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Towards Food Sustainability: Reshaping the Coexistence of Different Food Systems in South America and Africa

English title Towards Food Sustainability: Reshaping the Coexistence of Different Food Systems in South America and Africa
Applicant Rist Stephan
Number 177585
Funding scheme r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
Research institution Zentrum für Entwicklung und Umwelt Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Social geography and ecology
Start/End 01.01.2018 - 31.12.2020
Approved amount 1'280'202.00
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Keywords (10)

Sustainability ; South America; East Africa; Environmental performance; Food systems; Right to food; Social-ecological resilience; Food Security; Poverty and inequality; Governance

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Das Hauptziel des Projektes ist es, evidenzbasiertes Wissen für Innovationsstrategien zur Verfügung zu stellen, um unsere Ernährungssysteme nachhaltiger zu machen.
Lay summary

In der 1. Phase haben wir auf inter- und transdisziplinäre Forschung in sechs verschiedenen Ernährungssystemen in Kenia und Bolivien und deren Beitrag zu fünf Dimensionen der Ernährungsnachhaltigkeit (Ernährungssicherheit, das Recht auf Nahrung, Armut und Ungleichheit, Umweltauswirkungen, und Resilienz) fokussiert.

In Phase 1 wurde eine Wissensbasis geschaffen, welche nötig ist um den Fokus in Phase 2 von der Forschung in die Umsetzung (Anwendung der Resultate, Beratung und Information für Entscheidungsträger) zu verschieben. Diese Verschiebung beinhaltet eine Weiterentwicklung, Anwendung und Verbreitung eines Food Sustainability Assessment Frameworks, welches für nicht-wissenschaftliche Akteure gedacht ist, und helfen soll Wege zu finden um die Nachhaltigkeit innerhalb und zwischen Ernährungssystemen zu verbessern. Des Weiteren werden vielversprechende Innovationsstrategien und Politikoptionen für die Verbesserung der Nachhaltigkeit identifiziert und kritisch evaluiert. Gemeinsam mit verschiedenen Akteuren werden solche Aktivitäten und Innovationen dann umgesetzt, jeweils drei in Bolivien und Kenia, und jeweils zwei in Peru, Brasilien, Ghana und Sambia.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 22.06.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Publications

Publication
The Normative Dimension of Food Sustainability: A Human Rights-Based Approach to Food Systems Governance
BessaAdriana (2019), The Normative Dimension of Food Sustainability: A Human Rights-Based Approach to Food Systems Governance, University of Bern, Bern.
Assessing Food Systems and Their Impact on Common Pool Resources and Resilience
Augstburger Horacio, Käser Fabian, Rist Stephan (2019), Assessing Food Systems and Their Impact on Common Pool Resources and Resilience, in Land, 8(4), 71-71.
Mapping Food Systems: A Participatory Research Tool Tested in Kenya and Bolivia
Jacobi Johanna, Wambugu Grace, Ngutu Mariah, Augstburger Horacio, Mwangi Veronica, Zonta Aymara Llanque, Otieno Stephen, Kiteme Boniface P., Burgoa José M. F. Delgado, Rist Stephan (2019), Mapping Food Systems: A Participatory Research Tool Tested in Kenya and Bolivia, in Mountain Research and Development, 39(1), 1-12.
Agroecosystem Service Capacity Index – A methodological approach
Augstburger Horacio, Jacobi Johanna, Schwilch Gudrun, Rist Stephan (2018), Agroecosystem Service Capacity Index – A methodological approach, in Landscape Online, 64, 1-48.
"Food Sustainability in Bolivia Through Fair Food in Switzerland - How to improve food sustainability in both the 'North' and the 'South' through sustainable trade relations"
Bürgi BonanomiElisabeth, JacobiJohanna, ScharrerBettina (2018), "Food Sustainability in Bolivia Through Fair Food in Switzerland - How to improve food sustainability in both the 'North' and the 'South' through sustainable trade relations", in Revista Latinoamericana de Derecho Comercial Internacional / Latin American Journal of International, 6(1), 27-65.
“When We Stand up, They Have to Negotiate with Us”: Power Relations in and between an Agroindustrial and an Indigenous Food System in Bolivia
Jacobi Johanna, Llanque Aymara (2018), “When We Stand up, They Have to Negotiate with Us”: Power Relations in and between an Agroindustrial and an Indigenous Food System in Bolivia, in Sustainability, 10(11), 4001-4001.
Impact of Economic Regimes on Food Systems in Kenya
Kiriti NgangaTabitha, MugoMercy (2018), Impact of Economic Regimes on Food Systems in Kenya, University of Bern, Bern.
Linking sustainable diets to the concept of "food system sustainability"
TribaldosTheresa, JacobiJohanna, RistStephan (2018), Linking sustainable diets to the concept of "food system sustainability", in Future of Food: Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society, 6(1), 71-84.
Governance of food systems across scales in times of social-ecological change: a review of indicators
Delaney Aogán, Evans Tom, McGreevy John, Blekking Jordan, Schlachter Tyler, Korhonen-Kurki Kaisa, Tamás Peter A., Crane Todd A., Eakin Hallie, Förch Wiebke, Jones Lindsey, Nelson Donald R., Oberlack Christoph, Purdon Mark, Rist Stephan (2018), Governance of food systems across scales in times of social-ecological change: a review of indicators, in Food Security, 10(2), 287-310.
Sustainability of food systems: The role of legal and policy frameworks
OragoNicholas (2018), Sustainability of food systems: The role of legal and policy frameworks, in Global Campus Human Rights Journal, 16-40.

Collaboration

Group / person Country
Types of collaboration
University of Illinois, United States of America Fields of collaboration: United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Centro de Referência em Soberania e Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional, Universidade Federal Rural do Brazil (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
High-Level Panel of Experts on food security and nutrition (HLPE-FAO) / University of Rio de Janeiro Brazil (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Serviço de Assessoria a Organizações Populares Rurais (SASOP) Brazil (South America)
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute , Switzerland Fields of collaboration: Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Millar Transdisciplinary Institute for Development Studies Ghana (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food), Belgium Fields of collaborat Belgium (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Crediseara Brazil (South America)
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
Editorial Board Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Department of Geography, Nairobi University, Kenya Fields of collaboration: Kenya (Africa)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, United States United States of America (North America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
r4d research project "Feminisation, agricultural transition and rural employment (FATE)" , Switzerla Switzerland (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Exchange of personnel
Fundación Tierra, Bolivia Fields of collaboration: Bolivia (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
Gobierno Autonomo Municipal de Sucre (GAMS) Bolivia (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Research Infrastructure
Natural Resources Management and Environment Department, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), It Italy (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
Universidad Mayor Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca Bolivia (South America)
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Comunidad Pluricultural Andino-Amazónica para la Sustentabilidad (COMPAS Bolivia (South America)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication
- Research Infrastructure
- Exchange of personnel
Gobierno Autonomo Municipal de Samaipata Bolivia (South America)
- Research Infrastructure
- Industry/business/other use-inspired collaboration
10YFP Sustainable Food Systems Programme Switzerland (Europe)
- Publication
Elisil Environmental Consulting Ltd (EECL) Zambia (Africa)
- Research Infrastructure
Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) , Germany Fields of collaboration: Germany (Europe)
- in-depth/constructive exchanges on approaches, methods or results
- Publication

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Aktuelle strategische Debatten in der IZA Individual talk Politikkoheränz und Agrarpolitik 09.05.2019 Zürich, Switzerland Bürgi Bonanomi Elisabeth;
Pesquisa interdisciplinary com acao piloto de transformacao para a sustentabilidade alimentar Talk given at a conference Sistemas alimentares, direito à informação e participação 15.03.2019 Chapeco, Brazil Bessa da Costa Antunes Rodrigues Adriana Aparecida;
Pesquisa interdisciplinary com acao piloto de transformacao para a sustentabilidade alimentar Talk given at a conference Hacia la sustentabilidad alimentaria: reconstruyendo la coexistencia de diferentes sistemas alimentarios en Sudamérica y África 15.03.2019 Chapeco, Brazil Jacobi Johanna;
2nd Global Conference of the Sustainable Food Systems Programme Talk given at a conference Transformative Pilot Actions for Sustainable Food Systems 06.02.2019 San José, Costa Rica Jacobi Johanna;
IV congreso por el derecho a la soberanía y seguridad alimentaria y nutricional Talk given at a conference Cocina ancestral, un camino hacia la sostenibilidad alimentaria 05.12.2018 Bogota, Colombia Delgado Burgoa J. M. Freddy;
Vortragsreihe Geographische Gesellschaft Bern Individual talk Umweltleistungen von Ernährungssystemen in Kenia und Optionen für ihre Verbesserung: Gibt es Grenzen für die Umweltverträglichkeit in der Nahrungsproduktion? 16.11.2018 Bern, Switzerland Ifejika Speranza Chinwe;
World Mountain Forum Talk given at a conference Buffer capacity of different food systems in Northwest Mt. Kenya region, Kenya 23.10.2018 Bischkek, Kyrgyzstan Jacobi Johanna;
World Mountain Forum Talk given at a conference Which food systems provide most agroecosystem services? A land cover-based assessment of three different food systems in Bolivia and Kenya 23.10.2018 Bischkek, Kyrgyzstan Augstburger Horacio;
Logistics and Retail of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables in Kenya and Tanzania Nairobi Safari Club Hotel Nairobi Talk given at a conference Social-ecological resilience of an agroindustrial food system in Northwest Mt. Kenya Region 11.10.2018 Nairobi, Kenya Jacobi Johanna;
VII Latinamerican Congress of Agroecology Talk given at a conference Resiliencia en dos sistemas alimentarios agroindustriales en Kenia y Bolivia desde la perspectiva de sus actores 03.10.2018 Guayaquil, Ecuador Jacobi Johanna;


Self-organised

Title Date Place

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
Agroecologia y alimentacion sustentable Talk 11.02.2019 Ave Maria School, La Paz, Bolivia
Doctoral Seminar "Food Sustainability and Policies" Workshop 16.11.2018 University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico
WTO Public Forum Session Nr. 62 Talk 03.10.2018 Geneva, Switzerland
Second International Symposium on Agroecology Poster 03.04.2018 Rom, Italy


Self-organised

Title Date Place
Oficina para a avaliação da sustentabilidade alimentar e diálogo pró-ativo num sistema alimentar local de produçao de queijo de leite crú na localidade de Seara, Santa Catarina. 14.03.2019 Seara, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Feira da agricultura familiar de Casa Nova 08.03.2019 Casa Nova, Bahia, Brazil
Plaguicidas altamente toxicos en Bolivia - presentacion Ministerio de Salud, entidad de Toxicologia 09.08.2018 La Paz, Bolivia
Socializacion de la Accion Piloto de la Transformacion Técnico Auxiliar en Sistemas Alimentarios Sustentables 31.07.2018 Sucre, Bolivia
Plaguicidas altamente toxicos en Bolivia- presentacion en el Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria e Inocuidad Alimentaria 17.07.2018 La Paz, Bolivia
Taller de fortelecimiento de la sustentabilidad alimentaria del Municipio de Sucre 16.07.2018 Scure, Bolivia

Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media An Africa-Europe Agenda for Rural Transformation. Report by the Task Force Rural Africa. European Commission International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media Die Gemüsegärtnerinnen von Sucre Unipress German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Essen. Macht. Arbeit. Feministische Blicke auf Fair Food Ideen German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Radio interview Johanna Jacobi Radio Erbol “La hora de la naturaleza”: La situacion de plaguicidas e Radio Erbol Bolivia International 2019
Media relations: print media, online media COOPERACIÓN SUIZA APOYARÁ CON PROYECTOS A LA AGRICULTURA URBANA Y PERIURBANA Municipio de Sucre International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Die Schweiz kann mutiger werden Tagesanzeiger German-speaking Switzerland 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Importacion de plaguicidas se disparo en 300% desde 2005 Diario Pagina Siete International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Los plaguicidas en Bolivia ¿veneno o remedio? SUdaméerica Rural International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Millar University gives multipurpose mills to Kalbeo community Ghana News Agency International 2018
Print (books, brochures, leaflets) Plaguicidas altamente toxicos en Bolivia International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Researchers in Bolivia recommend reining in pesticides CDE Research Spotlight International 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) SDG Visualization: The 2030 Agenda requires coherent policies CDE Datablog International 2018
New media (web, blogs, podcasts, news feeds etc.) Soybeans, food insecurity and agroecology: multidisciplinary food sustainability in Bolivia Food Cimate Research Network International 2018
Media relations: print media, online media Toxic pesticides in soybean production in Bolivia 10YFP SFS Newsletter International 2018

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
152033 Towards food sustainability: Reshaping the coexistence of different food systems in South America and Africa 01.01.2015 r4d (Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development)
185603 Sustainable Trade Relations for Diversified Food Systems 01.07.2019 NRP 73 Sustainable Economy

Abstract

The main overall objective of the research project is to provide evidence-based scientific knowledge for the formulation and promotion of innovation strategies and policy options that improve individual and aggregate levels of food system sustainability. In phase I, we emphasized inter- and transdisciplinary research aimed at empirically assessing six food systems in Bolivia and Kenya. The assessment took into account their contributions to the five food sustainability dimensions defined at the beginning of the project, i.e. food security, right to food, poverty and inequality, environmental performance, and social-ecological resilience.Progress in phase I allowed us to establish conceptual, methodological, and empirical knowledge which, as described in the overall project proposal, is required for shifting from a research focus (in phase I) to a focus on application of research results, policy advocacy, and dissemination in phase II. This shift implies a more extensive focus on the refinement, application, and dissemination of the Food Sustainability Assessment Framework (FoodSAF), which can be used by non-scientific actors to help them to find ways of improving sustainability within and between coexisting food systems.In phase II we aim to: 1) Conclude the process of food sustainability assessments by identifying, reviewing, and supporting the implementation of policy options in four of the six food systems investigated in phase I.2) Refine and promote the FoodSAF through 10 Transformative Pilot Actions (TPAs) through applying the first version of the FoodSAF in new food systems in Bolivia, Kenya, Brazil, Peru, Zambia, and Ghana; 3) Extend the institutional partnerships in Kenya, Bolivia, and Switzerland to other countries in South America and Africa (through TPAs), and thus to establish the core of a global network for food sustainability; 4) Become a visible actor in science and policy debates on sustainable food systems through continued publication of research results produced by PhD candidates, postdocs, senior researchers, consultants, and Master’s students. Approach and implementation of phase II: With the shift from research to action, a transdisciplinary approach will become the backbone of the project in phase II. By applying the food sustainability indicators defined at the start of the project and based on the interdisciplinary integration of research results produced in phase I, we elaborated a first empirical assessment of the sustainability of six food systems under investigation in Bolivia and Kenya. This will enable us to develop the first version of the FoodSAF by September 2018 through a transdisciplinary process. Parallel to this activity, we will start developing the preliminary innovation strategies and policy options for making food systems more sustainable. This process will continue until the end of 2018, in an extended and structured process of interaction with the scientific advisory board, policymakers, and other stakeholders. The resulting innovation strategies and policy options will be implemented in four food systems in which research was carried out in phase I. This will complete the full cycle of a so-called transformative pilot action (TPA). A TPA consists of a transdisciplinary process of researchers from the project and key food system stakeholders. The process follows three steps consisting of: 1) applying a food sustainability assessment to specific food systems; 2) identifying and critically reviewing promising innovation strategies and policy options for improving the sustainability of the food systems assessed; 3) jointly carrying out activities aiming at the implementation of the identified innovation strategies and policy options. After concluding the development of innovation strategies and policy options in the four food systems under research in phase I, additional TPAs will be carried out in one new food system in Kenya and Bolivia. Parallel to this, two TPAs will be conducted in Brazil, Peru, Ghana, and Zambia. This will provide a constant flow of empirical knowledge and methodological experiences that are continuously processed into the FoodSAF, permitting it to be made to progressively adequate for its application and promotion in a greater number of contexts. These experiences are also processed and systematized by the researchers in charge of refining and applying the FoodSAF, so as to enable them to contribute to the ongoing debates on how to improve transdisciplinary processes aimed at making food systems more sustainable. The main outputs of phase II are the publication of a printed and a software-based version of the FoodSAF, additionally resulting in the consolidation of a regional and global institutional network for the promotion of sustainable food systems. Mainly as a result of empirical research done in phase I and concluded in the first year of phase II, the project plans to publish a total of 87 publications, including peer reviewed articles, working papers, books and book chapters, and monographies of MSc and BSc theses. A series of policy briefs and continued communication through radio, TV, social media, and newspapers will assure that the public in general can also engage in promoting more sustainable food systems.
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