Projekt

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CarboCount CH: Quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes and their sensitivity to climate variations: A case study in Central Europe and Switzerland

Titel Englisch CarboCount CH: Quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes and their sensitivity to climate variations: A case study in Central Europe and Switzerland
Gesuchsteller/in Brunner Dominik
Nummer 136273
Förderungsinstrument Sinergia
Forschungseinrichtung Luftfremdstoffe / Umwelttechnik EMPA
Hochschule Eidg. Material und Prüfungsanstalt - EMPA
Hauptdisziplin Klimatologie, Atmosphärenphysik, Aeronomie
Beginn/Ende 01.01.2012 - 31.12.2015
Bewilligter Betrag 1'603'849.00
Alle Daten anzeigen

Alle Disziplinen (3)

Disziplin
Klimatologie, Atmosphärenphysik, Aeronomie
Meteorologie
Hydrologie, Limnologie, Glaziologie

Keywords (8)

greenhouse gases, climate change, measurement network, atmospheric transport modeling, biosphere-atmosphere exchange, inverse modeling, carbon dioxide, methane

Lay Summary (Englisch)

Lead
Lay summary

CarboCount CH will investigate human-related emissions and natural exchange between atmosphere and biosphere of the two most important long-lived greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) in Europe and especially in Switzerland. As one of the signatory nations of the Kyoto Protocol, Switzerland is obliged to report to the protocol and urge the reduction of its man-made greenhouse gas emissions including CO2 and CH4.

CO2, which is emitted in vast amounts through the burning of fossil fuels, is partially absorbed by oceans and partially by the biosphere which uses CO2 for the production of biomass via photosynthesis. Atmospheric CO2 levels are therefore increasing only about half as rapidly as they would if all emitted CO2 remained in the atmosphere. It is highly uncertain, however, how the storage capacity of oceans and biosphere will evolve in the future under a changing climate. CH4 is also emitted from a variety of both anthropogenic and natural sources and future levels of CH4 are similarly difficult to predict as those of CO2.

The project CarboCount CH will improve our understanding of biosphere-atmosphere exchange processes in a regional environment typical of the northern mid-latitudes. In addition, CarboCount CH will provide quantitative estimates of CO2 and CH4 fluxes in Switzerland through a unique combination of information from observations and models. These estimates will provide invaluable input to Swiss policy makers in the context of climate change, particularly for the ongoing post-Kyoto negotiations.

To achieve its goals, CarboCount CH will setup a network of four new atmospheric CO2 and CH4 measurement sites which will complement existing networks such as the CO2 flux network Swiss Fluxnet. The retired Beromünster radio tower will be the flagship of this network where CO2 and CH4 will be measured at several different altitudes above ground providing crucial data for flux estimation. The project will also explore new avenues in modeling: The COSMO weather forecast model of MeteoSwiss will be extended with new modules to simulate transport of CO2 and CH4 in the atmosphere and to describe the exchange of CO2 between atmosphere and biosphere. Observations and model simulations will finally be combined in a so-called inverse modeling framework for a better quantification of greenhouse gas fluxes and emissions in Switzerland.

Direktlink auf Lay Summary Letzte Aktualisierung: 21.02.2013

Verantw. Gesuchsteller/in und weitere Gesuchstellende

Mitarbeitende

Publikationen

Publikation
Role of land surface processes and diffuse/direct radiation partitioning in simulating the European climate
Davin Edouard L., Seneviratne Sonia I. (2012), Role of land surface processes and diffuse/direct radiation partitioning in simulating the European climate, in Biogeosciences, 9, 1695-1707.
An extended Kalman-filter for regional scale inverse emission estimation
Brunner Dominik, Henne Stephan, Keller Christoph A., Reimann Stefan, Vollmer Martin, O'Doherty Simon, Maione Michela (2012), An extended Kalman-filter for regional scale inverse emission estimation, in Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3455-3478.
Impact of soil map specifications for European climate simulations
Guillod BP, Davin EL, Kundig C, Smiatek G, Seneviratne SI (2013), Impact of soil map specifications for European climate simulations, in CLIMATE DYNAMICS, 40(1-2), 123-141.
Input Data Requirements Lagrangian Trajectory Models
Bowman Kenneth P., Lin John C., Stohl Andreas, Draxler Roland, Konopka Paul, Andrews Arlyn, Brunner Dominik (2013), Input Data Requirements Lagrangian Trajectory Models, in BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 94(7), 1051-1058.
Temporal and spatial variations of soil CO2, CH4 and N2O fluxes at three differently managed grasslands
Imer D., Merbold L., Eugster W., Buchmann N. (2013), Temporal and spatial variations of soil CO2, CH4 and N2O fluxes at three differently managed grasslands, in BIOGEOSCIENCES, 10(9), 5931-5945.
How Important is Vegetation Phenology for European Climate and Heat Waves?
Lorenz Ruth, Davin Edouard L., Lawrence David M., Stoeckli Reto, Seneviratne Sonia I. (2013), How Important is Vegetation Phenology for European Climate and Heat Waves?, in JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, 26(24), 10077-10100.
A joint atmosphere-ocean inversion for the estimation of seasonal carbon sources and sinks
Steinkamp K., Gruber N. (2013), A joint atmosphere-ocean inversion for the estimation of seasonal carbon sources and sinks, in GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES, 27(3), 732-745.
Greenhouse gas budget (CO2, CH4 and N2O) of intensively managed grassland following restoration
Merbold Lutz, Eugster Werner, Stieger Jacqueline, Zahniser Mark, Nelson David, Buchmann Nina (2014), Greenhouse gas budget (CO2, CH4 and N2O) of intensively managed grassland following restoration, in GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 20(6), 1913-1928.
Anthropogenic and natural methane fluxes in Switzerland synthesized within a spatially explicit inventory
Hiller R. V., Bretscher D., DelSontro T., Diem T., Eugster W., Henneberger R., Hobi S., Hodson E., Imer D., Kreuzer M., Kuenzle T., Merbold L., Niklaus P. A., Rihm B., Schellenberger A., Schroth M. H., Schubert C. J., Siegrist H., Stieger J., Buchmann N., Brunner D. (2014), Anthropogenic and natural methane fluxes in Switzerland synthesized within a spatially explicit inventory, in BIOGEOSCIENCES, 11(7), 1941-1959.
Aircraft-based CH4 flux estimates for validation of emissions from an agriculturally dominated area in Switzerland
Hiller Rebecca V., Neininger Bruno, Brunner Dominik, Gerbig Christoph, Bretscher Daniel, Kuenzle Thomas, Buchmann Nina, Eugster Werner (2014), Aircraft-based CH4 flux estimates for validation of emissions from an agriculturally dominated area in Switzerland, in JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 119(8), 4874-4887.
Spatial variability of methane: Attributing atmospheric concentrations to emissions
Bamberger I., Stieger J., Buchmann N., Eugster W. (2014), Spatial variability of methane: Attributing atmospheric concentrations to emissions, in Environmental Pollution, 190, 65-74.
Gap-filling strategies for annual VOC flux data sets
Bamberger I., Hoertnagl L., Walser M., Hansel A., Wohlfahrt G. (2014), Gap-filling strategies for annual VOC flux data sets, in BIOGEOSCIENCES, 11(8), 2429-2442.
NEP of a Swiss subalpine forest is significantly driven not only by current but also by previous year's weather
Zielis S., Etzold S., Zweifel R., Eugster W., Haeni M., Buchmann N. (2014), NEP of a Swiss subalpine forest is significantly driven not only by current but also by previous year's weather, in BIOGEOSCIENCES, 11(6), 1627-1635.
Preferential cooling of hot extremes from cropland albedo management
Davin Edouard L., Seneviratne Sonia I., Ciais Philippe, Olioso Albert, Wang Tao (2014), Preferential cooling of hot extremes from cropland albedo management, in PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 111(27), 9757-9761.
No pause in the increase of hot temperature extremes (vol 4, pg 161, 2014)
Seneviratne Sonia I, Donat Markus G., Mueller Brigitte, Alexander Lisa V. (2014), No pause in the increase of hot temperature extremes (vol 4, pg 161, 2014), in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 4(5), 320-320.
Gas adsorption and desorption effects on cylinders and their importance for long-term gas records
Leuenberger M. C., Schibig M. F., Nyfeler P. (2015), Gas adsorption and desorption effects on cylinders and their importance for long-term gas records, in ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES, 8(12), 5289-5299.
The CarboCount CH sites: characterization of a dense greenhouse gas observation network
Oney B., Henne S., Gruber N., Leuenberger M., Bamberger I., Eugster W., Brunner D. (2015), The CarboCount CH sites: characterization of a dense greenhouse gas observation network, in ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 15(19), 11147-11164.
Validation of farm-scale methane emissions using nocturnal boundary layer budgets
Stieger J., Bamberger I., Buchmann N., Eugster W. (2015), Validation of farm-scale methane emissions using nocturnal boundary layer budgets, in ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 15(24), 14055-14069.
An ecosystem-scale perspective of the net land methanol flux: synthesis of micrometeorological flux measurements
Wohlfahrt G., Amelynck C., Ammann C., Arneth A., Bamberger I., Goldstein A. H., Gu L., Guenther A., Hansel A., Heinesch B., Holst T., Hoertnagl L., Karl T., Laffineur Q., Neftel A., McKinney K., Munger J. W., Pallardy S. G., Schade G. W., Seco R., Schoon N. (2015), An ecosystem-scale perspective of the net land methanol flux: synthesis of micrometeorological flux measurements, in ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 15(13), 7413-7427.
Validation of the Swiss methane emission inventory by atmospheric observations and inverse modelling
Henne Stephan, Brunner Dominik, Oney Brian, Leuenberger Markus, Eugster Werner, Bamberger Ines, Meinhardt Frank, Steinbacher Martin, Emmenegger Lukas (2016), Validation of the Swiss methane emission inventory by atmospheric observations and inverse modelling, in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(6), 3683-3710.
Continuous CO2 /CH4 /CO measurements (2012–2014) at Beromünster tall tower station in Switzerland
Satar Ece, Berhanu Tesfaye A., Brunner Dominik, Henne Stephan, Leuenberger Markus (2016), Continuous CO2 /CH4 /CO measurements (2012–2014) at Beromünster tall tower station in Switzerland, in Biogeosciences, 13(9), 2623-2635.
Measurements of greenhouse gases at Beromünster tall-tower station in Switzerland
Berhanu Tesfaye Ayalneh, Satar Ece, Schanda Rudiger, Nyfeler Peter, Moret Hanspeter, Brunner Dominik, Oney Brian, Leuenberger Markus (2016), Measurements of greenhouse gases at Beromünster tall-tower station in Switzerland, in Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(6), 2603-2614.
Constraining future terrestrial carbon cycle projections using observation-based water and carbon flux estimates
Mystakidis S., Davin E. L., Gruber N., Seneviratne S. I. (accepted), Constraining future terrestrial carbon cycle projections using observation-based water and carbon flux estimates, in Global Change Biology, 2016, 1-50.

Zusammenarbeit

Gruppe / Person Land
Felder der Zusammenarbeit
Wageningen University (Wageningen), W. Peters (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Austausch von Mitarbeitern
NCAR (Boulder), S. Levis, D. Lawrence, G. Bonan (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Austausch von Mitarbeitern
MeteoSwiss (Zurich), O. Fuhrer (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Forschungsinfrastrukturen
COSMO-CLM Community, Andreas Will, Burkhardt Rockel, etc. (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
LSCE / CEA (Saclay), P. Ciais, M. Ramonet, M. Schmidt (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
German Weather Service DWD, U. Schaettler (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
Universität Heidelberg (Heidelberg), I. Levin (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
GHG Europe (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Forschungsinfrastrukturen
MPI BGC (Jena), M. Heimann, W. Brand and A. Jordan (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
MeteoSwiss (Zurich), R. Stöckli (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
CIO Groningen (Groningen), H. Meijer, R. Neubert (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
University of Exeter, S. Sitch (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
MPI BGC (Jena), M. Reichstein (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
ICOS / Europe, Philippe Ciais (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Publikation
- Forschungsinfrastrukturen
Energy Research Centre (Petten), A. Vermeulen (Europa)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
- Forschungsinfrastrukturen
NOAA (Boulder), A. Jacobson (Nordamerika)
- vertiefter/weiterführender Austausch von Ansätzen, Methoden oder Resultaten
South Pole Carbon Asset Management (Europa)
- Industrie/Wirtschaft/weitere anwendungs-orientierte Zusammenarbeit

Wissenschaftliche Veranstaltungen

Aktiver Beitrag

Titel Art des Beitrags Titel des Artikels oder Beitrages Datum Ort Beteiligte Personen
13th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Hydrological and biogeochemical constraints on carbon cycle projections 21.11.2015 Basel, Schweiz Mystakidis Stefanos; Gruber Nicolas; Seneviratne Sonia; Davin Edouard
13th Swiss Geoscience Meeting Poster Evaluation of a regional climate model with improved land surface processes representation 21.11.2015 Basel, Schweiz Mystakidis Stefanos; Seneviratne Sonia; Davin Edouard; Rüdisühli Stefan
GAW CH Landesausschuss Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Validation of GHG Fluxes Using In-situ Observations and Inverse Modelling 04.11.2015 Zurich, Schweiz Henne Stephan; Brunner Dominik
CLM-Community Assembly Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung COSMO-CLM2 evaluation: added value compared to COSMO-CLM and EURO-CORDEX RCMs 29.09.2015 Luxembourg, Luxemburg Seneviratne Sonia; Davin Edouard; Rüdisühli Stefan; Mystakidis Stefanos
PSI Laboratory for Atmospheric Chemistry (LAC) Seminar Series Einzelvortrag Lagrangian Modelling for Source Allocation - Models and Methods 15.05.2015 Villigen, Schweiz Henne Stephan; Brunner Dominik
ICOS Model-Data-Fusion Workshop Poster Estimation of Swiss Methane Emissions by Near Surface Observations and Inverse Modelling 20.04.2015 Paris, Frankreich Leuenberger Markus; Oney Brian; Bamberger Ines; Brunner Dominik; Eugster Werner; Henne Stephan
EGU General Assembly 2015 Poster Estimation of Swiss Methane Emissions by Near Surface Observations and Inverse Modelling 13.04.2015 Vienna, Oesterreich Eugster Werner; Brunner Dominik; Leuenberger Markus; Bamberger Ines; Henne Stephan; Oney Brian
Kolloquium des Instituts für Geowissenschaften, Uni Frankfurt Einzelvortrag Lagrangian transport and inverse emission modeling of non-CO2 greenhouse gases at regional scale 22.01.2015 Frankfurt, Deutschland Brunner Dominik; Henne Stephan; Leuenberger Markus; Oney Brian; Eugster Werner; Bamberger Ines
AGU Fall Meeting 2014 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Climate benefits of changes in agricultural practices in the context of heat wave mitigation 15.12.2014 San Francisco, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
AGU Fall Meeting 2014 Poster Characterization of densely placed carbon observation network 15.12.2014 San Francisco, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Bamberger Ines; Oney Brian; Leuenberger Markus; Brunner Dominik; Henne Stephan; Gruber Nicolas
AGU Fall Meeting 2014 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Estimation of country-scale methane emissions by airborne and ground-based in situ observations and inverse modeling 15.12.2014 San Francisco, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Leuenberger Markus; Henne Stephan; Oney Brian; Eugster Werner; Bamberger Ines; Brunner Dominik
Swiss Geosciences Meeting Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Validation of Swiss methane emissions inventory by near surface observations and inverse modeling 21.11.2014 Fribourg, Schweiz Henne Stephan; Eugster Werner; Brunner Dominik; Leuenberger Markus; Bamberger Ines; Oney Brian
International Symposium on Non-CO2 greenhouse gases NCGG Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Estimation of methane emissions from Switzerland by atmospheric observations and inverse modeling 04.11.2014 Amsterdam, Niederlande Oney Brian; Eugster Werner; Brunner Dominik; Leuenberger Markus; Henne Stephan; Schanda Rüdiger; Bamberger Ines
International Conference “Our Climate – Our Future” Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Role of land surface processes and land use change at the regional scale 06.10.2014 Berlin, Deutschland Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
The 1st ICOS International conference on greenhouse gases and biogeochemical cycles Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Emergent constraints on future terrestrial carbon fluxes 23.09.2014 Brussels, Belgien Seneviratne Sonia; Rüdisühli Stefan; Mystakidis Stefanos; Davin Edouard
The 1st ICOS International conference on greenhouse gases and biogeochemical cycles Poster Measurements of greenhouse gases from Beromünster former radio tower in Switzerland 23.09.2014 Brussels, Belgien Schanda Rüdiger; Leuenberger Markus
The 1st ICOS International conference on greenhouse gases and biogeochemical cycles Poster Gas adsorption and desorption effects on cylinders and their importance for long-term gas records 23.09.2014 Brussels, Belgien Leuenberger Markus
The 1st ICOS International conference on greenhouse gases and biogeochemical cycles Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung The CarboCount CH interactive visualization tool for greenhouse gas observations and source sensitivity maps 23.09.2014 Brussels, Belgien Henne Stephan; Brunner Dominik
Plenary of Oescher Center for Climate and Climate Change Research Einzelvortrag First tall tower installation in Switzerland for greenhouse gas concentration monitoring within CarboCount-CH 11.09.2014 Bern, Schweiz Leuenberger Markus
Transcom Meeting 2014 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Modeling anthropogenic CO2 in Europe using a high resolution atmospheric model 24.06.2014 Groningen, Niederlande Brunner Dominik; Liu Yu; Gruber Nicolas
Platform of Advanced Scientific Computing (PASC) Conference Poster Extensions of the weather prediction model COSMO for studying air quality, aerosol-climate feedbacks and greenhouse gas fluxes 02.06.2014 Zurich, Schweiz Roches Anne; Bey Isabelle; Brunner Dominik
12th International Conference on Meteorology, Climatology and Atmospheric Physics Poster Constraining future climate-land carbon cycle projections using observationally-based carbon flux estimates 28.05.2014 Heraklion, Zypern Davin Edouard; Gruber Nicolas; Mystakidis Stefanos; Seneviratne Sonia
EGU General Assembly 2014 Poster Tall tower or mountain top measurements? 02.05.2014 Vienna, Oesterreich Bamberger Ines; Oney Brian; Buchmann Nina; Eugster Werner; Brunner Dominik; Leuenberger Markus; Schanda Rüdiger; Henne Stephan
PhD Conference on Earth System Science Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Biogeochemistry-water cycle Interactions (model evaluation) 12.03.2014 Jena, Deutschland Mystakidis Stefanos
ETH Information Evening Chamau Einzelvortrag Sieben Jahre Trockenheitsexperimente auf Chamau, Früebüel und Alp Weissenstein: Was haben wir gelernt? 11.03.2014 Zurich, Schweiz Eugster Werner; Buchmann Nina
Global Vegetation Monitoring and Modeling International Conference (GV2M) Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Constraining future climate-land carbon cycle projections using observationally-based carbon flux estimates 03.02.2014 Avignon, Frankreich Mystakidis Stefanos; Gruber Nicolas; Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
ARC Center of Excellence in Climate System Science Einzelvortrag Land-climate interactions, climate extremes, and climate change 11.12.2013 Lorne, Australien Seneviratne Sonia; Davin Edouard
COSMO User Seminar Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Lagrangian and Eulerian transport and chemistry modeling with COSMO 27.11.2013 Zürich, Schweiz Oney Brian; Henne Stephan; Roches Anne; Brunner Dominik
Swiss Geoscience Meeting 2013 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Constraining future climate-land carbon cycle projections using observationally-based carbon flux estimates 15.11.2013 Lausanne, Schweiz Mystakidis Stefanos; Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
Greencycle II workshop Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Biogeophysical feedbacks 09.11.2013 Bristol, Grossbritannien und Nordirland Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
DACA-13 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Temperature extremes under a changing climate: Drivers and feedbacks 07.11.2013 Davos, Schweiz Seneviratne Sonia
Greenhous Gas Management in European Land Use systems Poster Spatial variability of atmospheric methane: Attributing measured concentrations to emissions 16.09.2013 Antwerpen, Belgien Eugster Werner; Bamberger Ines; Buchmann Nina
Swiss Geoscience Meeting 2013 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Spatial variability of methane: Attributing atmospheric concentrations to emissions 16.09.2013 Lausanne, Schweiz Eugster Werner; Bamberger Ines; Buchmann Nina
12th International Swiss Climate Summer School Poster Carbon and water fluxes coupling in past and future climate model projections 01.09.2013 Grindelwald, Schweiz Seneviratne Sonia; Mystakidis Stefanos; Davin Edouard
CLM Community Assembly Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Mitigating heat waves through changes in agricultural practices 28.08.2013 Zürich, Schweiz Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
17th CO2 Experts meeting Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung First tall tower installation in Switzerland for greenhouse gas concentration monitoring within CarboCount-CH 10.06.2013 Beijing, China Leuenberger Markus; Schanda Rüdiger; Brunner Dominik
9th International Carbon Dioxide conference Poster First tall tower installation in Switzerland for greenhouse gas concentration monitoring within CarboCount-CH 03.06.2013 Beijing, China Brunner Dominik; Leuenberger Markus; Schanda Rüdiger
9th International Carbon Dioxide conference Poster Carbon and water fluxes coupling in past and future climate model projections 03.06.2013 Beijing, China Mystakidis Stefanos; Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
NOAA GMAC Annual Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Understanding and quantifying CO2 and CH4 greenhouse gas fluxes on the regional scale: The project CarboCount CH 21.05.2013 Boulder, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Eugster Werner; Bamberger Ines; Davin Edouard; Schanda Rüdiger; Mystakidis Stefanos; Seneviratne Sonia; Brunner Dominik; Oney Brian; Liu Yu; Roches Anne; Henne Stephan; Buchmann Nina; Leuenberger Markus; Bey Isabelle; Gruber Nicolas
NCAR ACD Division seminar series Einzelvortrag Lagrangian transport and inverse emission modeling of non-CO2 greenhouse gases in Europe 20.05.2013 Boulder, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Brunner Dominik; Oney Brian; Henne Stephan
Swiss Global Change Day Poster Spatial variability of atmospheric methane: Attributing measured concentrations to emissions 16.04.2013 Bern, Schweiz Buchmann Nina; Bamberger Ines; Eugster Werner
Invited seminar Oeschger Center Einzelvortrag Inverse methane emission estimation from the scale of Switzerland to the globe 15.04.2013 Bern, Schweiz Oney Brian; Henne Stephan; Brunner Dominik
EGU General Assembly 2013 Poster Tracking and verifying anthropogenic CO2 emissions over the Swiss Plateau 07.04.2013 Wien, Oesterreich Brunner Dominik; Leuenberger Markus; Henne Stephan; Oney Brian
EGU General Assembly 2013 Poster Spatial variability of atmospheric methane: Attributing measured concentrations to emissions. 07.04.2013 Wien, Oesterreich Bamberger Ines; Buchmann Nina; Eugster Werner
EGU General Assembly 2013 Poster Enviornmental controls of terrestrial carbon fluxes over Europe based on CMIP5 model estimates 07.04.2013 Wien, Oesterreich Mystakidis Stefanos; Seneviratne Sonia; Davin Edouard
BGC Extremes Conference Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Heat wave mitigation through crop albedo management 05.04.2013 Seefeld, Oesterreich Seneviratne Sonia; Davin Edouard
CarboExtreme Conference 2013 Poster European-scale intercomparison of water and carbon fluxes as simulated by a set of LSMs and DGVMs 02.04.2013 Seefeld, Oesterreich Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia; Mystakidis Stefanos
ICOS annual meeting Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung ICOS-CH Status March 2013 26.03.2013 Biarritz, Frankreich Leuenberger Markus; Buchmann Nina
COSMO/CLM User Seminar Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung COSMO-CLM coupled to the Community Land Model: developments, applications and future directions 06.03.2013 Offenbach, Deutschland Mystakidis Stefanos; Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
Invited seminar at Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change Einzelvortrag Soil moisture: A neglected thermostat for climate extremes? 22.06.2012 Graz, Austria, Oesterreich Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
Invited seminar at Chinese Academy of Sciences Einzelvortrag Estimation of air pollutant and GHG sources using Lagrangian and Eulerian models 27.04.2012 Beijing, China Brunner Dominik; Henne Stephan
EGU General Assembly 2012 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Biogeophysical implications of no-tillage agriculture for the European climate and hot extremes 27.04.2012 Wien, Oesterreich Davin Edouard; Seneviratne Sonia
EGU General Assembly 2012 Vortrag im Rahmen einer Tagung Changes in climate extremes and their impact on the natural physical environment: An overview of the IPCC SREX report 27.04.2012 Wien, Oesterreich Seneviratne Sonia; Davin Edouard
Invited seminar at CSIRO, Australia Einzelvortrag The Swiss FluxNet: GHG fluxes & ecosystem responses to natural & anthropogenic impacts 04.04.2012 Canberra, Australien Buchmann Nina; Eugster Werner


Selber organisiert

Titel Datum Ort
CarboCount Seminar Series. Grégoire Broquet: Potential of in situ and satellite observations for estimating greenhouse gas fluxes at city and national scale 24.11.2015 ETH Zurich, Schweiz
CarboCount Seminar Series. Ingeborg Levin: European carbon balance: what we can learn from isotope observations 12.10.2015 University of Bern, Schweiz
CarboCount Seminar Series. Ben Poulter: Toward an updated global wetland CH4 budget: progress, challenges and data needs 17.03.2015 ETH Zurich, Schweiz
CarboCount Seminar Series. Han Dolman: Human management, nutrients and water: what are the key controls on the biospheric sources and sinks of CO2 and CH4? 14.07.2014 Zurich, Schweiz
CarboCount Seminar Series. Apostolos Voulgarakis: Steps towards understanding tropospheric oxidant and methane variability 10.04.2014 Zurich, Schweiz
CarboCount Seminar Series. Renato Spahni: Transient simulations of the carbon and nitrogen dynamics in northern peatlands 06.02.2014 Zurich, Schweiz
CarboCount Seminar Series. Christoph Gerbig: Intensive and extensive airborne observations to tighten the atmospheric constraint on greenhouse gas fluxes 03.12.2013 Zürich, Schweiz
CarboCount Seminar Series. Matt Rigby: Understanding non-CO2 greenhouse gas sources and sinks using long-term atmospheric measurements 18.07.2013 Zürich, Schweiz
CarboCount Seminar Series. Thomas Röckmann: Reconstruction of isotope histories of long-lived trace gases (CH4, N2O, CO) from polar firn air samples 02.05.2013 Bern, Schweiz
CarboCount Seminar Series. Wouter Peters: An atmospheric perspective on carbon exchange at global to regional scales from carbon dioxide and isotopes 30.04.2013 Zürich, Schweiz

Kommunikation mit der Öffentlichkeit

Kommunikation Titel Medien Ort Jahr
Medienarbeit: Radio, Fernsehen La Suisse fait partie des pays ou le changement climatique ira plus vite que la moyenne mondiale RTS (Swiss French TV) Westschweiz 2013
Referate/ Veranstaltungen/ Ausstellungen Klimawandel und Landwirtschaft Deutschschweiz 2014
Referate/ Veranstaltungen/ Ausstellungen Messungen und Modellierung für die regionale Beobachtung von Treibhausgasemissionen Deutschschweiz 2014
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien Global warming: Who pressed the pause button? The Economist International 2014
Referate/ Veranstaltungen/ Ausstellungen Scientifica, Zürcher Wissenschaftstage Deutschschweiz 2015
Referate/ Veranstaltungen/ Ausstellungen ETH Klimarunde Deutschschweiz 2015
Referate/ Veranstaltungen/ Ausstellungen Seminar series of "Verband der Angehörigen des Koordinierten Wetterdienstes" Deutschschweiz 2015
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien Der Nebel lichtet sich Schweiz am Sonntag, Rubrik Wissen Deutschschweiz 2015
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien Forschung braucht Zusammenarbeit, Leserbrief Affoltemer Anzeiger Deutschschweiz 2015
Medienarbeit: Radio, Fernsehen Wozu ist eigentlich Nebel gut Einstein, SRF Deutschschweiz 2015
Medienarbeit: Printmedien, Online-Medien Gemessen ist besser als geschätzt NZZ Deutschschweiz 2016
Medienarbeit: Radio, Fernsehen Les ruminants polluent un peu moins que prévu Le Temps Westschweiz 2016

Auszeichnungen

Titel Jahr
Sonia Seneviratne. Elected as 2013 Fellow of the American Geophysical Union 2013
Sonia Seneviratne: James B. Macelwane Medal of the American Geophysical Union for significant contributions to the geophysical sciences by an outstanding early career scientist 2013

Verbundene Projekte

Nummer Titel Start Förderungsinstrument
126816 Saisonale und räumliche Charakteriseriung von CO2 Quellregionen basierend auf kontinuierlichen Messungen stabiler CO2 Isotopen mittels Laserspektroskopie am Jungfraujoch 01.05.2011 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
124932 Kohlenstoffkreislauf-Forschung auf dem Jungfraujoch 01.04.2009 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
129866 Farm-scale Methane Fluxes (FasMeF) 01.08.2010 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
158542 PSC Discovery Program for Youth 01.04.2015 Agora
150237 N2O from the Swiss midlands – regional sources and hot spots 01.06.2014 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
117753 Assessment of European emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases by a combination of continuous measurements, transport models and RN-222 emission maps 01.06.2008 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
125925 Early recognition of critical drought conditions in Switzerland - coping with shortages in soil moisture, groundwater and runoff (DROUGHT-CH) 01.01.2010 NFP 61 Nachhaltige Wassernutzung
120289 SwissSMEX: The Swiss Soil Moisture Experiment 01.06.2008 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
159563 Climate and Environmental Physics 01.04.2015 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
147174 Climate and Environmental Physics 01.04.2013 Projektförderung (Abt. I-III)
133763 Long-Term Greenhouse Gas Budget of a Subalpine Coniferous Forest 01.03.2011 R'EQUIP
132562 Forest ecosystem responses to climatic drivers 01.02.2011 ProDoc (Forschungsmodul, FM)

Abstract

CarboCount CH aims to develop a prototype modelling and observing system for CO2 and CH4 at the regional scale with the objective to quantify and understand CO2 and CH4 fluxes and their sensitivity to recent and current climate variability. The system will provide real time flux estimates allowing to verify their compliance with national regulations and international treaties independently and to provide support for policy makers in the context of climate change. Our approach is to integrate so-called “top-down” methods based on atmospheric measurements and models with “bottom-up” methods based on local (e.g. flux) measurements, process-based models of natural fluxes, and statistical information on anthropogenic emissions. We will focus on central Europe and especially central Switzerland where (i) there exists a strong basis for building a CO2/CH4 measurement network, (ii) rich and detailed data sets are available to provide input and independent verification, and (iii) the heterogeneity of the region provides the challenge needed to test such a system. Our integrated project stands methodologically on three pillars: First, the development of an integrated atmospheric CO2/CH4 measurement network in central Switzerland, consisting of existing flux and concentration measurement sites that will be partially augmented, and four new representative sites on hill tops and towers all equipped with continuous instruments measuring (at least) CO2, CH4, and water vapor. Second, the establishment of high resolution bottom-up driven data products based on process-based ecosystem modeling, direct flux measurements, forest inventories, and geostatistical data of anthropogenic CO2 and CH4 emissions. Third, the development and application of high-resolution regional to local models of atmospheric transport and atmosphere-biosphere exchange of CO2 and CH4, used in forward and inverse (data assimilation) modes. CarboCount CH will study the 1992-2012 period, with a focus on the later years when all observations are in place. Particular questions that will be addressed are: What was the impact of the 2003 heat wave/drought and other drought episodes on the carbon balance in central Europe/Switzerland? How well do we understand atmosphere-biosphere exchange of different vegetation types and their diurnal, seasonal and interannual variability? What are the limitations for the modeling of these fluxes including the limitations imposed by our observation network? How well do bottom-up and top-down estimates agree? What are the main restrictions and uncertainties of the top-down approach to constrain the fluxes?