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EMOtive II: Affective and effective visual analytics displays

English title EMOtive II: Affective and effective visual analytics displays
Applicant Fabrikant Sara Irina
Number 175977
Funding scheme Project funding (Div. I-III)
Research institution Geographisches Institut Universität Zürich
Institution of higher education University of Zurich - ZH
Main discipline Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Start/End 01.10.2017 - 31.03.2019
Approved amount 102'819.00
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All Disciplines (4)

Discipline
Other disciplines of Environmental Sciences
Information Technology
Other disciplines of Engineering Sciences
Psychology

Keywords (6)

empirical research; psycho-physiological sensing; spatial cognition; eye tracking; geovisual analytics; geographic information science

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Wie extrahieren wir Raum-Zeit Informationen aus Kartenapplikationen auf digitalen Assistenten während der Navigation, besonders wenn die Entscheidungszeit knapp und möglicherweise auch noch emotional aufgeladen ist? Weiter unklar ist, wie unsere begrenzten visuellen und kognitiven Wahrnehmungsressourcen sowie unsere autonome Nervenaktivität beeinflussen können, wie die dargestellte Rauminformation aufgenommen und verarbeitet wird. Dies bestimmt letztlich wie effizient und effektiv wir Raum-Zeit relevante Entscheidungen in zeitkritischen Situationen unter Unsicherheit treffen können.
Lay summary

Inhalt und Ziel des Forschungsprojekts

Täglich treffen wir raum-relevante Entscheidungen die mit Unsicherheit behaftet sind und unter Zeitdruck geschehen (z.B. Wegfindung). Viele solcher Entscheidungen werden mit interaktiven, graphischen Darstellungen getroffen wie z.B. mit mobilen, Karten-basierten Navigationssystemen, die geographische Informationen beinhalten. Dieses Forschungsprojekt zielt zunächst auf ein tieferes Verständnis, wie Nutzer in zeitkritischen Entscheidungskontexten und unter Unsicherheit geographische Informationen aus interaktiven graphischen Schnittstellen extrahieren und für die Entscheidungsfindung nutzen. Zweitens, sollen mittels Probandenstudien empirisch basierte Design-Richtlinien abgeleitet werden für die Entwicklung von kognitiv inspirierten, visuell expressiven und affektiv ansprechende interaktiven graphischen Nutzerschnittstellen zu Geodaten, um die raum-zeitliche Entscheidungsfindung effizient und effektiv zu unterstützen. Wir zielen auf Richtlinien, die generisch genug für ein breites Spektrum von emotional aufgeladenen und raum-relevanten Entscheidungen, die mit Geodaten unter Zeitdruck und Unsicherheit geschehen: z.B. bei der Navigation in komplexem städtischen Gebieten, bei Schutz und Rettung, etc. 

Wissenschaftliche und Gesellschaftliche Relevanz

Ein tieferes Verständnis der raum-relevanten Entscheidungsfindung mit graphischen Nutzerschnittstellen ermöglicht auch die effektive Gestaltung von Bildmaterial für den Unterricht, in Schule und Ausbildung, sowie für die kognitiv-adäquate Entwicklung von leistungstarken graphischen Nutzerschnittstellen, die von ExpertInnen in Wissenschaft, Industrie und Verwaltung zur Erkundung von grossen, komplexen Raum-Zeit Datenbanken für die Entscheidungsfindung verwendet werden (z.B. Klimamodellierungen). Resultate dieser empirischen Forschung wird auch die Nutzbarkeit von Geodaten mittels IT-Systeme erhöhen, ein unverzichtbarer Aspekt für eine erfolgreiche, immer mobiler werdende Informationgesellschaft.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 24.01.2018

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Employees

Name Institute

Project partner

Publications

Publication
How does navigation system behavior influence human behavior?
Brügger Annina, Richter Kai-Florian, Fabrikant Sara Irina (2019), How does navigation system behavior influence human behavior?, in Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 4(1), 5-5.
The acquisition of survey knowledge for local and global landmark configurations under time pressure
Credé Sascha, Thrash Tyler, Hölscher Christoph, Fabrikant Sara Irina (2019), The acquisition of survey knowledge for local and global landmark configurations under time pressure, in Spatial Cognition & Computation, 1-30.
Virtual environments as memory training devices in navigational tasks for older adults
Lokka Ismini E., Çöltekin Arzu, Wiener Jan, Fabrikant Sara I., Röcke Christina (2018), Virtual environments as memory training devices in navigational tasks for older adults, in Scientific Reports, 8(1), 10809-10809.
The effect of concurrent task load on the acquisition of local and global landmark knowledge
CredéSascha, ThrashTyler, FabrikantSara Irina (2018), The effect of concurrent task load on the acquisition of local and global landmark knowledge, in Spatial Cognition 2018 Posters, book of abstracts, ZurichCenter for Open Science, Inc., Zurich.
Cognitive Perspectives on Cartography and Other Geographic Information Visualizations (Chapter 10)
MontelloDaniel R., FabrikantSara Irina, DaviesClare (2018), Cognitive Perspectives on Cartography and Other Geographic Information Visualizations (Chapter 10), in Montello Daniel (ed.), Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, 177-196.
The effects of visual realism, spatial abilities, and competition on performance in map-based route learning in men
Çöltekin Arzu, Francelet Rebecca, Richter Kai-Florian, Thoresen John, Fabrikant Sara Irina (2018), The effects of visual realism, spatial abilities, and competition on performance in map-based route learning in men, in Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 45(4), 339-353.
The future of geographic information displays from GIScience, cartographic, and cognitive science perspectives: vision paper
ThrashTyler, Maggi LaniniSara, FabrikantSara Irina, BrüggerAnnina, CredéSascha, RichterKai-Florian, Tri-DoCao, HuangHaosheng, MünzerStephan, GartnerGeorg, BertelSven, The future of geographic information displays from GIScience, cartographic, and cognitive science perspectives: vision paper, in COSIT 2019 , Regensburg, DeutschlandLipics, Schloss Dagstuhl, Leibniz Zentrum für Informatik.

Scientific events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Title of article or contribution Date Place Persons involved
University of Otago, Surveying Department, colloquium series Individual talk Smart Assistive Navigation Devices to Support Wise Decisions of the Digital Citizen. 28.03.2019 Dunedin, New Zealand Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Victoria University, Geography Department, colloquium series Individual talk Future Smart Mobile Geographic Information Displays for Wise Navigation Decisions. 21.03.2019 Wellington, New Zealand Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Spatial Cognition 2018 Poster Poster Session I,September 6th, Thursday 2:00‐4:00pm 1.Neural Coding of Landmark and Self‐motion Cues in the Human Hippocampal‐entorhinal System Xiaoli Chen, Paula Vieweg and Thomas Wolbers2.Bidirectional interactions between place‐cells and grid‐cells in 05.09.2018 Tübingen, Germany Credé Sascha; Fabrikant Sara Irina;
Dagstuhl Seminar 18252: Ubiquitous Gaze Sensing and Interaction. Individual talk Ubiquitous Gaze Sensing and Interaction for Wise Decisions with Smart Interfaces. 19.06.2018 Schloss Dagstuhl, Wadern, Germany Fabrikant Sara Irina;
CartoTalk, Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation, Cartography Research Group Individual talk Responsive Geographic Information Displays to Support Mobility in the Digital Society. 06.06.2018 Wien, Austria Fabrikant Sara Irina;
21st Conference on Geographic Information Science (AGILE) 2018 Talk given at a conference Geotechnologies for All: Leaving the All for last. 12.05.2018 Lund, Sweden Fabrikant Sara Irina;


Self-organised

Title Date Place
GeoViSense Workshop 16.06.2018 Zürich, Switzerland

Knowledge transfer events

Active participation

Title Type of contribution Date Place Persons involved
Two invited guest lectures for the Erasmus Mundus Cartography M.Sc. TU Munich (GER), TU Vienna (A), TU Dresden (GER), and the University of Twente (NL). Talk 04.06.2018 Wien, Austria Fabrikant Sara Irina;
What is a map and how to read it and Process of making a map. Two invited lectures for UNOSAT Staff and within MSc Training on Geo-Information in Disaster Situations: United Nations Institute for Training and Research. Talk 12.03.2018 Genf, Switzerland Fabrikant Sara Irina;


Communication with the public

Communication Title Media Place Year
Media relations: print media, online media So behalten wir trotz Google Maps unsere Raumvorstellung Higgs Magazin German-speaking Switzerland 2019
Media relations: radio, television Unser biologisches Navigationssystem muss reaktiviert werden SRF Nano (3SAT) International German-speaking Switzerland 2018

Awards

Title Year
Recipient of the best article of the year award in Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications by the U.S. Psychonomic Society: Brügger, A., Richter, K.-F., Fabrikant, S. I. (2019). How does navigation system behavior influence human behavior? Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, vol 4, no.5, https://doi.org/10.1186/s41235-019-0156-5. 2019
Recipient of 3rd Best Poster Presentation Award 2017

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
134646 AniMOVE: animated visual analytics of movement 01.01.2012 Project funding (Div. I-III)
156072 EMOtive: Affective and effective visual analytics displays 01.01.2015 Project funding (Div. I-III)

Abstract

Emotive II thus pursues seamlessly the previously proposed steps for years 3 and 4 on the Emotive I A Track (i.e., VR lab studies) which was funded for two years.Motivation: As visuo-spatial displays are increasingly used in mobile and dynamically evolving situations, it is important to consider research on the kind of information that users can get from displays when used in time and attention critical, and potentially also emotionally charged spatio-temporal decision-making situations (e.g., navigation under stress). Limited perceptual and cognitive resources of display users-also often overlooked, autonomic nervous activity-most likely will influence how the depicted information is apprehended and learnt, and this will ultimately determine how effective users will be in detecting and reasoning about space-time phenomena, and make effective and efficient decisions in time critical situations. Research objective: The proposed research firstly aims at better understanding of how users explore, learn, and extract knowledge from visual displays in time critical navigation contexts, under varying affective states, to make space-time decisions, and secondly, at deriving empirically based design guidelines for the construction of cognitively inspired, perceptually salient, and affectively responsive displays for effective and efficient spatio-temporal decisions-making in time critical navigation situations. We aim at guidelines that are generic enough to be useful for a broad range of navigation-related decisions-making scenarios, including various geographically relevant application domains (e.g., disaster response, search and rescue, etc.).An international team of spatial cognition researchers at the University of Zurich, the University of California Santa Barbara (USA), and at the Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences of the ETH Zurich are involved in the project. Resources are requested for student researcher Sascha Credé to successfully complete his PhD, and to enable collaborative visits by the student and the external collaborators, including conference and workshop attendances to disseminate research findings. The Emotive II proposal follows prior Emotive Track A (VR), thus focuses on navigation experiments in a virtual reality lab (CAVE). The initially requested funds for Subproject B: the development and evaluation of mobile display methods tested in the real world has been funded by the PI’s baseline funding from the Canton of Zurich (PhD student researcher Annina Brügger) and is synergistically ongoing in parallel to this proposal. The main goals for the VR track is slightly modified from the past Emotive project, as follow:•How do human emotion and affect (i.e., stress, joy, etc.) interact with cognition and perception during spatio-temporal reasoning and learning, when using visual displays for decision-making in time critical situations?•How do human factors (i.e., individual and group differences) influence spatio-temporal decision-making when using visual displays for decision-making in varying affective states? Key outputs are expected along three cyclic work phases. First, knowledge integration across complementary research fields is carried out at the theoretical level (decision-making under stress and uncertainty, affect and arousal). Second, an experimental emotionally responsive visual display platform is implemented, to be tested in the VR lab, and thirdly, visual displays are evaluated with users (i.e., empirical evaluation of usefulness and usability).
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