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Concurrent Transformation of Wood into Chemical Commodity Feedstocks

English title Concurrent Transformation of Wood into Chemical Commodity Feedstocks
Applicant Dyson Paul
Number 136630
Funding scheme NRP 66 Resource Wood
Research institution Laboratoire de chimie organométallique et médicinale EPFL - SB - ISIC - LCOM
Institution of higher education EPF Lausanne - EPFL
Main discipline Inorganic Chemistry
Start/End 01.01.2012 - 31.12.2016
Approved amount 596'116.00
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Keywords (4)

Green Solvent; Wood; Commodity Chemicals; Nanocatalyst

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Simultane Umwandlung von Holz in chemische Grundprodukte Ziel dieses Projektes ist es, Holzbiomasse in wertvolle chemische Produkte umzuwandeln. Dies soll durch die Entwicklung hocheffizienter Nanokatalysatoren sowie den Einsatz multifunktioneller Katalysesysteme erreicht werden. Die Forschungsarbeiten führen potenziell zu neuen, effizienten Reaktionswegen, die in Pilotanlagen in grösserem Massstab zum Einsatz kommen sollen.
Lay summary

Hintergrund
Derzeit kann nur eine sehr geringe Anzahl wirtschaftlich interessanter Verbindungen direkt aus Holzbiomasse gewonnen werden, ohne auf Fermentation zurückzugreifen. Trotz zahlreicher Fortschritte im Laufe der letzten zehn Jahre ist für die Umwandlung von Holz die Entwicklung neuer Strategien nötig. Als Pionierin bei der Umwandlung von Cellulose und Lignin (den beiden wichtigsten Bestandteilen von Holzbiomasse) stellte die Forschungsgruppe in den vergangenen Jahren die Verwendung multifunktioneller Katalysesystemen und neuer Katalysatoren auf Nanopartikelbasis vor, die speziell auf die gezielte und effiziente Zersetzung dieser beiden Biopolymere ausgelegt sind. Von diesem Projekt erhoffen sich die Forschenden die Entwicklung von Prozessen, die kommerziellen Anforderungen gerecht werden.

Ziel
Die Gruppe erforscht eine neuartige Strategie zur Umwandlung von Holz und anderen Lignocellulosematerialien in chemische Grundprodukte (einwertige, zweiwertige und mehrwertige Alkohole, Furfural, Furan und Hydrofuranderivate, Ketone, Säuren und aromatische Verbindungen) und letztendlich in Feinchemikalien und Kraftstoffe. Hierzu verfolgt das Projekt zwei parallele Ansätze: die Optimierung der Katalysatoren sowie die Optimierung der Prozesse. Der erste Ansatz besteht in der Konzeption stabiler, selektiver und aktiver Nanokatalysatoren sowie in der Entwicklung leistungsstarker multifunktioneller Katalysesysteme. Der zweite Ansatz betrifft die Identifizierung von Produkten sowie das Verständnis der Reaktionswege und nachgelagerten Umwandlungen.

Bedeutung
Die Forschenden beschreiben eine Strategie, wie sich Holz unter milden Bedingungen simultan in eine Reihe chemischer Produkte umwandeln lässt. Durch diese Forschung kann Holz potenziell zu einem Rohstoff für die Herstellung von chemischen Produkten oder Kraftstoffen werden. Die Forschungsgruppe plant die Entwicklung effizienter Katalysesysteme, die die Umsetzung des Prozesses im Pilotanlagenmassstab zu relativ geringen Kosten ermöglichen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 25.01.2013

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Transformation simultanée du bois en produits chimiques de base Ce projet vise à transformer la biomasse ligneuse en produits chimiques de valeur. L'approche principale requiert le développement de nanocatalyseurs très efficaces ainsi que l'utilisation de systèmes catalytiques multifonctionnels. Les travaux conduiront potentiellement à de nouveaux chemins réactionnels efficaces qui seront transposés à plus grande échelle dans des usines pilotes.
Lay summary

Contexte
Actuellement, seul un très faible nombre de composés d’intérêt commercial est directement accessible à partir de la biomasse ligneuse sans avoir recours à la fermentation. Malgré les nombreux progrès effectués durant la dernière décennie, la transformation du bois nécessite le développement de nouvelles stratégies. Pionnier dans la conversion de la cellulose et de la lignine (composés clés de la biomasse ligneuse), le groupe de recherche a présenté, ces dernières années, l’utilisation de nouveaux catalyseurs à base de nanoparticules ainsi que de systèmes catalytiques multifonctionnels adaptés à une dégradation sélective et efficace de ces deux biopolymères. Avec ce projet, les chercheurs souhaitent développer des procédés à même de répondre à des attentes commerciales.

But
Le groupe explorera une stratégie distincte de transformation du bois – et d’autres matériaux lignocellulosiques – en produits chimiques de base (alcools monohydriques, diols et polyols, furfural, furane et dérivés de l’hydrofurane, cétones, acides et composés aromatiques) et, par la suite, en produits de chimie fine et carburants. A cette fin, le projet suivra deux pistes parallèles: l’optimisation des catalyseurs et l’optimisation des procédés. La première consiste à concevoir des nanocatalyseurs stables, sélectifs et actifs ainsi qu’à développer des systèmes catalytiques multifonctionnels performants. La seconde partie traite de l’identification des produits, de l’élucidation des chemins réactionnels et des transformations en aval.

Portée
Les chercheurs décriront une stratégie de transformation simultanée du bois en une variété de produits chimiques dans des conditions douces. Cette recherche pourrait, potentiellement, faire du bois une matière première pour la fabrication de produits chimiques ou de carburants. Le groupe souhaite développer quelques systèmes catalytiques efficaces permettant de transposer le procédé à l’échelle d’une usine pilote qui aura un coût relativement faible.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 25.01.2013

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Concurrent transformation of wood into commodity chemicals The project is aimed at the transformation of woody biomass into valuable chemicals. The main approach involves the development of highly effective nanocatalysts and use of multifunctional catalytic systems. The project will potentially lead to new efficient routes that will be scaled-up to a pilot plant.
Lay summary

Background
Presently, very few compounds of commercial interest are directly accessible from woody biomass using non-fermentive processes. Despite much progress on the catalytic transfor-mation of woody biomass in the past decade, the situation necessitates the development of a new strategy for wood transformation. This research group is among the pioneers in establish-ing novel conversions of cellulose and lignin, the key components in woody biomass. In the past few years they reported novel nanoparticle catalysts and multifunctional catalytic systems tailor designed for the effective and selective degradation of these biopolymers. In this project, they intend to develop processes that meet commercial expectations.

Aim
A distinct transformation strategy for wood, as well as other lignocellulosic materials, into commodity chemicals (monohydric alcohols, diols, and polyols, furfural, furan and hydrofuran derivatives, ketones, acids, and aromatic compounds) which could be further processed into either fine chemicals or fuels, will be explored. To achieve this goal, the project will be carried out in two parallel parts: catalyst optimisation and process optimisation. The first part involves the designing of stable, selective and active nanocatalysts and the development of efficient multifunctional catalytic systems, whereas the second part includes product identification, reaction pathway elucidation and downstream transformations.

Significance
The researchers describe a strategy for the concurrent transformation of wood into a variety of chemicals under mild conditions. This project will potentially lead to the utilisation of wood for both chemical and fuel applications. The team hopes to develop a few excellent catalytic systems that will allow the process to be transferred to the pilot plant scale at relatively low cost.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 25.01.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Direct conversion of mono- and polysaccharides into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using ionic liquid mixtures
Sviatlana Siankevich, Zhaofu Fei, Rosario Scopelliti, Philip Jessop, Jiaguang Zhang, Ning Yanc, Paul J. Dysona (2016), Direct conversion of mono- and polysaccharides into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using ionic liquid mixtures, in ChemSusChem, 2089-2096.
A novel platinum nanocatalyst for the oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid under mild conditions
Siankevich Sviatlana, Savoglidis Georgios, Fei Zhaofu, Laurenczy Gabor, Alexander Duncan T. L., Yan Ning, Dyson Paul J. (2014), A novel platinum nanocatalyst for the oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid under mild conditions, in JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS, 315, 67-74.
Application of ionic liquids in the downstream processing of lignocellulosic biomass
Siankevich Sviatlana, Fei Zhaofu, Yan Ning, Dyson Paul, Application of ionic liquids in the downstream processing of lignocellulosic biomass, in Chimia, 69, 592-596.
Aqueous-phase hydrogenation of alkenes and arenes: The growing role of nano scale catalysts
Bulut Safak, Fei Zhaofu, Siankevich Sviatlana, Zhang Jianguang, Yann Ning, Dyson Paul, Aqueous-phase hydrogenation of alkenes and arenes: The growing role of nano scale catalysts, in Catalysis Today, 247, 97-103.
Efficient bimetallic nanoparticle water-based catalysts for the cleavage of aryl ether C−O linkages
Bulut Safak, Siankevich Sviatlana, Savoglidis Georgios, Alexander Dunkan T.L., Hatzimanikatis Vassily, Yan Ning, Dyson Paul J., Zhang Jiaguang, Efficient bimetallic nanoparticle water-based catalysts for the cleavage of aryl ether C−O linkages, in Angewandte Chemie .
Enhanced Conversion of Carbohydrates to the Platform Chemical 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Using Designer Ionic Liquids
Siankevich Sviatlana, Fei Zhaofu, Scopelliti Rosario, Laurenczy Gabor, Katsyuba Sergei, Yan Ning, Dyson Paul, Enhanced Conversion of Carbohydrates to the Platform Chemical 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Using Designer Ionic Liquids, in ChemSusChem.
Influence of the anion on the oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using platinum nanoparticle-ionic polymer supported catalysts
Siankevich Sviatlana, Mozzettini Simone, Bobbink Felix, Yan Ning, Fei Zhaofu, Dyson Paul J., Influence of the anion on the oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using platinum nanoparticle-ionic polymer supported catalysts, in ChemCatChem.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
François Maréchal/EPFL Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
ABLC Next Poster x 02.11.2016 San Fransisco, United States of America Siankevich Sviatlana;
Invited seminar / University of York Individual talk From Swiss alpine forests to Zika control 24.10.2016 York, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Dyson Paul;
Industrial Biotechnology and Bioeconomy Conference Poster x 18.10.2016 Glasgow, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Siankevich Sviatlana;
SCS Fall Meeting 2016 Poster A Solvent Switchable Catalyst for the Transformation of HMF into Valuable Products 15.09.2016 Zurich, Switzerland Siankevich Sviatlana;
Invited seminar / 18th E. Hála / Czech Academy of Sciences Individual talk Enhancing sustainable catalytic processes with ionic liquids 07.09.2016 Prague, Czech Republic Dyson Paul;
Swiss Chemical Society Spring Meeting Talk given at a conference Enhancing sustainable catalytic processes with ionic liquids 22.04.2016 Zurich, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
Invited seminar / Hightech Zentrum Aargau Individual talk Designing ionic liquids for specific applications 16.09.2015 Brugg, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
SCS Fall Meeting 2015 Poster Direct conversion of cellulose into HMF 04.09.2015 Lausanne, Switzerland Dyson Paul; Siankevich Sviatlana;
Invited seminar / ETHZ Individual talk Enhancing catalysis using ionic liquids 17.03.2015 Zurich, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
Invited seminar / University of Bern Individual talk Enhancing catalysis using ionic liquids 26.02.2015 Bern, Switzerland Dyson Paul;
Screen School 2014 SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Talk given at a conference Ionic liquids: properties and applications 21.10.2014 Anglet, France Dyson Paul;
SCS Fall Meeting 2014 Poster Designer Ionic Liquids for Biomass Valorization 11.09.2014 Zurich, Switzerland Siankevich Sviatlana;
SCS Fall Meeting 2014 Poster Nanoparticles in Aqueous Media 11.09.2014 Zurich, Switzerland Bulut Safak;
21st International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA Talk given at a conference Engineering the environment of dispersed nanoparticle catalysts for enhanced activities at a molecular level 23.08.2014 Prague, Czech Republic Dyson Paul;
Conference on Green Chemistry and Sustainable Engineering Talk given at a conference Designer Ionic liquids for biomass valorization 29.07.2014 Barcelona, Spain Siankevich Sviatlana;
Invited seminar / University of Strasbourg Individual talk Are ionic liquids good solvents for catalysis 06.06.2014 Strasourg, France Dyson Paul;
2013 AIChE Annual Meeting Poster Rational Development of an Electron-Rich Platinum Nanocatalyst for the Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into 2,5-Furandicarboxylic Acid under Mild Conditions 02.11.2013 San Fransisco, United States of America Siankevich Sviatlana;


Awards

Title Year
Special prize for the contribution to the teaching assistance 2015
2014 SCNAT/SCS Chemistry Travel Award 2014

Use-inspired outputs


Start-ups

Name Year
Embion Technologies 2016

Abstract

The proposed project is concerned with the simultaneous transformation of cellulose/hemicelluloses/lignin concomitantly using nanocatalysts combined with benign solvents. The proposed strategy is eco-friendly as it involves the avoidance of corrosive catalysts/reagents currently used. It is also expected that the new process will be less energy intensive than exisitng systems, as reactions will be conducted under milder condition over more active catalyst and will avoiding pre-treatment and pre-separation process. Thus, we intend to develop an economically attractive process that converts wood and wood derived compounds (usually waste materials) to high value chemicals- We also intend to develop a pilot scale process in Switzerland to demonstrate the feasibility of obtaining vulauble chemicals from renewable sources.
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