussi les mots La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Lumière sur les réverbères La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Mémoires sans faille? La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Relecture de l'histoire et construction identitaire de part et d'autre du mur La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Temporalité et responsabilité: du devoir au travail de mémoire La Cité Western Switzerland 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Why history needs a place at the negotiating table Haaretz International 2013
Media relations: print media, online media Commission vérité et réconciliation au Burundi: il n'est pas trop tard pour corriger le tir Iwacu International 2012

Awards

Title Year
Grand prix d'art suisse Meret Oppenheim 2014
Prix suisse d'art 2013

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
158131 Mass Violence, Memorialisation and Art Practices (Working Title) 01.01.2015 Scientific Conferences

Abstract

The project “Politics of Memory and Art Practices: The Role of Art in Peace and Reconstruction Processes” [PIMPA / PPR] is concerned with the representation in the public space of massive violations of human rights. Since the 1980s, the will to commemorate has been manifested in a proliferation of remembrance initiatives, from the creation of memorials, the introduction of minutes of silence and changes in street names, to thematic exhibitions of contemporary art, or the development of “dark tourism” at the scene of massacres and concentration camps. While commemoration became more and more important in public space since then, the role of artistic practice has yet received little study, despite the fact that remembrance initiatives appear to be an integral part of the politics of reconciliation.Although many researchers in the fields of human rights, Peace Studies, political science, history and philosophy have recognized the importance of remembrance initiatives in reconciliation processes, they rarely question the artistic form and societal impact of such initiatives. By bringing together the theoretical approaches of political science and humanities, on the one hand, and artistic approaches, on the other, we seek to cross-reference our research areas by implementing a critical interdisciplinary methodology. The interdisciplinary approach that underlies this project is, thus, based on the idea that the space of contemporary art and the mechanisms that form part of a wider public domain require a radical re-reading and a broader conception of the arts. This re-reading will involve the testing of a number of critical and theoretical tools, given the often complex production of memorial works and art projects.Thus, the inclusion of this research project in the Geneva University of Art and Design (Haute école d’art et de design - Genève, HEAD), in particular in the transdisciplinary department of the CCC Research-Based Master Programme (Critical, Curatorial, Cybermedia Studies), aims to foster its establishment in a setting favourable to the study of remembrance initiatives from the perspective not only of art, but also of political science and critical studies. These fields are, indeed, an integral part of the curriculum of art students and the approaches adopted by the artists, as well as by the researchers affiliated with the PIMPA-network.To contribute to a better understanding of the dynamics and impact of commemoration initiatives in the process of recognition and reconciliation, we have narrowed the field of study both in time and geography. We have identified a set of commemoration dynamics specific to different geographical regions . These initiatives are, in addition, included in the public space and have been established since 2000. This allows us to identify a preliminary typology for structuring the research. Through these case studies, our project has three main objectives: to analyze the way mass crimes and conflicts are represented; to examine the decision-making process of the different shareholders in remembrance initiatives (i.e., artists, governments, political parties, human rights activists, victims' associations); and to study how these commemoration initiatives have influenced societal debates on the representation of the past, collective identity and reconciliation processes.
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