Projekt

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'Resisting' Transitional Justice? Alternative Visions of Peace and Justice

Titel Englisch 'Resisting' Transitional Justice? Alternative Visions of Peace and Justice
Gesuchsteller/in Goetschel Laurent
Nummer 140289
Förderungsinstrument Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
Forschungseinrichtung Europainstitut Universität Basel
Hochschule Universität Basel - BS
Hauptdisziplin Politikwissenschaften
Beginn/Ende 01.05.2012 - 31.12.2015
Bewilligter Betrag 473'348.00
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Keywords (3)

Transitional Justice, Resistance, Peace

Lay Summary (Englisch)

Lead
Lay summary

The aim of this project is to better understand what is meant by ‘resistance’ to transitional justice. Transitional justice refers to a range of responses designed to achieve justice and secure peace in the aftermath of war or after the end of an authoritarian regime. However, different actors involved in transitional justice processes will have different opinions on both the specific practices of implementation and on the claims which are made regarding what type of peace and what type of justice is needed. Because of structures of power and the socio-political contexts of transitional justice processes some of these opinions will be seen as more legitimate than others.

This project will focus on these disagreements about transitional justice and ask ‘what counts as resistance to transitional justice’? Taking a sociological approach, the purpose of this project is not to find a definition of resistance, but rather to ask how resistance is understood by different actors in different contexts.  There will be three case studies explored throughout the course of this project: Ivory Coast, Burundi and Cambodia. Each case offers insights from a different stage of the transitional justice process. In Ivory Coast the post electoral violence in 2011 has been followed by plans for a transitional justice response which is in the early stages of design and implementation; in Burundi post independence civil wars have been followed by a transitional justice process which began with the Arusha Peace Accords in 2000 but which has not yet been implemented; and in Cambodia the transitional justice process comes thirty years after the end of the Democratic Kampuchea regime.

Three researchers will conduct qualitative fieldwork in the case study countries. The research design is not a comparative study, but instead will compare and contrast the unique insights offered from each case through analysing the qualitative outputs of the fieldwork. The contributions of this project will be to both academia and practice, addressing a gap in research on resistance and transitional justice at the same time as pointing to ways in which practice can be altered to better take into account the different perspectives on peace and justice within a given society undergoing transition.

Direktlink auf Lay Summary Letzte Aktualisierung: 21.02.2013

Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende

Mitarbeitende

Publikationen

Publikation
Complex Political Victims in the Aftermath of Mass Atrocity: Reflections on the Khmer Rouge Tribunal in Cambodia
Bernath Julie (2015), Complex Political Victims in the Aftermath of Mass Atrocity: Reflections on the Khmer Rouge Tribunal in Cambodia, in The International Journal of Transitional Justice, 0.
Book Review of Resisting Gendered Norms. Civil Society, the Juridical and Political Space in Cambodia by Lilja, M.
Bernath Julie (2014), Book Review of Resisting Gendered Norms. Civil Society, the Juridical and Political Space in Cambodia by Lilja, M., in Journal of Contemporary Asia, 45(3), 546-549.
Adopting a Resistance Lens: An Exploration of Power and Legitimacy in Transitional Justice
Bernath Julie and Rubli Sandra (accepted), Adopting a Resistance Lens: An Exploration of Power and Legitimacy in Transitional Justice, in Conflict and Society.
Analysing Resistance to Transitional Justice: What Can We Learn From Hybridity?
Jones Briony (accepted), Analysing Resistance to Transitional Justice: What Can We Learn From Hybridity?, in Conflict and Society.
Transitional Justice in Kambodscha: Die späte strafrechtliche Aufarbeitung des Khmer Rouge Regimes
Bernath Julie (accepted), Transitional Justice in Kambodscha: Die späte strafrechtliche Aufarbeitung des Khmer Rouge Regimes, in Mihr A et al. (ed.), Handbuch Transitional Justice: Aufarbeitung von Unrecht, Rechtstaatlichkeit und Demokratie, Springer, Unknown, 0.

Zusammenarbeit

Gruppe / Person Land
Felder der Zusammenarbeit
University of Sydney Australien (Ozeanien)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
University of Zurich Schweiz (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies Kambodscha (Asien)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Forschungsinfrastrukturen
Swiss Centre for Research in Ivory Coast (CSRS) Elfenbeinküste (Afrika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Forschungsinfrastrukturen
University of Bouake Elfenbeinküste (Afrika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Forschungsinfrastrukturen

Wissenschaftliche Veranstaltungen

Aktiver Beitrag

Titel Art des Beitrags Titel des Artikels oder Beitrages Datum Ort Beteiligte Personen
Alternative Approaches in Conflict Resolution Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Understanding Resistance to Transitional Justice: Looking Beyond Negotiation and Contestation 13.11.2015 University of Zurich, Schweiz Jones Briony; Bernath Julie
European Consortium for Political Research General Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Transitional Justice in Contexts of Ongoing Human Rights Violations: Reflections on the Case Study of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia 26.08.2015 University of Montreal, Kanada Bernath Julie
European Consortium for Political Research General Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Democracy ‘versus’ Transitional Justice in Côte d’Ivoire 26.08.2015 University of Montreal, Kanada Jones Briony
International Studies Association General Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Hybrid Peace, Transitional Justice and Resistance 18.02.2015 New Orleans, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Jones Briony
International Studies Association General Comference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Victor’s Justice and Politics and Resistance to Transitional Justice in Côte d’Ivoire 18.02.2015 New Orleans, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Bernath Julie
International Peace Research Association General Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Order and Resistance in Transitional Justice: Reflections from an Ongoing Research Project 10.08.2014 Istanbul, Türkei Jones Briony
The Asian Peace Practitioners Research Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Dealing with the Complexity of Conflict Identities: A Case Study at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal’ 17.12.2013 Cambodain Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, Kambodscha Bernath Julie
European Consortium for Political Research General Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Co-Chair of Panel 'Resisting and Contesting Transitional Justice' 04.09.2013 Bordeaux, Frankreich Rubli Sandra; Bernath Julie
European Consortium for Political Research General Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Resistance to Transitional Justice Processes: A Critical Research Agenda 04.09.2013 Bordeaux, Frankreich Bernath Julie
European Consortium for Political Research General Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Understanding Resistance and its Implications for Hybridity 04.09.2013 Bordeaux, Frankreich Jones Briony
International Association for Peace and Conflict Studies Annual Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Power Dynamics in Transitional Justice Processes: Insights from Research on Resistance to Transitional Justice 02.09.2013 Manchester, Grossbritannien und Nordirland Bernath Julie
International Association of Genocide Scholars Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Representations of Victims and Perpatrators in Case 001 of the Khmer Rouge Trials 19.06.2013 Siena, Italien Bernath Julie
Qualitative Methods and the Study of Civil Wars: PRIO Research School on Peace and Conflict Einzelvortrag Research Plan for PhD 29.04.2013 Oslo, Norwegen Bernath Julie
Spaces of Transitional Justice: Law, States, Victims Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Order and Resistance in Transitional Justice: Initial Reflections from a New Research Project 25.03.2013 University of Cambridge, Grossbritannien und Nordirland Jones Briony
Regarding the Past - Agency, Power and Representation Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Resisting Transitional Justice? Alternative Visions of Peace and Justice 01.11.2012 Marburg, Deutschland Bernath Julie


Selber organisiert

Titel Datum Ort
Panel on 'The Politics of Resistance to Transitional Justice' at the International Studies Association General Conference 18.02.2015 New Orleans, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika
Brown Bag Lunch on 'Social Cohesion and Reconciliation in Cote d'Ivoire: Where do we Stand?' 22.05.2014 Bern, Schweiz
Brown Bag Lunch on 'Engaging Perpetrators in Transitional Justice: The Role of Psychosocial Interventions' 08.05.2014 Bern, Schweiz
Expert Workshop on 'Opportunities and Challenges of Research on Resistance' 11.10.2013 Bern, Schweiz

Veranstaltungen zum Wissenstransfer

Aktiver Beitrag

Titel Art des Beitrags Titel des Artikels oder Beitrages Datum Ort Beteiligte Personen
Asian Peace Practitioners Research Conference Vortrag 06.12.2013 Siem Reap, Kambodscha


Selber organisiert

Titel Datum Ort
Atelier National Sur La Justice Transitionelle 04.11.2014 Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques a Abidjan, Elfenbeinküste
Roundtable on 'The United Nations, The State and Local Approaches to Dealing with the Past in the African Great Lakes Region: Implications for Sustainable Peacebuilding' 10.06.2014 swisspeace, Bern, Schweiz
Roundtable on 'Réconciliation et Développement local dans l'Ouest Ivoirien' 23.05.2014 Bern, Schweiz

Kommunikation mit der Öffentlichkeit

Kommunikation Titel Medien Ort Jahr
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) Réconciliation et Développement local dans l'Ouest Ivoirien Internet Live Streaming Italienische Schweiz Westschweiz Deutschschweiz International Romanische Schweiz 2014
Print (Buch, Brochuren, Infoblätter) Resistance to the Canadian Truth and Reconciliation Commission Italienische Schweiz Westschweiz International Romanische Schweiz Deutschschweiz 2015
Neue Medien (Web, Blogs, Podcasts, NewsFeed, usw.) Expert Interview Podcast: Patrick Zadi Zadi on Transitional Justice in Cote d'Ivoire International 2014
Print (Buch, Brochuren, Infoblätter) Reflections on a Research Agenda for Exploring Resistance to Transitional Justice International Italienische Schweiz Deutschschweiz Westschweiz Romanische Schweiz 2013

Verbundene Projekte

Nummer Titel Start Förderungsinstrument
123183 Making Peace, Constructing States. Peace Agreements and the Dynamics of Statehood in post-conflict Africa 01.01.2009 ProDoc (Forschungsmodul, FM)

Abstract

There is a developing understanding of transitional justice as part of the post Cold War liberal peacebuilding project, and some scholars have reflected on the opportunities which this raises for critiques of the assumptions which underpin its processes and mechanisms. Critical peace theory has problematised the imposition of western norms and the dominance of international or external actors in societies which have experienced violence, war and human rights violations. Such work shifts the focal point of research and analysis away from technical assessments and evaluations of institutional change and particular mechanisms, and towards agency and power as valid and necessary objects of theoretical and empirical enquiry. However, the emerging conceptual work on resistance and peacebuilding has not yet been widely applied to questions of transitional justice. This is surprising given the preoccupation which transitional justice processes can have with political will, popular opinion, popular participation and outreach work; in order not only to enact justice, but also to fundamentally shift societal norms towards a broad based support for the rule of law within a liberal democratic institutional framework. This research project directly addresses this gap by taking a sociological approach to the question of resistance and transitional justice and asking: what counts as resistance? Instead of focusing primarily on legal questions, as much of the transitional justice literature does, this sociological approach brings to the fore issues of context, history, actor subjectivities, legitimacy and epistemologies of knowledge production. In doing so it starts from, but moves beyond, the valuable critical peace work which identifies resistance as a valid object of enquiry, and the preoccupation which transitional justice practitioners have with consensus over the terms of transitional justice. It will contribute to this scholarship by asking ask how actors on the ground ascribe meaning to the label of ‘resistance’. Transitional justice is thus understood as a necessarily contested process in which public protests, everyday acts of resistance, practices of policy alteration, political disagreements, silences, avoidance and coping strategies all play a part. Rather than dismissing these as somehow deviant, destructive or irrational this research project seeks to understand the nature of resistance and the alternative visions of peace and justice which may be contained within it. Based on qualitative fieldwork in three different countries this project will contribute empirical and theoretical insights to both the scholarship and practice of transitional justice.