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Sustainable Urban Patterns (SUPat)

English title Sustainable Urban Patterns (SUPat)
Applicant Schmitt Gerhard
Number 130578
Funding scheme NRP 65 New urban quality
Research institution Lehrstuhl für Informationsarchitektur Departement Architektur ETH Zürich
Institution of higher education ETH Zurich - ETHZ
Main discipline Architecture and Social urban science
Start/End 01.10.2010 - 31.07.2015
Approved amount 728'003.00
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All Disciplines (5)

Discipline
Architecture and Social urban science
Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Civil Engineering
Science of management
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences

Keywords (5)

Urban Planning; Urban Quality Criteria; Sustainable Urban Patterns; Procedural Modelling ; Collaborative Decision-Making Process

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Lay summary
Urbanes Wachstum - natürliche Ressourcen - besseres Leben?

Hintergrund
Wertschöpfung und Werterhalt in der Stadt sollten bei gleichzeitiger Reduktion der Umweltbelastung für die Zukunft gesichert werden. Gleichzeitig sollen sich die Stätten der Naherholung, Arbeit, Bildung und Gesundheit in unmittelbarer Nähe des Wohnorts befinden. Die Gebäude sollen nicht nur energieeffizient sein, sondern sie müssen noch stärker als heute Lebensraumfunktionen innerhalb der Stadt für Mensch und Tier bieten.

Ziel
Das Projekt untersucht exemplarisch, wie in den nächsten 40 Jahren Schweizer Städte nachhaltig geplant werden sollten. Dabei werden die Wechselwirkungen zwischen den sozialen, ökologischen und wirtschaftlichen Aspekten erforscht und miteinander in Einklang gebracht. Aufgrund architektonischer und städtebaulicher Szenarien verknüpft das Projekt Methoden aus fächerübergreifenden Forschungsfeldern. Mit Modellen der Fachplaner - zum Beispiel zu Verkehr, Immobilienmarkt, Wohlbefinden und Umwelt - wird die Leistungsfähigkeit der Szenarien im Limmattal bestimmt. Institutionen und Architektenteams werden mit Workshops in die Forschung einbezogen. Die entstehenden Lösungen werden iterativ verbessert und falls möglich verallgemeinert, so dass das gewonnene Wissen Strategien für die nachhaltige Planung von Schweizer Städten aufzeigen kann.

Bedeutung
Das Projekt soll die für die Stadtplanung notwendigen Kenntnisse über die verschiedenen sozialen, ökologischen und wirtschaftlichen Wechselwirkungen verbessern. Die Resultate liefern wichtige Grundlagen für die nachhaltige Stadtplanung: Die erarbeiteten Methoden werden Experten und Laien helfen, in gemeinsamen Workshops nachhaltige Strategien zu definieren. Des weiteren sollen umwelt-, sozial- und wirtschaftsrelevante Gefahren in der Stadtplanung frühzeitig aufgezeigt und Antworten auf Fragen der intensiven Nachverdichtung von Schweizer Städten geboten werden. Gleichzeitig sollen die Antworten eine Verbesserung der urbanen Qualitäten garantieren.
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 21.02.2013

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
Agent-Based Indicators Analysis in the Context of Policy Evaluation
Efthymiou Dimitrios, Farooq Bilal, Bierlaire Michel, Antoniou Constantinos (2013), Agent-Based Indicators Analysis in the Context of Policy Evaluation, in 13th Swiss Transport Research Conference, Monte Verità / Ascona.
Best Practices for Urban Densification A decision-making support process using microclimate analysis methods and parametric models for optimizing urban climate comfort
Tapias Pedraza Estefania, Kunze Antje, Roccasalva Giuseppe, Schmitt Gerhard (2013), Best Practices for Urban Densification A decision-making support process using microclimate analysis methods and parametric models for optimizing urban climate comfort, in Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1.
How do transport infrastructure and policies affect house prices and rents? Evidence from Athens, Greece
Efthymiou Dimitrios, Antoniou Constantinos (2013), How do transport infrastructure and policies affect house prices and rents? Evidence from Athens, Greece, in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 52, 1-22.
Modellierung zur Verhandlung von Qualitätszielen in städtischen Landschaften
Neuenschwander Noemi, Wissen Hayek Ulrike, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2013), Modellierung zur Verhandlung von Qualitätszielen in städtischen Landschaften.
Understanding ecosystem services trade-offs with interactive procedural modeling for sustainable urban planning
Grêt-Regamey Adrienne, Celio Enrico, Klein Thomas M., Wissen Hayek Ulrike (2013), Understanding ecosystem services trade-offs with interactive procedural modeling for sustainable urban planning, in Landscape and Urban Planning, 109(1), 107-116.
Dynamic microsimulation of location choices with a quasi-equilibrium auction approach
Hurtubia R, Bierlaire M (2012), Dynamic microsimulation of location choices with a quasi-equilibrium auction approach, in 12th Swiss Transport Research Conference (STRC), Switzerland.
Facilitating well-informed trade-off decision making on land use change: Integrating rules and indicators of ecosystem service provision into procedural 3D visualization
Wissen Hayek Ulrike, Neuenschwander Noemi, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2012), Facilitating well-informed trade-off decision making on land use change: Integrating rules and indicators of ecosystem service provision into procedural 3D visualization, in International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs) 2012 International Congress on En.
Integrated Multi-Criteria Modeling and 3D Visualization for Informed Trade-Off Decision Making on Urban Development Options
Neuenschwander Noemi, Wissen Hayek Ulrike, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2012), Integrated Multi-Criteria Modeling and 3D Visualization for Informed Trade-Off Decision Making on Urban Development Options, in Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1.
Ökosystemleistungen im Siedlungsraum: Analyse des Potentials der Lebensraumqualität für vier Verdichtungsszenarien in Schlieren
Thalmann Jonas (2012), Ökosystemleistungen im Siedlungsraum: Analyse des Potentials der Lebensraumqualität für vier Verdichtungsszenarien in Schlieren.
Procedural Generation of Parcels in Urban Modeling
Vanegas Carlos A., Kelly Tom, Weber Basil, Halatsch Jan, Aliaga Daniel G., Müller Pascal (2012), Procedural Generation of Parcels in Urban Modeling, in EUROGRAPHICS 2012.
Transdisciplinary Collaboration Platform Based on GeoDesign for Securing Urban Quality
Wissen Hayek Ulrike, Neuenschwander Noemi, Kunze Antje, Halatsch Jan, Von Wirth Timo, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne, Schmitt Gerhard (2012), Transdisciplinary Collaboration Platform Based on GeoDesign for Securing Urban Quality, in DLA 2012: GeoDesign, 3D-Modeling and Visualization.
Veranschaulichung alternativer Formen der Siedlungsver- dichtung mit Hilfe prozeduraler Visualisierung Einsatzerprobung als Kommunikationsmittel in der partizipativen Planung
Hürlimann Nicole (2012), Veranschaulichung alternativer Formen der Siedlungsver- dichtung mit Hilfe prozeduraler Visualisierung Einsatzerprobung als Kommunikationsmittel in der partizipativen Planung.
A Conceptual Participatory Design Framework for Urban Planning
Kunze Antje, Halatsch Jan, Vanegas Carlos, Jacobi Maldaner Martina, Turkienicz Benamy, Schmitt Gerhard (2011), A Conceptual Participatory Design Framework for Urban Planning, in Respecting Fragile Places, 29th eCAADe 2011 Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 29, 29.
Berücksichtigung von Ökosystemdienstleistungen in der Freiraumgestaltung mit Hilfe prozeduraler Visualisierung Beispiel eines neuen und innovativen Agglomerationsquartiers in Moskau
Hicks Simone (2011), Berücksichtigung von Ökosystemdienstleistungen in der Freiraumgestaltung mit Hilfe prozeduraler Visualisierung Beispiel eines neuen und innovativen Agglomerationsquartiers in Moskau.
Bid auction model for simultaneous determination of location and rent in land use microsimulation modelsi2011
Hurtubia Ricardo, Martinez Francisco, Bierlaire Michel (2011), Bid auction model for simultaneous determination of location and rent in land use microsimulation modelsi2011, in Proceedings of the XV Congreso Chileno de Ingeniería de Transporte, Chile.
Bid rent model for simultaneous determination of location and rent in land use microsimulations
Hurtubia Ricardo, Bierlaire Michel (2011), Bid rent model for simultaneous determination of location and rent in land use microsimulations, in 11th Swiss Transport Research Conference (STRC), Switzerland.
GIS-based 3D Urban Modeling Framework Integrating Constraints and Benefits of Ecosystems for Participatory Optimization of Urban Green Space Patterns
Neuenschwander Noemi, Wissen Hayek Ulrike, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2011), GIS-based 3D Urban Modeling Framework Integrating Constraints and Benefits of Ecosystems for Participatory Optimization of Urban Green Space Patterns, in REAL CORP 2011 Tagungsband.
Interactive Procedural 3D Urban Model 3D visualization and evaluation model for effective trade-off decision-making between built-up and open space
Neuenschwander Noemi, Wissen Hayek Ulrike, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2011), Interactive Procedural 3D Urban Model 3D visualization and evaluation model for effective trade-off decision-making between built-up and open space, IFLA World Congress, 0.
Procedural Modeling of Urban Green Space Pattern Designs Taking into Account Ecological Parameters
Wissen Hayek Ulrike, Neuenschwander Noemi, Halatsch Jan, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne (2010), Procedural Modeling of Urban Green Space Pattern Designs Taking into Account Ecological Parameters, in FUTURE CITIES - 28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings, Zürich.
Facilitating well-informed trade-off decision making on land use change
Hayek Wissen Ulrike, Neuenschwander Noemi, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne, Facilitating well-informed trade-off decision making on land use change, in International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (iEMSs), Leipzig, Germany.
Identifying urban transformation dynamics: Functional use of scenario techniques to integrate knowledge from science and practice
von Wirth Timo, Wissen Hayek Ulrike, Kunze Antje, Neuenschwander Noemi, Stauffacher Michael, Scholz Roland W., Identifying urban transformation dynamics: Functional use of scenario techniques to integrate knowledge from science and practice, in Technological Forecasting and Social Change.
Procedural Generation of Parcels in Urban Modeling
Vanegas Carlos A., Kelly Tom, Weber Basil, Halatsch Jan, Aliaga Daniel G., Müller Pascal, Procedural Generation of Parcels in Urban Modeling, in Computer Graphics Forum (also Proc. of Eurographics), 31, 31.
The Integrated Land-Use and Transport Model of Brussels
Efthymiou Dimitrios, Farooq Bilal, Bierlaire Michel, Antoniou Constantinos, The Integrated Land-Use and Transport Model of Brussels, in 13th Swiss Transport Research Conference, Monte Verità / Ascona.
Transdisciplinary collaboration platform based on GeoDesign for securing urban quality
Wissen Hayek Ulrike, Neuenschwander Noemi, Kunze Antje, Halatsch Jan, von Wirth Timo, Grêt-Regamey Adrienne, Schmitt Gerhard, Transdisciplinary collaboration platform based on GeoDesign for securing urban quality, in LA 2012: GeoDesign, 3D-Modeling and Visualization, Bernburg, Germany.
Visualization and Decision Support Tools in Urban Planning
Kunze Antje, Burkhard Remo, Gebhardt Serge, Tuncer Bige, Visualization and Decision Support Tools in Urban Planning, Springer, Heidelberg, 242, -0.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Climate-KIC: Smart Urban Adapt (SUA) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
NRP 65: Urban Potentials and Strategies in Metropolitan Territories Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Prof. Bernd Scholl, Chair of Spatial Development (RE), ETH Zürich Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
UrbanSim-Group: UC Berkeley, Purdue University, ETH Singapore Centre United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
SEC, Future Cities Laboratory (FCL) Singapore Singapore (Asia)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
SustainCity (EU-Project) Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
NRP65: Urban events, local interventions: perspectives on suburban planning Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
DLA 2012 Conference: Geodesign, 3D Modeling, and Visualization Talk given at a conference 31.05.2012 Bernburg, Germany, Germany Neuenschwander Noemi;
11. Internationales 3D-Forum Lindau Talk given at a conference 20.03.2012 Lindau, Germany, Germany Kunze Antje;
Esri Geodesign Summit 2012 Individual talk 04.01.2012 Redlands, US, United States of America Kunze Antje;
Respecting Fragile Places, 29th eCAADe 2011 Conference Talk given at a conference 21.09.2011 Ljubljana, Slovenia, Czech Republic Kunze Antje;


Knowledge transfer events



Self-organised

Title Date Place
Schlussveranstaltung SUPat Projekt 30.09.2013 Zürich, Switzerland
2nd Stakeholder Group Workshop of the SUPat-Project 15.02.2012 ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Talks/events/exhibitions Swiss Inter- and Transdisciplinarity Day 2013 Western Switzerland 2013

Use-inspired outputs


Start-ups

Name Year

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
150821 Value Lab Zurich: Platform for collaborative planning, analysis, and simulation. Technological extension of the Value Lab. 01.02.2014 R'EQUIP

Abstract

Traditional planning methods for urban systems reach their limits, as continuous interactions among people and socio-economic and ecological variables generate increasingly complex and unsustainable environments, which impact human health, well-being and ecological quality. Our goal is therefore to generate exemplary sustainable urban patterns close to Zurich for selected case study areas on the regional and local scale. This requires developing new approaches clarifying design tasks through an iteration of thorough spatial, infrastructural and socioeconomic readings, conceptual interpretations and their testing - guided by design, supported by simulation and collaborative modelling. The input will be a multi-dimensional description of the present situation. The output will be sustainable urban patterns for 2030 and 2050, completed by a procedural model for the case study areas, sustainability indicators, a set of guidelines, and the process description. These deliverables will serve as base for education and further research in areas identified during the process.To arrive at this goal, we suggest a design driven, interactive and iterative process that supports planners, architects and stakeholders. Based on simulation and collaborative modelling, socio-economic, ecological and aesthetical criteria will be formulated into urban design rules. Using advanced economic and transport modelling tools, ecological process models, and social analyses, criteria will be defined and also transformed into rules for integrated urban modelling. The resulting model will continuously accompany the emergence of alternative urban development scenarios of four selected case study sites in a design-simulation-collaboration cycle. Sustainability indicators allow for in-depth analysis and assessment of the resulting urban patterns by a trans-disciplinary stakeholder group in a series of six collaborative workshops. The stakeholders’ feedback is used for altering the urban design rules and thus iteratively enhancing the urban patterns. Experienced and innovative designers will intervene at defined points of the process to guarantee the link to the actual planning sites. The project will integrate previously separated qualitative and quantitative design and research activities to propose realistic sustainable urban patterns. It will also bundle the diverse capabilities and methods of designers, planners, scientists and simulation tools to arrive at convincing sustainable urban patterns. The outcome will clarify our understanding of the necessary processes and provide new ideas for transforming existing urban-rural systems in a more sustainable way. Overall the design, simulation and collaborative modelling platform will accelerate knowledge exchange between relevant actors and serve as an operative tool to support planners, architects, policy makers and concerned parties in assessing the conditions under which specific urban qualities have a good chance to achieve their environmental, social and economic goals.
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