Project

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A Web-based Infrastructure for the Internet of Things

English title A Web-based Infrastructure for the Internet of Things
Applicant Mattern Friedemann
Number 134631
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut für Pervasive Computing ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Information Technology
Start/End 01.04.2011 - 31.07.2014
Approved amount 183'721.00
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Keywords (6)

Internet of Things; Web of Things; Infrastructure; Smart Objects; Web Integration; Mashup Tools

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary

The Internet of Things represents a vision of an Internet that extends into the real world and encompasses everyday objects. In this network of Internet-enabled devices, physical items are no longer disconnected from the virtual world but rather become accessible through computers and other networked devices. Interconnecting physical everyday objects will significantly affect our daily lives as we will be able to use ubiquitous computing devices for interacting with the real world from almost anywhere, at any time.

The development towards the Internet of Things will enable us to monitor the real world by collecting up-to-date information directly from networked physical objects. Companies, for example, will benefit from the ability to react to events in the physical world that brings along the possibility to control and manage the underlying processes in an informed and rapid or even automatic manner. For individuals, the consequences range from the empowerment of consumers to new ways of organizing society as a whole within a process that represents an important technical and social challenge.

To enable a seamless integration of smart real-world objects with the Internet, our intention is to leverage the World Wide Web and its technologies as an infrastructure for smart things. The aim of this approach is that interacting with devices like, for instance, smart power outlets that provide information on their power consumption or smart thermostats that automatically manage your home comfort and help to reduce energy consumption becomes almost as easy as browsing the Web itself. This “Web of Things” will allow us to construct applications that leverage large amounts of real-time data and physical functionality and to compose and combine services offered by physical objects.

To reach these aims, the concrete goal of this project is to develop core components to transform the Internet of Things from a vague concept and a basic infrastructure to an open and accessible system integrated into the World Wide Web. By designing a scalable Web of Things infrastructure, we aim at creating the architectural backbone for an environment of Web-enabled devices. We will investigate ways of enabling devices to interact with each other and to semantically describe their services to the world. Our infrastrucure will furthermore integrate a discovery and search mechanism for smart devices to allow computers as well as human users to find, select, and use smart things in a reliable and user-friendly way. Finally, we aim at designing real-world deployments to test and evaluate our developments.

With our project we hope to contribute to the creation of a Web-based Internet of Things that becomes an everyday experience in our personal and business lives, be it when smart homes switch on the heating as soon as their owners are on the commute home, be it when mobile phones advise their users on how to economize their power consumption, or be it when real-time data from the environment is used to increase our individual safety, security, and healthcare.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
A Magic Lens for Revealing Device Interactions in Smart Environments
Mayer Simon, Hassan Yassin N., Sörös Gábor (2014), A Magic Lens for Revealing Device Interactions in Smart Environments, in Proceedings of the SIGGRAPH Asia 2014 Symposium on Mobile Graphics and Interactive Applications, Shenzhen.
Configuration of Smart Environments Made Simple - Combining Visual Modeling with Semantic Metadata and Reasoning
Mayer Simon, Inhelder Nadine, Verborgh Ruben, Van de Walle Rik, Mattern Friedemann (2014), Configuration of Smart Environments Made Simple - Combining Visual Modeling with Semantic Metadata and Reasoning, in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on the Internet of Things, Cambridge, USA.
UbiComp 2013
Memarovic Nemanja, Mayer Simon, Baumann Paul, Pasch Marco (2014), UbiComp 2013, in IEEE Pervasive Computing, 13(1), 80-83.
User Interface Beaming - Seamless Interaction with Smart Things using Personal Wearable Computers
Mayer Simon, Sörös Gábor (2014), User Interface Beaming - Seamless Interaction with Smart Things using Personal Wearable Computers, in Proceedings of the 2014 Workshop on Glass and Eyewear Computing, Zurich.
User-friendly Configuration of Smart Environments
Mayer Simon, Inhelder Nadine, Verborgh Ruben, Van de Walle Rik (2014), User-friendly Configuration of Smart Environments, in Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, Budapest.
Device Recognition for Intuitive Interaction with the Web of Things
Mayer Simon, Schalch Markus, George Marian, Sörös Gábor (2013), Device Recognition for Intuitive Interaction with the Web of Things, in Adjunct Proceedings of the 2013 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Compu, Zurich.
Embedded Semantic Metadata to Support Device Interaction in Smart Environments
Mayer Simon, Basler Gianin (2013), Embedded Semantic Metadata to Support Device Interaction in Smart Environments, in Adjunct Proceedings of the 2013 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Compu, Zurich.
Semantic Metadata to Support Device Interaction in Smart Environments
Mayer Simon, Basler Gianin (2013), Semantic Metadata to Support Device Interaction in Smart Environments, in Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on the Web of Things, Zurich.
User Interfaces for Smart Things - A Generative Approach with Semantic Interaction Descriptions
Mayer Simon, Tschofen Andreas, Dey Anind K., Mattern Friedemann (2013), User Interfaces for Smart Things - A Generative Approach with Semantic Interaction Descriptions, in ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 21(2), 12.
Moving Application Logic from the Firmware to the Cloud: Towards the Thin Server Architecture for the Internet of Things
Kovatsch Matthias, Mayer Simon, Ostermaier Benedikt (2012), Moving Application Logic from the Firmware to the Cloud: Towards the Thin Server Architecture for the Internet of Things, in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Innovative Mobile and Internet Services in Ubiqui, Palermo.
Searching in a Web-based Infrastructure for Smart Things
Mayer Simon, Guinard Dominique, Trifa Vlad (2012), Searching in a Web-based Infrastructure for Smart Things, in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on the Internet of Things (IoT 2012), Wuxi, China.
Uncovering Device Whispers in Smart Homes
Mayer Simon, Beckel Christian, Scheidegger Bram, Barthels Claude, Sörös Gábor (2012), Uncovering Device Whispers in Smart Homes, in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia, Ulm.
Web-based Service Brokerage for Robotic Devices.
Mayer Simon (2012), Web-based Service Brokerage for Robotic Devices., in Adjunct Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp '12), Pittsburgh, PA.
An Extensible Discovery Service for Smart Things
Mayer Simon, Guinard Dominique (2011), An Extensible Discovery Service for Smart Things, in 2nd International Workshop on the Web of Things, San Francisco, USA.
In Search of an Internet of Things Service Architecture: REST or WS-*? A Developers' Perspective
Guinard Dominique, Ion Iulia, Mayer Simon (2011), In Search of an Internet of Things Service Architecture: REST or WS-*? A Developers' Perspective, in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems, Kopenhagen.
Service Integration - A Web of Things Perspective
Mayer Simon (2011), Service Integration - A Web of Things Perspective, World Wide Web Consortium, Bedford, MA, USA.
A Computational Space for the Web of Things
Mayer Simon, Karam David S., A Computational Space for the Web of Things, in 3rd International Workshop on the Web of Things, Newcastle, UK.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
MORElab, DeustoTech Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Communication Systems Technologies, Technical University of Madrid Spain (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
Technische Universität Darmstadt Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Exchange of personnel
iMinds, Ghent University Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Field Intelligence Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
École d'été Web Intelligence - Web des Objets Individual talk Service Integration in the Web of Things 04.09.2013 St. Germain au Mont d'Or, France Mayer Simon;
ICiS Physical and Pervasive Computing in Science Workshop Talk given at a conference Web-based Smart Things Ecosystems 16.07.2011 Park City, USA, United States of America Mayer Simon;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
5th International Workshop on the Web of Things 08.10.2014 Cambridge, United States of America
4th International Workshop on the Web of Things 09.09.2013 Zürich, Switzerland
3rd International Workshop on the Web of Things 19.06.2012 Newcastle, UK, Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
W3C Workshop on Data and Services Integration 20.10.2011 Bedford, USA, United States of America


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions ETH Unterwegs 2013/2014 Western Switzerland Rhaeto-Romanic Switzerland Italian-speaking Switzerland German-speaking Switzerland 2013
Talks/events/exhibitions Studieninformationstage ETH Zürich 2013 und 2014 German-speaking Switzerland 2013
Talks/events/exhibitions Das Internet der Dinge und Arduinos, Kantonsschule Limmattal Urdorf Western Switzerland 2012
Talks/events/exhibitions IoT Meetup Zurich German-speaking Switzerland 2012

Awards

Title Year
Invited Talk at ICiS Workshop "Physical and Pervasive Computing in Science" 2011

Abstract

The Internet of Things represents a vision of an Internet that extends into the real world and encompasses everyday objects. In this network of Internet-enabled devices, physical items are no longer disconnected from the virtual world but rather become accessible through computers and other networked devices. Interconnecting physical everyday objects will significantly affect our daily lives as we will be able to use ubiquitous computing devices for interacting with the real world from almost anywhere, at any time. By opening up new modes of interaction among things, the development towards the Internet of Things will enable us to monitor the real world by collecting up-to-date information directly from networked physical objects. The long-term implications of interacting with smart environments are manifold: Companies, for example, will benefit from the ability to react to events in the physical world that brings along the possibility to control and manage the underlying processes in an informed and rapid or even automatic manner. For individuals, the consequences range from the empowerment of consumers to new ways of organizing society as a whole within a process that represents an important technical and social challenge.In order to enable a seamless integration of smart real-world objects with the Internet, our intention is to leverage the World Wide Web and its technologies as an infrastructure for smart things. The aim of this approach is that interacting with devices like, for instance, smart power outlets that provide information on their power consumption becomes almost as easy as browsing the Web itself. This Web of Things will allow us to construct applications that leverage large amounts of real-time data and physical functionality. Services offered by physical objects will be composeable and fully integrated with more traditional Web-based information providers.To reach these aims, our concrete goal is to develop core components that will set the stage for a transformation of the Internet of Things from a vague concept and a basic infrastructure to an open and accessible system integrated into the World Wide Web. By designing a scalable Web of Things infrastructure, we aim at creating the architectural backbone for an environment of Web-enabled devices. We will investigate ways of enabling devices to interact with each other and to describe and offer their services to the world while minimizing compatibility issues. We also intend to explore possibilities of facilitating the Web integration and composition of real-world data and functionality while supporting people to actively participate and benefit from the upcoming network of smart things. Finally, we aim at designing real-world deployments to test and evaluate our developments.With our project we hope to contribute to the creation of a Web-based Internet of Things that becomes an everyday experience in our personal and business lives, be it when smart homes switch on the heating as soon as their owners are on the commute home, be it when mobile phones advise their users on how to economize their power consumption, or be it when environmental, building-level, and private monitoring increases our personal safety, security, and healthcare.
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