Project

Back to overview

The Causes and Consequences of Extreme Party Entry

Applicant Bischof Daniel
Number 179938
Funding scheme Ambizione
Research institution Institut für Politikwissenschaft Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Political science
Start/End 01.02.2019 - 31.01.2023
Approved amount 696'283.00
Show all

Keywords (7)

Extreme Parties ; Party Competition; Comparative Politics; Public Opinion Formation ; Political Parties; Media; Populism

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Zahlreiche westliche Demokratien erlebten in den letzten Jahren und Jahrzehnten die Entstehung und Etablierung von extremen Parteien. So zog beispielsweise die radikal rechte „Alternative für Deutschland (AfD)” 2017 erfolgreich in den deutschen Bundestag ein. In diesem Projekt untersuche ich, welche Auswirkungen der Parlamentseintritt von extrem rechten und linken Parteien auf die Gesellschaft, die öffentliche Meinung, die Medien und auf politische Parteien hat.
Lay summary

Radikale Kandidaten und Parteien scheinen in fortgeschrittenen Demokratien auf dem Vormarsch zu sein. Zuletzt erlebte Deutschland den Einzug der rechtsextremen Partei "Alternative für Deutschland (AfD)" in den Bundestag (2017), während in Spanien ("Podemos") und Griechenland ("Syriza") extrem linke Parteien in das Parlament oder in Regierungsämter eingetreten sind. Derartige Eintritte von extremen Parteien in Parlamente und Regierungen könnten entscheidende Konsequenzen für die politische Landschaft mit sich bringen: Etablierte Parteien könnten sich inhaltlich an die extreme Partei annähern, um Wählerverluste einzudämmen; Die Medienlandschaft könnte überflutet werden mit Themen und Inhalten, welche die extreme Partei propagiert; und die öffentliche Meinung könnte sich polarisieren. 

In der Politikwissenschaft gibt es bereits zahlreiche Forschungsstränge, die sich mit der Entstehung extremer Parteien beschäftigen (Bsp. Kitschelt and McGann 1995; Mudde 2007; March 2011; Dunphy and Bale 2011). Allerdings steht hierbei zumeist der langfristige Aufstieg der Parteien im Zentrum des Forschungsinteresses, jedoch selten die direkten Konsequenzen des parlamentarischen Erfolgs für die Gesellschaft, die Medien und die Parteienlandschaft. Im Gegensatz hierzu waren die Wahlerfolge und Parlamentseinzüge verschiedenster extremer Parteien oftmals plötzlich und unerwartet. 

In meinem SNF Ambizione Projekt möchte ich mich daher mit den unmittelbaren gesellschaftspolitischen Konsequenzen des parlamentarischen Eintritts von extremen Parteien auseinandersetzen. Zum einen möchte ich unter Zuhilfenahme neuster statistischer Verfahren herausfinden, welche Auswirkungen auf die Gesellschaft wir tatsächlich den radikalen Parteien zusprechen können. Zum anderen möchte ich verstehen, inwiefern die Gründe für die Entstehung extremer Parteien sich von deren Auswirkungen unterscheiden. 

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.08.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
The public, the protester, and the bill: do legislative agendas respond to public opinion signals?
Bernardi Luca, Bischof Daniel, Wouters Ruud (2020), The public, the protester, and the bill: do legislative agendas respond to public opinion signals?, in Journal of European Public Policy, 1-22.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
Havard University: Hanno Hilbig United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
University of Vienna: Markus Wagner Austria (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
EUI: Vicente Valentim Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Harvard University: Daniel Ziblatt United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
University of Zurich: Thomas Kurer Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Schweizerische Vereingung für Politikwissenschaften Talk given at a conference Does exposure to radical right marches affect voting and political preferences? 03.02.2020 Luzern, Switzerland Bischof Daniel;
Political Science Speaker Series @ Humboldt University, Berlin Individual talk Does Exposure to Radical Right Rallies Affect Voters? 10.12.2019 Berlin, Germany Bischof Daniel;
Political Economy Speaker Series @ LSE Individual talk The Political Effects of Local Economic Investment Policies 28.11.2019 London, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bischof Daniel;
Speaker Series at the Government Department @ Essex University Individual talk Does Exposure to Radical Right Rallies Affect Voters? 26.11.2019 Essex, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bischof Daniel;
Speaker Series at the Department of Political Science @ University of Konstanz Individual talk Parochialism and Voting: How Cultural “Remoteness” Affects Voting Behavior in Germany 04.11.2019 Konstanz, Germany Bischof Daniel;
Conference of the American Political Science Association Talk given at a conference How Parties Organize from the Grounds: The Genesis of the Movimento 5 Stelle In Event: Comparative Politics is Local: Local Politics in the Comparative Perspective 29.09.2019 Washington DC, United States of America Bischof Daniel;
Conference of the American Political Science Association Talk given at a conference Cultural Remoteness and Radical Right Voting Behavior in Germany In Event: The Dynamics of Extremism in Democratic Regimes 29.09.2019 Washington DC, United States of America Bischof Daniel;
Conference of the American Political Science Association Talk given at a conference Tabloid Media and Eurosceptic Attitudes - A Quasi-experiment on Media Influence In Event: Information, Media and Policy Attitudes in a Populist Age 29.09.2019 Washington DC, United States of America Bischof Daniel;
Conference of the European Political Science Association Talk given at a conference The political impact of exposure to partisan grassroots activism 20.06.2019 Belfast, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bischof Daniel;
Conference of the European Political Science Association Talk given at a conference The Political Repercussions of Cutting Placed-Based Compensation Policies 20.06.2019 Belfast, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bischof Daniel;
Conference of the European Political Science Association Talk given at a conference Cultural Remoteness and Radical Right Voting Behavior in Germany In Event: The Dynamics of Extremism in Democratic Regimes 20.06.2019 Belfast, Great Britain and Northern Ireland Bischof Daniel;
Speaker Series at Department of Political Science @ University of Göttingen Individual talk The Consequences of Extreme Party Entry: The case of the AfD 22.05.2019 Göttingen, Germany Bischof Daniel;
Speaker Series at the Political Science Department @ Aarhus University Individual talk Does exposure to radical right marches affect voting and political preferences? 17.05.2019 Aarhus, Denmark Bischof Daniel;
Speaker Series at MZES Individual talk Parochialism and Voting: How Cultural “Remoteness” Affects Voting Behavior in Germany 29.04.2019 Mannheim, Germany Bischof Daniel;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Workshop on Political Norms 22.08.2019 Zurich, Switzerland

Abstract

Extreme candidates and parties are on the rise in advanced democracies. Most recently, Germany experienced the entry of the extreme right party AfD into parliament (2017), while in Spain (Podemos) and Greece (Syriza) extreme left parties have entered parliament or enjoy governmental office. Such events of extreme party entry are destined to have crucial consequences for the political landscapes in modern democracies: established parties might adapt their agendas and positions in an effort to contain the voter potential of the new extreme competitor; extreme parties could influence media agendas in a disproportionately severe way; and public priorities and positions are likely to polarize as a result. While a rich and burgeoning literature has emerged investigating the rise of extreme parties (e.g. Kitschelt and McGann 1995; Mudde 2007; March 2011; Dunphy and Bale 2011), until today conceptual, theoretical and empirical challenges remain to be addressed. This project seeks to address these challenges by analyzing how extreme party entrances affect public opinion, public discourse, the media and political parties.
-