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Astrophysical Processes, their Simulation and Related Nuclear Physics Issues

Applicant Thielemann Friedrich K.
Number 132816
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Departement Physik Universität Basel
Institution of higher education University of Basel - BS
Main discipline Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences
Start/End 01.10.2010 - 31.10.2012
Approved amount 708'172.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences
Theoretical Physics
Nuclear Physics

Keywords (3)

nucleosynthesis; stellar evolution; supernovae

Lay Summary (English)

Lead
Lay summary
The present proposal describes a continuing effort in explaining and understanding stars, stellar explosions and the composition of their ejecta. This includes several fundamental topics: A the understanding of nuclear properties and reactions, B stellar evolution and the composition of wind ejecta (related mostly to massive stars), C simulations of the subsequent core collapse and supernova explosions, and D explosive nucleosynthesis processes, being related to supernovae or other explosive events, e.g. in binary stellar systems. The main emphasis is put here on the least understood ones, those which involve nuclei far from stability. Stellar winds and stellar explosions serve as input to galactic evolution. Thus, this proposal covers a range from subatomic physics to the evolution of galaxies.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
17O(alpha,gamma)21Ne and 17O(alpha,n)20Ne for the weak s process
Best A. Görres J. Beard M. .. Ozkan N. Pignatari M. Sonnabend K. .. Wiescher M. (2012), 17O(alpha,gamma)21Ne and 17O(alpha,n)20Ne for the weak s process, in AIP Conference Series 1498, 309.
44Ti, 26Al and 53Mn samples for nuclear astrophysics: the needs, the possibilities and the sources
Dressler R. Ayranov M. Bemmerer D. .. Pignatari M. .. Thielemann F.-K. et al. (2012), 44Ti, 26Al and 53Mn samples for nuclear astrophysics: the needs, the possibilities and the sources, in J. Phys. G , 39, 105201.
Astrophysical analysis of the measurement of (alpha,gamma) and (alpha,n) cross sections of 169Tm
Rauscher T. Kiss G.G. Szücs T. Fülöp Z.. Fröhlich C. et al. (2012), Astrophysical analysis of the measurement of (alpha,gamma) and (alpha,n) cross sections of 169Tm, in Phys. Rev. C, 86, 015804.
Chemical signature of GRB progenitors at low metallicities
Hirschi R. Frischknecht U. Thielemann F.-K. (2012), Chemical signature of GRB progenitors at low metallicities, in Memorie della Societa Astronomica Italiana Supplementi, 21, 28.
Core collapse supernovae in the QCD phase diagram
Fischer T. Blaschke D. Hempel M. Klähn T. Łastowiecki R. Liebendörfer M. et al. (2012), Core collapse supernovae in the QCD phase diagram, in Physics of Atomic Nuclei, 75, 613.
Do R Coronae Borealis Stars Form from Double White Dwarf Mergers?
Staff J.E. Menon A. Herwig F. .. Pignatari M. et al. (2012), Do R Coronae Borealis Stars Form from Double White Dwarf Mergers?, in Ap. J., 757, 76.
Formalism for Inclusion of Measured Reaction Cross Sections in Stellar Rates Including Uncertainties and Its Application to Neutron Capture in the s-process
Rauscher T. (2012), Formalism for Inclusion of Measured Reaction Cross Sections in Stellar Rates Including Uncertainties and Its Application to Neutron Capture in the s-process, in Ap. J. Lett., 755, L10.
Grids of stellar models with rotation. I. Models from 0.8 to 120 Msol at solar metallicity (Z = 0.014)
Ekström S. et al. (2012), Grids of stellar models with rotation. I. Models from 0.8 to 120 Msol at solar metallicity (Z = 0.014), in A&A, 537, A146.
GRIPS - Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy
Greiner J. Mannheim K. Aharonian F. .. Diehl R. .. Prantzos N. .. Thielemann F.-K. et al. (2012), GRIPS - Gamma-Ray Imaging, Polarimetry and Spectroscopy, in Experimental Astronomy, 34, 551.
Have superheavy elements been produced in nature?
Petermann I. Langanke K. Martinez-Pinedo G. Panov I. V. Reinhard P.-G. Thielemann F.-K. (2012), Have superheavy elements been produced in nature?, in European Physical Journal A, 48, 122.
Impact of new beta-decay half-lives on r-process nucleosynthesis
Nishimura N. Kajino T. Mathews G.~J. Nishimura S. Suzuki T. (2012), Impact of new beta-decay half-lives on r-process nucleosynthesis, in Phys. Rev. C, 85, 048801.
Investigation of alpha-induced reactions on 127I for the astrophysical gamma-process
Kiss G.~G. Szücs T. Török Z. Korkulu Z. Gyyürky G. Halász Z. Fülöp Z. ..Rauscher T. (2012), Investigation of alpha-induced reactions on 127I for the astrophysical gamma-process, in Phys. Rev. C, 86, 049904.
Investigation of alpha-induced reactions on 127I for the astrophysical gamma-process
Kiss G.~G. Szücs T. Török Z. Korkulu Z. Gyürky G. Halász Z. ...Rauscher T. (2012), Investigation of alpha-induced reactions on 127I for the astrophysical gamma-process, in Phys. Rev. C, 86, 035801.
Investigation of alpha-induced reactions on 130Ba and 132Ba and their importance for the synthesis of heavy p-nuclei
Halasz Z. Gyürky G. Farkas J. Fülöp Z. Szücs T. Somorjai E. Rauscher T. (2012), Investigation of alpha-induced reactions on 130Ba and 132Ba and their importance for the synthesis of heavy p-nuclei, in Phys. Rev. C, 85, 025804.
Investigation of the reaction 74Ge(p,gamma)75As using the in-beam method to improve reaction network predictions for p-nuclei
Sauerwein A. Endres J. Netterdon L. Zilges A. ... Rauscher T. (2012), Investigation of the reaction 74Ge(p,gamma)75As using the in-beam method to improve reaction network predictions for p-nuclei, in Phys. Rev. C, 86, 035802.
Investigation of α-nuclear potential families from elastic scattering experiments
Ornelas A. Galaviz D. Fülöp Z. Gyüky G. Kiss G. Máté Z. Mohr P. Rauscher T et al. (2012), Investigation of α-nuclear potential families from elastic scattering experiments, in J- Phys- Conf. Ser. 337, 012030.
Magnetorotationally Driven Supernovae as the Origin of Early Galaxy r-process Elements?
Winteler C. Käppeli R. Perego A. Arcones A.. Nishimura N. Liebendörfer M. Thielemann F. (2012), Magnetorotationally Driven Supernovae as the Origin of Early Galaxy r-process Elements?, in Ap. J. Lett, 750, L22.
Measurement and resonance analysis of the 237Np neutron capture cross section
Guerrero C. Cano-Ott D. Mendoza E. .Dillmann I. . Leeb H. .. Rauscher T. et al. (2012), Measurement and resonance analysis of the 237Np neutron capture cross section, in Phys. Rev. C, 85, 044616.
Measurement of resolved resonances of 232Th(n,gamma) at the nTOF facility at CERN
Gunsing F. Berthoumieux E. Aerts G. ..Dillman I... Rauscher T. et al. (2012), Measurement of resolved resonances of 232Th(n,gamma) at the nTOF facility at CERN, in Phys. Rev. C, 86, 019902.
Measurement of resolved resonances of 232Th(n,gamma) at the nTOF facility at CERN
Gunsing F. Berthoumieux E. Aerts G. ..Dillman I... Rauscher T., Reifarth R..et al. (2012), Measurement of resolved resonances of 232Th(n,gamma) at the nTOF facility at CERN, in Phys. Rev. C, 85, 064601.
Neutrino Processes in Partially Degenerate Neutron Matter
Bacca S. Hally K. Liebendörfer M. Perego A. Pethick C. J. Schwenk A. (2012), Neutrino Processes in Partially Degenerate Neutron Matter, in Ap. J., 758, 34.
Neutrino spectra evolution during protoneutron star deleptonization
Fischer T. Martinez-Pinedo G. Hempel M. Liebendörfer M. (2012), Neutrino spectra evolution during protoneutron star deleptonization, in Phys. Rev. D, 85, 083003.
Neutrino-driven supernova explosions powered by nuclear reactions
Nakamura K. Takiwaki T. Kotake K. Nishimura N. (2012), Neutrino-driven supernova explosions powered by nuclear reactions, in IAU Symposium 279, 365.
Neutron-induced fission cross section measurement of 233U, 241Am and 243Am in the energy range 0.5 MeV < En < 20 MeV at nTOF at CERN
Belloni F. Milazzo P.M. Calviani M. .Dillmann I. . Leeb H. .. Rauscher T. et al. (2012), Neutron-induced fission cross section measurement of 233U, 241Am and 243Am in the energy range 0.5 MeV < En < 20 MeV at nTOF at CERN, in Physica Scripta T, 150, 014005.
Neutron-induced fission cross section of 245Cm: New results from data taken at the time-of-flight facility nTOF
Calviani M. Meaze M.H. Colonna N. .Dillmann I. Heil M. .. Rauscher T. et al. (2012), Neutron-induced fission cross section of 245Cm: New results from data taken at the time-of-flight facility nTOF, in Phys. Rev. C, 85, 03461.
New Equations of State in Simulations of Core-collapse Supernovae
Hempel M. Fischer T. Schaffner-Bielich J. Liebendörfer M. (2012), New Equations of State in Simulations of Core-collapse Supernovae, in Ap. J., 748, 70.
Non-standard s-process in low metallicity massive rotating stars
Frischknecht U. Hirschi R. Thielemann F.-K. (2012), Non-standard s-process in low metallicity massive rotating stars, in A&A, 538, L2.
Nucleosynthesis in Core-collapse Supernova Explosions Triggered by a Quark-Hadron Phase Transition
Nishimura N. Fischer T. Thielemann F.-K. Fröhlich C. Hempel M. Käppeli R. et al. (2012), Nucleosynthesis in Core-collapse Supernova Explosions Triggered by a Quark-Hadron Phase Transition, in Ap. J., 758, 9.
On the astrophysical robustness of the neutron star merger r-process
Korobkin O. Rosswog S. Arcones A. Winteler C. (2012), On the astrophysical robustness of the neutron star merger r-process, in Monthl. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., 426, 1940.
On the Requirements for Realistic Modeling of Neutrino Transport in Simulations of Core-collapse Supernovae
Lentz E.J. Mezzacappa A. Bronson Messer O.E. Liebend\örfer M. Hix W.R. Bruenn S.W. (2012), On the Requirements for Realistic Modeling of Neutrino Transport in Simulations of Core-collapse Supernovae, in Ap. J., 747, 73.
Present status and future programs of the nTOF experiment
Chiaveri E. Calviani M. Vlachoudis V. .Dillmann I. Heil M. .. Rauscher T. et al. (2012), Present status and future programs of the nTOF experiment, in European Physical Journal Web of Conferences 21, 3001.
Proton-rich nucleosynthesis and nuclear physics
Rauscher T. Fröhlich C. (2012), Proton-rich nucleosynthesis and nuclear physics, in AIP Conference Series 1484, 73.
Reaction rate uncertainties and the nup-process
Fröhlich C. Rauscher T. (2012), Reaction rate uncertainties and the nup-process, in AIP Conference Series 1484, 232.
Resonance neutron-capture cross sections of stable magnesium isotopes and their astrophysical implications
Massimi C. Koehler P. Bisterzo S. .Dillmann I. .. Hirschi R. ..... Rauscher T. et al. (2012), Resonance neutron-capture cross sections of stable magnesium isotopes and their astrophysical implications, in Phys. Rev. C, 85, 044615.
Resonance neutron-capture cross sections of stable magnesium isotopes and their astrophysical implications
Massimi C. Koehler P. Bisterzo S... Heil M... Rauscher T. Reifarth R. .et al. (2012), Resonance neutron-capture cross sections of stable magnesium isotopes and their astrophysical implications, in Phys Rev. C, 85, 044615.
Sensitivity of Astrophysical Reaction Rates to Nuclear Uncertainties
Rauscher T. (2012), Sensitivity of Astrophysical Reaction Rates to Nuclear Uncertainties, in Ap. J. Supp., 201, 26.
Simultaneous measurement of neutron-induced capture and fission reactions at CERN
Guerrero C. Berthoumieux E. Cano-Ott D. .Dillmann I. Heil M. .Rauscher T. et al. (2012), Simultaneous measurement of neutron-induced capture and fission reactions at CERN, in European Physical Journal A, 48, 29.
Strange matter in core-collapse supernovae
Sagert I. Fischer T. Hempel M. Pagliara G. Schaffner-Bielich J. Thielemann F.-K. et al. (2012), Strange matter in core-collapse supernovae, in Acta Physica Polonica, 43, 741.
Supernova shock revival by nuclear reactions
Nakamrua K. Takiwaki T. Kotake K. Nishimura N. (2012), Supernova shock revival by nuclear reactions, in AIP Conference Series 1484, 439.
The effect of 12C +12C rate uncertainties on the evolution and nucleosynthesis of massive stars
Bennett M.E. Hirschi R. Pignatari M. et al. (2012), The effect of 12C +12C rate uncertainties on the evolution and nucleosynthesis of massive stars, in Month. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., 420, 3047.
96Zr(n, γ) measurement at the nTOF facility at CERN
G. Tagliente .. Rauscher T. et al. (2011), 96Zr(n, γ) measurement at the nTOF facility at CERN, in Phys. Rev. C, 84, 055802.
Computer-Modeling of Stars
Liebendörfer M. (2011), Computer-Modeling of Stars, in Diehl. R. (ed.), 439.
Impacts of Collective o Neutrino Oscillations on Core-collapse Supernova Explosions
Suwa Y. Kotake K. Takiwaki T. Liebendörfer M. Sato K. (2011), Impacts of Collective o Neutrino Oscillations on Core-collapse Supernova Explosions, in Ap. J., 738, 165.
Massive Stars and Their Supernovae
Thielemann F.-K. Hirschi R. Liebendörfer M. Diehl R. (2011), Massive Stars and Their Supernovae, in Diehl. R. (ed.), 153.
Measurement of the 236U(n,f) cross section from 170 meV to 2 MeV at the CERN nTOF facility
R. Sarmento .. Rauscher T. et al. (2011), Measurement of the 236U(n,f) cross section from 170 meV to 2 MeV at the CERN nTOF facility, in Phys. Rev. C, 84, 044618..
Neutron-induced fission cross-section of Pb-nat and Bi-209 from threshold to 1 GeV: A new parameterization
D. Tarrio .. Rauscher T. et al. (2011), Neutron-induced fission cross-section of Pb-nat and Bi-209 from threshold to 1 GeV: A new parameterization, in Phys. Rev. C, 83, 044620.
Nuclear Reactions
Wiescher M. Rauscher T. (2011), Nuclear Reactions, in Diehl R. (ed.), 461.
Numerical parameter o survey of non-radiative black hole accretion: flow structure and variability of the rotation measure
Pang B. Pen U.-L. Matzner C. D. Green S. R. Liebendörfer M.: (2011), Numerical parameter o survey of non-radiative black hole accretion: flow structure and variability of the rotation measure, in Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., 415, 1228.
Origin of the Chemical Elements
Rauscher T. Patkos A. (2011), Origin of the Chemical Elements, in Attila Vértes Sándor Nagy Zoltán Klencsár Rezső G. Lovas Frank Rösch (ed.), Springer, Heidelberg, 611.
The Path to Improved Reaction Rates for Astrophysics
T. Rauscher (2011), The Path to Improved Reaction Rates for Astrophysics, in Int. J. Mod. Phys.E, 20, 1071.
237Np(n,f) Cross Section: New Data and Present Status
C. Paradela .. Rauscher T. ..et al. (2011), 237Np(n,f) Cross Section: New Data and Present Status, in Kor. Phys. Soc, 59, 1908.
Determination of the 141Pr(α, n)144Pm cross sec- tions at energies of relevance for the astrophysical γ-process using the γγ coincidence method
A. Sauerwein .. T. Rauscher .. et al. (2011), Determination of the 141Pr(α, n)144Pm cross sec- tions at energies of relevance for the astrophysical γ-process using the γγ coincidence method, in Phys. Rev. C, 84, 045808.
Neutron capture on 94 Zr: Resonance parameters and Maxwellian-averaged cross sections
G. Tagliente .. Rauscher T. .. et al. (2011), Neutron capture on 94 Zr: Resonance parameters and Maxwellian-averaged cross sections, in Phys. Rev. C, 84, 015801.
Neutron-induced øssion cross section of 233 U in the energy range 0.5 < En < 20 MeV
P. Milazzo .. Rauscher T. ..et al. (2011), Neutron-induced øssion cross section of 233 U in the energy range 0.5 < En < 20 MeV, in Eur. Phys. J. A, 47, 2.
Neutron-Induced Reaction Rates for the r-Process
I. V. Panov I. Yu. Korneev T. Rauscher F.-K. Thielemann: (2011), Neutron-Induced Reaction Rates for the r-Process, in Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics, 75 , 520.
Opportunities to constrain astrophysical reac- tion rates for the s-process through determination of the ground state cross sections
T. Rauscher P. Mohr I. Dillmann R. Plag (2011), Opportunities to constrain astrophysical reac- tion rates for the s-process through determination of the ground state cross sections, in Ap. J, 38, 143.
What are the astrophysical sites for the r-process and the pro- duction of heavy elements?
Thielemann F.-K. et al. (2011), What are the astrophysical sites for the r-process and the pro- duction of heavy elements?, in Progr. Part. Nucl. Phys., 66, 346.
Cross sections for proton-induced reactions on Pd isotopes at energies relevant for the γ- process, Phys. Rev. C 84
Dillmann I. Coquard L. Domingo-Pardo C. .. Rauscher T. Thielemann F.-K.: (2011), Cross sections for proton-induced reactions on Pd isotopes at energies relevant for the γ- process, Phys. Rev. C 84, in Phys. Rev. C, 84, 015802.
Dynamical r-process studies within the neutrino-driven wind scenario and its sensitivity to the nuclear physics input, Phys. Rev. C , 83 (2011), 045809
Arcones A. Martinez-Pinedo G. (2011), Dynamical r-process studies within the neutrino-driven wind scenario and its sensitivity to the nuclear physics input, Phys. Rev. C , 83 (2011), 045809, in Phys. Rev. C, 83, 045809.
Explosive nucleosynthesis in core-collapse supernovae
Arcones A. (2011), Explosive nucleosynthesis in core-collapse supernovae, in J. Phys. Conf. Ser. , 312, 042005.
FISH: A Three-dimensional Parallel Magnetohydrodynamics Code for Astrophysical Applications
Käppeli R. Whitehouse S. C. Scheidegger S. Pen U.-L. Liebendörfer M (2011), FISH: A Three-dimensional Parallel Magnetohydrodynamics Code for Astrophysical Applications, in Ap. J. Suppl. , 195, 20.
Fluorine and Sodium in C-rich Low-metallicity Stars
Lucatello S. Masseron T. Johnson J. A. Pignatari M. Herwig F. (2011), Fluorine and Sodium in C-rich Low-metallicity Stars, in Ap. J, 729, 40.
Light clusters in nuclear matter: Excluded volume versus quantum many-body approaches
Hempel M. Schaffner-Bielich J. Typel S. Röpke G (2011), Light clusters in nuclear matter: Excluded volume versus quantum many-body approaches, in Phys. Rev. C, 84, 055804.
Mass measurements of very neutron-deøcient Mo and Tc isotopes and their impact on rp-process nucleosynthesis
E. Haettner .. Rauscher T. ..et al. (2011), Mass measurements of very neutron-deøcient Mo and Tc isotopes and their impact on rp-process nucleosynthesis, in Phys. Rev. Lett., 106, 122501.
Neutron measurements for advanced nuclear systems: The nTOF project at CERN
N. Colonna .. Rauscher T. .. et al. (2011), Neutron measurements for advanced nuclear systems: The nTOF project at CERN, in Nucl. Instr. Meth. B, 269, 3251.
Neutron-induced fission cross-section of 233U in the energy range 0.5 < En < 20 MeV
F. Belloni .. Rauscher T. .. et al. (2011), Neutron-induced fission cross-section of 233U in the energy range 0.5 < En < 20 MeV, in Eur. Phys. J. A, 47, 2.
Nuclear quests for supernova dynamics and nucleosynthesis
Langanke K. Martinez-Pinedo G. Petermann I. Thielemann F. K. (2011), Nuclear quests for supernova dynamics and nucleosynthesis, in Progr. Part. Nucl. Phys., 66, 319.
Activation method combined with characteristic X-ray counting: a possibility to measure (α, γ) cross sections on heavy p-nuclei
G. G. Kiss T. Szücs Gy. Gyürky Zs. Fülöp .. C.Fröhlich T. Rauscher (2011), Activation method combined with characteristic X-ray counting: a possibility to measure (α, γ) cross sections on heavy p-nuclei, in Nucl. Phys. A, 867, 52.
Convective-reactive Proton-12C Combustion in Sakurai’s Object (V4334 Sagittarii) and Implications
Herwig F. Pignatari M. Woodward P. R. et al. Herwig F. Pignatari M. Woodward P. R. et al (2011), Convective-reactive Proton-12C Combustion in Sakurai’s Object (V4334 Sagittarii) and Implications, in Ap. J., 727, 89.
Core-collapse Supernova Explosions Triggered by a Quark-Hadron Phase Transition
Fischer T. Sagert I. Pagliara G. Hempel M. Schaffner-Bielich J. Rauscher T. Thielemann (2011), Core-collapse Supernova Explosions Triggered by a Quark-Hadron Phase Transition, in Ap. J. Suppl., 194, 39.
Determining reaction cross sections via characteristic X-ray emission: α-induced reactions on 169Tm for the astrophysical gamma-procesds
G. G. Kiss T. Rauscher T. Szücs Zs. Kertsz Zs. Fülöp C. Fhölich J. Farkas Z. et. al. (2011), Determining reaction cross sections via characteristic X-ray emission: α-induced reactions on 169Tm for the astrophysical gamma-procesds, in Phys. Lett. B, 695, 419.
Fission Cross-section Measurements of 233U, 245Cm and 241,243Am at the CERN nTOF Facility, J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 59 (2011), 1912
M. Calviani .. Rauscher T. .. et al. (2011), Fission Cross-section Measurements of 233U, 245Cm and 241,243Am at the CERN nTOF Facility, J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 59 (2011), 1912, in J. Kor. Phys. Soc., 59, 1912.
Imprints of fast-rotating massive stars in the Galactic Bulge
Chiappini C. Frischknecht U. Meynet G. et al. (2011), Imprints of fast-rotating massive stars in the Galactic Bulge, in Nature, 472, 454.
Neutron Capture Measurements on Minor Actinides at the nTOF Facility at CERN: Past, Present and Future
D. Cano-Ott .. Rauscher T. .. et al.: (2011), Neutron Capture Measurements on Minor Actinides at the nTOF Facility at CERN: Past, Present and Future, in J. Kor. Phys. Soc., 59, 1809.
Production of Light-element Primary Process Nuclei in Neutrino-driven Winds
Arcones A. Montes F. (2011), Production of Light-element Primary Process Nuclei in Neutrino-driven Winds, in Ap. J., 731, 5.
Study of Photon Strength Function of Actinides: :the Case of 235U, 238Np and 241Pu
Guerrero C ... Rauscher T. .. et al. (2011), Study of Photon Strength Function of Actinides: :the Case of 235U, 238Np and 241Pu, in J. Kor. Phys. Soc., 59, 1510.
The 197 Au(n, γ) cross section in the unresolved resonance region
C. Lederer .. Rauscher T. et al. (2011), The 197 Au(n, γ) cross section in the unresolved resonance region, in Phys. Rev. C, 83, 034608.
The Electron-Ion Scattering experiment ELISe at the International Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) - a conceptual design study
A. N. Antonov .. Rauscher T. ..et al. (2011), The Electron-Ion Scattering experiment ELISe at the International Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) - a conceptual design study, in Nuclear Instr. Meth. A, 637 , 60.
Nucleosynthesis-relevant conditions in neutrino-driven supernova outflows. II. The reverse shock in two-dimensional simulations
Arcones A. Janka H.-T.: (2011), Nucleosynthesis-relevant conditions in neutrino-driven supernova outflows. II. The reverse shock in two-dimensional simulations, in A&A, 526, A160.
Strange quark matter in explosive astrophysical systems
Sagert I. Fischer T. Hempel M. .. Schafner-Bielich J. Thielemann F.-K. Liebendörfer M. (2010), Strange quark matter in explosive astrophysical systems, in J. Phys. G., 37 , 094064.
Can a Supernova Bang Twice?
Schaffner-Bielich J. Fischer T. Hempel M. Liebendörfer M. Pagliara G. Sagert I.: (2010), Can a Supernova Bang Twice?, in Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl, 186, 93.
Constraints on rotational mixing from surface evolution of light elements in massive stars
Frischknecht U. Hirschi R. Meynet G. Ekström S. Georgy C. Rauscher T. Winteler C. et al (2010), Constraints on rotational mixing from surface evolution of light elements in massive stars, in A&A, 522, A39.
Die Supernova im Superrechner
Thielemann F.-K. (2010), Die Supernova im Superrechner, in Physik Journal, 9(7), 16.
Neutrino Radiation-Hydrodynamics: General Relativistic versus Multidimensional Supernova Simulations
Liebendörfer M. Fischer T. Hempel M. Käppeli R. et al. (2010), Neutrino Radiation-Hydrodynamics: General Relativistic versus Multidimensional Supernova Simulations, in Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl., 186, 87.
Neutron-induced fission cross section of 234U and 237Np measured at the CERN Neutron Time-of-Flight (nTOF) facility
Paradela C. ... Rauscher T. et al. (2010), Neutron-induced fission cross section of 234U and 237Np measured at the CERN Neutron Time-of-Flight (nTOF) facility, in Phys. Rev. C, 82, 034601.
The Cold and Hot CNO Cycles
Wiescher M. Görres J. Uberseder E. Imbriani G. Pignatari M. (2010), The Cold and Hot CNO Cycles, in Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. , 60, 381.
Electron fraction constraints based on nuclear statistical equilibrium with beta equilibrium
Arcones A. Martinez-Pinedo G. Roberts L. F. Woosley S. E. (2010), Electron fraction constraints based on nuclear statistical equilibrium with beta equilibrium, in A&A, 522, A25.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Oak Ridge National Laboratory United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
University of Keele Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
ITEP Moscow Russia (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Observatoire de Geneve Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Atomki Debrezen Hungary (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Garching Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Odessa Observatory Ukraine (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
GSI Darmstadt Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
JINA, Univ. of Notre Dame United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel

Scientific events

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) A conversation about astrophysics with Mark Inglin Science Time, University of Basel German-speaking Switzerland 19.11.2012
Media relations: radio, television Rätselhafte Elemententstehung im Weltall Deutschlandfunk International 28.02.2012
Talks/events/exhibitions Weltenreise, die Entstehung der Chemischen Elemente German-speaking Switzerland 21.11.2011

Awards

Title Year
Lise Meitner Prize, Eur. Phys. Soc. 2012
Falultätspreis der Naturw. Fakultät 2011
Helmholtz Young Investigator Award 2011
Offer for Full Professorship at Univ. of Frankfurt 2011

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
144514 Astrophysical Processes, their Simulation and Related Nuclear Physics Issues 01.10.2012 Project funding (Div. I-III)
148807 A new comprehensive analysis of nucleosynthesis in stars: a bridge between nuclear astrophysics, stellar models and observations. 01.09.2013 Ambizione
122287 Astrophysical Processes, their simulation and related nuclear physics issues 01.10.2008 Project funding (Div. I-III)
122287 Astrophysical Processes, their simulation and related nuclear physics issues 01.10.2008 Project funding (Div. I-III)
144514 Astrophysical Processes, their Simulation and Related Nuclear Physics Issues 01.10.2012 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

The present proposal describes a continuing effort in explaining and understanding stars, stellar explosions and the composition of their ejecta. This includes several fundamental topics: A the understanding of nuclear properties and reactions, B stellar evolution and the composition of wind ejecta (related mostly to massive stars), C simulations of the subsequent core collapse and supernova explosions, and D explosive nucleosynthesisprocesses, being related to supernovae or other explosive events, e.g. in binary stellarsystems. The main emphasis is put here on the least understood ones, those which involve nuclei far from stability. Stellar winds and stellar explosions serve as input to galactic evolution. Thus, this proposal covers a range from subatomic physics to the evolution of galaxies.
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