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Derrière les scandales, la banalisation des pratiques dans les actes et dans les représentations. Interroger les différences régionales (1960-aujourd'hui)

English title Ordinary practices and representations beyond scandals. Questioning regional dissimilarities (1960-today)
Applicant Valsangiacomo Nelly
Number 177395
Funding scheme NRP 76 Welfare and coercion
Research institution Section d'Histoire Faculté des Lettres Université de Lausanne
Institution of higher education University of Lausanne - LA
Main discipline Swiss history
Start/End 01.10.2018 - 30.09.2022
Approved amount 699'971.00
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All Disciplines (3)

Discipline
Swiss history
Social work
Sociology

Keywords (8)

Public service Broadcasting; Unwed Motherhood; Gender; Social assistance; Discours analysis; Regional and cantonal comparison; Drug policies; Sociohistorical analysis

Lay Summary (French)

Lead
Les médias semblent avoir joué un rôle dans la dénonciation des scandales autour des mesures de coercition, allant jusqu’à accompagner le changement au niveau des discours sur les pratiques d’assistance en lien avec la privation de liberté à des fins d’assistance PLAFA (1981). Il s’agit donc de questionner les moments médiatiquement « calmes » en comparaison aux « forts », à travers trois types de problèmes sociaux, afin de mieux comprendre les mécanismes sous-jacents des interrelations entre discours et pratiques
Lay summary
Ce projet analysera les discours sur trois types de problèmes sociaux: la "paresse" et l'abus dans l'assistance sociale, l'abus de substances psychotropes et les "filles-mères", dans l'Arc lémanique et dans la région italophone de la Suisse. Comment les discours médiathiques et professionnels d'une part et les pratiques publiques d'autres part ont-ils interagi depuis 1960? Comment ces discours se sont-il construits sur les pratiques: en les soutenant ou en les dénonçant?  Comment, enfin, la connaissance de cette évolution discursive peut-elle nous donner des pistes utiles pour mieux identifier l'équilibre changeant entre assistance et coércition, et mettre en place des garde-fous politiques autour de la normativité sociale, afin d'éviter des dérives?                                                                                                      Du point de vue scientifique, l'étude des interrelations entre les politiques publiques et les discours médiathiques et professionnels, ainsi que de leur évolution ouvre à des recherches interdisciplinaires fructueuses et peut apporter en outre de précieuses informations aux acteurs politiques, ainsi qu'aux professionnels de l'assistance et des médias sur les enjeux de la "normalisation" des pratiques. 
Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 04.10.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Abstract

The project analyses the interrelations between public policies and both media and professional discourses, and their evolution from the 1960s to the present. It examines enduring characteristics as well as mutations in a range of State measures implemented in the Leman region and in the Swiss Italian region. The central focus is on broadcast media, mainly the RTS and the RSI, both public bodies and broadcasters as well as influencers of public opinion on social and political problems. This approach is complemented by the careful scrutiny of governmental messages, parliamentary debates, administrative and institutional rules and regulations, the analysis of the specialised press over the same period of time, as well as by semi-structured interviews with key discursive actors. The project adopts an interdisciplinary perspective and addresses three types of social problems: “laziness” and abuse in social assistance, the abuse of psychotropic substances and “single” motherhood (from “unwed motherhood” to the single-parent family). The ways in which the State has tackled these three social problems have undergone great mutations during the five decades studied. The project revolves around six main objectives: 1.To study the discourses related to the evolution of the various paradigms of intervention, and particularly to the importance of work and activation in this evolution, through an analysis of three relevant types of social problems not exclusively pertaining to PLAFAs (placements for purposes of assistance, introduced in Swiss law in 1981). The objective is also to better understand the ways in which historical evolutions may shed light on today’s challenges, notably in relation with the representation of commonplace issues (i.e. non-problems) or scandals.2.To analyse the ways (or modes) and temporalities in which the selected discursive actors contribute to making these problems be viewed as commonplace or as scandalous, and to examine how this has evolved over time. 3.To study the specific ways in which the selected cantons have been implementing more or less coercive regulations, taking into account cross-cultural influences between cantons and large urban areas, as well as from German-speaking Switzerland, Italy and France on the types of measures adopted.4.To analyse “power relations” between discursive actors and emerging new actors, and the role played by broadcast media within these relations.5.To identify, via discourse analysis, the shifting equilibrium between assistance and coercion, and to characterise the persistent social normativity, even when the measures implemented appear less coercive in character. 6.To see whether and how the discourses related to the three categories investigated are intertwined with the figure of the foreigner/migrant and the persistence of hostile political discourse.Focused on one of the main objectives of the NRP 76, namely the understanding of the current forms and scope of State measures of coercion in the broad sense, this project proposes to study them over a long period of time during which they were criticised by broadcast medias and more specific discursive actors, but may also have been seen as non- issues (commonplace) and associated with a wide variety of modes of care and support.
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