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Switzerland's changing religious diversity. The National Congregations Study Switzerland II

English title Switzerland's changing religious diversity. The National Congregations Study Switzerland II
Applicant Stolz Jörg
Number 192499
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Institut de sciences sociales des religions ISSR - ORS Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Religious studies, Theology
Start/End 01.09.2020 - 31.08.2024
Approved amount 519'679.00
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All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Religious studies, Theology
Sociology

Keywords (4)

Religious groups; Religious change; Congregations; Religious diversity

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Die sich verändernde religiöse Vielfalt in der Schweiz. Die National Congregations Study Switzerland IIIn diesem Forschungsprojekt wird die zweite Welle der National Congregations Study (NCS) Schweiz erhoben, um die sich verändernde religiöse Vielfalt der Schweiz zu beschreiben und zu erklären.
Lay summary

Die NCS Schweiz von 2009 war die erste  repräsentative Umfrage unter lokalen religiösen Gruppen in der Schweiz (und Europa). Sie lieferte repräsentative und bisher nicht verfügbare Informationen zu einer Vielzahl von Merkmalen und Aktivitäten der lokalen religiösen Gruppen in der Schweiz. Durch die Erhebung einer zweiten Welle im Jahr 2021 werden die Forschenden Aufschluss darüber erhalten, wie sich die religiöse Vielfalt in der Schweiz verändert hat. 

 

Methodisch wird jeweils ein Vertreter („key informant“) pro repräsentativ ausgewählter lokaler religiöser Gruppen befragt. Die Stichprobe wird 1.100 Befragte umfassen und mit einer Überrepräsentation kleiner religiöser Traditionen geschichtet sein, um aussagekräftige Vergleiche zwischen allen Traditionen zu ermöglichen. 

 
Vier Arten von Veränderungen werden von besonderem Interesse sein: 
(1) die Auswirkungen von religiöse Vielfalt auf religiöse Gruppen; 
(2) die Ursachen von Wachstum und Schrumpfen von religiösen Gruppen; 
(3) die Beziehungen zwischen Gruppen etablierter und neuer Religionen;
(4) das Geschlechterverhältnis innerhalb der Leitung von religiösen Gruppen 
 
Weitere Ergebnisse beziehen sich auf Änderungen der Ritualstile, soziale Aktivitäten, politische Aktivitäten, Personal, Untergruppen, Finanzen, soziale Zusammensetzung und Erwartungen an Mitglieder und Leiter.
 

 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 26.06.2020

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Abstract

This research plan proposes to conduct a second wave of the National Congregations Study (NCS) Switzerland to describe and help explain Switzerland’s changing religious diversity. The NCS Switzerland of 2009 was the first high-quality survey of a nationally representative sample of congregations (local religious groups) in a European country. It was also one of the flagship studies in NFP 58 (National Research Programme 58) and provided representative and hitherto unavailable information on a wide range of congregational attributes and activities across the religious spectrum.Research questions: The new wave will allow us to answer the following two research questions: (1) How has religious diversity in Switzerland changed in the last ten years? (2) How can the diverse field of religious congregations (local religious groups) across all religious traditions in Switzerland be described in terms of a variety of activities and attributes? Method: We will replicate and extend the first wave of the NCS Switzerland from 2009. We will first use a precise definition of “congregation” to update the census, i.e. the comprehensive list of all local religious groups in Switzerland. We will then take a random sample, and interview one key informant per group with regard to observable characteristics of the congregation. The sample will comprise 1,100 respondents, and will be stratified, with an overrepresentation of small religious traditions to allow for meaningful comparisons across all traditions. An integrated file with the first wave will be created to permit longitudinal analysis. Average interview time will be 60 minutes.Expected results: The study will help create the first picture of how the religious landscape comprising local religious groups from all religions has changed in a European country in roughly ten years. Not only will we be able to describe change; we will also to a certain extent be able to use different theories of religious change and organizational sociology to explain it. While the NCS data permit researchers to describe change in a variety of dimensions, we will focus in particular on four types of change: namely, change in terms of (1) the religious diversity of congregations in given areas, and its effects on congregations, (2) the growth and decline of congregations belonging to different religious traditions, (3) relations between established and newcomer religions, and (4) female representation among laypersons, lay leaders, and professional leaders. Other results will relate to changes in congregational styles of worship, social activities, political activities, staffing, subgroups, finances, social composition, and expectations of members and leaders.Scholarly and social importance: This will be the first replication of an NCS in a European country, and, especially since it will be the first longitudinal view at a congregational level that includes minority religions, will lead to results hitherto unavailable at this level. The results will also have an important social impact, since journalists, politicians and religious group leaders will be able to use them to inform the evaluations and decisions that they make.
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