biodiversity; plasticity; drought; acclimation; species interactions; climate change; complementarity; ecology; forest; warming; facilitation; resistance
Grossiord Charlotte, Ulrich Danielle E M, Vilagrosa Alberto (2020), Controls of the hydraulic safety–efficiency trade-off, in Tree Physiology
, 40(5), 573-576.
Mackay D. Scott, Savoy Philip R., Grossiord Charlotte, Tai Xiaonan, Pleban Jonathan R., Wang Diane R., McDowell Nathan G., Adams Henry D., Sperry John S. (2020), Conifers depend on established roots during drought: results from a coupled model of carbon allocation and hydraulics, in New Phytologist
, 225(2), 679-692.
McDowell Nate G., Allen Craig D., Anderson-Teixeira Kristina, Aukema Brian H., Bond-Lamberty Ben, Chini Louise, Clark James S., Dietze Michael, Grossiord Charlotte, Hanbury-Brown Adam, Hurtt George C., Jackson Robert B., Johnson Daniel J., Kueppers Lara, Lichstein Jeremy W., Ogle Kiona, Poulter Benjamin, Pugh Thomas A. M., Seidl Rupert, Turner Monica G., Uriarte Maria, Walker Anthony P., Xu Chonggang (2020), Pervasive shifts in forest dynamics in a changing world, in Science
Grossiord Charlotte, Buckley Thomas N., Cernusak Lucas A., Novick Kimberly A., Poulter Benjamin, Siegwolf Rolf T. W., Sperry John S., McDowell Nate G. (2020), Plant responses to rising vapor pressure deficit, in New Phytologist
Wu Jin, Serbin Shawn P., Ely Kim S., Wolfe Brett T., Dickman L. Turin, Grossiord Charlotte, Michaletz Sean T., Collins Adam D., Detto Matteo, McDowell Nate G., Wright S. Joseph, Rogers Alistair (2020), The response of stomatal conductance to seasonal drought in tropical forests, in Global Change Biology
, 26(2), 823-839.
Gessler Arthur, Grossiord Charlotte (2019), Coordinating supply and demand: plant carbon allocation strategy ensuring survival in the long run, in New Phytologist
, 222(1), 5-7.
Grossiord Charlotte (2019), Having the right neighbors: how tree species diversity modulates drought impacts on forests, in New Phytologist
Nate G.McDowell, CharlotteGrossiord, Henry D.Adams, SaraPinzón-Navarro, D. Scott Mackay, David D.Breshears, Craig D.Allen, L. TurinDickman, Adam Collins, MonicaGaylord, NatalieMcBranch, William T.Pockman, AlbertoVilagrosa, BrianAukema, DevinGoodsman, ChonggangXu (2019), Mechanisms of a coniferous woodland persistence under drought and heat, in Environmental Research Letters
, 14(4), 1.
Grossiord Charlotte, Christoffersen Bradley, Alonso-Rodríguez Aura M., Anderson-Teixeira Kristina, Asbjornsen Heidi, Aparecido Luiza Maria T., Berry Z. Carter, Baraloto Christopher, Bonal Damien, Borrego Isaac, Burban Benoit, Chambers Jeffrey Q., Christianson Danielle S., Detto Matteo, Faybishenko Boris, Fontes Clarissa G., Fortunel Claire, Gimenez Bruno O., Jardine Kolby J., Kueppers Lara, Miller Gretchen R., Moore Georgianne W., Negron-Juarez Robinson, Stahl Clément, Swenson Nathan G., Trotsiuk Volodymyr, Varadharajan Charu, Warren Jeffrey M., Wolfe Brett T., Wei Liang, Wood Tana E., Xu Chonggang, McDowell Nate G. (2019), Precipitation mediates sap flux sensitivity to evaporative demand in the neotropics, in Oecologia
, 191(3), 519-530.
Climate change models predict an increase in atmospheric temperatures between 1.1 and 6.4°C by 2100. Simultaneously, precipitation extremes are expected to be maintained or accentuated, thus future droughts will be superimposed upon warmer conditions. Forests cover about 30% of the Earth’s surface and provide many services including being a major carbon sink. Climate change is expected to significantly alter carbon, water and nutrients exchanges between forest ecosystems and the environment. However predictions on how a warmer and drier climate will affect forest ecosystems are challenged by important lacks in mechanistic understanding of tree species community dynamics. Particularly recognized processes that could influence forest responses to climate change, but that are largely misunderstood, are how trees acclimate to long-term shifts in climate, and how the interactions among tree species in natural conditions influence this acclimation potential. To unravel the significance of tree adjustments and interactions in a drying and warming world, the next step is to understand the mechanisms of acclimation and species interactions and relate them to global-scale patterns in natural conditions. Our objectives are thus to assess the physiological processes by which trees adjust and interact among each other under a changing climate, determine the consequences of these processes on forest responses to climatic stresses and improve our understanding of these effects on forests functioning at a large comprehensive scale. To reach these objectives, a multidisciplinary and multiscale approach using experimental and observational analyses will be employed going from the individual tree to the continental scale. The project will use unique greenhouse facilities of the host institution, field-based experiments along environmental gradients and large databases of observational networks spanning across Europe. This work will use methods and theories from the fields of ecology, physiology, biogeochemistry and hydrology. Outcome from this research will provide predictors of forest responses to calibrate and validate the next generation of climate-vegetation models. Additionally, the mechanistic framework gained from this work will help local foresters and international agencies to develop climate-smart management and species conservation options.