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Beitrag an den Unterhalt und Betrieb der Hochalpinen Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat, 2018-2021

English title Subsidy for the maintenance and operation of the High Altitude Research Stations Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat, 2018 - 2021
Applicant Leuenberger Markus
Number 175503
Funding scheme Research Infrastructure
Research institution Klima- und Umweltphysik Physikalisches Institut Universität Bern
Institution of higher education University of Berne - BE
Main discipline Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy
Start/End 01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021
Approved amount 2'990'000.00
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All Disciplines (10)

Discipline
Climatology. Atmospherical Chemistry, Aeronomy
Geology
Geophysics
Hydrology, Limnology, Glaciology
Physical Chemistry
Geochemistry
Other disciplines of Physics
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Sciences
Material Sciences
Other disciplines of Earth Sciences

Keywords (6)

Cardiovascular Diseases (30303, 30806); Astrononmy and Astrophysics (20200); Geology and Geophysics (20801 and 20802); Environmental Research (30206); Material Sciences Codes (20505); Environmental Sciences (20703-20705, 20709)

Lay Summary (German)

Lead
Der Zweck der internationalen Stiftung Hochalpine Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat ist es, wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zu ermöglichen, die in grosser Höhe oder in hochalpinem Klima ausgeführt werden müssen. Dazu werden auf dem Jungfraujoch die Forschungsstation, das Sphinx-Observatorium und die Station am Jungfrau Ostgrat sowie auf Gornergrat das Observatorium Gornergrat-Süd unterhalten. Wissenschaftler von Universitäten, technischen Hochschulen und öffentlichen Forschungsinstituten der Mitgliedsländer als auch von anderen Ländern können in diesen von der Stiftung zur Verfügung gestellten Labors und Observatorien Forschungsprojekte ausführen.
Lay summary

Die hochalpine Forschungsstation Jungfraujoch ist die höchstgelegene in Europa und sie ist die weltweit am höchsten gelegene, die mit öffentlichen Verkehrsmitteln erreichbar ist. Durch diese Tatsache sowie die zentrale Lage in Europa und den Alpen nimmt das Jungfraujoch eine Schlüsselrolle in über 30 nationalen und internationalen Forschungs- und Messprogrammen ein. Die Mehrzahl an Projekten ist im Bereich der Klima- und Umweltforschung angesiedelt. Es gibt jedoch aus diversen Wissenschaftsbereichen Projekte, so in Medizin, Biologie, Geologie, Physik und weitere.

Das Observatorium auf dem Gornergrat wurde bis Ende 2010 insbesondere für astrophysikalische Untersuchungen benutzt. Die Umsetzung eines public-outreach Projekts im Bereich astronomischer Beobachtungen ist mittlerweile fast vollkommen abgeschlossen und erlaubt eine grosse Vielfalt an Wissenensvermittlung. Dabei liegt die Ausbildung im Vordergrund. Es sollen dabei Schüler und Studenten auf Sekundar- und Gymnasialstufe angesprochen werden. Ebenso soll die breite Öffentlichkeit nicht zu kurz kommen.

Direct link to Lay Summary Last update: 13.12.2017

Responsible applicant and co-applicants

Associated projects

Number Title Start Funding scheme
111111 Transforming Pius Branzeu Center of Laporoscopic Surgery and Microsurgery (PBCLSM) Timisoara into Eastern European Zonal Center of Development and Research in Laparascopic Surgery 01.01.2006 SCOPES
157172 Beitrag an den Unterhalt und Betrieb der Hochalpinen Forschungsstationen Jungfraujoch und Gornergrat, 2015-2017 01.01.2015 Research Infrastructure

Abstract

This grant application concerns the subsidy of the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) to the International Foundation "High Altitude Research Stations Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat (HFSJG)". Its goal is to enable and support scientific research of international standard at these high mountain research locations for the years 2018-2021.The International Foundation HFSJG dates back to 1930. It is a foundation according to article 80ff. of the Swiss civil law and is under the auspices of the federal government. Member countries are Belgium, Germany, Great Britain, Austria and Switzerland. President of the Foundation is Prof. Silvio Decurtins, former Dean of the Science Faculty at the University of Bern. The Director of the Research Stations is Prof. Markus Leuenberger. He is at the main office at the University of Bern. The purpose of the Foundation, as described in the Foundation’s bylaws, is to provide the infrastructure and support for scientific research of international significance that must be carried out at an altitude of 3000-3500 meters above sea level or for which a high alpine environment is required (http://www.hfsjg.ch/). Jungfraujoch at 3454 m asl, is the highest research station in Europe that is accessible all year round by public transportation. It offers excellent infrastructure. Today it is of importance for environmental researchers, as well as for meteorologists, glaciologists, and researchers in material sciences. Jungfraujoch is the only accessible observation point in Europe with adequate infrastructure that is within the free troposphere most of the year. The Research Station Jungfraujoch is therefore unique for ground-based observations of the free troposphere done by atmosphere physicists and environmental researchers from all over the world. The Montreal and Kyoto Protocol related research and the aerosol program at Jungfraujoch are among the most comprehensive worldwide. The research plan for 2018-2021 consists of about 25 long-term projects with automated measurements and a number of short-term measurement campaigns. In particular the long-term investigations of physics and chemistry of the Earth’s atmosphere are expected to contribute significantly to many internationally and nationally coordinated research networks and programs, as they did in the past. Jung¬fraujoch is a primary site in the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) and a global station in the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) program of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Of particular importance are the links to satellite communities since Jungfraujoch observations allow to calibrate satellite retrieved with column integrated data and finally to compare them to the high precision in site recordings at Jungfraujoch. Over the next four years the extension of our facilities in the former Swisscom Relay Station at the Jungfrau East Ridge will be continued. Support for these additional tasks is included in this proposal as the former extraordinary ICOS-supplementary support project was integrated into this subsidy/grant application.Gornergrat remains a location for astronomical observations, however, the focus shifts from research to education. The new installation - in its final embodiment - will allow teachers and their school classes as well as the public to remotely run the telescopes and to work on specific modules describing basic astronomical knowledge. It is a project that focusses on science transfer from science experts to the public including different levels of education. The White Paper that was published in 2015 describes our strategy for the development of the infrastructure at the Research Station at Jungfraujoch for the coming years and decades. It focusses on (i) the need for extending the floor space that can be made available to users at suitable locations and (ii) the need for aligning the interests of the Jungfrau Railway, whose aim is to welcome an increasing number of tourists to Jungfraujoch, and the Research Station, which needs a natural, locally unpolluted atmosphere on Jungfraujoch.
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