Project

Back to overview

The Geography of Opportunity of Contemporary Switzerland

English title The Geography of Opportunity of Contemporary Switzerland
Applicant Zangger Christoph
Number 186513
Funding scheme Agora
Research institution Soziologisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Sociology
Start/End 01.09.2019 - 31.10.2020
Approved amount 54'769.00
Show all

All Disciplines (2)

Discipline
Sociology
Social geography and ecology

Keywords (5)

Neighborhood Effects; Spatial Structure; Equality of Educational Opportunity; Labor Market; Contextual Effects

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Von der Grossregion bis zum Quartier: Menschen bewegen sich in den unterschiedlichsten räumlichen Kontexten. Die darin verfügbaren Ressourcen und Angebote unterscheiden sich jedoch zuweilen deutlich. Als Konsequenz daraus ergeben sich unterschiedliche Möglichkeiten und Restriktionen für die Entfaltung der eigenen Tätigkeit und Wünsche.
Lay summary

Das Projekt erfasst strukturelle und soziale Einflüsse der nahräumlichen Struktur auf individuelle Lebenschancen. Sind bestimmte Regionen der Schweiz besonders benachteiligt? Wären meine Kinder ebenfalls auf das Gymnasium gegangen, wenn ich auf dem Land anstelle der Stadt leben würde? Und welche Rolle spielen lokale Angebote und Netzwerke für individuelle Arbeitsmarktchancen? Solchen und weiteren Fragen geht das Projekt nach und erstellt hierzu einen umfassenden Atlas räumlicher Einflüsse und Strukturen für das alltägliche Handeln unterschiedlichster Personen. Dieser Atlas kann von interessierten Personen individuell angepasst und über eine interaktive Online-Applikation erkundet werden. Hierzu werden unterschiedliche Datenquellen herangezogen um ein ganzheitliches Bild sozialräumlicher Einflüsse in der Schweiz zu zeichnen. Begleitet wird das Projekt durch eine Wanderausstellung, welche in ausgewählten Quartieren in den Städten Bern und Zürich Halt macht und von lokalen Quartierorganisationen mitorganisiert wird.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 18.06.2019

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Abstract

The region or neighborhood you live in has a lasting effect on what you will do and become in life. Building on research by the applicant (Zangger, 2015, 2017, 2018) and future work based on a recently awarded grant by the University of Zurich (Sozialräumliche Kontexte ungleicher Lebenschancen in der Schweiz, Forschungskredit PostDoc, Grant No. FK-18-81, CHF 65'509.-), this project aims to draw an interactive map of the “geography of opportunity” (Galster and Killen,1995) of contemporary Switzerland. The project will contribute to the public debate on regional structures (e.g., Tagesanzeiger,25.07.2014; Tagesanzeiger, 09.06.2015). Contrary to the unfortunately common practice of barely communicating scientific evidence, the proposed project is designed as a means of initiating a discussion and incorporating people's everyday experiences. With the aim of a better understanding of how socio-spatial contexts, namely neighborhoods, affect people's lives and how such effects are experienced, the project actively asks for the collaboration and views of participants using both on- and offline channels.Focusing on educational and labor market outcomes, the project develops an interactive online application that allows users to dynamically investigate the effects of local and regional opportunity structures on individual life chances. A particular focus lies on neighborhood effects in larger cities throughout Switzerland. The content of this application can be individually customized by the user according to different socio-demographic characteristics (e.g., education, age, migration background) to reflect the effects of the local opportunity structure for different social groups. Doing so, the application portrays the opportunities and restrictions people face in different geographical contexts and shows how these dimensions have a mutual influence on individual educational and labor market outcomes, without scandalizing such effects.Since such a web-based application only reaches parts of the target audience, consisting of people in urban neighborhoods, with a high online affinity (Bultitude, 2014), it is complemented by a traveling exhibition that makes seven stops in community centers in Bern and Zurich, each with a duration of one week. Using posters and maps, the exhibition draws a ``cartography of opportunity'' (Knaap, 2017) with a particular focus on the relative standing of the neighborhood in which the exhibition is situated.Likewise, the communication and interaction with the public takes on complementary forms. Working closely with neighborhood initiatives and community centers, traditional approaches are used to create awareness of the project through media releases and articles, especially in neighborhood bulletins, newspapers, and websites. During the project itself, there will be both face-to-face interaction at the traveling exhibition as well as online participation through responses to blog and twitter posts as well as online feedback forms. Both, the on- and offline interaction will subsequently be incorporated into the project.
-